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privy Council

Subject: History

The fate of most councils or committees is to grow too large to be effective and to be replaced by an executive or inner caucus, like a series of Russian dolls. The council of late ...

Privy Council

Privy Council   Reference library

Gabriel Egan

The Oxford Companion to Shakespeare (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

... Council , a group of about ten advisers to the monarch which met daily to decide matters of policy and of law. Many regulations concerning the theatre industry emerged directly from the Privy Council and countered anti-theatrical orders from the London corporation. Lord Hunsdon , the Chamberlain ’s Men’s patron, was a privy counsellor. Gabriel...

Privy Council

Privy Council   Reference library

The New Oxford Companion to Law

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Law
Length:
245 words

... Council The Privy Council has ancient historical origins. Its formal role is to advise the monarch as Head of State. Over the centuries, it has adapted to meet changing conditions. Cabinet Ministers are Privy Councillors, as are various members of the Royal Family, certain senior judges, the Archbishops of the Church of England, and the leaders of the main opposition political parties. Currently there are about 500 members. The ministerial head of the Privy Council Office (the Council's secretariat) is the Lord President of the Council. The Privy Council...

privy council

privy council   Quick reference

World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
54 words

... council Group of main advisers to the British monarch. It developed in the Middle Ages out of the King's Council (Curia Regis). As the cabinet system of government developed, the privy council's powers became increasingly restricted. Its judicial committee, established by legislation in 1833 , is the final appeal court for most Commonwealth...

Privy Council

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A Dictionary of Law Enforcement (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Law
Length:
134 words

... Council ( PC ) A body, headed by the President of the Council, that formerly advised the Crown on government policy but has been superseded in that role by the Cabinet . Its functions are now mainly formal (e.g. a few members are summoned to make Orders in Council ), but it has limited statutory powers of legislation and it also advises the sovereign, through committees, on certain judicial matters ( see judicial committee of the privy council ) and other matters of a non‐political nature (e.g. the grant of university charters). There are about...

Privy Council

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Jonathan Bradbury

A Concise Oxford Dictionary of Politics and International Relations (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics
Length:
216 words

...of a cabinet office. Jonathan Bradbury http://www.privy-council.org.uk/ Site of the UK Privy Council Office, which provides the Secretariat services for the Privy Council...

Privy Council

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A Dictionary of Law (9 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018
Subject:
Law
Length:
136 words

...Privy Council A body, headed by the President of the Council, that formerly advised the Crown on government policy but has been superseded in that role by the Cabinet . Its functions are now mainly formal (e.g. a few members are summoned to make Orders in Council ), but it has limited statutory powers of legislation ( see Orders of Council ) and it also advises the sovereign, through committees, on certain judicial matters ( see Judicial Committee of the Privy Council ) and other matters of a nonpolitical nature (e.g. the grant of university charters)....

Privy Council

Privy Council   Reference library

J. A. Cannon

The Oxford Companion to British History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
358 words

... Council . The fate of most councils or committees is to grow too large to be effective and to be replaced by an executive or inner caucus, like a series of Russian dolls. The council of late medieval times became too big and in the late 1530s a smaller Privy Council was set up. To a considerable extent this was the work of Thomas Cromwell , though how much Wolsey contributed and how much was left to Cromwell’s successors is debated. In 1540 the Privy Council, with some twenty members, acquired a clerk and a minute book. It became the work-horse of...

privy council

privy council   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Irish History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
462 words

...Irish privy council supervised the extension of the common law, the maintenance of order, and attempts to increase revenue and manage parliament . However, the principal initiators and developers of the policy remained the chief governors, while the privy council's own authority was restricted by the creation of provincial presidencies . The number of Irish‐born privy counsellors steadily declined; although most survived the ramifications of the Baltinglass revolt, the remnant was purged in the early 1590s. Ironically New English‐dominated councils proved...

Privy Council

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A Dictionary of English Manuscript Terminology 1450–2000

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Literature, History
Length:
324 words

... Council The Privy Council in England was originally the body of men selected to advise the sovereign and who were authorized to undertake the principal government of the realm under the Royal Prerogative. From medieval times, the King had some form of council, the Curia Regis , which was eventually centred at Westminster and which performed legislative, executive, and judicial functions, serving as predecessor to Parliament and the law courts. The Privy Council as such, however, is generally dated from 1540 in the reign of Henry VIII. The administrative...

Privy Council

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The Oxford Companion to Australian History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
319 words

...and forced appellants to provide security. In 1867 the Privy Council ruled it had authority in criminal appeals. Castles and Kercher agree that in constitutional matters, appeals strengthened the ‘bonds of Empire’ in both symbolic and practical terms. Vigorous debate before Federation over the Privy Council's role resulted in a compromise whereby the High Court became the final court of appeal on inter se matters relating to the demarcation of Commonwealth and state powers. The Privy Council retained other appeal rights, but the Commonwealth...

Privy Council

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A Dictionary of British History (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
188 words

... Council The fate of most councils or committees is to grow too large to be effective and to be replaced by an executive or inner caucus, like a series of Russian dolls. The council of late medieval times became too big and in the late 1530s a smaller Privy Council was set up. To a considerable extent this was the work of Thomas Cromwell . In 1540 the Privy Council, with some 20 members, acquired a clerk and a minute book. It became the work‐horse of late Tudor government. The Long Parliament replaced it in 1649 by a Council of State , but Richard...

Privy Council

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The Oxford Dictionary of Local and Family History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
104 words

... Council . This group of royal advisers emerged in the 14th century and exercised great power during the 16th and 17th centuries, as the forerunner of the Cabinet. The council dealt with all matters of state, and members sat upon the bench at sessions of the courts of Star Chamber , Requests , and High Commission . In Elizabeth I's reign, in particular, many local matters came to its attention. See Acts of the Privy Council of England (several vols., 1890–1964 ), which print the register from 1542 to 1631 . The most important classes in the ...

Privy Council

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The Oxford Companion to Local and Family History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
103 words

... Council This group of royal advisers emerged in the 14th century and exercised great power during the 16th and 17th centuries, as the forerunner of the Cabinet. The Council dealt with all matters of state, and members sat upon the bench at sessions of the courts of Star Chamber , Requests , and High Commission . In Elizabeth I's reign, in particular, many local matters came to its attention. See Acts of the Privy Council of England (several vols, 1890–1964 ), which print the register from 1542 to 1631 . The most important classes in The National...

Privy Council

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The Oxford Dictionary of the Middle Ages

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
166 words

... Council From *Norman times, the monarch’s closest counsellors who gave confidential advice, primarily on affairs of state: legal, administrative, or judicial. Law courts were later responsible for dispensing justice, and *parliament for legislation. However, laws could still be made by the sovereign on the advice of the Council alone. During the 15th century a Council committee (that evolved into the notorious *Star Chamber ) was allowed to punish those convicted without being bound by evidence. Henry VIII , on the advice of Council, enacted laws by...

Privy Council

Privy Council (UK)   Reference library

Australian Law Dictionary (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018
Subject:
Law
Length:
114 words

...Privy Council (UK) The Judicial Committee of the Privy Council, created by the Judicial Committee Act 1833 , was constituted as a tribunal consisting of the Lord Chancellor and other members of the Privy Council including Lords of Appeal in Ordinary or those who had held high judicial office, including some judges from commonwealth countries. The Committee formerly had jurisdiction to hear appeals from Australian courts, ended by the Australia Acts. The Constitutional Reform Act 2005 (UK) established the Supreme Court of the United Kingdom, which...

Privy Council Office

Privy Council Office   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Canadian History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
165 words

... Council Office . Originally the pco was little more than an agency for preparing and registering decisions of cabinet . In 1940 , with the assignment of the permanent head of the office—the clerk, as secretary of the cabinet—the office has evolved into the administrative department of the prime minister (not to be confused with the Prime Minister's Office ). Its secretarial role has expanded to embrace the committees of cabinet and extends beyond the mere keeping of minutes to include research, planning, and advisory services that keep the prime...

Judicial Committee of the Privy Council

Judicial Committee of the Privy Council   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Law (9 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018
Subject:
Law
Length:
149 words

...of the Privy Council A tribunal, created by the Judicial Committee Act 1833, to hear appeals from courts in dependent territories and those Commonwealth countries that have retained appeals to the Privy Council since attaining independence; it also hears appeals under certain statutes. Its members currently comprise Justices of the Supreme Court, Lords of Appeal in Ordinary, and other members of the Privy Council who have been Lords of Appeal in Ordinary or who have held high judicial office. Certain judges of Commonwealth countries who are Privy...

Privy Council, Judicial Committee of the

Privy Council, Judicial Committee of the   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the High Court of Australia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007
Subject:
Law
Length:
4,014 words

...). It was regulated by the Judicial Committee Acts 1833 and 1844 (Imp). Arguably, these Acts could have been used to place Privy Council appeals on a purely statutory footing, but this approach was not taken and the prerogative was preserved. One consequence was that, although Orders in Council made under the 1844 Act authorised the state Supreme Courts to grant leave to appeal to the Privy Council, the Privy Council itself could also grant special leave to appeal. Although it sat in London and its membership consisted largely of present and former...

Judicial Committee of the Privy Council

Judicial Committee of the Privy Council   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Law Enforcement (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Law
Length:
212 words

...Committee of the Privy Council A tribunal consisting of Justices of the Supreme Court. The Committee’s jurisdiction is to hear appeals from courts in dependent territories and those Commonwealth countries that have retained appeals to the Privy Council since attaining independence; it also hears appeals under certain statutes. The Judicial Committee also has jurisdiction to hear and determine ‘devolution issues’, that is questions relating to the powers and functions of the legislative and executive authorities established in Scotland and Northern...

Judicial Committee of the Privy Council

Judicial Committee of the Privy Council   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church (3 rev. ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Religion
Length:
247 words

...the Privy Council . A Court of Appeal constituted in 1833 to regularize the extensive jurisdiction of the King in Council. Until the Reformation the final appeal in English ecclesiastical causes was to Rome. Under Henry VIII , in 1533 the Ecclesiastical Appeals Act 1532 abolished appeals to Rome, and in 1534 the final appeal was transferred by the Submission of the Clergy Act 1533 to the King in Chancery, although the jurisdiction was actually exercised by a Commission of Delegates, later known as the Court of Delegates . By the Privy Council...

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