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psychoanalytic criticism

Subject: Literature

A form of literary interpretation that employs the terms of psychoanalysis (the unconscious, repression, the Oedipus complex, etc.) in order to illuminate aspects of literature in its ...

psychoanalytic criticism

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An A-Z Guide to Shakespeare (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

... criticism The study of literature in relation particularly to Sigmund Freud ’s theories of the...

psychoanalytic criticism

psychoanalytic criticism   Reference library

Hugh Grady

The Oxford Companion to Shakespeare (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

... criticism is the application of Sigmund Freud ’s theories of the unconscious to the interpretation of literature. It was initiated by Freud himself in an analysis of Shakespeare’s Hamlet as a manifestation of Oedipal conflict. Freud’s ideas were subsequently developed by his disciple Ernest Jones in the classic Hamlet and Oedipus ( 1949 ), and by numerous other amateur and professional critics. Psychoanalytic criticism has a long 20th-century history marked by competing developments of Freud’s theory. In Shakespeare studies Norman Holland...

psychoanalytic criticism

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The Concise Oxford Companion to American Literature (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2021
Subject:
Literature
Length:
145 words

... criticism , critical approach influenced by Austrian psychoanalyst Sigmund Freud ’s examinations of human behavior. According to psychoanalytic criticism, readers can reach more insightful conclusions by considering the subconscious motivations of fictional characters and of the authors of texts. Psychoanalytic criticism also urges readers to consider how environmental factors impact characters and their development. Likewise, practitioners believe that certain texts have the potential to impact the reader on a psychological level, sometimes...

psychoanalytic criticism

psychoanalytic criticism   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to English Literature (7 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Literature
Length:
474 words

...school of psychoanalytic critics who illustrate the laws of ‘desire’ through a focus upon the language of literary texts. The advent of post‐ structuralism has tended to cast doubt upon the authority of the psychoanalytic critic who claims to unveil a true ‘latent’ meaning behind the disguises of a text's ‘manifest’ contents. The subtler forms of psychoanalytic criticism make allowance for ambiguous and contradictory significances, rather than merely discover hidden sexual symbolism in literary works. See Elizabeth Wright , Psychoanalytic Criticism (2nd edn...

psychoanalytic criticism

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A Dictionary of Critical Theory (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

...challenge to psychoanalysis posed by Gilles Deleuze and Félix Guattari —they do not reject psychoanalysis as many people think, but they do dispute the core idea of psychoanalytic criticism that all texts are so many rehearsals of unconscious fantasies. They argue that texts are better seen as machines that carry out essential psychic work. Further Reading: E. Wright Psychoanalytic Criticism ...

Psychoanalytic Criticism

Psychoanalytic Criticism   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Twentieth-Century Literature in English

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005

...and elsewhere. Criticism learned to listen for the half-said and the unsaid, and works like William Empson 's Seven Types of Ambiguity and Some Versions of Pastoral , although not obviously psychoanalytic in tendency, are very much indebted to Freud. To make the story of Alice in Wonderland sound Freudian, Empson said, one has only to tell it. Psychoanalysis, as deployed in Freud's Interpretation of Dreams ( 1900 ) and elsewhere, was also a method of reading , and much contemporary literary criticism is psychoanalytic in the sense of being...

psychoanalytic criticism

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The Concise Oxford Companion to English Literature (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Literature
Length:
432 words

...with Harold Bloom . Since the 1970s, the theories of Jacques Lacan have inspired a new school of psychoanalytic critics who illustrate the laws of ‘desire’ through a focus upon the language of literary texts. The advent of post‐ structuralism has tended to cast doubt upon the authority of the psychoanalytic critic who claims to unveil a true ‘latent’ meaning behind the disguises of a text's ‘manifest’ contents. The subtler forms of psychoanalytic criticism make allowance for ambiguous and contradictory...

psychoanalytic criticism

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The Oxford Dictionary of Literary Terms (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

...There remains an alternative field of psychoanalytic investigation, necessarily speculative, which is the understanding of readers' fascination with certain kinds of narrative or drama. Here Freudian answers can be given in terms of the overcoming of fears, as with horror stories, or of the resolution of conflicting desires, as in romance or comedy . There are many versions of psychoanalytic criticism that follow authorities other than Freud, principally C. G. Jung in the case of archetypal or myth criticism , Melanie Klein or Julia Kristeva (...

psychoanalytic criticism

psychoanalytic criticism   Reference library

Ann Pellegrini

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Theatre and Performance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
1,106 words

...wishes that characterize an infant's relation to his or her parents. The first wave of psychoanalytic criticism launched by Freud tended towards biographical criticism, with plays scoured for what they revealed of the author's psychic life. Alternately, attention was focused on the unconscious motivations of a play's protagonist or upon the hidden meanings— ‘latent content’—of the play as a whole. But psychoanalytic criticism is more than a matter of applying psychoanalytic concepts to some presumptively known author or predetermined text , a critical...

psychoanalytic criticism

psychoanalytic criticism  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
A form of literary interpretation that employs the terms of psychoanalysis (the unconscious, repression, the Oedipus complex, etc.) in order to illuminate aspects of literature in its connection with ...
Coriolanus

Coriolanus   Reference library

Michael Dobson, Will Sharpe, and Anthony Davies

The Oxford Companion to Shakespeare (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Literature, Shakespeare studies and criticism, Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
3,020 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
1

...2012); G. R. Hibbard (New Penguin, 1967): K. B. Parker (Oxford, 1994) Some representative criticism Adelman, Janet , ‘Anger’s my Meat: Feeding, Dependence, and Aggression in Coriolanus ’ (1978), in Murray M. Schwartz and Coppélia Kahn (eds.), Representing Shakespeare: New Psychoanalytic Essays (1980) Burke, Kenneth , ‘ Coriolanus —and the Delights of Faction’, in James L. Calderwood and Harold E. Toliver (eds.), Essays in Shakespearean Criticism (1970) Kahn, Coppélia , Roman Shakespeare: Warriors, Wounds and Women (1996) Muir, Kenneth...

Hamlet, Prince of Denmark

Hamlet, Prince of Denmark   Reference library

Michael Dobson and Anthony Davies

The Oxford Companion to Shakespeare (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Literature, Shakespeare studies and criticism, Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
4,261 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
1

...of the Ghost (who, apparently on temporary release from Purgatory, seems to belong to a Catholic theology rather than a Protestant one). The emergence of Marxist criticism saw the Prince variously lauded as a revolutionary ahead of his feudal time and reviled as a vacillatingly uncommitted bourgeois intellectual, but the play has been more central to the development of psychoanalytic criticism, and indeed of psychoanalysis itself. Since the time of Malone Hamlet had been regarded as especially revealing of Shakespeare’s own emotional nature (its plot...

The Merchant of Venice

The Merchant of Venice   Reference library

Michael Dobson, Will Sharpe, and Anthony Davies

The Oxford Companion to Shakespeare (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Literature, Shakespeare studies and criticism, Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
3,171 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
1

...over the last century, while psychoanalytic criticism has been interested in the symbolism of the play’s plots since Freud ’s own remarks on the play (in Psychopathology of Everyday Life , 1914 ). Portia , meanwhile, offered as a role-model to the countless Victorian schoolgirls required to memorize her oration on mercy, has been studied in relation to the other cross-dressed heroines, and her successful replacement of Antonio as Bassanio’s chief benefactor has been of much interest to recent feminist criticism. Stage history: In the theatre, the...

Richard III

Richard III   Reference library

Randall Martin and Anthony Davies

The Oxford Companion to Shakespeare (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Literature, Shakespeare studies and criticism, Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
3,559 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
1

...invoking forces of nemesis and revenge, and Richmond acting as an agent of divine retribution. Feminist critics have focused on the women’s undeluded opposition to Richard—their collective agency, especially in 4.4, arguably transcending their individual moral positions. Psychoanalytic theory has focused on the relationship between Richard’s physical deformities and his deviant behaviour, initially disclosed in his two major soliloquies in Richard Duke of York (3.2, 5.6). Freud argued that Richard exemplified the pathology of ‘exceptional’ persons who...

Macbeth

Macbeth   Reference library

Michael Dobson, Will Sharpe, Anthony Davies, and Will Sharpe

The Oxford Companion to Shakespeare (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Literature, Shakespeare studies and criticism, Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
4,275 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
1

...its imagery of blood. This increased sense of the play’s literary technique led to an impatience with earlier, realist accounts of its plot and characters, famously voiced in L. C. Knights ’s 1933 essay ‘How Many Children Had Lady Macbeth?’ The play has fascinated psychoanalytic criticism since the time of Freud himself (who felt that the play resembled a dreamlike account of Elizabeth I’s presumed guilt over the execution of Mary, Queen of Scots), with feminist critics in particular pursuing the connections between the uncertain gender of the...

Othello

Othello   Reference library

Michael Dobson, Will Sharpe, Anthony Davies, and Will Sharpe

The Oxford Companion to Shakespeare (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Literature, Shakespeare studies and criticism, Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
4,092 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
1

...should die is intended to be seen as confirming the racist views expressed by Brabanzio and Iago. Iago’s interconnected obsessions with class, race, and gender have indeed helped to keep the play central to much current critical discourse, whether feminist , Marxist , or psychoanalytic . Stage history: The quarto reports that the play was acted at both the Blackfriars and the Globe , and an eyewitness account of a performance in Oxford in 1610 confirms the power the play exerted on the Jacobean stage. Still in the repertory through the 1630s, it was...

psychoanalytic psychotherapy

psychoanalytic psychotherapy  

A form of psychotherapy that evolved out of psychoanalysis and that uses many of its assumptions and techniques but that falls short of formal psychoanalysis. It tends to focus on specific ...
criticism

criticism  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
The reasoned discussion of literary works, an activity which may include some or all of the following procedures, in varying proportions: the defence of literature against moralists and censors, ...
uncanny

uncanny  

A kind of disturbing strangeness evoked in some kinds of horror story and related fiction. In Tzvetan Todorov's theory of the fantastic, the uncanny is an effect produced by stories in which the ...
feminist criticism

feminist criticism  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
A modern tradition of literary commentary and polemic devoted to the defence of women's writing or of fictional female characters against the condescensions of a predominantly male literary ...

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