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Overview

programming language

A notation for the precise description of computer programs or algorithms. Programming languages are artificial languages, in which the syntax and semantics are strictly defined. Thus ...

computer programing language

computer programing language   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Travel and Tourism

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Social sciences
Length:
79 words

...programing language The codes used to design a software program for a computer, so that when the operator gives instructions to the computer to perform a certain task, that task will be undertaken according to the codes or directions stored in the program. BASIC enables these instructions to be entered from a terminal in English, while for business uses in the travel industry, many of the more complex computer languages are utilized, such as COBOL, PASCAL, and...

programming language

programming language   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Computer Science (7 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016

... language A notation for the precise description of computer programs or algorithms. Programming languages are artificial languages, in which the syntax and semantics are strictly defined. Thus while they serve their purpose they do not permit the freedom of expression that is characteristic of a natural language...

programming language

programming language   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Electronics and Electrical Engineering (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

... language A notation for the precise description of computer programs or algorithms . It is designed to be mutually comprehensible to computers and humans. A particular digital computer operates in binary notation and all instructions must ultimately be produced in the appropriate binary code, known as machine code . A high-level programming language is a language that resembles natural language or mathematical notation more closely than machine code. It is designed to reflect the requirements of particular problems. A compiler is a program...

programming language

programming language   Reference library

Oxford Dictionary of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
Science and technology, Life Sciences
Length:
85 words

... language a technical language in which computer programs are written. Different languages have evolved for different applications. Low‐level languages tell the computer directly what operations to execute (e.g. machine and assembly languages); higher‐level languages are used for scientific computation, business data processing, computer science education, symbol processing, and systems processing (e.g. Fortran, Cobol, Pascal, Lisp, and C, respectively); high‐level scripting languages include awk, javascript, perl, php, python, sh, and tcl;...

compiled programming language

compiled programming language   Quick reference

A Dictionary of the Internet (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

...compiled programming language A programming language whose programs are converted into an executable form before being executed, in contrast to interpreted programming languages which are executed directly. Compiled programming languages are more efficient than their interpreted cousins. C is an example of a compiled programming language...

interpreted programming language

interpreted programming language   Quick reference

A Dictionary of the Internet (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

...interpreted programming language A programming language which is directly executed rather than being converted into a basic form such as machine code for execution as with a compiled programming language . The vast majority of interpreted languages are converted into an intermediate form which is then...

while programming language

while programming language   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Computer Science (7 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Science and technology, Mathematics and Computer Science
Length:
218 words
Illustration(s):
2

...programming language A small imperative programming language whose programs are based on a signature Σ ‎ and are made from assignments, sequential composition, conditional statements, and while statements. Programs in the language are defined, using an abbreviated BNF notation, by where x is any variable , t is any term over the signature Σ ‎ b is a Boolean term, and S, S 1 , and S 2 are while programs. The role of the signature is to define the data types (and hence the types of variables needed) and the basic operations on data (and...

object-oriented programming language

object-oriented programming language   Quick reference

A Dictionary of the Internet (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

...object-oriented programming language A programming language that provides facilities for the definition and manipulation of objects, an object being a collection of data which can be sent messages that change the values of its components. For example, a typical object in a stock control system is a product which is stored in a warehouse. A product object contains data that is relevant to the use which is made of it, for example its name, the quantity in stock, and the level below which it has to be reordered. Typical messages which such an object would...

programming language

programming language noun   Reference library

The Canadian Oxford Dictionary (2 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
15 words
programming language

programming language  

A notation for the precise description of computer programs or algorithms. Programming languages are artificial languages, in which the syntax and semantics are strictly defined. Thus while they ...
program design language

program design language   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Computer Science (7 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016

... design language ( PDL ) A language, used for expressing program designs, that is similar to a conventional high-level programming language but emphasizes structure and intention rather than the ability to execute programs expressed in the language. PDLs are often employed in conjunction with structured programming . When not executable they are termed pseudolanguages . Typically the formal syntax of a PDL would cover data definition and overall program structure. Facilities in the latter area would include the basic control-flow...

logic programming languages

logic programming languages   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Computer Science (7 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016

...programming languages ( logic languages ) A class of programming languages, and a subclass of the declarative languages , that is based on the use of logical formulas. The interpreter is usually some version of resolution , or another logical inference process. The ideal is that the programmer has only to make a series of true assertions about the problem and the interpreter will find a way to run these as a program to solve the problem. In practice, it is still necessary for the programmer to give regard to the procedural interpretation of these...

compiled programming language

compiled programming language  

A programming language whose programs are converted into an executable form before being executed, in contrast to interpreted programming languages which are executed directly. Compiled programming ...
interpreted programming language

interpreted programming language  

A programming language which is directly executed rather than being converted into a basic form such as machine code for execution as with a compiled programming language. The vast majority of ...
while programming language

while programming language  

A small imperative programming language whose programs are based on a signature Σ and are made from assignments, sequential composition, conditional statements, and while statements. Programs in the ...
object-oriented programming language

object-oriented programming language  

A programming language that provides facilities for the definition and manipulation of objects, an object being a collection of data which can be sent messages that change the values of its ...
Programming languages

Programming languages   Reference library

Brewer's Dictionary of Modern Phrase & Fable (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011

... languages . Even the non-computerate will be familiar with many of the names of languages used for writing computer programs. fortran was the first, invented in 1956 . It appears below together with a selection of more recent names, most of them Ada: from Ada Augusta King , Countess of Lovelace ( 1815–52 ), daughter of the poet Lord Byron , who became assistant to the machine computing pioneer Charles Babbage ( 1791–1871 ) and worked with him on his early mechanical model algol : acronym of algo rithmic l anguage or alg ebraic o riented...

logic programming languages

logic programming languages  

A class of programming languages, and a subclass of the declarative languages, that is based on the use of logical formulas. The interpreter is usually some version of resolution, or another logical ...
program design language

program design language  

(PDL)A language, used for expressing program designs, that is similar to a conventional high-level programming language but emphasizes structure and intention rather than the ability to execute ...
Spelling

Spelling   Reference library

Garner’s Modern English Usage (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Language reference, Usage and Grammar Guides
Length:
1,361 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...over ✳kidnaping ( see kidnapping (a) ) as exceptional forms (as with formatted, formatting ). The same is true of worshipped , worshipping . ( See worship .) Programmed and programming are the preferred spellings on both sides of the Atlantic, the single -m- spellings being secondary variants in AmE; for the probable reason underlying this American inconsistency, see program(m)er . There are a few other exceptions in AmE. Chagrined , combated , and coroneted are all exceptional because the final consonant isn't doubled even though the...

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