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Overview

psyche

The human soul, mind, or spirit. The word comes (in the mid 17th century) via Latin from Greek psukhē ‘breath, life, soul’.

psyche

psyche   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Philosophy (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Philosophy
Length:
7 words

... (Greek, spirit) Mind, spirit, animating...

psyche

psyche   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Philosophy (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Philosophy
Length:
98 words

... (‘ soul ’) . In ancient philosophy the psyche is the animator of each animated (living) or ‘ensouled’ thing ( empsukhon ). Plato uses the idea that the psyche is the principle of life in a famous argument for the immortality of the psyche ( Phaedo 105c–e). Aristotle , in his De anima , counts self-nutrition, reproduction, movement, and perception as ‘psychical’ powers, as well as thinking, and then speculates that the rational part of the psyche may be separable from the body. Prof. Gareth B. Matthews See also soul . M. Nussbaum and A. Rorty ...

psyche

psyche   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Sports Science & Medicine (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007

... An ancient Greek word meaning soul or mind, it often refers to the mental as opposed to the physical aspects of an...

Psyche

Psyche   Quick reference

World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
19 words

... In Greek mythology, a beautiful mortal woman loved by Eros . She was also the personification of the...

psyche

psyche n.   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Nursing (7 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Medicine and health
Length:
21 words

...psyche [ sy -ki] n. the mind or the soul; the mental (as opposed to the physical) functioning of the individual....

psyche

psyche n.   Quick reference

Concise Medical Dictionary (10 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020
Subject:
Medicine and health, Clinical Medicine
Length:
18 words

... n. the mind or the soul; the mental (as opposed to the physical) functioning of the...

psyche

psyche   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Mind (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Science and technology, Psychology, Philosophy
Length:
647 words

... . The Greek word psyche , from which our terms ‘ the psyche ’ and ‘ psychology ’ derive, is generally translated as ‘soul’, but the translation is in several respects misleading. Psyche is intimately connected to the notion of life: all and only living things possess a psyche; and to have a psyche is to be alive. (To have a psyche is to be empsuchos , and empsuchos is appropriately translated by ‘animate’. Note that ‘animate’ derives from the Latin anima , which, like psyche , is conventionally Englished as ‘soul’.) Thus a psyche is a principle of...

Psyche

Psyche   Reference library

Brewer's Dictionary of Phrase & Fable (19 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

... (Greek, ‘breath’, hence, ‘life’, ‘soul’) In ‘the latest-born of the myths’, Cupid and Psyche , an episode in the golden ass , Psyche is a beautiful maiden beloved by cupid , who visited her every night but departed at sunrise. Cupid bade her never seek to know who he was, but one night curiosity got the better of her. She lit the lamp to look at him, a drop of hot oil fell on his shoulder, and he awoke and fled. The abandoned Psyche then wandered far and wide in search of her lover. She became the slave of venus , who imposed heartless tasks on her and...

psyche

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A Dictionary of Critical Theory

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010

... The Greek word for breath and soul ‘psukhē’, and the name given to Eros's true love. Swiss analytical psychologist Carl Jung used the term to designate the totality of mental processes, both conscious and unconscious . Crucially, Jung's notion of the psyche allows for autonomous entities, such as complexes , to operate within its domain. The psyche should thus be viewed as being neither homogenous nor unified. It is also capable of...

psyche

psyche   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Critical Theory (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

... The Greek word for breath and soul ‘psukhē’, and the name given to Eros’ true love. Swiss analytical psychologist Carl Jung used the term to designate the totality of mental processes, both conscious and unconscious . Crucially, Jung’s notion of the psyche allows for autonomous entities, such as complexes , to operate within its domain. The psyche should thus be viewed as being neither homogenous nor unified. It is also capable of...

psyche

psyche n.   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Psychology (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

... n . The human mind or soul. In Greek mythology, the soul was personified by Psyche, a young woman who was loved by Eros, the god of love who married Psyche but visited her only at night and insisted that she should never see his face. One night Psyche lit an oil lamp while Eros was asleep, fell in love with him at first sight, and was so startled by his beauty that she spilt a drop of hot oil on his shoulder and awakened him, whereupon he immediately abandoned her. To win him back, Psyche had to endure many trials and dangers, but eventually she was...

Psyché

Psyché   Reference library

The New Oxford Companion to Literature in French

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Literature
Length:
71 words

... . 1 Tragédie‐ballet devised by Molière on the popular theme of Cupid and Psyche, performed with great success in the Salle des Machines of the Tuileries in 1671 . Vigarani provided elaborate stage machinery, Quinault wrote words to go with Lully 's music, while the play itself is the joint work of Molière and the ageing Corneille , who wrote most of Acts 2–5, including some beautiful verse. 2 Philosophical epic by Laprade...

psychē

psychē   Reference library

Jan N. Bremmer

The Oxford Classical Dictionary (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
328 words

...became popular. Second, psychē started to incorporate the thymos and thus became the centre of consciousness. This development culminated in the Socratic notion that man had to take care of his psychē ( see socrates ). In Greek philosophy, except Aristotle , care for and cure of the soul now became an important topic of reflection. From the Hellenistic period onwards Eros is often pictured with a girl and it is attractive to see here a model for Apuleius ' fairy-tale-like story Amor and Psyche . Unfortunately, Psyche's ancestry still remains very...

Psȳchē

Psȳchē (‘Soul’)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Classical Literature (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Literature, Classical studies
Length:
275 words

...the god left her, angry at her disobedience. Psyche, solitary and remorseful, sought her lover all over the earth, and various superhuman tasks were required of her by Venus. The first was to sort out before nightfall an enormous heap of various kinds of grain. But the ants took pity on Psyche and arriving in hordes did the task for her. By one means or another all the tasks were completed except the last, which was to descend to the Underworld and fetch a casket of beauty from Persephone. Curiosity overcame Psyche and she opened the casket, which contained not...

psyche

psyche   Quick reference

Food and Fitness: A Dictionary of Diet and Exercise (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016

... An ancient Greek word meaning ‘soul’ or ‘mind’. In addition to psychology and related terms, several sporting expressions are derived from the word ‘psyche’. These include ‘psyching-up’ and being ‘psyched-out’. Psyching-up is a motivational strategy used in sport to increase arousal so that a competitor responds more readily to the demands of competition. It often takes the form of an exhortation from a coach or manager to try harder ( see also pep talk ). Sometimes, the exhortation is too stimulating. The competitor becomes over-aroused and even...

team psyche

team psyche   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Sports Science & Medicine (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007

...psyche The spirit of a team, including sense of loyalty and dedication, which is determined in part by the team...

Psyche, Lady

Psyche, Lady   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Opera Characters (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
Music, Opera, Performing arts
Length:
37 words

..., Lady ( Sullivan : Princess Ida ). Sop. Professor of Humanities at the Castle Adamant. Sister of Florian, whom she recognizes when he breaks in with Hilarion to find Ida. Created ( 1884 ) by Kate Chard...

objective psyche

objective psyche n.   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Psychology (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

...psyche n . In analytical psychology , another name for the collective unconscious , so called because it is not personal and therefore not subjective. Carl Gustav Jung ( 1875–1961 ) introduced this term ( Collected Works , 7, paragraph 103 n...

Cupid and Psyche

Cupid and Psyche   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to World Mythology

Reference type:
Subject Reference

...and Psyche In a story told by the second-century c.e. Latin writer Apuleius in The Golden Ass , Cupid is a young adult who falls in love with a beautiful girl named Psyche (“Soul”). Psyche, a princess, is so beautiful that people begin to ignore the most beautiful goddess of them all, Venus . Naturally angry at this neglect, Venus sends her son Cupid with his magic arrows to make Psyche fall in love with the worst character he can find. The dutiful Cupid goes forth to do his mother's bidding, but when he sees Psyche he is himself smitten and cannot...

Cupid and Psyche

Cupid and Psyche   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Ancient Greece and Rome

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
820 words

...forbids her to see him face to face or to ask his identity. Psyche asks for her sisters to visit; they, jealous, make her curious and trick her into finding out who her husband is; on the discovery he leaves her. Psyche, now pregnant, searches for Cupid in laborious wanderings, while Venus, still hostile, harries her and sets her a number of arduous tasks. Psyche completes these tasks through indirect help from Cupid, but in the course of the final task, involving descent to the Underworld, Psyche is again overcome by her curiosity and almost perishes on her...

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