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precarity

Is a term used by sociologists to refer to the spread of contingent work and insecure employment within the labour market. The term is also used to refer to the subjective condition of ...

precarity

precarity   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Human Resource Management (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Social sciences, Business and Management
Length:
42 words

...precarity is a term used by sociologists to refer to the spread of contingent work and insecure employment within the labour market. The term is also used to refer to the subjective condition of those who experience insecure work. See also precariat ....

precarity

precarity   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Critical Theory (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

... A state of being defined by its insecurity and vulnerability. It is an expansive concept, used to apply to a wide variety of situations in which people feel precarious, but it tends to be used to refer to people who are unemployed, underemployed, or insecurely employed. It is also possible to distinguish between groups of people whose situation is more precarious than others—e.g. refugees are generally in a greater state of precarity than people who are unemployed but residing within the borders of a state in which they can claim citizenship. ...

precarity

precarity  

Is a term used by sociologists to refer to the spread of contingent work and insecure employment within the labour market. The term is also used to refer to the subjective condition of those who ...
precariat

precariat   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Human Resource Management (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Social sciences, Business and Management
Length:
76 words

...regarding income and job security . The word is a blend of ‘proletariat’ (the Marxist term for the working class) and ‘precarious’ (denoting the vulnerability of their labour market position because of its unpredictability and insecurity, sometimes also referred to as precarity...

grievable life

grievable life   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Critical Theory (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

...is not grievable is something living that is other than life. In wartime, for example, the enemy dead are often depicted as ungrievable—their lives only matter insofar as they are dead. Butler argues that the apprehension of grievability is a precondition of the perception of precarity (in war, the enemy, no matter how vulnerable to attack they may be, are never portrayed as existing precariously). Her aim is to provide a way of rethinking some of the key moral and ethical pillars in the debates that have emerged over the past couple of decades relating to...

Bauman, Zygmunt

Bauman, Zygmunt (1925–2017)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Critical Theory (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

...to the present situation of liquid modernity in which the strong social bonds of family, religion, and country, but also the economic certainty of full employment, social security, and public healthcare, have been dissolved by the deterritorializing effects of capital, and precarity has become the norm. This theme gave rise to a veritable stream of books: Liquid Modernity ( 2000 ), Liquid Love ( 2003 ), Liquid Life ( 2005 ), Liquid Fear ( 2006 ), and Liquid Times ( 2006 ). From liquidity Bauman progressed, logically enough, to disposability, in ...

flexible labour

flexible labour   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Human Geography

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Social sciences, Human Geography
Length:
524 words

...is therefore a double-edged sword. For some workers it means greater control over conditions of employment and the possibility of balancing work and family. For others, it means greater levels of insecurity and exploitation. Precarious work (leading to a condition of ‘precarity’), is highly insecure and low paid. It is often associated with female and/or immigrant workers, those who are already in the least empowered position in the labour market ( see interpellation ; social polarization ). Trades unions and civil society organizations are...

Global Justice Movement

Global Justice Movement   Reference library

Catherine Eschle and Bice Maiguashca

The Oxford Companion to Comparative Politics

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics
Length:
3,662 words

...with its emphasis on the economic assets and social capital that facilitate activist mobilization. In contrast, individual involvement in more confrontational protests may be connected to rather less positive microstructural conditions, as hinted in the literature on “precarity” with its stress on the precipitating factors of unemployment, the casualization of labor, and the marginalization or exclusion of migrant labor from citizenship rights. Turning to the reasons why some individuals in such diverse circumstances are motivated to join the global...

Global Justice Movement

Global Justice Movement   Reference library

Catherine Eschle and Bice Maiguashca

The Oxford Companion to International Relations

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics
Length:
3,663 words

...with its emphasis on the economic assets and social capital that facilitate activist mobilization. In contrast, individual involvement in more confrontational protests may be connected to rather less positive microstructural conditions, as hinted in the literature on “precarity” with its stress on the precipitating factors of unemployment, the casualization of labor, and the marginalization or exclusion of migrant labor from citizenship rights. Turning to the reasons why some individuals in such diverse circumstances are motivated to join the global...

Muñoz, José Esteban

Muñoz, José Esteban   Reference library

Iván A. Ramos

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Latina and Latino Literature

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020

...in retrospect, what this body of work discloses is a systematic and deeply complex commitment, both theoretical and personal, to recognize how minoritarian subjects survive a public sphere that seeks their withering by finding and relying on one another through and beyond precarity. This, for him, constitutes the potentiality of a future moment that begins from this relational space. Pedagogy and Minoritarian Knowledge Central to grasping Muñoz’s thinking was his investment in pedagogy as a minoritarian practice. Although readers can catch glimpses of this...

Heteronormativity and Homonormativity in Queer Chicana/o Cultural Discourse and Politics

Heteronormativity and Homonormativity in Queer Chicana/o Cultural Discourse and Politics   Reference library

René Esparza

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Latina and Latino Literature

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020

...citizenship extolls. The ideology of the nuclear family—both its heterosexual and homosexual guises—persists in rights-based organizing because it justifies limited government and, in doing so, suppresses the involvement of the nation-state in generating the very conditions of precarity it is then summoned to annul. 62 The ideology of the nuclear family, as such, masks the neoliberal shifts in the political economy of the United States since the 1970s. The mainstream US immigrant rights movement continues to deploy the ideology of the nuclear family as a political...

International Relations as a Social Science

International Relations as a Social Science   Reference library

Anne-Marie D’Aoust

The International Studies Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics, Warfare and Defence
Length:
15,777 words

...to note that more and more PhD students and junior scholars (e.g., Kristensen 2013 ; Hagmann and Biersteker 2014 ) are invested in work pertaining to the sociology of the discipline. A possible answer worth exploring as to why this is so might lie in the current state of precarity young IR scholars find themselves in when it comes to the job market. It might well be that understanding how the discipline works as a social field provides a sense of control in an otherwise uncertain context, or that direct experiences of marginalization lead one to inquire...

The Pasts and Futures of Latina/o Indigeneities

The Pasts and Futures of Latina/o Indigeneities   Reference library

Simón Ventura Trujillo

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Latina and Latino Literature

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020

...that, like the Indians, has specific legal treaties with the United States to protect our rights as a people. We are, above all, a ‘minority’ with indestructible deep roots in the land.” 14 In other registers, the very same terms signify a radical concern and care for migrant precarity and dwell within the paradoxes of Indigenous landlessness, urban diaspora, and border crossing. Likewise, the nomenclatures of many Puerto Rican movements—such as “Boriqueña/o,” “Puertorriqueña/o,” and “Newyorican”—signify a tension between intergenerational diasporic movement...

Popular Religion and Magic

Popular Religion and Magic   Reference library

Jo-Ann Scurlock, Ann Jeffers, Pauline Hanesworth, Nicola Denzey Lewis, Jared C. Calaway, Mika Ahuvia, and Justin Marc Lasser

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Bible and Gender Studies

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Religion, Social sciences, Sociology
Length:
27,199 words

...she was not treated as a true subject on her own. In her symbolic universe, men defined women in relation to themselves; thus, she lost value in the economy of sexuality. Osiris serves as a last resort for her supplication. Esrmpe has been wronged by Hor and demonstrates the precarity of being a socially defined woman when she announces that “many are the things that he has done to me.” Because there was no justice for the marginalized gender, she appeals to the gods in this scroll to “render” her “justice.” This is one of the ways in which magic can subvert...

Labor Politics in the Neoliberal Global Economy

Labor Politics in the Neoliberal Global Economy   Reference library

Mahuya Pal

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Communication and Critical Cultural Studies

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019
Subject:
Social sciences
Length:
4,538 words

...central capitalist agenda of cutting costs and maximizing profits and shareholder value ( Taylor & Bain, 2005 ). The different levels of difficulties bring forth precarity as a key phenomenon with respect to digital labor ( Brophy & de Peuter, 2007 ). Precarity is “the financial and existential insecurity arising from the flexibilization of labor” ( Brophy & de Peuter, 2007 , p. 180). Precarity marks the worker’s life with immense uncertainty, where the part-time worker is consumed by possibilities of being called for work at nonwork time, and the...

Asian American Feminist Performance

Asian American Feminist Performance   Reference library

Lucy Mae San Pablo Burns and Mana Hayakawa

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Asian American Literature and Culture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020

...secured.” 56 Lauren Berlant argues this point further, finding precarity to describe the human condition itself: “we are all contingent beings, and life proceeds without guarantees, just with more or less reliable infrastructures of continuity.” 57 However, as both Butler and Berlant have theorized, precarity is “differentially distributed,” with “the unequal distribution of conditions required for continued life.” 58 Following Butler and Berlant, other feminist scholars have linked precarity to gender norms and the threats imposed on those who act outside...

Freelancing in Journalism

Freelancing in Journalism   Reference library

Brian L. Massey and Cindy Elmore

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Journalism Studies

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020
Subject:
Social sciences
Length:
8,705 words

...beyond a handful of summary demographics reported in a few of the global-sample studies. The story of freelance journalism will be incomplete so long as freelancers in Asia, Africa, Latin America, and other regions are understudied. Precarity. Among the essays and studies of them so far, there is a consensus that precarity darkens the lives of today’s freelance journalists. It is a centuries-old problem, but in the main, freelancers’ lives are not as dire as history reports for their Grub Street progenitors. In the “traditional view,” the Grub Street hack...

Work and Labor Movements in Latin America

Work and Labor Movements in Latin America   Reference library

Omar Manky Bonilla

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Latin American Politics

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2021
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics
Length:
9,618 words

...discussions about this concept has been developed in Brazil by Ruy Braga ( 2018 ) , for whom precarity constitutes the reality of the less-qualified and poorly remunerated portion of the working class. Analyzing the Brazilian case, Braga shows that, even when the Workers Party was in power—a period during which many labor leaders gravitated to positions in public office—grassroots workers were discontented and ready to mobilize. The conditions in which precarity develops vary depending on each country’s political and economic traditions, yet Braga’s...

Service Economies and the American Postindustrial City, 1950–present

Service Economies and the American Postindustrial City, 1950–present   Reference library

Patrick Vitale

The Oxford Encyclopedia of American Urban History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019
Subject:
History, Contemporary History (post 1945)
Length:
8,864 words

...material things usually occurs somewhere else. Like workers in the past, many of these service workers are immigrants. But unlike past workers, they often have long commutes, lack immigration status, and their primary job is to care for more privileged workers. In terms of the precarity of working-class labor and life, the postindustrial West Side is shockingly unimproved from a century earlier. The West Side of Manhattan is an exaggerated but emblematic example of a massive change to urban economies in the United States after 1950 . From New England mill towns...

Human Rights and Asian American Literature and Culture

Human Rights and Asian American Literature and Culture   Reference library

Crystal Parikh

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Asian American Literature and Culture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020
Subject:
Society and culture, Literature, Literary theory and cultural studies
Length:
8,217 words
Illustration(s):
4

...or privileges they do out of charity and not as rights in themselves. 10 Insofar as their history in the United States prior to World War II has entailed systematic efforts to unmake their legal standing and cultural belonging in the nation, Asians have long inhabited the precarity that such exclusion occasions. This history further makes visible how profoundly American citizenship has been, and continues to be, riven by racial difference, despite the expansion during the 20th century of a racial liberalism that promotes the ideology of a colorblind...

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