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representation

Subject: Law

N. 1 The state of being represented, e.g. by an elected representative in the House of Commons (see also Parliament), by a defending counsel in court, or by an agent ...

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A Dictionary of Computer Science (7 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016

... Storage and data values used to carry...

representation

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The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Mathematics (6 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2021

...representation ( of a vector ) When the directed line segment A B → represents the vector a , then A B → is a representation of a...

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The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Linguistics (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Linguistics
Length:
64 words

... The structure assigned to a form at any level of description or analysis. E.g. a phonetic transcription is one kind of representation at a phonetic level; a phrase structure tree is a common form of representation at the level of syntax; a semantic representation is a description of a sentence or other unit at a separate level of...

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The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Mathematics (6 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2021

...representation ( representation theory ) When a group G acts on a set S, there is an associated homomorphism ρ ‎ : G →Sym( S ), where Sym( S ) denotes the symmetry group of S defined by ρ ‎ ( g )( s ) =  g · s . Here ρ ‎ is called a representation, and conversely each such representation gives an action of G on S . If the action is faithful , then the representation is one-to-one . Commonly, a representation is defined as a homomorphism ρ ‎ : G →GL( V ) or ρ ‎ : G →GL( n , F ) associating each group element with a linear map or ...

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A Dictionary of Cultural Anthropology

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018
Subject:
Social sciences, Anthropology
Length:
139 words

...for and reactions to the so-called ‘crisis in representation’ have had broad impacts on disciplinary practice and conceptions of ethnographic authority , provoking greater attention to the collaborative nature of fieldwork ; experimentalism in writing; and the ethnographic study of the creation and effects of representation and self-representation by social groups. Further reading: Vargas-Cetina, Gabriela , ed. (2013), Anthropology and the Politics of Representation...

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A Dictionary of Film Studies (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020
Subject:
Media studies
Length:
365 words

... The image or idea of a thing. In film studies, representation is an overdetermined term with various meanings. 1. In a common use, representation is a synonym for film in general, inasmuch as all films constitute an image or idea of the thing they depict. In relation to this, it is necessary to note that what we actually see is a re-presentation (i.e. the screening) of a representation (the film). 2. In debates about film and realism , the specific qualities of photography have led to claims that the film image transcribes, or indexes, reality...

representation

representation   Reference library

Tim Crane

The Oxford Companion to Philosophy (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Philosophy
Length:
727 words

...explain all forms of representation in terms of pictorial representation. The various kinds of representation have distinctive features which need their own explanation. An account of linguistic representation, for instance, has to explain how the meanings of words systematically combine to produce the meanings of sentences. ( Meaning ). In recent philosophy of mind and psychology, the notion of mental representation has become central, and many hope to explain linguistic representation in terms of it. Moreover, the hope that representation can be revealed to be...

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A Dictionary of Critical Theory (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

... The image of an idea or thing. At its most basic, representation means two things: (i) creating something that can stand for another thing—this is the sense in which a metaphor , to give only one example, is a form of representation; but it also applies to representative politics in which an elected person stands for their electorate in a particular political forum; (ii) creating something that is in at least some sense equivalent to another thing, most often because it resembles that other thing. For example, a photograph is a representation...

representation

representation   Reference library

The New Oxford Companion to Law

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Law
Length:
477 words

...recklessness, even representation itself—have legal meanings and ensuing consequences which differ from their everyday usage. Thus, for example, a statement of belief or opinion made by one party to another as they enter into a contract once identified as a ‘representation’ and found to be untrue gives rise to an action under the Misrepresentation Act 1967 . Finally, representation can also be understood in terms of the representation of law. This involves an exploration of the portrayal or representation of law and the legal system in...

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A Dictionary of Geography (6 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2023

... The ways in which meanings are formed, conveyed, and shared among members of social groups. These representations can be defined as culture, and cultural forms, notably language, and to some extent shape the reality they represent. Given that it is a working, creative, language-driven process, representation cannot be neutral or without power relations. Geographers are interested in the relations between representation and space and place, for places and the human landscape are neither blank nor neutral but laden with meaning and symbolism. ...

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A Dictionary of Journalism

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Media studies
Length:
81 words

...representation The portrayal of people in news stories and other media output which, according to many commentators, often relies on stereotyping and cultural bias . Feminist media , black media , and other forms of alternative media are often set up with the intention of providing direct representation for social groups that are less likely to have access to mainstream media . See also archetypes ; class ; counter public spheres ; development journalism ; gender ; native reporting ; oppositional reporting ; race...

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A Dictionary of Media and Communication (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020
Subject:
Media studies
Length:
607 words

...; symbolic representation ). In reflectionist framings , the transparent re-presentation, reflection, recording, transcription, or reproduction of a pre-existing reality ( see also imaginary signifier ; mimesis ; realism ). In constructionist framings, the transformation of particular social realities, subjectivities , or identities in processes which are ostensibly merely re-presentations ( see also constitutive models ; interpellation ; reality construction ). Some postmodern theorists avoid the term representation completely...

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A Dictionary of Sociology (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Social sciences, Sociology
Length:
283 words

... Representation refers to the way in which images and texts reconstruct, rather than reflect, the original sources they represent. Thus a painting, photograph, or written text about a tree is never an actual tree, but the reconstruction of what it seemed to be or meant to the person who represented it. If it were a tree, it could not then be a photograph, painting, or text. Representation is an important concept in semiology , linguistics , Marxism , and feminism , and points to an aspect of the way in which meaning is constructed. It can...

representation

representation   Reference library

Dictionary of the Social Sciences

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2002
Subject:
Social sciences
Length:
724 words

... To stand for, symbolize, or act on behalf of a person, group, or thing. The term is used in a wide array of contexts with different meanings. In the social sciences, two broad traditions of inquiry into representation stand out: (1) the nature of symbolic representation , or the relationship between language and reality; and (2) the proper understanding of political representation , or how individuals should stand for larger groups or constituencies in democratic systems. The question of how words represent things is among the oldest in ...

representation

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The Oxford Companion to Western Art

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
402 words

... . The term has taken on increasingly complex connotations in 20th-century discussions of visual art. It is primarily used for the way in which something made may stand for, or bring to mind, some other thing—most typically, for the way in which flat pictures may bring to mind solid bodies. Works of art which do this are said to be ‘representational’, rather than abstract or decorative in character. In this sense, representation is the contemporary term that translates the Greek word mimesis , used by Plato and Aristotle to describe the making...

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A Concise Oxford Dictionary of Politics and International Relations (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics
Length:
690 words

...first sense but not the second; and conversely if they do what the voters want without being statistically representative of them. Microcosm conceptions of representation are associated with proportional representation , and principal–agent conceptions with majoritarianism. The PR school looks at the composition of a parliament; majoritarians look at its decisions. Another dimension of fair representation concerns boundaries, districting, and the meaning of ‘one vote, one value’. In the United States, since Baker v. Carr ( 1962 ), the courts have enforced...

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A Dictionary of Gender Studies

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Social sciences, Sociology, Politics
Length:
232 words

...representation This term means a) in cultural terms, to make a picture, sign, symbol, or example of something; and b) in socio-political terms, to stand for or act for others as an elected or appointed person, for example in a political context where individuals are elected to represent groups of people or constituencies. In Gender Studies, representation has mostly been explored in relation to the cultural construction of women and men, for instance the depiction of women as sex objects in advertisements, or of men as violent in action movies. It has also been...

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A Dictionary of Social Work and Social Care (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

...old age and older people or that challenges them. Representations can be deconstructed by asking questions such as: Who constructed the representation? For what purpose? For what audience? For example, a social worker may produce an assessment of an older person that highlights problems, dependency, powerlessness, and risk in order to secure expensive services because s/he knows that this stereotypical representation of an older person will play well with a resource panel . See also advocacy ; deconstruction ; gaze ; governmentality ; social...

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A Dictionary of Human Geography

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Social sciences, Human Geography
Length:
1,027 words

...others very large ones that are spread across several countries or continents. Many representations are inconsequential, but not a few are hugely influential in the short term or longer term. Clearly, this definition of ‘representation’ is ecumenical. As David Runciman and Monica Vieira note in Representation ( 2008 : vii), ‘representation’ ‘encompasses an extraordinary range of meanings and applications, stretching from mental images…to legal processes to theatrical performances’. This range notwithstanding, all representations refer to things near or...

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A Dictionary of Law (10 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Law
Length:
231 words

... n. 1. The state of being represented, e.g. by an elected representative in the House of Commons ( see also Parliament ), by a defending counsel in court, or by an agent acting on behalf of his principal. 2. ( in succession ) Taking the place of another. The court grants to executors or administrators the right to represent the deceased, i.e. to collect, sell, and transfer the deceased’s assets (in accordance with the will or intestacy rules) as if they were the owners. Under the Wills Act 1837 a devise or legacy in favour of a child or...

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