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proletcult

An abbreviation for ‘proletarian culture’ (Russian, proletar-skaya kul'tura), the slogan and title adopted by a movement of cultural revolution and popular education in the Soviet Union, ...

proletcult

proletcult   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Literary Terms (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

... An abbreviation for ‘proletarian culture’ (Russian, proletarskaya kul'tura ), the slogan and title adopted by a movement of cultural revolution and popular education in the Soviet Union, launched in 1917 by A. A. Bogdanov . It claimed to be initiating a new working-class culture uncontaminated by the bourgeois artistic heritage, and it promoted the publication of works by proletarian...

proletcult

proletcult  

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An abbreviation for ‘proletarian culture’ (Russian, proletar-skaya kul'tura), the slogan and title adopted by a movement of cultural revolution and popular education in the Soviet Union, launched in ...
eccentrism

eccentrism  

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A brainchild of the St Petersburg avant-garde, who in July 1922 published ‘The Eccentric Manifesto’. Proclaiming that they stood for ‘art without a capital letter, a pedestal or a fig ...
TRAM

TRAM  

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Acronym of Teatr Pabochei Molodezhi (Young Workers' Theatre), a mainly amateur organization which flowered in the Soviet Union in the latter half of the 1920s and at the beginning of ...
Sergei Eisenstein

Sergei Eisenstein  

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(1898–1948)Russian/Soviet stage and film director and designer. He began his career with travelling theatre groups during the Civil War before joining Proletkult in 1920, moved to Foregger's ...
socialist Realism

socialist Realism  

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Offically approved styles of art, architecture, literature, etc., in the former Soviet Union and some other Communist countries. In architecture it usually involved a type of coarse stripped ...
Marxist criticism

Marxist criticism  

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Subject:
Literature
A form of cultural criticism that applies Marxist theory to the interpretation of cultural texts. Since neither Karl Marx nor his collaborator Friedrich Engels ever developed a specific form of ...
socialist realism

socialist realism   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Literary Terms (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

... Mikhail Sholokhov ’s Virgin Soil Upturned ( 1932 ) and Lewis Grassic Gibbon ’s Grey Granite ( 1934 ), but the doctrine acted chiefly to stifle imaginative experiment, and has been rejected as such by many leading socialist writers, notably Bertolt Brecht . See also proletcult , propagandism...

Marxist criticism

Marxist criticism   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Literary Terms (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

...Union and its satellite parties ( 1917–91 ) on the one hand, and of ‘Western Marxism’ on the other. Russian Communist literary policy generated a short-lived ambition for the proletarianization of literature and the rejection of the bourgeois inheritance, under the name of proletcult (memorably derided by Leon Trotsky in his Literature and Revolution , 1924 ), and then a more conservative doctrine of socialist realism , which tended to impose a bland official optimism upon writers while suppressing ‘decadent’ alternatives along with independent...

Constructivism

Constructivism   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Modern Design (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
554 words

...such as Tatlin , Alexander Rodchenko and his textile designer wife Varvara Stepanova , wanted to bring about more social and practical applications for their work, allied to the potential of mass production. Such an outlook, termed Productivism, won the backing of the Proletcult (organization of Proletarian Culture) that had links with the trade unions. Tatlin worked on such utilitarian designs as workers’ clothing, a fuel efficient stove, and his projected Monument to the Third International, envisaged as a towering structure that would disseminate...

Proletarian Writing

Proletarian Writing   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Women's Writing in the United States

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Literature
Length:
1,387 words

...labor, industrial strikes, racial prejudice , working-class militancy , middle-class decay, and “conversions” to communism. While the emergence of American proletarianism in the late 1920s was largely an emulation of the Soviet Union's official revolutionary aesthetic (Proletcult) , earlier incarnations of social critique by American women writers set the stage for a women's radical tradition in the United States. Works that anticipate some of the concerns of proletarian writers include Rebecca Harding Davis 's reformist depiction of “Life in the Iron...

Proletarian Literature

Proletarian Literature   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of American Literature

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Literature
Length:
6,015 words

...of the avowed communists Michael Gold and Joseph Freeman . Founded in 1926 by an amalgam of bohemians, liberals, and radicals and open to writers of all political persuasions, the New Masses under Gold and Freeman took a sharp turn to the left and initially became a “proletcult” magazine specializing in publishing work by, in Gold's words, “as yet, semiarticulate voices hidden in the mines, textile mills, farms, sawmills, and lumber camps.” In October 1929 , in an effort to broaden the scope of its content and make the magazine more commercially...

Russia

Russia   Reference library

Galina V. Inozemtseva, and Elena G. Fedorenko

The International Encyclopedia of Dance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Performing arts, Dance, Music
Length:
28,293 words

...From Rabenek's studio came Ludmila Alekseeva ( 1890–1964 ), who, dissatisfied with Duncan dance, began in 1913 to work on a technique of her own, later called “harmonious gymnastics.” After the 1917 revolution she had a studio and also choreographed for amateurs in the Proletcult (Proletarian Culture Association), where her most important production was Gloom, Passion, Marseillaise ( 1918 ). From Beata's school came Vera Maya. She, too, did not want to continue as a Duncan dancer and so began to enrich her vocabulary by introducing other techniques:...

proletkult

proletkult noun   Reference library

The Oxford Essential Dictionary of Foreign Terms in English

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2002
Subject:
Language reference
Length:
31 words

... noun (also proletcult ) E20 Russian (contraction of proletarskaya kul'tura proletarian culture). Especially in the former USSR, (the advocacy of) cultural activities designed to reflect or encourage a purely proletarian...

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