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prytaneis

Means ‘presidents’, sing. prytanis. In Athens the boule, after it was reorganized in 508/7 bc by Cleisthenes (2), consisted of 50 men chosen by lot from each of the ten phylai, and each ...

prytaneis

prytaneis   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of the Classical World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
337 words

... means ‘presidents’, sing. prytanis . In Athens the boule , after it was reorganized in 508/7 bc by Cleisthenes (2) , consisted of 50 men chosen by lot from each of the ten phylai , and each group of 50 served as prytaneis for one‐tenth of the year ( see calendar, greek ). This period was called a prytany; owing to the vagaries of Athenian methods of reckoning a year, a prytany might be anything from 35 to 39 days. To decide which phylē 's group was to be prytaneis next, lots were drawn shortly before the beginning of each prytany except...

prytaneis

prytaneis   Reference library

Douglas Maurice MacDowell and Simon Hornblower

The Oxford Classical Dictionary (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
490 words

...twelve in 307 / 6 . To decide which phylē's group was to be prytaneis next, lots were drawn shortly before the beginning of each prytany except the last by all the groups which had not been prytaneis so far that year. The prytaneis were on duty every day. They made arrangements for meetings of the boulē and ekklēsia , received envoys and letters addressed to the state, and conducted other day-to-day business. Between 470 and 460 an office, called the tholos because of its circular shape, was built for them next to the bouleutērion on the...

prytaneis

prytaneis  

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Means ‘presidents’, sing. prytanis. In Athens the boule, after it was reorganized in 508/7 bc by Cleisthenes (2), consisted of 50 men chosen by lot from each of the ten phylai, and each group of 50 ...
proedroi

proedroi  

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(πρόεδροι) were chairmen. In the 5th cent. bc in Athens the chairman at meetings of the boulē and ekklēsia was the foreman of the prytaneis; but later, probably from 403/2 ...
epistatēs

epistatēs  

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‘chairman’ (Greek). At Athens the epistatēs of the prytaneis, chosen daily by lot from the prytaneis, held the state seal and keys and in the 5th cent. bc with his ...
logistai

logistai  

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(λογισταί) in Athens in the 5th and 4th cents. bc were public auditors. Three distinct bodies with this title are known:1. n the 5th cent. 30 logistai supervised payments to ...
probouloi

probouloi  

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(πρόβουλοι) was a name used for officials in various Greek states. In Athens probouloi were appointed in 413 bc. They were ten men over 40 years of age, including Sophocles ...
naukrariai

naukrariai  

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Early divisions of the population of Attica. The name used regularly to be derived from naukraros as ‘ship-chief’, implying a connection with the Athenian navy, and although alternatives have been ...
grammateis

grammateis  

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Secretaries, of various kinds; generally not responsible magistrates, though like them appointed for a year only, by election or by lot. In Athens the principal secretary, responsible for publishing ...
sortition

sortition  

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Selection by lot, a method of appointing officials in Greek city‐states, esp. in democracies (see democracy, both entries). It was based on the idea of equality and reduced outside influence. Little ...
boulē

boulē  

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Council of 500 at Athens. See democracy, Athenian, §§2 and 3.
prytaneion

prytaneion  

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[MC]A Greek town hall in which a fire was always kept burning on the altar of Hestia as a sign of the city's continuity with its past.
Greek calendar

Greek calendar  

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There was no single Greek calendar. Almost every Greek community had a calendar of its own, differing from others in the names of the months and the date of the New Year. All were, at least ...
ekklēsia

ekklēsia  

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Democratic assembly at Athens. See democracy, Athenian, §§2 and 3.
ostracism

ostracism  

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In Athens in the 5th cent. bc was a way to exile a citizen for ten years. Each year in the sixth prytany (see prytaneis) the question whether an ostracism should be held that year was put to the ...
Posidonius

Posidonius  

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[Na]Philosopher and historian, born c.135 bc in Apamea, Syria, but afterwards settling in Rhodes. His principal work, a History, occupied 52 books but is no longer extant. Fragments do, however, ...
stratēgoi

stratēgoi  

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Was the ordinary term for military commanders in Greece, but in Athens in the 5th cent. bc strategoi had political as well as military importance. Little is known of the number and method of ...
tholos

tholos  

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1 Circular building with a conical, domed, or vaulted roof, e.g. a circular tomb roofed with a pseudo-dome of corbelled rings, such as the ‘Treasury of Atreus’, Mycenae (c.1300 bc).2 Ancient Greek ...
Socrates

Socrates  

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(469–399 bc),ancient Athenian philosopher. As represented in the writings of his disciple Plato, he engaged in dialogue with others in an attempt to reach understanding and ethical concepts by ...
epistatēs

epistatēs   Reference library

Jones Arnold Hugh Martin and Rhodes P. J.

The Oxford Classical Dictionary (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
119 words

..., ‘chairman’(Greek). At Athens the epistatēs of the prytaneis , chosen daily by lot from the prytaneis , held the state seal and keys and in the 5th cent. bc with his colleagues presided in the council ( boulē ) and assembly ( ekklēsia ). The proedroi who early in the 4th cent. took over the duty of presiding likewise had their epistatēs . Other Greek states sometimes have an epistatēs like the Athenian, sometimes use epistatai as the title of a board like the prytaneis . In the Hellenistic kingdoms the title epistatēs is given to an...

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