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Overview

queer theory

A critical discourse developed in the 1990s in order to deconstruct (or ‘to queer’) sexuality and gender in the wake of gay identity politics, which had tended to rely on strategic ...

queer theory

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A Dictionary of Film Studies

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Media studies
Length:
329 words

... theory A trend in cultural studies that reclaims a derogatory term referencing homosexuality in order to challenge essentialist ideas of fixed gender identities, sexual preferences, and all forms of ‘normality’, both homo—and hetero-, as well as to promote and celebrate a subversive ‘queering’ of all cultural texts. The philosopher Judith Butler 's Bodies That Matter is widely regarded as a founding text of queer theory. In film studies, the development of queer theory and queer cultural politics has gone hand-in-hand with the rise of ...

queer theory

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The New Oxford Companion to Law

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Law
Length:
535 words

... theory Queer theory is a diverse body of scholarship that emerged primarily within North American and British universities beginning in the late 1980s. Originating within humanities departments, queer theory subsequently proved valuable for academics within other fields. Queer theory is eclectic, and it draws insights from psychoanalysis, Marxism, deconstruction, feminism, semiotics, and poststructuralism. At times, queer theory has been criticized for being inaccessible and reliant upon jargon. However, queer theory can be understood simply as the analysis...

queer theory

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Melanie Richter-Montpetit

A Concise Oxford Dictionary of Politics and International Relations (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics
Length:
332 words

... theory Animated by a commitment to the radical contingency of the term ‘queer’ and thus subjectless critique, queer theory’s scope and approach are notoriously difficult to define. At a minimum, queer inquiry challenges understandings of gender and sexuality as singular and stable. This critique extends also to the heterosexual/homosexual dichotomy underwriting traditional lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) studies. Conceptualizing sexuality and gender as part of wider relations of power and normalization, queer thought explores a wide range of...

queer theory

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A Dictionary of Social Work and Social Care (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

... theory Initially arising out of an activist movement involving alliances between gay men and lesbian women in the United States in the 1980s that argued for declarations of gay and lesbian visibility by appropriating derogatory terms such as ‘queer’ and ‘dyke’, thus celebrating identities that were normally stigmatized and derided. Subsequently the academic field that developed tended to be referred to as lesbian and gay studies, within which some variants of queer theory argued that there was a need to incorporate into the study of sexuality issues...

queer theory

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A Dictionary of Media and Communication (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020
Subject:
Media studies
Length:
213 words

... theory A critical discourse developed in the 1990s in order to deconstruct (or ‘to queer’) sexuality and gender in the wake of gay identity politics , which had tended to rely on strategic essentialism . Opposed to gender essentialism , queer theorists see sexuality as a discursive social construction, fluid, plural, and continually negotiated rather than a natural, fixed, core identity ( see also constructionism ). ‘The representation of gender is its construction,’ declares de Lauretis, who coined the term ‘queer theory’ in 1990. Butler,...

queer theory

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A Dictionary of Sports Studies

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Social sciences, Society and culture
Length:
403 words

... theory An approach to the study of gender relations and sexual identity premised upon the proposition that theorization of these areas has been dominated by a deep-rooted and entrenched set of assumptions concerning heterosexuality and a male/female gender divide as the norm. Heather Sykes (‘Queering Theories of Sexuality in Sport Studies’, in Jayne Caudwell , ed., Sport, Sexualities and Queer/Theory , 2006 ) identifies four primary areas that ‘queer theorists have etched a space to think about’: the construction of heterosexuality; a dominant...

Queer Theory

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The Oxford Companion to Women's Writing in the United States

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Literature
Length:
1,284 words

...and representation of sexuality. The use of the word queer over a more conventional vocabulary of sexuality reflects several aspects of queer theory's project. The reappropriation of queer , a word that has been used homophobically, echoes the importance of reclaiming, rereading, and redefining texts to antihomophobic theory. In her introduction to a queer theory issue of the feminist journal differences (vol. 3, no. 2, Summer 1991 ), film theorist Teresa De Lauretis ascribes the use of queer to an attempt to address the limits of terms like gay,...

queer theory

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Richard Niles

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Theatre and Performance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
841 words

... theory Queer theory is best described as an ongoing cultural critique of the heterosexual privileged social order. The term ‘queer’, popularized in the 1990s, is a comprehensive rubric that embraces gays, lesbians, bisexuals, transsexuals, and, in fact, any who do not perceive themselves as fitting the social norms of gender and sexuality. It also suggests a political stance that actively resists assimilation. As applied to theatre, queer theory promotes textual investigations and experiments with performance techniques by which queer experiences can be...

Queer Theory

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A Dictionary of Critical Theory

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010

...Kosofsky Sedgwick 's Epistemology of the Closet ( 1990 ), and Judith Butler 's Gender Trouble ( 1990 ). Further Reading: I. Morland and A. Willox (eds.) Queer Theory: Readers in Cultural Criticism (2004). N. Sullivan A Critical Introduction to Queer Theory (2003). http://www.queertheory.com/ Online resources integrated with visual and textual resources in Queer Culture, Queer Theory, Queer Studies, Gender Studies, and related...

Queer Theory

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The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Bible and Gender Studies

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Religion, Social sciences, Sociology
Length:
5,627 words

...queer theory returns in some ways to the attention to multiple differences Teresa de Lauretis called for when she first coined the term “queer theory.” Indeed, recognition of the “intersectionality” of sexuality and gender with race and culture returns queer theory to even earlier roots, since one of the first uses of the term “queer” in cultural theory was in Gloria Anzaldúa’s Borderlands/La Frontera , one of several influential writings by radical women of color that emerged during the 1980s prior to queer theory ( Anzaldúa, 1987 ). This strand of queer...

Queer theory

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The Oxford Dictionary of Literary Terms (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

... theory A body of academic writings that has since the early 1990s attempted to redefine and de-stabilize categories of sexuality in the light of post-structuralist theory, and especially under the influence of Michel Foucault ’s La Volonté de savoir ( 1976 ). Rooted in the lesbian and gay activism of the 1970s but now more sceptical about inherited conceptions of ‘gay’ and ‘lesbian’ as simple or given ‘identities’, certain gay and lesbian intellectuals and activists adopted the more controversial but also more inclusive label ‘queer’ to cover a range...

Queer Theory

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The Oxford Encyclopedia of Women in World History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
History
Length:
4,085 words

...to undo the color blindness of the term “queer” and of queer theory. As early as 1991 Anzaldúa wrote that “white middle‐class lesbians and gay men … have produced queer theory and for the most part their theories make abstractions of us colored queers …. They occupy theorizing space, and though their theories aim to enable and emancipate, they often disempower and neo‐colonize …. Their theories limit the ways we think about being queer” (p. 251). Instead of further specifying characteristics of the queer theory she opposes, Anzaldúa chooses to discuss the...

queer theory

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A Dictionary of Sociology (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Social sciences, Sociology
Length:
761 words

...it does not incorporate a critical analysis of modern homo/heterosexual definition’. Judith Butler 's work (in Gender Trouble , 1990, for instance) is also seen as queer. For her, there can be no claim to any essential gender: it is all ‘performative’, slippery, unfixed. As Nicki Sullivan suggests in her Critical Introduction to Queer Theory (2003) , if there is a heart to queer theory, then it must be seen as a radical stance around sexuality and gender that denies any fixed categories and seeks to subvert any tendencies towards normality within its...

queer theory

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Encyclopedia of Semiotics

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007
Subject:
Language reference, Linguistics
Length:
2,004 words

... theory . Though written in the singular, “queer theory” is not a totalizing discourse on sex and sexuality. It is a political coalition of theories of oppression. And one of its basic premises is that the construction and regulation of sexuality has to be studied alongside the regulatory constructions of race, class, ethnicity, nationality, language, religion, and ability. As Judith Butler ( 1990 ) notes in “Against Proper Objects,” if queer theory is to account for the persecution of all “sexual minorities,” it cannot, and must not, have a “proper”...

Queer Theory

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A Dictionary of Critical Theory (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

...ways its categories leak. The most prominent in this regard is Eve Kosofsky Sedgwick ’s Epistemology of the Closet ( 1990 ), and Judith Butler ’s Gender Trouble ( 1990 ). Further Reading: I. Morland and A. Willox (eds.) Queer Theory: Readers in Cultural Criticism (2004). N. Sullivan A Critical Introduction to Queer Theory ...

queer theory

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A Dictionary of Human Geography

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Social sciences, Human Geography
Length:
434 words

... theory A set of interrelated post-structural theories that understand sexuality as non-essentialist and fluid ( see post-structuralism ). Such a positioning recognizes that sexuality is not fixed as either straight or gay, but that there is a diversity of sexual identities. Differences and power geometries operate within sexual communities; for example, men who occasionally have sex with other men but who do not identify as gay, or women who adopt a hyperfeminine image that conforms with heteronormative femininity. Queer theory has its roots in...

queer theory

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A Dictionary of Gender Studies

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Social sciences, Sociology, Politics
Length:
118 words

...queer theory A gender theory which emerged in the early 1990s, rejecting sex and gender binarisms, that is the division of people into female and male based on their biological sex, in favour of a recognition of the fluidity and ambiguity of both gender identity and sexuality. Queer and queer theory provided opportunities for coalition building for gender activists, including trans people, beyond identity categories. Queer theory critiques heteronormativity . It encompasses both the analysis of ‘queerness’ and using queer strategies to interpret texts and sign...

Queer theory

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An A-Z Guide to Shakespeare (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

... theory A field of critical discussion which emerged in the 1990s and which engages with sexual and gender-based issues in literature and...

Queer Criticism and Queer Theory

Queer Criticism and Queer Theory   Reference library

Ken Stone

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Biblical Interpretation

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Religion
Length:
5,543 words

... Sullivan, Nikki . A Critical Introduction to Queer Theory . New York: New York University Press, 2003. An overview of queer theory that includes attention to issues of race and transgender. Warner, Michael , ed. Fear of a Queer Planet: Queer Politics and Social Theory . Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1993. A collection of essays from the early years of queer theory that includes Warner’s influential articulation of “queer” as resistance to heteronormativity. Queer Criticism and the Bible Armour, Ellen T. , and Susan...

Implications of Queer Theory for Qualitative Research

Implications of Queer Theory for Qualitative Research   Reference library

Boni Wozolek

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Qualitative Research Methods in Education

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020
Subject:
Social sciences, Education
Length:
7,300 words

...queer theory. This is important because, as is discussed in the section “ The Contours of Qual, Queer Theory, and Education ,” educational places and spaces are significant to the historical contexts that have informed the field. Next, the article briefly defines the contours of queer theory in qualitative research and education. Then there is an exploration into the implications of queer theory and qualitative research as it is resonant with education. This examination is carried out by specifically looking at three facets: the implications of queer theory...

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