Update
The Oxford Biblical Studies Online and Oxford Islamic Studies Online have retired. Content you previously purchased on Oxford Biblical Studies Online or Oxford Islamic Studies Online has now moved to Oxford Reference, Oxford Handbooks Online, Oxford Scholarship Online, or What Everyone Needs to Know®. For information on how to continue to view articles visit the subscriber services page.
Dismiss

You are looking at 1-20 of 172 entries  for:

  • All: ring ditch x
clear all

View:

Overview

ring ditch

Subject: Archaeology

[Co] A bedrock cut ditch or trench of circular or penannular plan, usually identified through aerial photography either as soil marks or cropmarks. When excavated, ring ditches ...

ring ditch

ring ditch ([Co])   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Archaeology (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2021
Subject:
Archaeology
Length:
55 words

... ditch [Co] A bedrock cut ditch or trench of circular or penannular plan, usually identified through aerial photography either as soil marks or cropmarks. When excavated, ring ditches are usually found to be the ploughed‐out remains of a round barrow where the barrow mound has completely disappeared, leaving only the infilled former quarry ditch...

ring ditch

ring ditch  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Archaeology
[Co]A bedrock cut ditch or trench of circular or penannular plan, usually identified through aerial photography either as soil marks or cropmarks. When excavated, ring ditches are usually found to be ...
Windmill Hill, Wiltshire, England

Windmill Hill, Wiltshire, England  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Archaeology
[Si]One of the largest causewayed enclosures yet discovered in Britain. It has an area of about 8 ha, and its outer ditch has a diameter of approximately 360 m. The boundary earthworks comprise three ...
penannular

penannular  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Archaeology
[De]In the shape of a ring, but with a break at one point. Often used to describe brooches and torcs as well as arrangements of posts, slots, and ditches forming the walls of round houses and ...
spatial association

spatial association  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Archaeology
[Th]An assumed close relationship between two or more archaeological items (objects or structural elements) because of their physical proximity and/or location relative to other more securely ...
bosing

bosing  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Archaeology
[Te]A low‐tech technique for locating buried ditches and pits at sites with a solid underlying natural bedrock (e.g. chalk or limestone) and relatively thin stratigraphy. The procedure is to place a ...
round barrow

round barrow  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Archaeology
[MC]Probably the most widespread and numerous class of archaeological monument in Europe, and found in other parts of the world too. At the most basic a round barrow is simply a roughly hemispherical ...
Navan, Co. Armagh, Northern Ireland

Navan, Co. Armagh, Northern Ireland  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Archaeology
[Si]A hilltop enclosure west of Armagh city, the ancient Emain Macha, and the first capital of Ulster. Excavations carried out by Dudley Waterman between 1961 and 1971 show that the site has a long ...
bowl barrow

bowl barrow  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Archaeology
[MC]Simple kind of round barrow found widely over northwestern Europe from the Neolithic onwards, although especially common in the late 3rd and early 2nd millennia bc. Bowl barrows are distinguished ...
Tlachtga

Tlachtga  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
One of the great assemblies or fairs [OIr. óenach; ModIr. aonach] of early Ireland, and the druid's daughter for which it was named. Tlachtga, a sorceress, was the daughter of Mug Ruith, the ...
Woodhenge, Durrington, Wiltshire, England

Woodhenge, Durrington, Wiltshire, England  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Archaeology
[Si]Classic late Neolithic class I henge monument constructed about 2500 bc, situated immediately outside Durrington Walls to the south. The monument comprises an earthwork enclosure 88 m across ...
ringfort

ringfort  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Archaeology
[MC]A small circular enclosure or fort, also known as a rath. Typically between 30 m and 50 m in diameter, they are bounded by one or more concentric earthworks comprising a bank and outer ditch. ...
castle

castle  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
A fortified building for the defence of a town or district, doubling as the private residence of a baron in the Middle Ages. Although also called ‘castles’, Celtic hill-forts, Roman camps, and Saxon ...
henge, hengle

henge, hengle   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Architecture (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2021
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
40 words

...hengle 1. Hinge . 2. Class of ancient monument consisting of a bank and internal ditch enclosing a circular area, e.g. ‘Giant’s Ring’, near Belfast. 3. Prehistoric stone circle with ‘hanging’ elements, e.g. the lintels at Stonehenge, Wilts....

penannular

penannular ([De])   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Archaeology (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2021
Subject:
Archaeology
Length:
39 words

... [De] In the shape of a ring, but with a break at one point. Often used to describe brooches and torcs as well as arrangements of posts, slots, and ditches forming the walls of round houses and...

spatial association

spatial association ([Th])   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Archaeology (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2021
Subject:
Archaeology
Length:
60 words

...association [Th] An assumed close relationship between two or more archaeological items (objects or structural elements) because of their physical proximity and/or location relative to other more securely relatable items. Thus, for example, a pit situated in the centre of a ring ditch can be said to be spatially associated with it even though there is no physical...

Windmill Hill, Wiltshire, England

Windmill Hill, Wiltshire, England ([Si])   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Archaeology (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2021
Subject:
Archaeology
Length:
283 words

...Hill, Wiltshire, England [Si] One of the largest causewayed enclosures yet discovered in Britain. It has an area of about 8 ha, and its outer ditch has a diameter of approximately 360 m. The boundary earthworks comprise three roughly concentric rings of interrupted ditches which originally had internal banks. It is notable that the ditches do not lie around the top of the hill, but rather run down the northern slope. Windmill Hill was excavated on several occasions, most notably between 1925 and 1939 by Alexander Keiller , in 1957–8 by Isobel...

bosing

bosing ([Te])   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Archaeology (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2021
Subject:
Archaeology
Length:
96 words

... [Te] A low‐tech technique for locating buried ditches and pits at sites with a solid underlying natural bedrock (e.g. chalk or limestone) and relatively thin stratigraphy. The procedure is to place a block of wood on the ground surface and then hit it hard with a sledge‐hammer. A dull thud will be heard where there are disturbances in the bedrock while a sharper ring is emitted where undisturbed bedrock lies below the topsoil. By systematically working across a site and mapping the sounds, the distribution and extent of bedrock cut features can be worked...

Avebury, Wiltshire, England

Avebury, Wiltshire, England ([Si])   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Archaeology (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2021
Subject:
Archaeology
Length:
208 words

...Wiltshire, England [Si] The largest and finest henge monument in Britain, set on the rolling chalk downlands of southern England near the headwaters of the River Kennet. The great ditch encloses an area of 11.5 ha and has a diameter of 350 m. On the inner edge of the ditch stood a ring of 98 stones. Near the centre of the henge were two smaller stone circles with internal settings. Limited excavation within the interior of the site revealed very little, as is the case at most henge monuments. It is, however, known that prior to its construction in...

Krog

Krog   Reference library

Dictionary of American Family Names (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Names studies
Length:
109 words

...for someone living near the village tavern, from Middle Low German krōch ‘tavern, inn’, or a nickname for a drinker. 3 North German: topographic name from Middle Low German krōch ‘pasture or planted field surrounded by a fence, wall, or ditch’. 4 Croatian: nickname or topographic name from dialect krog ‘circle, ring’, in the topographic sense also ‘wood,...

View: