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robot

Any device for performing computational or physical tasks automatically. For example, in computing, a robot is a program that trawls the Web for information, indexing it, say, for a search ...

robot

robot   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Mechanical Engineering (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019

...robot The International Standards Organization ( ISO ) defines a robot as ‘an automatically controlled, reprogrammable, multipurpose manipulator programmable in three or more axes, which may be either fixed in place or mobile for use in industrial automation applications’ (Standard ISO 8373). http://www.sparc-robotics.net/ Website of SPARC - Euro Robotics Consortium http://www.euron.org/ Website of EURON, the European Robotics Research Network http://www.robotics.org/ Website of the Robotic Industries Association http://www.jara.jp/e/ Website of the...

robot

robot   Reference library

Oxford Dictionary of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
Science and technology, Life Sciences
Length:
57 words

... any device for performing computational or physical tasks automatically. For example, in computing, a robot is a program that trawls the Web for information, indexing it, say, for a search engine. In biology, robot machines execute the numerous mundane, repetitive tasks associated with high‐throughput technologies (e.g. genome sequencing, drug screening). —robotic adj. ; —robotism or robotry ...

robot

robot   Quick reference

World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
39 words

... Automated machine used to carry out various tasks. Robots are often computer -controlled, the most common type having a single arm that can move in any direction. Such robots are used in mass production . See also artificial intelligence (AI) ; ...

robot

robot   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Marketing (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Social sciences, Business and Management
Length:
61 words

... A program (known also as an Internet bot or a Web robot) that is run by a search engine to undertake repetitious tasks at speed on the Web; for example, web spidering to search out and classify content. In some cases robots are used constructively, as information provision, while others are used maliciously for fraudulent clicking or carrying...

robot

robot   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Business and Management (6 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Social sciences, Business and Management
Length:
19 words

... A machine, usually controlled by computer, that is capable of performing routine and repetitive tasks without human...

robot

robot n   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of Science Fiction

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007

... Robots with the ability to outwork dozens of humans are moving into California's specialty crop fields. 1976 Scientific American (Feb.) 77 (caption) Spot‐welding robots […] are used in assembling the under[-]bodies of Chevrolet Novas. 1980 Times (London) (July 1) 19/5 A real robot is programmable; it can be programmed to perform different, and changing tasks. In 1978 Japan put 1,100 playback or programmable robots into its factories. 1989 Omni (Aug.) 64/3 It must have three backup systems for key operations, so that even if two fail, the robot...

robot

robot   Quick reference

A Dictionary of the Internet (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019

... A program which traverses a number of Web pages following the hyperlinks and carrying out some process such as checking whether any Web pages have changed since the last visit. Often referred to as a bot...

Robot

Robot   Reference library

Brewer's Dictionary of Phrase & Fable (19 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

... (Czech robota , ‘forced labour’) An automaton with semi-human powers and intelligence. From this the term is often extended to mean a person who works automatically without employing initiative. The name comes from the mechanical creatures in Karel Čapek’s play R.U.R. ( Rossum’s Universal Robots ), which was successfully produced in London in 1923 . The word was also applied to various forms of ‘flying bombs’ sent against England by the Germans in the Second World...

mobile robot

mobile robot   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Mechanical Engineering (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019

...mobile robot A robot where the base frame is mounted on a...

biotechnical robot

biotechnical robot   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Mechanical Engineering (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019

...biotechnical robot ( teleoperator ) A robot that requires continuous input from a human operator. Such robots are used in nuclear plant decommissioning and similar hazardous...

adaptive robot

adaptive robot   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Mechanical Engineering (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019

...adaptive robot A robot which responds to changes in the environment, i.e. a robot which shows...

molecular robot

molecular robot   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Electronics and Electrical Engineering (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

...robot A robot constructed from components whose sizes are at the molecular level. Such robots are currently found only in research laboratories, typically in the form of molecular robot arms that can move other molecules. ...

preprogrammed robot

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A Dictionary of Mechanical Engineering (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019

...preprogrammed robot A robot that is not equipped or programmed to show accommodation and thus must follow a programmed sequence of movements and...

pedestal robot

pedestal robot   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Mechanical Engineering (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019

...pedestal robot A robot having a first joint with a vertical axis fixed to a stand so that the workspace is centred around the...

intelligent robot

intelligent robot   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Mechanical Engineering (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019

...intelligent robot A robot capable of performing complex tasks and adapting to changes in its environment without human...

articulated robot

articulated robot   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Mechanical Engineering (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019
Subject:
Science and technology, Engineering and Technology
Length:
70 words
Illustration(s):
1

...articulated robot ( revolute configuration robot ) A robot having a rotational waist joint, joint angle θ ‎ 1 , with a vertical axis; a rotational shoulder joint , joint angle θ ‎ 2 , with a horizontal axis; and a rotational elbow joint, joint angle θ ‎ 3 , also with a horizontal axis. This configuration is termed anthropomorphic, as it emulates that of the human body. The diagram shows an idealized articulated robot. articulated ...

robot kinematics

robot kinematics   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Mechanical Engineering (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019

...robot kinematics The analysis of the motion of a robot without reference to the forces or torques causing that motion (given by robot dynamics ). The kinematics are normally analysed using homogeneous transforms where each joint and associated link is represented by a 4×4 matrix and the relationship between the base frame and end effector obtained as the product of these...

autonomous robot

autonomous robot   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Mechanical Engineering (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019

...autonomous robot A robot which can, by sensing information about its environment, work for a prolonged period of time, learn and adapt without human or other external intervention. For example, the NASA Mars Rover robot senses the surrounding terrain and can thus avoid such hazards as collision with boulders or falling over...

robot classification

robot classification   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Mechanical Engineering (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019

...robot classification The description of the types (i.e. rotational or translational) of the joints of a robot and the directions of the axes of these joints. There are five classifications: articulated (revolute), Cartesian, cylindrical, SCARA, and...

robot technology

robot technology   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Travel and Tourism

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Social sciences
Length:
25 words

... technology Software that systematically accesses travel-provider web and other databases, collecting and collating up-to-date fares. Also called bots or spiders. See corporate travel contracts...

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