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precautionary principle

A proactive method of dealing with the environment based on the idea that if the costs of current activities are uncertain but are potentially both high and irreversible then society ...

Precautionary Principle

Precautionary Principle   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Climate and Weather (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011

...the precautionary principle is. The second challenge to understanding the precautionary principle stems from confusion about its nature—about just what this principle is supposed to be. In addition to having many formulations, there are at least three types of interpretations of the nature of the precautionary principle. First, the precautionary principle is sometimes (implicitly or explicitly) understood as a family of principles that share a common structure such that individual formulations of the precautionary principle may be tailored to specific...

precautionary principle

precautionary principle   Reference library

Encyclopaedic Dictionary of International Law (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Law, International Law
Length:
114 words

... principle A principle or tenet of international environmental law, the classic formulation of which is in Principle 15 of the Rio Declaration on Environment and Development of June 1992 ( U.N. Doc. A/CONF.151/26 ), titled ‘Precautionary principle’: ‘In order to protect the environment, the precautionary approach shall be widely applied by States according to their capabilities. Where there are threats of serious or irreversible damage, lack of full scientific certainty shall not be used as a reason for postponing cost-effective measures to...

Precautionary Principle

Precautionary Principle   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Global Change

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009

...of the precautionary principle's ambiguities and difficulties of application. Cross, F. B. “ Paradoxical Perils of the Precautionary Principle. ” Washington and Lee Law Review 53 (1996), 851–925. Criticism of the precautionary principle as a simplistic rhetorical device that may increase rather than decrease overall environmental risk. Freestone, D. , and E. Hey , eds. The Precautionary Principle and International Law . The Hague, London, and Boston: Kluwer, 1996. An excellent collection of essays focusing on how to put the precautionary principle into...

precautionary principle

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A Dictionary of Disaster Management

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Social sciences, Environment, Sociology
Length:
138 words

...precautionary principle A principle that declares that if an action, technology, or policy contains a risk of causing serious harm to people or the environment, precautionary measures should be taken even if some of the cause and effect relationships are not fully established scientifically. In other words, the principle shifts the burden of proof under uncertainty : those proposing a particular policy or advancing a technology need to establish that it will not be harmful. The principle is most often applied in connection with health and environmental...

Precautionary Principle

Precautionary Principle   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Global Change

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005

...D. Scientific Uncertainty and the Precautionary Principle . Environment 33.7 (1991), 4–5, 43–44. A critical appraisal of the precautionary principle's ambiguities and difficulties of application. Cross, F. B. Paradoxical Perils of the Precautionary Principle . Washington and Lee Law Review 53 (1996), 851–925. Criticism of the precautionary principle as a simplistic rhetorical device that may increase rather than decrease overall environmental risk. Freestone, D. , and E. Hey , eds. The Precautionary Principle and International Law . London: Kluwer,...

precautionary principle

precautionary principle   Reference library

The New Oxford Companion to Law

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Law
Length:
504 words

... principle The precautionary principle is a legal principle concerned with how power is exercised in relation to taking environmental and public health protection measures in circumstances of scientific uncertainty. The principle primarily applies to the exercise of power by a public body whether in regulating health and environmental risks within a jurisdiction or in the exercise of their international obligations. The principle applies to the way in which discretion is exercised in relation to the assessment and management of environmental and...

precautionary principle

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A Dictionary of Human Geography

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Social sciences, Human Geography
Length:
97 words

... principle A principle in operation in situations where there is no scientific consensus on a matter, but where there is good reason to think that a course of action will lead to serious harm; then the presumption is that the course should not be followed. The principle gives greater weight to the responsibility to protect the public, ecosystems, or species against harm, than to the need for strong scientific proof. It is embodied in some legal codes across the world, and is often invoked in cases such as anthropogenic climate change, food safety,...

precautionary principle

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A Dictionary of Agriculture and Land Management

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019
Subject:
Social sciences
Length:
333 words

... principle Principle, first coming to prominence, in the United Nations ’ 1992 Rio Declaration on Environment and Development, which establishes that international governments should make decisions on matters which may affect the environment on a precautionary basis, i.e. if there is a possibility that something may be causing, or may cause (in the case of a new development), damage to the environment, not waiting until there is full scientific evidence of this before refusing to permit its use. The reasoning behind this stems from the principle...

Precautionary Principle

Precautionary Principle (The Spirit of Sustainability)   Reference library

A. Karim AHMED

Berkshire Encyclopedia of Sustainability

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Science and technology, Social sciences
Length:
1,022 words

...(1995). The precautionary principle, science, politics and ethics. Retrieved on July 12, 2009, from http://www.uea.ac.uk/env/cserge/pub/wp/pa/pa_1995_02.pdf The precautionary principle. (2005). Paris: UNESCO. Retrieved on July 12, 2009, from http://unesdoc.unesco.org/images/0013/001395/139578e.pdf The precautionary principle and environmental policy. (2000). International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Health , (6). Retrieved on July 12, 2009, from http://www.sehn.org/pdf/ppep.pdf San Francisco adopts the precautionary principle. (2003,...

precautionary principle

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A Dictionary of Public Health (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

...precautionary principle In management of health risks, shaping of health policy, and all public policy decisions, this is the conservative, “better safe than sorry” approach that wisdom dictates should be the rule when there is any doubt about long-term consequences of irreversible decisions affecting control of the environment or a situation. It is a variation on the theme of the ethical principle of nonmaleficence, primum non nocere , or first do no harm. ...

Precautionary Principle

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A Dictionary of Epidemiology (6 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016

...Precautionary Principle The “better safe than sorry” approach to assessing and managing health risks, such as those associated with environmental hazards. Where there is strong evidence that a relevant risk exists, prudence and ethical norms warrant that action be taken to reduce or eliminate the risk, even if the evidence is not conclusive. 13 , 267 Similar in some ways the medical maxim primum non nocere (“first do no harm”) and the ethical principle of Nonmaleficence . 17 , 59 , 73 , 74 , 75 , 76 , 77 , 116 , 213 , 360 See...

precautionary principle

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A Dictionary of Environment and Conservation (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017

... principle ( do-no-harm principle ) A proactive method of dealing with the environment based on the idea that if the costs of current activities are uncertain but are potentially both high and irreversible then society should take action before the uncertainty is resolved. The Convention for the Prevention of Marine Pollution by Dumping from Ships and Aircraft (Oslo Convention) ( 1972 ) is an early example of the use of the precautionary principle since this convention, and subsequent ones, used a system of ‘black’ and ‘grey’ lists covering...

precautionary principle

precautionary principle   Reference library

Australian Law Dictionary (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018
Subject:
Law
Length:
53 words

...precautionary principle Principle 15 of the Key Principles agreed at the Earth Summit, which states, ‘In order to protect the environment … where there are threats of serious or irreversible damage, lack of full scientific certainty shall not be used as a reason for postponing cost-effective measures to prevent environmental degradation’: UNCED 1993...

Precautionary Principle

Precautionary Principle (The Law and Politics of Sustainability)   Reference library

A. Karim AHMED

Berkshire Encyclopedia of Sustainability

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Science and technology, Social sciences
Length:
2,182 words

... Precautionary Principle (The Law and Politics of Sustainability) The application of the precautionary principle as a public policy paradigm is relatively new in the regulation of commercial products, industrial processes, and natural resource management—but it is an approach that has been increasingly invoked in certain regions of the globe since the 1980s. The origin of the term precautionary principle is generally attributed to the German concept of Vorsorgeprinzip , or a “fore-caring principle,” which may be translated as foreseeing the possible...

Health and Risk Policymaking, the Precautionary Principle, and Policy Advocacy

Health and Risk Policymaking, the Precautionary Principle, and Policy Advocacy   Reference library

Roxanne L. Parrott

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Health and Risk Message Design and Processing

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018
Subject:
Social sciences
Length:
16,166 words

...as selling tobacco generates money ( van Walbeck, Blecher, Gilmore, & Ross, 2013 ). In such cases, decision-makers may consider evidence of economic harm for society with a narrow or wider lens. Precautionary Principle (PP) Applied to Evidence and Policymaking Across the domains of evidence regarding health and risk, the precautionary principle (PP) constitutes one approach to guide decision making, emphasizing that while evidence may be uncertain, ambiguous, or even nonexistent ( Stirling, 2007 ), when threats to human health, the environment, or...

precautionary principle

precautionary principle noun   Quick reference

New Oxford American Dictionary (3 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
57 words
precautionary principle

precautionary principle noun   Reference library

The Canadian Oxford Dictionary (2 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
23 words
precautionary principle

precautionary principle  

A proactive method of dealing with the environment based on the idea that if the costs of current activities are uncertain but are potentially both high and irreversible then society should take ...
Ecclesiasticus, or The Wisdom of Jesus Son of Sirach

Ecclesiasticus, or The Wisdom of Jesus Son of Sirach   Reference library

John J. Collins and John J. Collins

The Oxford Bible Commentary

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
38,105 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...a husband ( v. 4 ). It is clear from 7:25 that the daughter does not get the husband on her own initiative. She is given in marriage. Ben Sira's great fear about daughters is that they will bring shame on their fathers (or husbands) by ‘shameless’ behaviour. He will urge precautionary measures in 26:10–12 and 42:11 . The second Greek recension adds the interesting comment that children who are well brought up can hide the ignoble origins of their parents ( 22:7 ). 22:7–12 is a scathing dismissal of the fool, whose life is said to be worse than death. The...

1 Chronicles

1 Chronicles   Reference library

H. P. Mathys, H. P. Mathys, and H. P. Mathys

The Oxford Bible Commentary

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
48,015 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...centre of Jerusalem's holy site. The source model hardly concerns itself with the first, unsuccessful attempt to transport the ark. Chronicles, however, portrays it as motivating David to wage a war against the Philistines, to behave in a God-fearing manner (and later to take precautionary measures), thereby fulfilling the preconditions for the success of the second transportation attempt. The source model depicts the first attempt as a personal task primarily carried out by David, whilst Chronicles makes it an issue for all Israel. This underlines the...

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