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primary and secondary definers

Primary definers are credible individuals and institutions granted media access to enable their initial framing of events which are assumed to be within their area of ...

primary and secondary definers

primary and secondary definers   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Media and Communication (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020
Subject:
Media studies
Length:
91 words

... and secondary definers Primary definers are credible individuals and institutions granted media access to enable their initial framing of events which are assumed to be within their area of competence: for instance, experts, official sources, courts, leading politicians, and senior religious figures. The mass media are secondary definers . The government is a primary definer of news insofar as the media rely heavily on government officials as news sources. See also agenda setting ; amplification of deviance ; moral panic ; news values...

primary and secondary definers

primary and secondary definers  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Media studies
Primary definers are credible individuals and institutions granted media access to enable their initial framing of events which are assumed to be within their area of competence: for instance, ...
Domestic Buildings

Domestic Buildings   Quick reference

Malcolm Airs

The Oxford Companion to Local and Family History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
6,135 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

... to Aldous Huxley , Evelyn Waugh , and Kazuo Ishiguro should properly be considered as primary sources. The secondary literature on the high‐status house is vast and can be treated only in a perfunctory manner here. Until relatively recently, much of it was written by architects or art historians, and concentrated on developments in architectural style which reflected contemporary perceptions of aesthetic value, often with an underlying polemical message for current practice. Thus, the needs of the Gothic Revival in the 19th century prompted the...

Law

Law   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Literature
Length:
5,210 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...of the assize judges to the county towns of England and Wales remained an essential administrative point of contact between the centre and the localities; they were also perceived by Georgian governments as primary media for communicating the good news about equal rights under common law and for moral suasion of the lower orders. And in the absence of real *policing [7] , substantial property owners and the proliferating business community in London and other cities looked to the criminal law as the primary safeguard for their property against what they were...

Literary Theory

Literary Theory   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Literature
Length:
4,935 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...depress sales. Convinced by these arguments, Coleridge claims to have withheld the rest of the deduction and contented himself with ‘the main result’, the definition of the imagination. The paragraphs that conclude this chapter do align perception and artistic creation with an absolute creative force. The creative power evident in art (the secondary imagination) is an echo of the creative work manifest in perception (the primary imagination), which in turn is nothing less than ‘a repetition in the finite mind of the eternal act of creation in the infinite I...

28 The History of the Book in Italy

28 The History of the Book in Italy   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
10,068 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
1

...cent. Primary schooling became obligatory in 1877 , but a lack of resources and the opposition of the clergy meant that the law remained a dead letter in many places; in 1911 the number of Italians with inadequate literacy skills still averaged 38 per cent. 8 The 20 th and 21 st centuries: two wars, Fascism, and after In 1901 , the Italian book trade presented geographical and cultural anomalies that remain substantially true today. Rome was the political capital; Milan, dominated by the rivalry between *Sonzogno and Treves, was the economic and...

2 The Sacred Book

2 The Sacred Book   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
9,978 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...Church also struggled to define and understand itself separately from Judaism. And it wondered how it could appeal to the Gentiles without losing its original Jewish identity. Finally, the problem associated with the delay of the parousia (second coming of Jesus) and the end of the world served as motivating factors in committing Jesus’ message to writing. Although Christianity was an apocalyptic sect within Palestinian Judaism and Jesus was a Palestinian Jew, the world of the New Testament was dominated by Greek language and culture; the language itself...

additive primary

additive primary  

Any of the shades of red, green, or blue that can be mixed to form white and to match all other spectral colours and also certain non-spectral colours such as purple. Primary red, green, and blue are ...
primary audience

primary audience  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Media studies
Targeted group for some form of mediated communication, such as for an advertising campaign or a television channel, defined by demographics and/or lifestyle (see also target audience). See also dual ...
Dentists with Special Interests

Dentists with Special Interests  

(DwSI)A category of dentists, defined by the Department of Health in the UK, working in the primary care setting who provide services which are in addition to their usual and important generalist ...
labour-market segmentation

labour-market segmentation  

Reference type:
Overview Page
In essence, neo-classical economic theory sees a market for labour, with buyers and sellers in open competition with each other, which functions in broadly the same way as other markets. There are ...
cleft classification

cleft classification  

A number of classification systems have been defined. The Kernahan ‘striped Y’ classification, first described by D. A. Kernahan in 1971, uses the symbolic letter Y in which the upper arms of the Y ...
chargeability

chargeability  

One of the units of measurement of induced polarization in the time domain. True chargeability is the ratio of the over- or secondary voltage, Vs, to the observed voltage, V0, applied by way of an ...
HSV color model

HSV color model  

A color model that defines colors by the three parameters hue (H), saturation (S), and value (V). The HSV color model is an inverted hexagonal cone with black at the apex (V=0) and white at the ...
W Ursae Majoris star

W Ursae Majoris star  

A type of eclipsing binary with a period of less than 1 day; abbr. EW. The system is a contact binary, with ellipsoidal components, generally of spectral type F–G (or later). Light variation is ...
National Emissions Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants

National Emissions Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants  

(NESHAPS)The US emissions standard, defined by the Environmental Protection Agency, for an air pollutant that is not covered by NAAQS but may cause an increase in fatalities or in serious, ...
dominance model

dominance model  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Media studies
1. A stance in which a small elite of powerful interests is seen as controlling the mass media. The hidden agenda in political and economic coverage is largely that of primary definers—notably ...
news

news  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Media studies
In the mass media, formal reports of events considered likely to be significant to the target audience which are normally broadcast or published soon after information about them becomes available. ...
markedness

markedness  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Media studies
1. In linguistics and semiotics, the phenomenon, noted by Jakobson, in which one term and/or concept is highlighted as (markedly) different from another, as in the words male/female, where the former ...
working class

working class  

The working class is classically defined as that class which must sell its labour-power in order to survive. This was essentially what Karl Marx meant by the proletariat. However, this is hardly a ...

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