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self-reflexive

Subject: Literature

A term applied to literary works that openly reflect upon their own processes of artful composition. Such self‐referentiality is frequently found in modern works of fiction that repeatedly ...

Kalapana

Kalapana   Reference library

J.W. Junker

The Grove Dictionary of American Music (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Music, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
258 words

...bridges, rock-inflected solos, and self-reflexive lyrics or instrumental jams. Founding members were D.J. Pratt (guitar/percussion/vocals), Malani Bilyeu (guitar/bass/vocals), Mackey Feary (guitar/piano/bass/vocals), and Kirk Thompson (keyboards, bass, vocals), joined frequently by Michael Paulo (sax/flute) and Alvin Fejarang (drums). Feary and Bilyeu served as the main songwriters and singers. Early shows at The Toppe Ada Shoppe led to their opening for Cecilio & Kapono and visiting artists. Their self-titled debut album in 1975 was a local...

Nickelback

Nickelback   Reference library

Leanne Fetterley

The Grove Dictionary of American Music (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Music, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
302 words

...in both mainstream rock and pop radio formats. This broad appeal owes much to Kroeger's narrative texts, which adhere to a distinct polarity between macho tales of sex and alcohol (“Something in your mouth”) and earnest love songs (“If everyone cared”). The sardonic and self-reflexive single “Rock Star” is a notable exception to Nickelback's overall preponderance for sincere expression. Nickelback's reception has been particularly divisive. While fans have propelled the band's worldwide sales to over 30 million albums, critics have consistently lambasted...

Benny, Jack

Benny, Jack (14 Feb 1894)   Reference library

Todd Decker

The Grove Dictionary of American Music (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Music, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
494 words

...of regular characters and lasting from 1932 to 1955 . The nascent situation comedy genre developed many of its fundamental contours in Benny's well-scripted and rehearsed programs. A self-reflexive show about a radio star, the cast included figures from the world of popular music: bandleader Phil Harris and boy singer Dennis Day performed on almost every episode. Benny's self-absorbed, cheapskate character—described by comedy writer Larry Gelbart as “a giant of pettiness”—allowed his co-stars to get laughs at his expense. The pregnant pause was Benny's...

Avant-garde Dance

Avant-garde Dance   Reference library

The International Encyclopedia of Dance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Performing arts, Dance, Music
Length:
1,968 words

...choreographers such as Yvonne Rainer and Trisha Brown . So, too, is the proliferation of dances about social and political identity—in regard to issues of race, ethnicity, gender, sexual preference, and age—in the 1990s. While to many it might seem that, after the self-conscious reflexiveness of postmodern dance in the 1960s and 1970s, the avant-garde has reached the end of its road, its persistent, constant renewal shows that it continues to thrive, seeking new forms and outlets. Banes, Sally . Terpsichore in Sneakers: Post-Modern Dance . Boston, 1980....

Video

Video   Reference library

John Richardson

The Grove Dictionary of American Music (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Music, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
3,354 words

...high and low cultural forms. Most controversial about Kaplan's writing is her belief that videos are intrinsically postmodern. In comparison to other visual media forms, she argues, videos broke established codes of linear visual narration and thematized these codes in a self-reflexive way. In her view, this produces a free-play of blank signifiers (implying pastiche more than parody) that is understood to be symptomatic of the fragmented postmodern condition while offering an implicit critique of conventional audiovisual forms. Writing in the early 1990s,...

Rap

Rap   Reference library

David Toop, Charise Cheney, Loren Kajikawa, and Charise Cheney

The Grove Dictionary of American Music (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Music, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
5,504 words

...success in the 1990s with the jazz-influenced rap group Digable Planets, and found new audiences as the co-leader of the collective Shabazz Palaces, which released the album Black Up ( 2011 ) to critical acclaim. Other recent developments include a heightened sense of self-reflexivity and irony in the genre. New York-based underground duo Das Racist, for example, captured public attention with the viral download “Combination Pizza Hut and Taco Bell” ( 2008 ). Since then, they and a number of co-conspirators have injected a destabilizing element of...

Kinesiology

Kinesiology   Reference library

The International Encyclopedia of Dance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Performing arts, Dance, Music
Length:
5,680 words

...of dance movements from the perspective of physics, using technological recording and measuring tools. Grounded in biomechanical principles, the work of diverse researchers and practitioners has expanded the field of dance kinesiology. Exploration of the connection between reflexive action and personal behavior, health, and healing is exemplified in the work of Valerie Hunt and her students at the University of California—Los Angeles. The development of generic dance techniques has been led by Joan Skinner (Skinner Releasing Technique), Bonnie...

Television music

Television music   Reference library

Ronald W. Rodman

The Grove Dictionary of American Music (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Music, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
7,510 words
Illustration(s):
1

...the proclivity demonstrated in Miami Vice to feature pop tunes in its narrative was copied by shows like Beverly Hills, 90210 , The O.C. , Buffy the Vampire Slayer , Dawson's Creek , and Grey's Anatomy . In turn, from the 1980s music exhibited postmodern traits of self-reflexive parody and pastiche in programs like Chicago Hope , Pee-wee's Playhouse , and The Simpsons . Rap music, or at least a version of it, appeared with The Fresh Prince of Bel-Air . Despite the plethora of music styles featured in TV programs of the 1980s and 90s, the overall...

India

India   Reference library

Betty True Jones

The International Encyclopedia of Dance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Performing arts, Dance, Music
Length:
14,430 words

...fully understood nor their aesthetic purpose achieved (Kramrisch, 1928, pp. 2–5, 31–32). In classical dance and dance drama we can clearly see the interdependence of the arts. The relationships of time, measurement, tone, color, volume, and space in the various arts, and their reflexive development and interplay, are implied in the sage's reply to the kind. In painting and sculpture, as in dance, there are corresponding manipulations of volumes, the disposition of figures in space, and weight, density, and tension. Indeed, the vocabulary of attitudes, gestures,...

Methodologies In the Study of Dance

Methodologies In the Study of Dance   Reference library

The International Encyclopedia of Dance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Performing arts, Dance, Music
Length:
17,233 words

...lines of inquiry. Cultural theory as used here is an umbrella term that encompasses developments within post-structuralist textual criticism, cultural studies, contemporary Marxist and postcolonial discourse analysis, feminist and gender studies, and interpretive and reflexive research strategies. These areas of inquiry share a common orientation toward the natural as a historical and cultural category deserving critical investigation. Inquiries into what has been construed as natural in a given cultural and historical context have influenced methods...

Film Musicals

Film Musicals   Reference library

The International Encyclopedia of Dance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Performing arts, Dance, Music
Length:
8,757 words

...they are used to expand the range of vernacular dance. By convention ballet movement has become associated with high art and dream sequences, but within the totality of a film all dance functions to promote the values of popular entertainment. The musical in all its forms is self-reflexive; it inquires into the nature of popular entertainment and concludes that its own purpose is to allow audiences to lose themselves in an artificial world in which everyone sings of love and dances for joy. [For related discussion, see the entries on Astaire , Berkeley , ...

Criticism

Criticism   Reference library

Lars Helgert

The Grove Dictionary of American Music (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Music, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
11,698 words

...magazines aimed at the intelligentsia, such as The Dial and the New Republic , using a writing style influenced by Huneker in its “impressionistic” use of subjectivity. Rosenfeld gave new music the attention it needed, but he was neither an unqualified pro-modernist nor a reflexive Americanist; his modernist Americanism reflected the “high” cultural model of his readership. Rosenfeld's reaction to the use of jazz in American art music composition, an important aspect of contemporary American musical nationalism, is an illustrative example. He was more...

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