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post-industrial society

Terms popularized by the publication of Daniel Bell 's The Coming of Post-Industrial Society in 1973. According to Bell, a post-industrial society is one where knowledge has displaced ...

post‐industrial society

post‐industrial society   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Environment and Conservation (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017

...‐industrial society A modern economy that is dominated by services and information, rather than by...

post-industrial society

post-industrial society   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Sociology (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Social sciences, Sociology
Length:
83 words

...-industrial society ( post-industrialism ) Terms popularized by the publication of Daniel Bell 's The Coming of Post-Industrial Society in 1973. According to Bell, a post-industrial society is one where knowledge has displaced property as the central preoccupation, and the prime source of power and social dynamism. It is therefore also one in which technicians and professionals are the ‘pre-eminent’ social groups, as well as one in which the service industries are more important than manufacturing . See also knowledge society...

post-industrial society

post-industrial society   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Geography (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

...-industrial society A post-industrial society has five primary characteristics: the domination of service, rather than manufacturing, industry, the pre-eminence of the professional and technical classes, the central place of theoretical knowledge as a source of innovations, the dominating influence of technology, and levels of urbanization higher than anywhere else in the world. Mahon (2006) TIBG 31, 4 argues that childcare arrangements are central to post-industrial societies...

post-industrial society

post-industrial society   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Human Geography

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Social sciences, Human Geography
Length:
160 words

...-industrial society A society in which the majority of jobs are knowledge-based and involve mental rather than manual labour. The term was popularized in the early 1970s by the American commentator Daniel Bell. He suggested that advanced capitalist societies would evolve such that heavy industry and manufacturing would give way to economic activities based more on the possession and application of knowledge ( see knowledge economy ). His was a progressive vision that, while partly prescient, did not foresee (i) the large number of routine/mundane jobs...

post-industrial society

post-industrial society   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Critical Theory (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

...The term itself was coined by French sociologist Alain Touraine in The Post-Industrial Society. Tomorrow’s Social History: Classes, Conflicts and Culture in the Programmed Society ( 1969 ). Both Bell and Touraine argue that the transformation in the economy brings with it a transformation in society—in the preceding industrial period it was the antagonism between the proletariat and the bourgeoisie that gave society its cultural coherence. In post-industrial society, the blue-collar worker recedes in importance, and his or her place is taken by the...

post-industrial society

post-industrial society   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Human Resource Management (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Social sciences, Business and Management
Length:
152 words

...post-industrial society ( post-industrialism ) is a concept within sociology that refers to the changes in work, organization, and employment relations that are attendant on the evolution from an economy based on manufacturing to one based on services. Theories of post-industrialism fall into broad categories. On the one hand are optimistic theories, which predict the upskilling of the workforce, the emergence of flexible knowledge-based organizations, and a decline in industrial conflict ( see flexible specialization , post-Fordism ). On the other hand...

post-industrial society

post-industrial society n   Reference library

Oxford Business French Dictionary: English-French

Reference type:
Bilingual Dictionary
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Bilingual dictionaries
Length:
6 words
post-industrial society

post-industrial society  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Terms popularized by the publication of Daniel Bell 's The Coming of Post-Industrial Society in 1973. According to Bell, a post-industrial society is one where knowledge has displaced property as the ...
Industrial History

Industrial History   Quick reference

David Hey

The Oxford Companion to Local and Family History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
4,499 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...history, but now there is an awareness of the need to combine documentary research with the techniques of the archaeologist, particularly in the post‐medieval period. See David Crossley , Post‐Medieval Archaeology in Britain (1990) , for a general survey of the subject. The Society for Post‐Medieval Archaeology was founded in 1966 . Its journal, which is published twice a year, includes many articles on industrial history. Particular industries have been studied in depth over long periods of time at a regional level, especially the important woollen cloth...

Consumerism

Consumerism   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Literature
Length:
3,809 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...‘the first world’, ‘post-industrialism’, and ‘capitalist society’ all circulate, but one favoured tag is ‘the consumer society’. With that concept in mind, historians have, not surprisingly, peered back into the past in search of the roots of consumerism, and in particular in hope of unearthing the first consumer society. They have also undertaken historical analyses seeking to elucidate the essential core of ‘consumerism’. The seventeenth-century Dutch Republic has as good a claim as any to be called the first consumer society: a high percentage of the...

Scottish Local and Family History

Scottish Local and Family History   Quick reference

David moody

The Oxford Companion to Local and Family History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
5,622 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...The Scottish Industrial Archaeological Unit, associated with the names of John Butt and John Hume, extended such work beyond the traditional agrarian economy. One major strand of the antiquarian tradition was the publishing of primary sources. The first of the dedicated societies, the Roxburghe, was founded in 1812 , and the 19th century saw the publication of most of the meagre extant medieval records of burgh and monastery . Most of the societies are now defunct, but publication of primary sources is continued by the Scottish History Society and the...

Islam, Reform, and the New Arab Man

Islam, Reform, and the New Arab Man   Reference library

Hichem Djait

Islam in Transition: Muslim Perspectives (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
2,890 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...responsibility for its continued existence and survival. In short we want neither an ideologically neutral society like that of the post-industrial West, nor a society propelled by Marxist ideology—true Marxism can be grasped but not its pale substitutes which we think are stripped of value—nor, finally, and a fortiori , a society obsessed with static souvenirs which go back to the sources of medieval unanimity and is closed in on itself. Arab society should find the way for its own fulfillment and start searching for its own ideology. This ideology should synthesize...

On the Future of Women and Politics in the Arab World

On the Future of Women and Politics in the Arab World   Reference library

Heba Raouf Ezzat

Islam in Transition: Muslim Perspectives (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
5,961 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...actively engaged in promoting women's rights through the avenues of the cyberspace, while choosing to be a full time mother and housewife. This “access” and “empowerment” through post-industrial science and technology can spare the new generations of Arab women many debates and controversies and allow them to have different asymmetric and plural paths of modernization in a post-modern era than what conventionally was thought of by adopting a uni-linear notion of progress, development and suffrage that sees the empowerment of women in the light of the Western...

Introduction: Muslim Activist Intellectuals and Their Place in
          History

Introduction: Muslim Activist Intellectuals and Their Place in History   Reference library

John L. Esposito and John O. Voll

Makers of Contemporary Islam

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
9,895 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

... At the beginning of the nineteenth century in many parts of the Muslim world, people began conscious efforts to reshape and reform their societies. There was a growing sense of inadequacy and weakness in the face of the expanding European imperial and industrial powers. These reforms involved not changing structures of government but also increasingly important efforts to provide the information and knowledge necessary for such modernizing...

Political Economy

Political Economy   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Literature
Length:
5,138 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...Revolution’, in his Virtue, Commerce and History , Cambridge, 1987; Poynter, J. R. , Society and Pauperism: English Ideas on Poor Relief, 1795–1834 , London, 1989; Winch, D. , Malthus , Oxford, 1987; The Secret Concatenation: Studies in the Intellectual History of Political Economy, 1750–1834 , Cambridge, 1996; Wrigley, E. A. , ‘The Classical Economists and the Industrial Revolution’, in his People, Cities and Wealth: The Transformation of Traditional Society , Oxford, 1987. Donald...

Labour History

Labour History   Quick reference

John L. Halstead

The Oxford Companion to Local and Family History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
5,401 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...late 19th century became a different animal from that of the early period: it can be seen in residential patterns (on which relevant, if not conventional labour history, is Richard Dennis , English Industrial Cities of the Nineteenth Century: A Social Geography ( 1984 ), leisure activities (see, for example, Tony Mason , Association Football and English Society, 1863–1915 (1980) , and ‘culture’ (for an introduction, see Eric Hobsbawm, ‘The Formation of British Working‐Class Culture’, in Hobsbawm, Worlds of Labour ( 1984 ). The working class became more...

Education

Education   Quick reference

David Hey

The Oxford Companion to Local and Family History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
4,295 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...of the annual grant depended on inspectors’ reports. The need to train monitors also forced the two societies to launch a programme of teacher training. From 1846 certain schools became training centres for pupil teachers, selected at the age of 13. In this way a new career path was opened to thousands of young women as well as men. Other schools of this period include the Ragged Schools (charitable foundations which provided a basic education and industrial training for the urban poor), schools run by the †Poor Law guardians after the passing of the Poor...

The Twentieth Century

The Twentieth Century   Quick reference

Brian M. Short

The Oxford Companion to Local and Family History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
6,083 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...Work on rural land use, landownership, and changes in agriculture can similarly be initiated, using unique sources not available to students of the 19th century. The increasing levels of state intervention, leading up to the post‐war nationalization programmes, have left records of bureaucracy yielding insights into local industrial and transport structures; while intervention in the fields of education, public health , and the structures of local government similarly bring the potential for studies of local communities in ways not open to those...

Popular Culture

Popular Culture   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Literature
Length:
5,520 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...and industrial entrepreneurs keen to control the space, time, and energy of the labouring masses. The accelerating urgency of fin de siècle campaigns to reform popular manners and morals can be clearly linked to the traumatic impact of *revolution [1] , *war [2] , sectarian struggle, *riots , and reform protest that studded our period from the 1770s to the 1830s. In the face of such multiple threats it is not surprising to find that Britain's ruling classes tended to subscribe to ideologies which aspired to a unified, consensual society. As Marilyn...

Towns

Towns   Quick reference

David M. Palliser

The Oxford Companion to Local and Family History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
5,140 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...period makes sense as one in which Britain was developing the world's first modern urban society, while at the same time the political and administrative structure of towns was little changed. London continued to grow rapidly, with its new position as capital of Great Britain ( 1707 ), and also as the country's largest port and manufacturing town: it reached about 675 000 by 1750 and 960 000 by 1801 . London apart, however, the Industrial Revolution ( see industrial history ) overturned the old hierarchy: the English provincial towns which had for...

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