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romanticism

Subject: Literature

A movement in the arts and literature which originated in the late 18th century, emphasizing inspiration, subjectivity, and the primacy of the individual. Romanticism was a reaction ...

Romanticism

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The Oxford Dictionary of Local and Family History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
28 words

... . A movement in European literature and art, from about 1770 to 1848 , which asserted the importance of intense individual experience and valued a sense of the...

Romanticism

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A Dictionary of Environment and Conservation (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017

... An early 19th century movement which emphasized the personal, emotional, and dramatic through the use of exotic, literary, or historical subject matter. The movement affected political, philosophical, and artistic thought throughout Western Europe. See also Transcendentalism...

Romanticism

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The Oxford Companion to Italian Literature

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Literature
Length:
779 words

... . The terms ‘Romanticism’ and ‘Romantic’ may be drawn on in a generic sense to refer to much Italian writing of the 19th c., and even the late 18th c., but they are specifically linked in Italy (in a way not replicated in other European countries) to a period of literary debate and experimentation which broadly corresponds with the first dozen years or so of the post- Napoleonic Restoration (roughly 1815–27 ). In this perspective Romanticism acts as a focus, and in some cases a rallying cry, for a confrontation over the modernization of Italian...

Romanticism

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The Oxford Companion to Local and Family History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
47 words

... A movement in European literature and art, from about 1770 to 1848 , which asserted the importance of intense individual experience and valued a sense of the infinite. One of the lasting achievements of the movement was to bring an appreciation of untamed landscape to the...

Romanticism

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World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
59 words

... Period of music history lasting from c .1800 to 1910 . It is characterized by the importance given to emotional expression and imagination, in contrast to the restraint and strict forms of the Classical era. Orchestras expanded as composers experimented with unusual and colourful orchestration to express extra-musical influences. Leading Romantic composers include Wagner , Berlioz , Mendelssohn , Schumann , Chopin , and Liszt...

Romanticism

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The Concise Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Religion
Length:
67 words

... . The movement in literature and art reasserting passion and imagination in reaction from the classicism and rationalism which marked the 18th cent. Such a reaction against the Enlightenment is found first in Germany among writers such as Goethe and F. D. E. Schleiermacher ; in England it can be seen in the works of W. Blake , W. Wordsworth , and S. T. Coleridge...

Romanticism

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A Dictionary of Philosophy (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Philosophy
Length:
373 words

... The movement that swept European and thence American culture between about 1775 and 1830 , although heralded by preceding elements in the 18th century (antiquarianism, novels of sensibility, the taste for the sublime and the picturesque, and above all Rousseau ’s elevation of nature and sentiment above civilization and intellect). Romanticism was partly a reaction against the stiff rationality of the Enlightenment and its official, static, neo-classical art, in favour of the spontaneous, the unfettered, the subjective, the imaginative and...

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Carl Slevin

A Concise Oxford Dictionary of Politics and International Relations (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics
Length:
334 words

... Associated with free and idealistic expression of and attitudes towards the passions and individuality, Romanticism is nevertheless an extremely vague term, more familiar in analysis of the arts than of politics. In literature, the adjective ‘romantic’ first appeared in French towards the end of the seventeenth century, and referred to a form of narrative fiction, involving passions rather than reason, which eventually became known in English as the novel. Romanticism as an explicit system of ideas appeared at the end of the eighteenth century, in...

Romanticism

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The New Oxford Companion to Literature in French

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Literature
Length:
1,904 words

...entrenched and often highly polemical definitions of French Romanticism—which tended to focus on a narrow period such as 1820–43 —have given way to a willingness to consider most literary work produced from the 1770s to at least 1850 as corresponding to the Romantic age (indeed, some critics go as far as to include Symbolism and Surrealism within an extended definition of Romanticism). Furthermore, the notion that there was a distinct early phase of Romanticism, called Pre‐Romanticism , which had earlier become a critical orthodoxy, has also now...

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The Oxford Dictionary of Art (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
500 words

... . Movement in the arts flourishing in the late 18th and early 19th centuries. Romanticism is so varied in its manifestations that a single definition is impossible, but its keynote was a belief in the value of individual experience. In this it marked a reaction from the rationalism of the Enlightenment and the orderliness of the Neoclassical style. Neoclassical artists typically stressed such ideas as duty and stoicism, whereas Romantic artists often chose subjects that were wild, exotic, or mysterious. They explored the values of intuition and...

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The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Art Terms (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
288 words

... Inherently the most unstable of the major definitions of a particular period or style, Romanticism can at one level be seen simply as a late 18th- to early 19th-century reaction against the reason of the Enlightenment and the order of Neoclassicism . Implicit to this process were beliefs in the primacy of individual experience and in the irrational as well as the rational. Romanticism was more an attitude of mind than a set of particular traits, hence in the visual arts it could embrace such apparently diverse artists as Goya, Blake and Turner,...

Romanticism

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The Oxford Dictionary of Art and Artists (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
448 words

... Movement in the arts flourishing in the late 18th and early 19th centuries. Romanticism is so varied in its manifestations that a single definition is impossible, but its keynote was a belief in the value of individual experience. In this it marked a reaction from the rationalism of the Enlightenment and the orderliness of the Neoclassical style. The Romantic artist explored the values of intuition and instinct, exchanging the public discourse of Neoclassicism, the forms of which had a common currency, for a more private kind of expression....

romanticism

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A Dictionary of Media and Communication (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020
Subject:
Media studies
Length:
96 words

... 1. A Western artistic movement ( c. 1780–1850) in which artworks are primarily expressive . It is variously associated with values such as individuality, creativity, imagination, originality, spontaneity, organicism, emotion , subjectivity , nature, and the unconscious. It represents a direct contrast to both (neo-) classicism and realism . 2. (philosophy) A movement which emerged with Rousseau, for whom civilization represented the corruption of the essential goodness of humankind, and who consequently idealized nature, childhood, and primal...

romanticism

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The Continuum Encyclopedia of British Philosophy

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Philosophy
Length:
2,942 words

...Theory and the Critical Tradition (Oxford, 1971). Barzun, Jacques , Classic, Romantic, and Modern (New York, 1961). Berlin, Isaiah , The Roots of Romanticism (1999). Bowie, A. , From Romanticism to Critical Theory (1997). Curran, Stuart , The Cambridge Companion to British Romanticism (Cambridge, 1993). De Man, Paul , The Rhetoric of Romanticism (Columbia, 1984). Furst, Lilian , Romanticism in Perspective (1969). Jones, W. T. , The Romantic Syndrome: Toward a New Method in Cultural Anthropology and History of Ideas (The Hague, 1961)....

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The Oxford Dictionary of Literary Terms (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

...via Mme de Staël to France, eventually shaping American Transcendentalism . English Romanticism had emerged independently with William Blake ’s then little-known anti-Enlightenment writings of the 1790s and with the landmark of William Wordsworth ’s 1800 Preface to Lyrical Ballads . In a second wave after the Napoleonic wars, Romanticism established itself in France and across Europe; by the 1830s the movement extended from Pushkin in Russia to Poe in the USA. Romanticism drew some of its energies from the associated revolutionary movements of democracy...

Romanticism

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An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Literature
Length:
1,025 words

...for modern critics from M. H. Abrams to Jerome McGann , on the other hand, the Romantic Weltanschauung is practically synonymous with Wordsworth. ‘Romanticism’, then, has its own history, and we should be aware of it. Any literary classification, like Romanticism, depends upon—and in turn helps to define—a cluster of literary works which exemplify it; and the shape of the history of ‘Romanticism’ can be discovered by watching the fluctuating canon of authors successively ranged beneath its flag. Taking a long view over the last 200 years, there appear...

Romanticism

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World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
102 words

... Late 18th- and early 19th-century art movement. Its exponents valued individual experience and intuition, rather than the orderly, concrete universe of classical artists. For this reason, Romantics and classicists are often seen as opposites, but in fact they shared a belief in idealism , as opposed to the exponents of realism and rationalism . An emphasis on nature rather than science was also a characteristic. Leading literary Romantics include Goethe , Shelley , Byron , Keats , Wordsworth , and Schiller . William Blake was both a...

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A Dictionary of Arabic Literary Terms and Devices

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

... A school of Arabic poetry influenced by the European Romantic poets and especially the notion of organic form propagated by Samuel Taylor Coleridge. The poets in this school, which included a broad variety of individuals from Mahjar poet Jibrān Khalīl Jibrān ( Gibran Kahlil Gibran , 1883–1931 ) to the Tunisian Abū al-Qāsim al-Shābbī ( 1909–34 ), moved away from well-established Arabic poetic traditions espoused by the Neo-classicists , such as composing in the traditional genres or gharaḍ s , and advocated instead a poetic structure that would...

Romanticism

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The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church (3 rev. ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Religion
Length:
114 words

...Romanticism . The word is used for the movement in literature and art reasserting passion and imagination in reaction from the classicism and rationalism which marked the 18th cent. It is a vague term, and describes a mood or tendency rather than a system. Such a reaction against the Enlightenment is found first in Germany, among such writers as Goethe , F. Schlegel , F. D. E. Schleiermacher , and Novalis . Its influence spread to other countries and in England can be seen in the work of W. Blake , W. Wordsworth , S. T. Coleridge , P. B. Shelley , and...

Romanticism

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The Oxford Dictionary of Architecture (3 rev. ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2021
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
295 words

...Romantic Classicism. Form, in Romantic art, was determined by the inner idea within the subject represented, and the yearning for spirituality and inner meaning allied Romanticism with medievalism, Historicism , the Picturesque, the Gothic Revival , and the Sublime . A new tenderness towards the dead, a love of melancholy, and the cultivation of feelings were characteristics of Romanticism, creating elegiac gardens, the first cemeteries , and fuelling the religious revival that was such an important part of C19 European and American culture. COF ( 1988 )...

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