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river capture

Process whereby a stream is able to tap and so capture the discharge of a neighbour. The capturing stream normally extends by headward erosion along an outcrop of soft rock until it meets ...

river capture

river capture   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Geology and Earth Sciences (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020

... capture Process whereby a stream is able to tap and so capture the discharge of a neighbour. The capturing stream normally extends by headward erosion along an outcrop of soft rock until it meets and diverts a second, less-favoured, transverse system. A right-angled bend, the ‘elbow of capture’ is typical of the junction between capturing and captured streams. See also avulsion...

river capture

river capture   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Ecology (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

... capture The process whereby a stream is able to tap and so capture the discharge of a neighbour. The capturing stream normally extends by headward erosion along an outcrop of soft rock until it meets and diverts a second, less favoured, transverse system. A right-angled bend, the ‘elbow of capture’ is typical of the junction between capturing and captured streams. See also avulsion...

river capture

river capture noun   Quick reference

Oxford Dictionary of English (3 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
49 words
river capture

river capture  

Process whereby a stream is able to tap and so capture the discharge of a neighbour. The capturing stream normally extends by headward erosion along an outcrop of soft rock until it meets and diverts ...
Richard III

Richard III   Reference library

Randall Martin and Anthony Davies

The Oxford Companion to Shakespeare (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Literature, Shakespeare studies and criticism, Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
3,559 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
1

...Lord Stanley’s messenger reports to Hastings his master’s dreams of Gloucester’s malevolence, but Hastings dismisses his fears. Catesby reports the execution of Hastings’s enemies Rivers, Grey, and Vaughan that day at Pomfret, but Hastings rejects his suggestion that Gloucester should become king. Stanley and Buckingham travel with Hastings to London. 3.3 Ratcliffe escorts Rivers, Grey, and Vaughan to execution. 3.4 The council gathers to plan the coronation. Richard accuses Hastings of keeping Mrs Shore who has bewitched his arm, and demands his execution....

Before Israel: Syria-Palestine in the Bronze Age

Before Israel: Syria-Palestine in the Bronze Age   Reference library

Wayne T. Pitard

Oxford History of the Biblical World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
17,805 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
1

...both sides of the Jordan River, followed a pastoral existence, regularly migrating to various seasonal camps throughout the region. Such campsites provide few remains that archaeologists can locate. Only one town, Khirbet Iskander, occupying a 3-hectare (7.5-acre) site in Jordan, is known to have been surrounded by a wall during the Early Bronze IV period. Other villages existed in Transjordan at this time, but they were only pale reflections of the urban culture that had preceded them. Few settlements existed west of the Jordan River until about halfway...

Ezekiel

Ezekiel   Reference library

J. Galambush and J. Galambush

The Oxford Bible Commentary

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
34,333 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...have motivated this priest-in-exile. ( 47:1–12 ) The Life-Giving River In 46:19–24 Ezekiel is shown various outbuildings in the inner and outer courts and in 47:1 he is returned to the temple door. Water flows out from the south side of the temple threshold and then heads eastward from the temple complex, deepening into a great river that finally empties into the Dead Sea. Along the river's banks grow trees always laden with fruit and medicinal leaves ( v. 12; cf. Rev 22:1–2 ). The river itself ‘heals’ the Dead Sea ( v. 8 ) so that it becomes full of fish...

Bitter Lives: Israel in and out of Egypt

Bitter Lives: Israel in and out of Egypt   Reference library

Carol A. Redmount

Oxford History of the Biblical World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
16,877 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
1

...far as the Dog River (Nahr el-Kalb) near Beirut and subduing the kingdom of Amurru. The return of Amurru to Egyptian control infuriated the Hittites, who recognized Egyptian aggression for what it was: an attempt to reclaim lost Syrian territories and resurrect Thutmose III's empire. Major conflict between the two superpowers was inevitable. In his fifth year, Rameses II again marched into Syria. This time, however, an enormous Hittite army lay in wait just east of the city of Qadesh. Cleverly, the Hittites permitted the capture of two of their...

“There Was No King in Israel”: The Era of the Judges

“There Was No King in Israel”: The Era of the Judges   Reference library

Jo Ann Hackett

Oxford History of the Biblical World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
17,677 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
3

... From ancient Ugarit (modern Ras Shamra) on the Syrian coast, we also have texts that use a cognate term for judging ( th-p-t at Ugarit, related to Hebrew sh-p-t ). In parallel lines of poetry, the sea-god Yamm is called Prince Yamm and th-p-t River, that is, Prince Sea and Judge River. Since sea and river are synonyms, the epithets that go with them must be synonymous as well, so that prince and judge are similar descriptions of authority. Elsewhere in Ugaritic literature, throne of kingship is used in parallel with “staff of th-p-t -hood”;...

The Old Testament

The Old Testament   Reference library

John Rogerson

The Oxford Illustrated History of the Bible

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
9,443 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
15

... It has long been supposed in critical scholarship that when David captured Jerusalem he found there both an established priesthood presided over by a priest-king, Zadok, and a cult that contained ‘Canaanite’ elements. Hints of this pre- existing religion have been found in psalms such as 110, where the king is made a priest ‘after the order of Melchizedek’ and Psalm 91 where God is named as ‘the Most High’ and ‘the Almighty’ as well as Yahweh. Psalm 46 , which speaks of the river that flows beneath the city of God, contains another possible allusion to...

Cymbeline, King of Britain

Cymbeline, King of Britain   Reference library

Michael Dobson, Will Sharpe, and Anthony Davies

The Oxford Companion to Shakespeare (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Literature, Shakespeare studies and criticism, Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
2,998 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...to Britain with the Roman army: repenting of Innogen’s death, he takes off his Italian clothes and resolves to fight on the British side. 5.2 In battle, Posthumus, dressed like a peasant, defeats but spares a guilt-stricken Giacomo, who does not recognize him. 5.3–4 Cymbeline is captured but rescued by Belarius, Guiderius, Arviragus, and Posthumus: the Romans retreat. 5.5 Posthumus narrates to a British lord how Belarius, Guiderius, and Arviragus reversed a British retreat down a narrow lane into a victorious renewed assault. He decides to dress as a Roman again...

A Land Divided: Judah and Israel from the Death of Solomon to the Fall of Samaria

A Land Divided: Judah and Israel from the Death of Solomon to the Fall of Samaria   Reference library

Edward F. Campbell Jr.

Oxford History of the Biblical World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
19,373 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
2

...side of the Orontes River, well north of Damascus. At Qarqar on that river, which his inscription designates the royal city of Hamath's ruler, Irhuleni, he met a coalition of forces from twelve locales that included Hamath, Damascus under Hadadezer, and Israel under Ahab. Ahab's force consisted of 10,000 men and 2,000 chariots, out-numbering the 1,910 chariots supplied by all the other allies together and equaling what Shalmaneser himself threw into the battle. The Assyrian king claims to have utterly devastated his foes and captured all their chariots,...

Forging an Identity: The Emergence of Ancient Israel

Forging an Identity: The Emergence of Ancient Israel   Reference library

Lawrence E. Stager

Oxford History of the Biblical World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
19,872 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
4

... After crossing the Jordan River, Joshua and his troops conquered Jericho ( Josh. 6 ). They blew the rams' horns and shouted in unison until the walls of Jericho collapsed. This miracle has no archaeological reflex; in fact, there is little or no occupation at Jericho in the thirteenth century. Kathleen Kenyon, the British archaeologist who pioneered stratigraphic excavations at the site, thought that erosion had deprived history of the Late Bronze Age city that Joshua captured. But the absence of tombs and even potsherds from this period...

Baruch

Baruch   Reference library

Alison Salvesen and Alison Salvesen

The Oxford Bible Commentary

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
4,711 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...He is certainly not mentioned in Ezek 8:1 . v. 4 , ‘the princes’, the Greek ‘sons of the king’. Jer 22:30 says that Jeconiah will be childless, but 1 Chr 3:17 and Babylonian cuneiform inscriptions ( ANET 308) say that he had sons. ‘The river Sud’: there is a reference in the Dead Sea scrolls (4QpJer) to a river Sur in the context of the Exile. The Hebrew letters r and d are very similar in form, and the Greek translator may have misread Sud for Sur. v. 5 , ‘they wept. and fasted’: For a similar response, see Neh 8:9; 9:1 , similarly followed by a...

Joshua

Joshua   Reference library

Gordon McConville and Gordon McConville

The Oxford Bible Commentary

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
21,409 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...when they do the river resumes its normal course ( 4:15–18 ). The date of the people's emergence from the river is significant, the tenth day of the ‘first month’ being part of the Passover celebration, when the lamb was prepared for the feast ( Ex 12:2–3 ). (On calendars in Israel and the date of the Passover see Clines 1976 .) Thus, the crossing of the river is expressly connected with that of the Reed Sea. The two events frame the larger narrative of exodus and conquest, as archetypal acts of salvation. The stones taken from the river are set up in...

Humanity and Islam

Humanity and Islam   Reference library

‘Ali Shari‘ati

Liberal Islam: A Sourcebook

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
6,585 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...that they are able to bombard Mars and guide an intricate machine into outer space, yet so weak that if you add an extra $12.00 to their salary they will work for you against their boss! Once I heard that slavery is still popular in some parts of Africa; people capture the primitive tribes and sell them somewhere else. But I have seen slavery with my own eyes in the West. At Cambridge and the Sorbonne the best human brains are being auctioned off. The entrepreneurs from America, Europe, Russia, and elsewhere all come to buy the talented...

Poetry

Poetry   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Literature
Length:
5,432 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...‘symbolist’ writers in that respect; both typically seek rather an immediate, even a voluptuous, plenitude. Shelley cultivates a similarly lavish expenditure of poetic resources—in ‘To a Skylark’ ( 1820 ), for example, where the poet scours his imagination in a failed effort to capture an adequate expression for the idea he pursues. Unlike Keats and Byron, however, Shelley's descriptions are idealized—like Wordsworth's. In Prometheus Unbound ( 1820 ) he wants to reveal something for which nature and language itself can only provide veils and suggestions....

Empire

Empire   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Literature
Length:
4,298 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...the imperial government allowed its powers to be largely superseded by local authorities, the reassertion of centralized control was likely to prove a difficult and hazardous enterprise. Fear of *revolution [1] was compounded by the exigencies of *war [2] , so that colonies captured from the French or their allies during the revolutionary and Napoleonic wars were generally given the political forms of a Crown colony whereby a strong executive, largely unimpeded by representative institutions, could if necessary act resolutely to meet the needs of war. The...

1 Maccabees

1 Maccabees   Reference library

U. Rappaport and U. Rappaport

The Oxford Bible Commentary

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
27,583 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...as both the Baeans and the Ammonites were east of the river (i.e. Jordan). Timothy, probably a Seleucid official or commander, is mentioned also in v. 11 . vv. 7–8 , there is no mention of the Jews here either, though it is to be supposed that Judas came to their succour, both according to v. 2 and to the more detailed account below. ( 5:9–13 ) Here the author returns to the theme of v. 1 , the Jews being attacked by their neighbours. v. 9 , Gilead is normally the area between the rivers Yarmuk and Arnon, in which Ammon is also included. The...

Between Alexandria and Antioch: Jews and Judaism in the Hellenistic Period

Between Alexandria and Antioch: Jews and Judaism in the Hellenistic Period   Reference library

Leonard J. Greenspoon

Oxford History of the Biblical World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
18,478 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
2

...power that was making its initial forays into the Hellenistic East. The Romans, who until now had been content to flex their muscles on the Italian peninsula and elsewhere in the western Mediterranean, were drawn to the East at about the same time Antiochus had succeeded in capturing Syria-Palestine from the Ptolemies. Although their immediate goal, successfully pursued, was to stop a Macedonian king from enlarging his holdings, the Romans were quick to view aggressive Seleucid activities as equally alarming. A Roman victory over Seleucid forces in Asia...

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