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print media

1. (print-based media) Broadly, any written or pictorial form of communication produced mechanically or electronically using printing, photocopying, or digital methods from ...

print media

print media   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Marketing (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Social sciences, Business and Management
Length:
88 words

... media All forms of communication—newspapers, journals, and magazines—that are delivered by physical print. The prolific and traditional medium for advertising , which can operate locally, nationally, regionally, or globally. Classified advertising is found in printed media, in addition to product and service advertising. Advertising in this medium can either be directly on the page or take the form of insertions. The economics of newspapers and magazines are entirely dependent on advertising revenues, which are generally declining in the West. See ...

print media

print media   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Media and Communication (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020
Subject:
Media studies
Length:
67 words

... media 1. ( print-based media ) Broadly, any written or pictorial form of communication produced mechanically or electronically using printing , photocopying, or digital methods from which multiple copies can be made through automated processes. 2. More narrowly, any form of ‘ink and paper’ communication that is not handwritten or hand-typed, including books, circulars, journals, lithographs, memos, magazines , newspapers , pamphlets, and periodicals. ...

Print Media

Print Media   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Latinos and Latinas in the United States

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
2,960 words

... Media . The widespread impact of modern Spanish-language print and allied media has prompted writer Geoffrey Fox to label it the “national Hispanic image machine” (Fox, p. 40). There is ample evidence to suggest that something like a “media machine” serves the estimated 35.3 million Latinas and Latinos in the United States as of 2004 . Origins and Development The origins of Latino and Latina printing in the United States lie in the earliest days of contact between Europeans and native peoples in the New World. As Nicolás Kanellos and Helvetia Martell ...

Print Media

Print Media   Reference library

Gabriel Meléndez

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Latinos and Latinas in Contemporary Politics, Law, and Social Movements

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics, Law
Length:
2,287 words

... Media . The widespread impact of modern Spanish-language print and allied media has prompted the writer Geoffrey Fox to label it the “national Hispanic image machine” ( 1996 , p. 40). There is ample evidence to suggest that something like a “media machine” serves the estimated 50.5 million Latinas and Latinos in the United States. Spanish-language presses in the United States prior to 1960 exhibited a diversity of purpose and intent that reflected the nature and experience of the diverse Latina and Latino communities that sponsored their development....

Print Media and Religion in America

Print Media and Religion in America   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Religion in America

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018
Subject:
Religion
Length:
11,120 words
Illustration(s):
3

...increased in popularity. According to historian T. J. Tomlin, in the 18th century , “other than a Bible and perhaps a few sermons and schoolbooks, an almanac was the only printed item most people owned.” 9 Both forms of print media appealed to a wide range of religious believers in order to increase their readership. The final development that spurred the expansion of American print media was the series of evangelical revivals during the 1730s and 1740s collectively known as the Great Awakening. Beginning with Jonathan Edwards’s best-selling account of the...

print media

print media noun   Quick reference

Oxford Dictionary of English (3 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
47 words
print media

print media  

1. (print-based media) Broadly, any written or pictorial form of communication produced mechanically or electronically using printing, photocopying, or digital methods from which multiple copies can ...
42 The History of the Book in Japan

42 The History of the Book in Japan   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
8,089 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
4

...imported Chinese edition. The first canonical Chinese text printed in Japan was an edition of the Confucian Analects printed in the trading community of Sakai, south of Osaka, in 1364 , and in 1481 Zhu Xi ’s commentary on the Greater Learning was printed in Kagoshima. However, given the importance of Confucian texts for elite education, it has to be said that surprisingly few were printed before the 17 th century. During the 16 th century more and more Chinese secular works were being printed, but these were mostly dictionaries, guides to poetry...

13 The Manuscript after the Coming of Print

13 The Manuscript after the Coming of Print   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
3,951 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...of print in the late 15 th century, prior to which all texts circulated in either oral or handwritten form. For monks and nuns of that transitional age, copying remained a regular duty prescribed under the rule of St Benedict. For many scholars and churchmen of a humanist persuasion, the beauty of a fine hand and the exclusiveness of a handwritten Horace or *book of hours outweighed considerations of price and convenience. In other fields of text production, there is a surprising (but on reflection perfectly predictable) confluence of the media. ...

43a The History of the Book in Southeast Asia (1): The Islands

43a The History of the Book in Southeast Asia (1): The Islands   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
2,543 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
1

...transforming ways of thinking and representations of tradition—is debatable. Although the proliferation of print is generally regarded as the driving force of ‘modernity’, the fact that the new print media were not exclusively a ‘modernizing’ domain is easily overlooked. ‘Traditionalists’, too, crossed the print threshold, indicating that print per se did not necessarily change time-honoured thinking and received wisdom. Undeniably, however, print technology was to play a formative role in shaping public discourse and in forging different ‘imagined...

45 The History of the Book in New Zealand

45 The History of the Book in New Zealand   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
3,017 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...typesetting system in the mid- 1970s . Developments in digital printing have further transformed the publishing industry and reduced costs for shorter runs of books. Government support for an upgraded Internet feed has eased electronic exchange of published material in print and film media. 4 Libraries Although New Zealanders have always purchased relatively large numbers of books, they have also been eager borrowers. The Otago region on the lower South Island supported 116 *public libraries and *athenaeums between 1872 and 1884 (for an 1881...

19 The Electronic Book

19 The Electronic Book   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
5,019 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
1

...*running heads , *book marks , *annotations , back matter ( *index , *glossary , references, notes, *bibliography , etc.), *copyright notice, *cataloguing information, and *International Standard Book Number . Although these elements have the same taxonomies in print and electronic media, they may sometimes have a different form and function. For instance, the table of contents in an e-book, instead of being on its own page or pages, is often located in a separate cell to the left of the text and is viewable throughout the book. ‘Pages’ or ‘screens’...

Prints

Prints   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Literature
Length:
4,058 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...experimentation by artists seeking independence from publishers and the opportunity to develop their techniques in other media. Gainsborough produced a series of prints using soft-ground etching and aquatint from the mid-1770s onwards which replicate the effect of his chalk and wash drawings, while George *Stubbs , an inveterate experimenter who had worked briefly with Wedgwood on porcelain supports for his paintings, produced prints of a fine-grained texture based on the free use of stipple and engraving tools. William Blake, though trained as a...

33 The History of the Book in Poland

33 The History of the Book in Poland   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
4,081 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
1

...using materials and equipment from official printing houses or smuggled in from abroad. Some titles had press runs reaching more than 100,000. From 1976 to 1989 , more than 6,500 books and 4,300 periodical titles were published, printed, and distributed underground. This breaching of the government’s control over the media and publishing played a profound role in the collapse of Communist power. Since the later 1980s the state monopoly had been progressively weakening, and in May 1990 censorship and state control over publishing were officially...

35 The Slavonic Book in Russia, Ukraine, and Belarus

35 The Slavonic Book in Russia, Ukraine, and Belarus   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
7,008 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
2

...the 1970s and early 1980s , all printing was censored, and the central control of raw materials and printing continued to influence print runs. Authors were paid to a standard formula, according to genre (e.g. fiction or textbook) and length. Perhaps for this reason, the average length of a Soviet book in 1984 was about 136 octavo pages, in contrast with the average 82 pages during the 1930s . One of the Soviet media’s clichés—that the USSR was ‘the world’s foremost nation of readers’—could in many ways be justified. The book industry had few rivals...

26 The History of the Book in the Nordic Countries

26 The History of the Book in the Nordic Countries   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
5,145 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
1

...in the vast, less densely populated areas of Scandinavia). At the same time, major industries and retail concerns began to print catalogues, and even small shops used print for advertising. Newspapers were perhaps the single most important media of the 19 th and early 20 th centuries, stimulating democratic developments and vice versa. From c .1830 , they could be printed faster and more cheaply, resulting in a dramatic increase in print runs and diversity. In Sweden, L. J. Hierta founded the politically influential Aftonbladet in 1830 ; by 1900 , the...

47 The History of the Book in Canada

47 The History of the Book in Canada   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
5,120 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
1

...in ‘The Forces of Geography’, an introductory chapter documenting the powerful influence of American institutions, media, and books—the commissioners argued for a distinct Canadian culture that would be supported by public funds. They recognized the insecurity of domestic publishing, noting that the fourteen works of fiction in English published in Canada in 1948 competed with some 3,000 from Britain and the US. In addition to funding for media and the arts, they recommended scholarships and aid to universities, and chided the government about the absence of...

7 The Book as Symbol

7 The Book as Symbol   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
1,981 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
1

...Those who are of God are written into His ‘book’ (Exod. 32:32); those who have sinned are blotted out. Job reinvents the metaphor to refer to the engraving of an iron pen in lead (with wonderful anachronism, but in the same spirit of applying new media to God’s work, the Authorized Version translated this as ‘printed in a book’, Job 19:23). At other times God writes in wax. But most of all, God discloses Himself in a scroll, the dominant written technology of the ancient world. God bears witness to His purposes in a scroll (Isa. 8:1). At the end of time, ‘the...

Publishing

Publishing   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Literature
Length:
6,242 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...of authors who embarked on the journey into print was remarkable. Aristocrats who wanted to publish their poems and obsessions, clerics bent on controversy and preferment, women poets, essayists, and novelists from every rank of society, and persons of ‘low means’ all succeeded in reaching the reading public. How did such a heterogeneous body of authors find their way into print? The crucial vehicle was the periodical press. Any aspiring author seeking fame, fortune, or just the pleasure of seeing their words in print could send their work to a magazine...

12 The Economics of Print

12 The Economics of Print   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
7,040 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
1

...of book production. Steam-powered machines revolutionized printing and paper manufacture ( see 10 , 11 ). The growth in population and improvements in general welfare and education increased the market for print, and there was an unprecedented growth in output. Print was the first mass media, and in the second half of the 19 th century printed matter became ubiquitous—it was on hoardings in the street and on packaging in shops and homes ( see 14 ). Booksellers and *newsagents supplied a burgeoning number and variety of books, newspapers, and...

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