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Overview

semantic confusion

Misperceiving or misremembering a word as one that has a similar meaning, as when lamp is perceived or recalled as light. Compare acoustic confusion.

semantic confusion

semantic confusion n.   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Psychology (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

... confusion n . Misperceiving or misremembering a word as one that has a similar meaning, as when lamp is perceived or recalled as light . Compare acoustic confusion...

semantic confusion

semantic confusion  

Misperceiving or misremembering a word as one that has a similar meaning, as when lamp is perceived or recalled as light. Compare acoustic confusion.
18 Theories of Text, Editorial Theory, and Textual Criticism

18 Theories of Text, Editorial Theory, and Textual Criticism   Reference library

Marcus Walsh

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
6,054 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...and relations among multiple witnesses of a text; the historical *bibliography of printed texts; and lexical and semantic change. There are larger issues of philosophical definition and choice, arising from conceptions of textual identity, textual meaning, and textual function. Conceptions of textual editing vary in the regard paid to *diplomatic and bibliographical evidence, and to considerations of putative *authorial intention and semantic coherence. Should editors base their work on the assumption that the text replicates the words intended by the...

German Family Names

German Family Names   Reference library

Edda Gentry

Dictionary of American Family Names (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Names studies
Length:
6,303 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...surnames or family names. The practice of name giving in German was not essentially different from that found in most other European countries. In Germanic pre-Christian times, a large body of linguistic elements existed, which in various combinations fashioned given names. The semantic content of the names coined from these elements was probably rather in conformity with general ideals of the early warrior/tribal society than a designation of the personal valor or other qualities of the name bearer. Some examples (in their Old High German form) of these basic...

Spanish and Portuguese Family Names

Spanish and Portuguese Family Names   Reference library

Dieter Kremer

Dictionary of American Family Names (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Names studies
Length:
4,506 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...by the 12th century. First, fashions in naming resulted in a situation in which just a few names (from a larger stock) became especially popular, so that many persons had the same name, leading to confusion. The second factor was a population explosion and the concentration of similarly named people in medieval cities. To help resolve the difficulties and confusion that arose, a family name came to be added to the given name (typically a baptismal name, but not always of Christian origin), distinguishing a particular person from others of the same given name....

English, Scottish, and Anglo-Irish Family Names

English, Scottish, and Anglo-Irish Family Names   Reference library

Peter McClure and Patrick Hanks

Dictionary of American Family Names (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Names studies
Length:
13,029 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...of a surname as “nickname” is at times a shot in the dark, for want of another explanation. The category is also blurred at the edges, overlapping formally and semantically with other categories. The least that a dictionary such as DAFN2 can do is to try and identify the word from which the name is most probably derived and not to offer hostages to fortune by over-interpretation of the possible semantic implications. At the core of this set of names are nicknames alluding to physical attributes or personality traits. Some are from Old French, many originating...

The Hebrew Bible

The Hebrew Bible   Reference library

Geoffrey Khan

The Oxford Illustrated History of the Bible

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
15,138 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
13

...in the Tiberian Masoretic text. They represent the musical motifs to which the biblical text was chanted in public reading. This chant gave solemnity to the reading and expressed the sanctity of the text. It also had an exegetical function in two respects. The chant marked the semantic and syntactic connections between words and phrases. It also marked the position of the stress in a word, which can be crucial for understanding the correct meaning, for example, shavú , ‘they captured’, but shávu , ‘they returned’. One uniform system of accent signs is used...

Mark

Mark   Reference library

C. M. Tuckett and C. M. Tuckett

The Oxford Bible Commentary

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
44,701 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...servant of this Servant Song, offering his life as a sin offering for others. This is, however, unconvincing. The linguistic parallels between this verse and Isa 53 are virtually non-existent. Jesus is not here called ‘servant’; nor is the language of ‘ransom’ the same semantically as that of ‘sin offering’. The present verse does not even mention ‘sin’ as such. The word ‘ransom’ (Gk. lutron ) is in fact used very widely, sometimes in relation to prices being paid, e.g. as the price paid to compensate for a crime, as the money equivalent to the...

Acts

Acts   Reference library

Loveday Alexander and Loveday Alexander

The Oxford Bible Commentary

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
42,037 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...future of apocalyptic expectation is not ruled out, but the apostles' attention is redirected to a closer and more immediate future. The imminent coming of the Spirit ( v. 5 ) will mean their own empowerment for the task of acting as ‘witnesses’ to Jesus ( v. 8 ). The primary semantic location for the activity of ‘witnessing’ is forensic, and indeed much of the action within Acts will take place (as Jesus had foretold, Lk 12:11–12 ) in a variety of trial situations. v. 8 can be read as a geographical programme for the whole book, with the first 7 chapters...

Word-Swapping

Word-Swapping   Reference library

Garner’s Modern English Usage (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Language reference, Usage and Grammar Guides
Length:
451 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...where a good dictionary of usage comes in: it helps people understand which words are worth continuing the struggle to preserve in their traditional senses; which words are all but lost in the short term ( skunked terms ); and which words, though once confused, have undergone semantic changes that can't be objected to any longer. In any given age, various sets of words belong at different places on that continuum. Rarely do the preservationists—the ones who want to keep traditional distinctions—prevail. Sometimes they do; more often they don't. But that...

acoustic confusion

acoustic confusion  

Erroneous perception or memory resulting from the substitution of an incorrect but similar-sounding word, as when someone mishears or misremembers it's my turn to cook when in fact it is that ...
Levels of Selection

Levels of Selection  

In scientific disagreements over the levels at which natural selection operates in biological evolution, semantic confusion has played a significant role. On the surface, such disputes seem ...
Rudolf Carnap

Rudolf Carnap  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
(1891–1970)German-born US philosopher and a leading logical positivist.Carnap was educated at the universities of Freiburg and Jena, where he studied under Frege. In 1926 he moved to Vienna and ...
acoustic confusion

acoustic confusion n.   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Psychology (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

...confusion n. Erroneous perception or memory resulting from the substitution of an incorrect but similar-sounding word, as when someone mishears or misremembers it's my turn to cook when in fact it is that person's turn to book theatre tickets. Compare semantic confusion...

Syllēpsis

Syllēpsis   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Rhetoric

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Language reference, Linguistics
Length:
123 words

...Double supplie,” a figure omitting words while making others serve several purposes. There is some confusion in rhetorical treatises as to whether syllēpsis or zeugma is the generic term for such elliptical constructions. Syllēpsis applies, however, to cases of syntactic incongruity for the sake of parallelism. “My love is like to ice, and I to fire” (Spenser, Amoretti , 1595 , no. 30). Syllēpsis can create comic effects if the omission is on the semantic level. Thus, Sterne shows us the Shandy brothers “in deep roads and dissertations alternately upon...

contamination

contamination   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of English Grammar (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Language reference, Usage and Grammar Guides
Length:
126 words

...The process by which two more or less synonymous linguistic forms are blended by accident or through confusion, so as to produce a new form. The process occurs in speech owing to hesitation between two semantically similar forms. Examples of such words that appear to have arisen spontaneously (though they would now be used, if at all, self-consciously) include insinuendo and portentious . The term was first used in English by the translator of Herman Paul’s works on language. 1988 V. ADAMS We should perhaps distinguish…between the...

Catachresis

Catachresis   Quick reference

The Oxford Companion to the English Language (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

... teach, imply and infer , in which case one word may take over both senses ( Learn Yourself Scouse : book title; Are you inferring I don’t know what I am doing? ). Confusion over such words can persist for centuries and is a popular topic in usage books and letters to editors. The term is neutral in philology but often pejorative in general use. See confusible ; malapropism ; semantic change . ...

direct object

direct object   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of English Grammar (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Language reference, Usage and Grammar Guides
Length:
226 words

...called the object , unless there is likelihood of confusion with the indirect object . When an indirect object is present, it is normally placed before the DO (e.g. They sent us some leaflets ). Typically the DO is ‘affected’ or ‘acted upon’ by the action denoted by the verb, but this is not always the case, as the examples below show: We’ve bought a flat We really wanted a house I hope we haven’t made a mistake For this reason direct objects are best defined using syntactic rather than semantic criteria. See also cognate object...

determinative

determinative (1)   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Linguistics (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Linguistics
Length:
187 words

...A semantic determinative is one which indicates the relevant field of meaning, a phonetic determinative one which represents some sound or sequence of sounds. Suppose, e.g. that in a system in which words are represented as wholes, the word for ‘hare’ is written with a sign <X>. Suppose then that, as in English, the word for ‘hair’ has the same sound; accordingly it too might be represented by <X>. But <X> is then ambiguous. So, to remove potential confusion, <A> and <B>, which usually represent the words for ‘animal’ and ‘head’, are added as semantic...

clause type

clause type   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of English Grammar (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Language reference, Usage and Grammar Guides
Length:
162 words

...to ask questions ; and imperatives are typically used to issue directives . When a particular clause type is used in a non-typical way (e.g. a declarative used as a question), we speak of indirect speech acts . Considerable confusion is caused when statement, question, exclamation, and directive are used as both syntactic and semantic categories, which is why some grammarians are careful to use declarative, exclamative, imperative, and interrogative as syntactic categories, and statement, question, exclamation, and directive as categories of usage ....

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