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pre-Oedipal

In psychoanalysis, pertaining to the period of psychosexual development before the development of the Oedipus complex, when attachment to the mother predominates in both sexes.

pre-Oedipal

pre-Oedipal adj.   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Psychology (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

...-Oedipal adj . In psychoanalysis , pertaining to the period of psychosexual development before the development of the Oedipus complex , when attachment to the mother predominates in both...

pre-Oedipal

pre-Oedipal adjective   Quick reference

New Oxford American Dictionary (3 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
35 words
pre-Oedipal

pre-Oedipal adjective   Quick reference

Oxford Dictionary of English (3 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
34 words
pre-Oedipal

pre-Oedipal  

In psychoanalysis, pertaining to the period of psychosexual development before the development of the Oedipus complex, when attachment to the mother predominates in both sexes.
Klein, Melanie

Klein, Melanie (1882–1960)   Reference library

Dictionary of the Social Sciences

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2002
Subject:
Social sciences
Length:
397 words

...individuation and maturation that proceeds by way of diverse emotional attachments to familial and social “objects,” which the child progressively internalizes and distinguishes from the self. In this respect, Klein recognized a continuum in behavior between young, ostensibly pre-Oedipal children and adults. The connections were particularly clear to Klein in the case of psychotics, who seemed to her to share with young children a structure of affect contained between the two poles of paranoid and depressive anxiety. Paranoid anxiety, Klein argued, arises...

object-relations theory

object-relations theory   Reference library

Dictionary of the Social Sciences

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2002
Subject:
Social sciences
Length:
378 words

...sexual drama of identity and child development—in particular the mother-father-child triangle of the Oedipal model—in favor of a notion of individuation and maturation (see Sigmund Freud ; and Oedipus complex ). This proceeds by way of diverse emotional attachments to familial and social “objects,” which the child progressively internalizes and distinguishes from the self. Klein recognized a continuum in behavior from young, ostensibly pre-Oedipal children to adults. The connections were particularly clear to Klein in the case of psychotics, which led...

Kristeva, Julia

Kristeva, Julia (1941–)   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Philosophy (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Philosophy
Length:
234 words

...1960s, so her experience of psychoanalysis keeps her at some distance from more extreme postmodernist pronouncements on the death of the subject, and the nonexistence of meaning, love, and other human categories. Her work has centred upon the balance between a ‘semiotic’, a pre-Oedipal, rhythmic, and sensual order, and the conventional or ‘symbolic’ system of propositions and representations. Unlike Cixous and Irigaray she does not appeal to biological determinism (a view of what is inherently or essentially female) in her view of femininity and female...

Irigaray, Luce

Irigaray, Luce (1932– )   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Critical Theory (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

...or that which completes the phallus (the vagina). The third, ongoing phase, has been marked by an attempt to mobilize the polymorphically perverse body of the pre-oedipal subject (to use Sigmund Freud ’s famous description) in order to think about the inherently destabilizing Other to the white male standard around which western subjectivity is conceived. Irigaray does not conceive the pre-oedipal in a nostalgic fashion, but sees it rather as the constant potential of all subjects. Involved, too, is the rethinking of the relation between mother and...

Imaginary/Symbolic

Imaginary/Symbolic   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Film Studies

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Media studies
Length:
286 words

...references the infantile, pre-linguistic, state of boundlessness and continuity with the external world (the Other), and is associated with the mirror phase , a crucial moment in the formation of subjectivity because, suggests Lacan, the infant's first view of itself as reflected in a mirror is a prior condition for a sense of self as separate from Other, a separation grounded in looking and seeing. The Symbolic, in Lacan's schema, is the order of language and sexual difference: taking up Freud's thinking on the Oedipal moment and castration, Lacan...

French Feminism

French Feminism   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Women's Writing in the United States

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Literature
Length:
1,794 words

...(pre-Oedipal, transhistoric) writing, while Irigaray systematically recovers figures of feminine spatiality, fluidity, and heterogeneity from the (back)ground of philosophical textuality, against which masculine figures are erected in positive relief. They reinscribe Freud's/Lacan's Oedipal narrative, shifting the focus from castration (as the privileged imaginary site of [masculine] subjectivity, where maternal attachments are severed in exchange for symbolic autonomy and sexual identity) to sites of pre-Oedipal resistance. The eruption of pre-Oedipal...

Irigaray, Luce

Irigaray, Luce (1932)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Critical Theory

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010

...or that which completes the phallus (the vagina). The third, ongoing phase, has been marked by an attempt to mobilize the polymorphically perverse body of the pre-oedipal subject (to use Sigmund Freud 's famous description) in order to think about the inherently destabilizing Other to the white male standard around which western subjectivity is conceived. Irigaray does not conceive the pre-oedipal in a nostalgic fashion, but sees it rather as the constant potential of all subjects. Involved, too, is the rethinking of the relation between mother and...

Psychoanalysis and Women

Psychoanalysis and Women   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Women's Writing in the United States

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Literature
Length:
4,933 words

...interactions with others and others with them (not only in the Oedipal but, crucially for little girls, in the pre-Oedipal phase) produce the gendered individual. Taking the patriarchal family structure not only as a given but as the most significant arena for identity formation, Chodorow argues that, because it is women who still primarily mother, it is women who remain the primary objects for both boy and girl infants. Since children of both genders, especially pre-Oedipally, forge their identities in relation to a female, the male infant's primary...

La Llorona

La Llorona   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Mesoamerican Cultures

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
677 words

...and throws the body in the river, into a pond or lake” (p. 70). Anaya points out that this version shares a similarity with a pre-Greek Mediterranean world: “When the Egyptian Osiris is killed by his brother, it is Isis, Osiris's sister, who wanders along the Nile, collecting the pieces of the dismembered body to ‘reconstitute’ Osiris” (p. 70). Anaya suggests that perhaps it is the man who kills the child, “not because he fears an Oedipal ending (after all, in the legend the father is going off searching after a new woman), but because he fears the status quo...

Psychoanalysis

Psychoanalysis   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Italian Literature

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Literature
Length:
607 words

...His short novel Agostino ( 1943 ) deals with the oedipal crisis of an adolescent boy who is initiated simultaneously into the realities of sex and class politics. In Il conformista ( 1951 ) the political choices of the protagonist are worked out implicitly in terms of Freud's theory of repression. However, the language and narrative structure of Moravia's work remains untouched by Freudianism. Moravia was typical of writers of his generation in looking to psychoanalysis for a means of deepening pre-existing concerns rather than as a way of opening up...

feminist semiotics

feminist semiotics   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Semiotics

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007
Subject:
Language reference, Linguistics
Length:
1,470 words

...feminine as the sign of change. Subsequent feminist semiotic theory follows Kristeva in taking as premise that subjectivity is an effect of signification and that theories are value‐laden representations enacting gender differences. However, it differs from her in critiquing the Oedipal model of signification as loss and displacement posited by Freud and Claude Lévi‐Strauss ( 1969 ) as foundation of the distinction between nature and culture. In doing so, it makes important contributions to the theory of representation and narrative, as well as to concepts...

Mothers and Daughters

Mothers and Daughters   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Women's Writing in the United States

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Literature
Length:
1,386 words

...the metaphor of sisterhood and suffered from so-called matrophobia, seeing the mother as a monstrous and inhibiting force ( Lisa Alther , Kinflicks , 1975 ). Rich and others, however, located a new feminist consciousness and sense of female difference in the quality of pre-oedipal mother-daughter connection ( E. M. Broner , A Weave of Women , 1978 ), a connection endangered by fathers and patriarchy and, still, by maternal creativity, self-expression, and sexuality ( Rosellen Brown , The Autobiography of My Mother , 1976 ; Mary Gordon , Men and...

Hitler, Chancellor Adolf

Hitler, Chancellor Adolf (1889–1945)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Military History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004

...for his inadequacies. When the Soviets finally released the results of the autopsy performed on his half-incinerated corpse, it was revealed that the ribald words of the march ‘Colonel Bogey’ had been correct: he was monorchid. Additionally he had odd sexual quirks, had Oedipal feelings for his mother, and only felt comfortable showing love to animals and small children. His speech and writings are full of references to hygiene and cleansing with reference to the physical elimination ( sic ) of Jews and other ‘subhumans’. He was an outsider in every...

Poststructuralism

Poststructuralism   Reference library

C. Colebrook

The Princeton Encyclopedia of Poetry and Poetics (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Literature, Literary studies - poetry and poets
Length:
2,437 words

...because it does not accept the terms of a structure (such as lang.) and work within its terms but draws on sonorous, rhythmic, and tonal matters from which logical systems emerge. In poetry, it is as though the subject of logic, judgment, and identity is drawn back to some pre-Oedipal moment of emerging differentiation (what Kristeva referred to as the “chora”). For Luce Irigaray (b. 1932 ), the Lacanian theory of the subject is only half the story. The notion that we are subjected to a symbolic order of law from which we must presuppose a lost and...

feminism and feminist theories

feminism and feminist theories   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Semiotics

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007
Subject:
Language reference, Linguistics
Length:
3,044 words

... ( 1977 ) have established a tradition of recurring motifs in women's writing. Sandra Gilbert and Susan Gubar's study of nineteenth‐century women's writing, The Madwoman in the Attic ( 1979 ), exposed the double bind hindering women's creativity, the prevailing myths of oedipal rivalry reserving artistic creativity to the masculine sphere, which meant that women's taking hold of the pen or “metaphorical penis” challenged prescribed social roles. Many subsequent studies of women's writing in a number of genres have demonstrated how women's texts...

myth/mythology and fairy tales

myth/mythology and fairy tales   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Fairy Tales

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Literature
Length:
3,173 words

...of interpretation and thence impacts on processes of retelling. This approach is grounded in modern myths derived from psychoanalysis. Just as the Oedipal myth of psychosexual development was fashioned from an appropriation of an ancient Greek myth, so fairy tales are subject to retrospective interpretation as narratives addressing the psychological problems of childhood: narcissistic disappointments; Oedipal dilemmas; sibling rivalries; learning to relinquish childhood dependencies; gaining a feeling of selfhood and self-worth, and a sense of moral...

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