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secondary research

Research using information that has already been compiled and formatted. It is different from*primary research, which is also known as original research. Analysis is frequently done with ...

secondary research

secondary research   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Marketing (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Social sciences, Business and Management
Length:
134 words

... research Research using information that has already been compiled and formatted. It is different from primary research , which is also known as original research. Analysis is frequently done with research that has been provided by a third party. This is also known as syndicated research . Other sources for secondary research include investment banks and associations or organizations. In research, it is important to assess the secondary information that exists before time and money is spent to conduct new research. Since primary research takes a much...

secondary research

secondary research  

Research using information that has already been compiled and formatted. It is different from*primary research, which is also known as original research. Analysis is frequently done with research ...
Education

Education   Quick reference

David Hey

The Oxford Companion to Local and Family History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
4,295 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...Brougham Commission, were published from 1819 in 32 volumes. The Reports of the Schools Inquiry Commission (the Taunton Commission, 1868–9 ) and the Reports of the Royal Commission on Secondary Education (Bryce Commission, 1895 ) are a major source of information on the grammar and other secondary schools of the period. See John Roach , A History of Secondary Education in England, 1800–1870 (1986). The Newcastle Commission ( 1857 ) surveyed elementary schools in Great Britain and abroad. After three years one of its recommendations was the need for...

Korean Family Names

Korean Family Names   Reference library

Gary Mackelprang

Dictionary of American Family Names (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Names studies
Length:
1,527 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...Korean names, whether romanized or written in Chinese characters. Bibliography Virtually every surname in Korea is represented by a clan organization that publishes official genealogies. These genealogies are usually thorough and accurate, and constitute an excellent secondary source for researchers. General References (Korean Language) Han’guk Sungssi Taegwan (Compendium of Korean surnames). Seoul, Korea: Ch’angjosa. Han’gukin ‚i Sungbo: Ch’oidae Sungssi wa pon’gwan (Korean Genealogies: updated surnames and clan seats). Seoul, Korea: Samsung Munhwasa....

Landscape History: The Countryside

Landscape History: The Countryside   Quick reference

H. S. A. Fox

The Oxford Companion to Local and Family History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
6,175 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...picture village desertion as a central point in an imaginary diagram, with paths of enquiry from several viewpoints all converging on the centre and tangling there. The researcher who seeks an understanding of the centre by treading any one of these paths cannot avoid being led out again along the others. What W. G. Hoskins wrote of vernacular architecture is highly apposite to research in landscape history: ‘We ought to place all types … in their human background and relate them to the social and economic history of their immediate surroundings....

Adaptation of Islamic Jurisprudence to Modern Social Needs

Adaptation of Islamic Jurisprudence to Modern Social Needs   Reference library

Subhī Mahmasānī

Islam in Transition: Muslim Perspectives (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
2,780 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...knowledge. As a result, Islamic jurisprudence played such a significant role in the history of Islamic thought as well as in all aspects of Muslim life. It is known that Islamic jurisprudence is based on various sources; some religious, the Qur'ān and the Sunna, and some secondary accepted by the majority of the jurists: ijmā’ (consensus of opinion) and qiyās (analogy). There are other sources acknowledged by some schools but refuted by others. These are based on necessity, custom and equity; such as istihsān (appropriateness) in the Hanafī school,...

African‐Caribbean Genealogy

African‐Caribbean Genealogy   Quick reference

Guy Grannum

The Oxford Companion to Local and Family History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
4,002 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...did not end until 1 August 1838 . Researching Caribbean families is similar to researching families in Britain: the British took their social, legal, and ecclesiastical systems with them to the Caribbean. Britain does not hold the locally created records of her dependencies and former colonies. Most surviving records are to be found in the archives and registration offices in the relevant country. The types of record created by these colonies will be familiar to those who have undertaken genealogical research in Britain. Differences will be experienced...

Domestic Buildings

Domestic Buildings   Quick reference

Malcolm Airs

The Oxford Companion to Local and Family History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
6,135 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...with Caves of Ice , published in 1983 . Works of fiction, too, can offer perceptive insights to the mores of country house society, and novelists from Jane Austen to Aldous Huxley , Evelyn Waugh , and Kazuo Ishiguro should properly be considered as primary sources. The secondary literature on the high‐status house is vast and can be treated only in a perfunctory manner here. Until relatively recently, much of it was written by architects or art historians, and concentrated on developments in architectural style which reflected contemporary perceptions...

Slovak Family Names

Slovak Family Names   Reference library

Peter Ďurčo

Dictionary of American Family Names (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Names studies
Length:
3,374 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...slovenská. Majtán, Milan (2014): Naše priezviská (Our surnames). Bratislava: Veda. Ďurčo, Peter (1996): ‘Names in Slovakia: occurrence, pronunciation, transcription in computer compilation’, in Keith Edwards , ed., Onomastica Research Colloquium digest No. 1 , University of Edinburgh: Centre for Communication Interface Research, pp....

The Twentieth Century

The Twentieth Century   Quick reference

Brian M. Short

The Oxford Companion to Local and Family History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
6,083 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...and there are important regional collections covering eastern England in the East Anglian Film Archive, with over 60 000 films or videos (University of East Anglia), or north‐west England in the North West Film Archive (Manchester Metropolitan University). Highly relevant secondary sources, but which contain the primary records of early 20th‐century social investigators, can also be found in such volumes as H. Llewellyn Smith , The New Survey of London Life and Labour (1930–5) , in the tradition of Charles Booth 's earlier work, and Seebohm Rowntree's...

Natural Philosophy (Science)

Natural Philosophy (Science)   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Literature
Length:
5,186 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...and liberal circles, such as Erasmus Darwin, Thomas Wedgwood ( 1771–1805 ), Thomas Beddoes, and Priestley, to whom he dedicated a sonnet in 1795 . However, Coleridge began to think that Newton's followers encouraged a mechanical philosophy that explained too much by secondary causes, leaving God as an indolent First Cause. He concluded that the concept of lifeless matter separated from God was a large step towards atheism; and secondly, that Priestley's alternative of active matter was a form of pantheism. Thus after about 1800 Coleridge sought a...

In the Beginning: The Earliest History

In the Beginning: The Earliest History   Reference library

Michael D. Coogan

Oxford History of the Biblical World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
10,305 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
2

... Yet there were innovations in this period as well, some of short duration and others longer-lasting. New ceramic forms developed, often ornately painted or incised. Some are ossuaries, small receptacles for the secondary interment of bones after the flesh has decomposed. In the Neolithic, apparently only skulls were given this secondary treatment; now the entire skeletal remains of adults were gathered together, deposited in the ossuaries, and placed in burial caves. The ossuaries are usually large boxes, averaging 70 centimeters (2 feet 3 inches) long,...

Scandinavian Family Names

Scandinavian Family Names   Reference library

Olav Veka and Lennart Ryman

Dictionary of American Family Names (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Names studies
Length:
3,904 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...was the state with the largest Scandinavian immigrant population, with 115,000 Swedes, 105,000 Norwegians, and 16,300 Danes, while 17,000 Danes lived in Iowa. This census shows the strong concentration of Scandinavians in the Midwest, from Illinois to the Dakotas, with a secondary Swedish center on the Atlantic seaboard. Sweden Swedish immigration to the US began as early as 1638, when a group settled in the Delaware Valley to start a colony under the Swedish crown. The settlers had to give up the idea of a New Sweden in 1655, when the colony was lost to...

Medicine

Medicine   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Literature
Length:
3,985 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...family had its own preferred forms of treatment. ‘Primary care’ meant care by the head of the household, the cook, a trusted servant, neighbours, or the ‘lady bountiful’ perhaps—the clergyman's wife. Self-help came first and the recourse to professional medical treatment was secondary. There was a growing market for medical self-help books like William Buchan 's Domestic Medicine , first published in 1769 and still in print seventy years later. John Wesley 's Primitive Physick ( 1749 ) remained a bestseller, a book designed for the very poor, showing...

44 The History of the Book in Australia

44 The History of the Book in Australia   Reference library

Ian Morrison

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
6,163 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
1

...from textbooks gave publishers scope to risk promoting less commercial works—poetry in particular—that they considered culturally important. A precondition for the growth of tertiary education was increasing retention rates in secondary schools. F. W. Cheshire in Melbourne and the Jacaranda Press in Brisbane specialized in secondary-school publishing. Melbourne University Press (which concentrated on non-fiction, including key reference works such as the Australian Dictionary of Biography ) and the University of Queensland Press (which played a leading role...

Compatibility: Neither Required nor an Issue

Compatibility: Neither Required nor an Issue   Reference library

Ullah Jan Abid

Islam in Transition: Muslim Perspectives (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
5,474 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...to determine public opinion; but, if it genuinely reflects Islamic goals and priorities, it will be quite different in key respects. Most importantly, Muslims’ primary goal is to develop, establish and nurture a society driven by Faith. The structure of government becomes secondary to this goal. Unfortunately, each of the major Muslim governments has drifted from this foundation and the Muslim world faces a two-pronged crisis of Faith: a general lack of Faith among the masses, and an abandonment of Faith among the educated elite for materialist aims....

Spanish and Portuguese Family Names

Spanish and Portuguese Family Names   Reference library

Dieter Kremer

Dictionary of American Family Names (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Names studies
Length:
4,506 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...adjectival forms that indicate place origin (e.g. toledano ‘from Toledo’), regional origin ( Montañés , Montanes, Montanez ‘from the mountains’), ethnicity ( Cigano ‘Gypsy’), or country or region of origin ( gallego ‘from Galicia’). Some of these inhabitant names have secondary meanings (e.g. gallego can also mean ‘northwest wind’, ‘simple-minded’, ‘deaf-mute’, and a variety of bird). A family name can lead back to an inhabitant name or to a medieval name formed from it; Alema´n (see Aleman ) either means ‘from Germany’ or is from the given name ...

23 The History of the Book in the Low Countries

23 The History of the Book in the Low Countries   Reference library

Paul Hoftijzer

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
7,047 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
3

...became the driving force of intellectual life, first in the south and in the second half of the century also in the north, education, and consequently literacy, were considerably enhanced. Large quantities of *textbooks for use in the region’s growing number of primary and secondary schools were printed. Supplementing the canon of established classical and medieval knowledge, new scholarly works on a wide range of subjects were published. Although literary expression was still very much the domain of older traditions of medieval drama, rhetoric, and...

The New Testament

The New Testament   Reference library

David Parker

The Oxford Illustrated History of the Bible

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
11,025 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
9

...of the manuscript, show any corrections as exactly as possible as they appeared, include any marginalia, and describe all secondary hands and indicate by which hand each correction or marginal note was made. This method requires particularly high accuracy, since the whole manuscript has to be copied out by hand, and then typeset. By the middle of the nineteenth century most of the major witnesses had been made available to research in this way. Some of the finest editions are those in specially cut founts imitating the scribe's hand. Since then,...

A Feminist Interpretation of Women's Rights in Islam

A Feminist Interpretation of Women's Rights in Islam   Reference library

Fatima Mernissi

Liberal Islam: A Sourcebook

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
11,492 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...used, the sacred text can be a threshold for escape or an insurmountable barrier. It can be that rare music that leads to dreaming or simply a dispiriting routine. It all depends on the person who invokes it. However, for me, the older I grew, the fainter the music became. In secondary school the history of religion course was studded with traditions. Many of them from appropriate pages of al-Bukhari, which the teacher recited to us, made me feel extremely ill at ease: “The Prophet said that the dog, the ass, and woman interrupt prayer if they pass in front of...

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