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sexual morality

Principles of right conduct in matters of sex, or their observance. Two questions arise: What sexual acts are morally permissible? With whom are they permissible? The view that ...

sexual morality

sexual morality   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Philosophy (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Philosophy
Length:
855 words

... morality . Principles of right conduct in matters of sex , or their observance. Two questions arise: What sexual acts are morally permissible? With whom are they permissible? The view that some kinds of sexual act are morally wrong can spring from several sources. The most obvious employs the consequentialist test of whether they cause harm. Thus some sexually sadistic acts may, by this criterion, be condemned, though de Sade himself would reply that they cause less harm than the acts resulting from their repression. In the absence of reliable...

Sexual Reform and Morality

Sexual Reform and Morality   Reference library

April Haynes

The Oxford Encyclopedia of American Social History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

... Reform and Morality The assumption that sexual behavior can and should be reformed has shaped American social history since colonization. Rather than a straightforward progression—or repression, depending on one’s perspective—sex reform has sporadically followed multiple trajectories. Though certain groups have at times dominated sexual discourse, never has consensus been reached regarding the goal of reforming sexuality, the legitimacy of its regulation by the state, or even the definition of sex itself. Still, three common themes are identifiable. Moral...

Sexual Morality and Sex Reform.

Sexual Morality and Sex Reform.   Reference library

Vern L. Bullough

The Oxford Companion to United States History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
2,863 words

...Sexual Morality and Sex Reform. The American colonies were settled by diverse ethnic, linguistic, and religious groups and had significant populations of indigenous peoples and slaves imported from Africa. The dominant influence on sexual attitudes, however, was Protestantism , particularly from those Protestant groups emphasizing a conversion experience separating the believer from the mass of humanity and endowing him or her with the privileges and duties of the elect. Conversion brought with it not only assurance of salvation but also a dedication to...

sexual morality

sexual morality  

Principles of right conduct in matters of sex, or their observance. Two questions arise: What sexual acts are morally permissible? With whom are they permissible?The view that some kinds ...
Women

Women   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Literature
Length:
5,844 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...Certainly they do not cause him to transfer his affections from the docile Juliet—herself the victim of much social and sexual prejudice. Elinor's demands remain unanswered in the novel; moreover, the comic form in which they are presented serves to remove from them any sense of urgency. The assumption that sexual desire and, indeed, all forms of active sexuality were embodied in men affected not only questions of sexual behaviour, morality, and decorum but also discussions about aesthetics and artistic creativity [ see *literary theory, 41 ]. Here, too,...

Sensibility

Sensibility   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Literature
Length:
7,039 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...reformation of men in order to bring them closer to women raised the difficult question of irreducible difference, that is, of sex. Many writers and reformers wished to reconcile the pursuit of pleasure with morality—identifiable with sexual restraint—and the old sexual orthodoxy. The wilful pursuit of pleasure could create women and men deemed to be sexual deviants in eighteenth-century terms, daughters who became women of the world or solipsistic, childless invalids, and sons who became rakes or effeminate. The dynamics of British consumer capitalism...

Utopianism

Utopianism   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Literature
Length:
4,929 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...system of marriage, the sexual customs of a vibrant South Asian matriarchy on the Malabar coast. This tract in turn exercised a strong influence on Percy *Shelley 's Queen Mab ( 1813 ), a fervently anti-Christian free-love utopia which was later to gain a considerable popular as well as élite readership. Although a more liberal attitude towards marriage, and the insistence that unions be bonded by affection rather than by financial mergers, are pervasive in eighteenth-century utopias, Lawrence and Shelley's pleas for complete sexual freedom, where motherhood...

Richard III

Richard III   Reference library

Randall Martin and Anthony Davies

The Oxford Companion to Shakespeare (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Literature, Shakespeare studies and criticism, Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
3,559 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
1

...let themselves be held back. I may do wrong myself, since wrong has been done to me.’ Richard’s inner motives have also been discussed in terms of various sexual pathologies. Key scenes are his seduction of Lady Anne in 1.2 and proxy wooing of Elizabeth in 4.4. Historical scholarship has investigated Richard’s Machiavellian dynamics of power, the dramatic origins of his theatrical flamboyance in the morality play Vice, and the play’s encoding of contemporary political debate over royal authority. The last of these crosses over to the second major critical...

Popular Culture

Popular Culture   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Literature
Length:
5,520 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...of polarization between élite and plebeian cultures widened into a yawning gulf; second, that over this same period the British middle and ruling classes subjected the culture of the common people to intensifying attack in order to eradicate or reform traditional customs and morality. Popular culture, they have argued, thus became increasingly oppositional and embattled, the domain of the labouring poor and outcast. This process of marginalization was compounded by the modernizing forces of commercialism and *consumerism [19] . Such unanimity of...

sex Education.

sex Education.  

A program for school children, sometimes for adults, with instruction on the anatomy and physiology of sex and discussion of human sexuality, sexually transmitted diseases, and pregnancy and how to ...
Alfred Kinsey

Alfred Kinsey  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
(1894–1956)US zoologist and sexologist, noted for his surveys of human sexual behaviour in the USA.Born in Hoboken, New Jersey, Kinsey graduated in 1916 with a BS degree from Bowdoin College and ...
Courtship and Dating.

Courtship and Dating.  

Colonial Americans generally cared more about the suitability of their marriage partners than about love, which they expected to develop after marriage. As a result, couples courted publicly and ...
Covent-Garden Journal

Covent-Garden Journal  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
A periodical issued twice a week during 1752 by H. Fielding, in which under the name of Sir Alexander Drawcansir, Censor of Great Britain, Fielding attacks political abuses, scandal, hypocrisy, ...
Nashim

Nashim  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
(Heb., ‘women’).The third order of the Jewish Mishnah. Nashim deals with matrimonial law and sexual morality, and also includes the tractates Nedar (Vows) and Nazir (The Nazirite).
Health and Fitness.

Health and Fitness.  

The pursuit of health and fitness in America has long connoted more than a desire for the absence of illness or disease; it implied a search for the strength, energy ...
Municipal Judicial Systems

Municipal Judicial Systems  

Encompass a variety of courts of limited or special jurisdiction that form the base of the American justice system.They are termed “municipal” courts not because they are in cities ...
Frances Willard

Frances Willard  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
(1839–1898),president of the Woman's Christian Temperance Union from 1879 to 1898. Frances Elizabeth Caroline Willard became a national officer of the Woman's Christian Temperance Union (WCTU) at its ...
John Humphrey Noyes

John Humphrey Noyes  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1811–86),born in Vermont, after graduation from Dartmouth (1830) studied theology at Andover and Yale. He lost his license to preach (1834) when he propounded his doctrine of perfectionism, or ...
Don Juan

Don Juan  

AT: The Statue at the Feast/ at the Banquet; The Stone Guest; The Libertine A: Molière Pf: 1665, Paris Pb: 1683 Tr: 1665 G: Trag. in 5 acts; French alexandrines S: Sicily, mid-17th c. C: 13m, 4f, ...
Sulpicia

Sulpicia  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
Daughter of Servius Sulpicius Rufus, niece and ward of Valerius Messalla Corvinus. Her six short elegies in the Tibullan collection are the only extant poems by a woman in the Classical era. They ...

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