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Overview

pun

A joke exploiting the different possible meanings of a word or the fact that there are words which sound alike but have different meanings. Recorded from the mid 17th century, the word may ...

pun

pun   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Literary Terms (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

... An expression that achieves emphasis or humour by contriving an ambiguity , two distinct meanings being suggested either by the same word ( see polysemy ) or by two similar-sounding words ( see homophone ). In the terminology of rhetoric , punning is regarded as a figure of speech, and known as paronomasia . See also antanaclasis , double entendre , equivoque...

Pun

Pun   Quick reference

The Oxford Companion to the English Language (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

...by the readiness of Shakespeare ’s characters to make them at what seem to us most unsuitable moments.’ The pun lost status in English, despite (or perhaps because of) a wealth of homonyms. In the 18c, Joseph Addison considered puns false wit, and increasingly since then critics have taken the same view. Currently, puns are widely considered so low a form of wit that they prompt a ritual groan, but despite this apparent disapproval the pun continues to thrive. They are, for example, common as a means of attracting attention in journalism and commerce: ...

Pun

Pun   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of Byzantium

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
357 words

...fathers, with their concern for explaining the great riddle of the cosmos, took puns seriously: thus John of Damascus ( Exp.fıdei . 12.2–3, ed. Kotter , Schriften 2:35), developing pseudo- Dionysios 's statement ( De divinis nominibus 1.3; PG 3:589B-C) that God is “the cause, beginning, existence, and life” introduced a series of puns: “the life of the living, the existence of the existent, etc.” A typical form of Byz. puns was the interpretation of the hidden significance of names ( Irene as peace, Eusebios as pious, etc.), sometimes by opposition...

pun

pun v   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of Original Shakespearean Pronunciation

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016

...pun v pɤn sp pun 1 ...

PUN

PUN   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Abbreviations

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Encyclopedias, Language reference
Length:
4 words

... physical unit...

pun

pun   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of English Etymology

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Language reference, History of English
Length:
16 words

... sb. XVII. perh. short for † pundigrion , of uncert. orig. Hence vb. XVII. punster...

Pun

Pun   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of Family Names in Britain and Ireland

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Names studies
Length:
99 words

... • Current frequencies: GB 783, Ireland 6 • GB frequency 1881: 1 1 Nepali : Hindu, unexplained. 2 Chinese : Cantonese form of the Chinese surnames 潘 ‎ and 盤 ‎, see Poon (1) and (2). 3 English : also occasionally found in English parish registers from the 16th century onwards. The origin is unexplained. Early bearers: Joan Pun , 1587, John Pun , 1596 in Parish Registers (Rushden, Herts); Thomas Pun , 1619 in IGI (Sandy, Beds); William Pun , 1634 in PROB 11 (Warbleton, Sussex); Thomas Punne , 1654 in IGI (Tempsford, Beds); Thomas ...

pun

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New Oxford Rhyming Dictionary (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Language reference
Length:
80 words

... • begun , bun, done, Donne, dun, fine-spun, forerun, fun, gun, Gunn, hon, Hun, none, nun, one, one-to-one, outdone, outgun, outrun, plus-one, pun, run, shun, son, spun, stun, sun, ton, tonne, tun, underdone, Verdun, won • honeybun • handgun • flashgun • air gun • sixgun • popgun • shotgun • blowgun , shogun • speargun • scattergun • homespun • endrun • sheep run • grandson • stepson • godson • kiloton • megaton • anyone • everyone •...

pun

pun   Reference library

Fowler’s Dictionary of Modern English Usage (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Language reference, Usage and Grammar Guides
Length:
212 words

...pun . A standard account of puns—the good, the bad, and the indifferent—is provided in Tony Augarde’s Oxford Guide to Word Games ( 1984 ), especially pp. 204–15. Puns have been used in Western countries from earliest times. Aristotle approved of them in some kinds of writing. Pope Gregory I ( c .540–604) famously described English slaves as Non Angli, sed angeli ‘not Angles, but angels’. Shakespeare is said to have used about 3,000 puns in his plays, among them Mercutio’s dying words in Romeo and Juliet : aske for me to morrow, and you shall finde me a...

Pun

Pun (214)   Reference library

Dictionary of American Family Names

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Names studies
Length:
34 words

... (214) 1. English: unexplained. 2. Chinese 潘 ‎: see Pan 2 . Given Names Chinese 30%. Ching (3), Chi Keung (2), Hong (2), Kin (2), Cheung , Fu , Ho , Jung , Kam , Kam Cheung , Kee , Kin Chung ....

pun

pun   Quick reference

Fowler’s Concise Dictionary of Modern English Usage (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Language reference, Usage and Grammar Guides
Length:
192 words

... occur in the works of Shakespeare, among them Mercutio’s dying words in Romeo and Juliet ( iii .i.98; modernized spelling): Ask for me tomorrow, and you shall find me a grave man . An intentionally dreadful pun can be found in a mock epitaph of Byron, dated 1807 , for John Adams, a carrier of Southwell, who died of drunkenness: For the liquor he drank, being too much for one, He could not carry off,—so he’s now carri-on . In modern usage, puns occur frequently in casual conversation and are much loved by writers of newspaper headlines: see ...

pun

pun   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Phrase and Fable (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006

... a joke exploiting the different possible meanings of a word or the fact that there are words which sound alike but have different meanings. Recorded from the mid 17th century, the word may be an abbreviation of obsolet pundigrion , as a fanciful alteration of punctilio , a fine or petty point of conduct or...

pun

pun 2 verb   Quick reference

Oxford Dictionary of English (3 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
51 words
pun

pun n   Quick reference

Pocket Oxford Italian Dictionary: English-Italian (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Bilingual Dictionary
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Bilingual dictionaries
Length:
7 words
pun

pun n   Reference library

Pocket Oxford Irish Dictionary: English-Irish

Reference type:
Bilingual Dictionary
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Bilingual dictionaries
Length:
5 words
pun

pun n.   Quick reference

Pocket Oxford German Dictionary: English German (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Bilingual Dictionary
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Bilingual dictionaries
Length:
5 words
pun

pun 2 verb   Reference library

The New Zealand Oxford Dictionary

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
29 words
pun

pun 2 verb   Reference library

Australian Oxford Dictionary (2 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
29 words
pun

pun n   Quick reference

Pocket Oxford Spanish Dictionary: English-Spanish (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Bilingual Dictionary
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Bilingual dictionaries
Length:
10 words

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