Update

You are looking at 1-20 of 2,856 entries  for:

  • All: public and private spheres x
clear all

View:

Overview

public and private spheres

1. In modern sociology, respectively, the realm of politics, public institutions, and paid employment and the domestic world of the home and family relations. Public life is ...

public and private spheres

public and private spheres  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Media studies
1. In modern sociology, respectively, the realm of politics, public institutions, and paid employment and the domestic world of the home and family relations. Public life is governed by shared norms ...
public and private sphere

public and private sphere   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Gender Studies

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Social sciences, Sociology, Politics
Length:
145 words

...public and private sphere The public sphere denotes a conventionally male-dominated social, communally regulated space outside the home in which people (men) come together to exchange opinions and political views; the private sphere is regarded as the space in which individuals have a certain degree of autonomy and which exists outside of communal regulation. The division between the public as a male, regulated sphere and the private as a domestic space in which the presiding male regulates has been the object of significant gender critiques, not least because...

Viewing

Viewing   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Literature
Length:
6,051 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...changes in the nature, scale, and composition of art and its audiences. The emergence of new paradigms of *patronage , new institutions to encourage the production and dissemination of work, and changes in the perception of private collections and galleries mark Britain's tentative steps towards a fresh formulation of the public sphere. This essay will address two broad aspects of the cultural politics of British art in the era: changing notions of the place and professionalism of art, and changing notions of the social and political constitution of the...

On the Future of Women and Politics in the Arab World

On the Future of Women and Politics in the Arab World   Reference library

Heba Raouf Ezzat

Islam in Transition: Muslim Perspectives (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
5,961 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...in voting and running for elections fails to address wider political challenges. As the personal and private can not be separated from the public, the civil, the economic and the political, we would then have to draw a map of complex relations where one dimension or factor can not be separated from the others. In this map it is not sufficient to make the personal political, but also investigate how women make the political personal. We need to develop tools to help build a new vision encompassing different and linked spheres of life of women and their...

Prose

Prose   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Literature
Length:
4,185 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...and progressive political camps to introduce a new category—‘Public Affairs’. The English and the Analytical Review ( 1788 ) were the first to circulate the notion of ‘public opinion’ as a newly autonomous force in British public culture, and before long the Monthly and the Critical likewise took up the mantle of ‘public opinion’ as the political articulation of what had formerly been a mainly ‘literary’ public sphere. Renewing the promise to enable readers to ‘think for themselves’, political and religious dissenters gathered to edit and write...

Architecture

Architecture   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Literature
Length:
4,949 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...public and private patronage, but the war also affected architecture by loosening the ties between the state and the profession. Traditionally, the government's Office of Works had been run and staffed by prominent practitioners like Chambers, Wyatt, Soane, Nash, and Smirke, who used their official positions to secure prestigious projects and train younger architects. But over time the architects lost control of the Office and its prerequisites, in part because of their own mismanagement. Laing's Custom House and Nash's Buckingham Palace were public...

Women

Women   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Literature
Length:
5,844 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...public sphere of political, civic, and intellectual life, and of industry and commerce, formed a counterpoint to the feminine private sphere, which centred on family life and on the care and early education of children. This whole process also meant that womanliness and femininity, like manliness and masculinity, underwent extensive discussion and redefinition [ see *sensibility, 11 ]. Much attention has been paid recently to the transformation of womanhood at this time, and especially to the importance of *Evangelicalism , with its insistence on the...

Domesticity

Domesticity   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Literature
Length:
4,930 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...of the public and private spheres was also implicated in an attempt to reconcile religious principles with the pursuit of wealth in the market-place [ see *religion, 10 ]. If we define the main material and cultural difference between the aristocratic and middle classes in terms of the aristocratic identification with land as opposed to the middle-class identification with liquid assets, one of the interesting things about the period is the way in which the middle classes authorize and legitimate capitalism and the mobility of cash and property. If the...

Publishing

Publishing   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Literature
Length:
6,242 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...publishing revolution extended beyond the literate public. People who could not read were encouraged to buy a few books so that their literate guests and friends could read to them. Reading aloud, both in public and in private, was a universal practice that enabled non-readers to share in the pleasures of the literate. In homes, taverns, *coffeehouses , in fields, and on the street, oral and literate cultures were married through the ministrations of the public reader. Even those who often read alone and in silence enjoyed the pleasures of reading aloud....

Folklore, Customs, and Civic Ritual

Folklore, Customs, and Civic Ritual   Quick reference

Charles Phythian-Adams

The Oxford Companion to Local and Family History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
6,037 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...or portents, but also in terms of private rituals, especially those of young girls who, through a variety of divinatory devices, hoped to foretell—or even influence—the identity of their future husbands. Even so brief a sketch demonstrates a complex structure of interconnections and coexistences: past and future, dead and living, supernatural and cultural, man and nature, earth and heaven. What now seems like colourful scraps of superstition in fact once comprised a system of belief by which men and women could occupy and explain an environment which they did...

Poverty

Poverty   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Literature
Length:
6,179 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...a new ideology of separate spheres, of public and private domains, in which women of all classes were confined to the household and men to the public, economic, visible, even proto-democratic realm. Elements of this ideology certainly existed. Public-spirited gentlemen who took an interest in poor law business were said to display ‘manlier feeling’, while women writers carved out their own sphere for philanthropy, recommending a distinctly female practice of visiting poor women in their homes to give advice on household economy and childbirth. Poor women were...

Law

Law   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Literature
Length:
5,210 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...Blackstone as relating to the prohibition and punishment of ‘public wrongs’—was naturally most liable to the intervention of the legislature. Indeed, penal sanctions had already undergone considerable ‘reform’ by parliament before the middle of the eighteenth century, first in the shape of successive statutes which either withdrew benefit of clergy from existing felonies or created new ones, thereby making capital punishment the formal sanction for a great range of offences against all kinds of private property; and secondly by the introduction of an effective...

43a The History of the Book in Southeast Asia (1): The Islands

43a The History of the Book in Southeast Asia (1): The Islands   Reference library

Edwin Paul Wieringa

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
2,585 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
1

...and part of Malaysia, is often referred to as a ‘Chinese enclave’ by its neighbours. Until the 20 th century, the overwhelming majority of the myriad language communities in this region were pre-literate. However, most of them have rich and varied oral traditions. It has been argued that even in the ‘literate’ societies—such as among the Malay-speaking group—oral habits still persist in written composition. Whereas reading is normally a silent and private activity in present-day Western societies, literature is often still reproduced orally and publicly in...

Political Theory of Islam

Political Theory of Islam   Reference library

Mawdūdī Abū-L-‘Alā’

Islam in Transition: Muslim Perspectives (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
4,340 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

... Islamic State is Universal and all-Embracing A state of this sort cannot evidently restrict the scope of its activities. Its approach is universal and all-embracing. Its sphere of activity is coextensive with the whole of human life. It seeks to mould every aspect of life and activity in consonance with its moral norms and programme of social reform. In such a state no one can regard any field of his affairs as personal and private. Considered from this aspect the Islamic state bears a kind of resemblance to the Fascist and Communist states. But you will...

Painting

Painting   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Literature
Length:
5,778 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...Culture in Early Nineteenth-Century Britain , Cambridge, 1992; Lukacher, B. , ‘History Painting: Blake and His Contemporaries’ and ‘Nature Historicized: Constable, Turner, and Romantic Landscape Painting’, in S. F. Eisenman et al., eds., Nineteenth Century Art: A Critical History , London, 1994; Rosenthal, M. , Constable: The Painter and His Landscape , New Haven, Conn., 1983; Solkin, D. , Painting for Money: The Visual Arts and the Public Sphere in Eighteenth-Century Britain , New Haven, Conn., 1993; Waterhouse, E. , Painting in Britain,...

Family and Society

Family and Society   Quick reference

Ralph Houlbrooke

The Oxford Companion to Local and Family History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
6,144 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...domestic sphere for the professional classes. Business people, and eventually also the better‐paid manual workers, aspired to fulfil the breadwinning role themselves and to keep their wives at home. (The usefulness to historians of the concepts of separate public and private spheres has been debated by many writers about women and their work: see above, and also R. B. Shoemaker , Gender in English Society, 1650–1850: The Emergence of Separate Spheres? ( 1998 ).) The proportion of married women in full‐time work fell by nearly half between 1851 and 1901 ,...

32 The History of the Book in the Czech Republic and Slovakia

32 The History of the Book in the Czech Republic and Slovakia   Reference library

Devana Pavlik

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
3,102 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...this sphere are connected with the 1908 foundation of the Association of Czech Bibliophiles and with Karel Dyrynk, Method Kaláb, and Oldřich Menhart. Typography was also of great interest to the Czech avant-garde, represented by Josef Šíma, Jindřich Štýrský, and Toyen, together with its theorist, *Teige . During World War II, the seven-year Nazi occupation of Bohemia and Moravia severely restricted *freedom of the press. These strictures were partly compensated for by publishing abroad, mainly in England, through the efforts of Czechoslovak forces and the...

Compatibility: Neither Required nor an Issue

Compatibility: Neither Required nor an Issue   Reference library

Ullah Jan Abid

Islam in Transition: Muslim Perspectives (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
5,474 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...has the potential to let human beings develop the most perfect governance mechanism. It is not that Muslims should embrace secular values for democracy and break up their life into temporal public and religious private spheres. “The Ultimate Reality, according to the Qur'an, is spiritual, and its life consists in its temporal activity. The spirit finds its opportunities in the natural, the material, and the secular. All that is secular is therefore sacred in the roots of its being.” 18 It can be understood in the light of the fact that man-made laws could...

14 Printed Ephemera

14 Printed Ephemera   Reference library

Michael Harris

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
7,085 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
1

...by a variety of cultural and commercial motives—began the process of gathering and preservation, which gradually gave elements of ephemera a place within contemporary private and public collections. Collectors’ ideas about popular print were inevitably affected by changing social, political, and economic forces. However, the initial impulse to accumulate and safeguard this material formed part of a more general phenomenon of collecting that, during the 17 th century, characterized the activities of the endlessly curious and acquisitive sector of middling...

The Second Message of Islam

The Second Message of Islam   Reference library

Mahmoud Mohamed Taha

Liberal Islam: A Sourcebook

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
10,854 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...are judged according to their intellectual and moral character, as reflected in their public and private lives and demonstrated in the spirit of public service at all times and through every means. Social equality aims at removing social classes and differences between urban and rural life by providing equal opportunities for cultural refinement. The criterion of social equality is that marriage [the most fundamental and intimate relation] is possible between any man and any woman. This is the accurate test of...

View: