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populism

In the United States, populism was a late nineteenth-century agrarian social movement that organized farmers, ran candidates for president (1892, 1896), and fought for a number of ...

populism

populism   Reference library

Dictionary of the Social Sciences

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2002
Subject:
Social sciences
Length:
373 words

... In the United States, populism was a late nineteenth-century agrarian social movement that organized farmers, ran candidates for president ( 1892 , 1896 ), and fought for a number of political and economic reforms—including the shift to a silver-based currency, greater accountability of elected officials, and more protection from monopolistic businesses (such as the railroads). The term has been used in reference to other agrarian-based political movements as well. More generally, populism has come to designate a mode of political rhetoric that...

Populism

Populism   Reference library

Oxford Companion to Australian Politics

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics
Length:
1,501 words

...( 2000 ) succinctly describes as populism's ‘empty heart’. Indeed, though sometimes ascribed the status of ‘ideology’, beyond articulating an appeal to ‘the people’ and a pronounced hostility towards elites, populism lacks the consistency and depth typical of other doctrines. This is not to say that populist movements themselves are non-ideological or value-free; rather that they take their ideological flavour from other doctrines and are not bound together by a universal set of intrinsic values. In this sense populism can be radical or conservative in...

populism

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A Dictionary of African Politics

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019

...populism A style of politics that typically relies heavily on the charisma or personal appeal of a leaders who identify themselves as being ‘one with the people’. A key feature of most populist figureheads is the claim that they understand and can resolve the most pressing issues facing their people because they are inseparable from the ‘common man’, in stark contrast to the elite, which is usually presented as being out of touch. A related aspect of the way in which populism tends to be expressed in Africa is a hostility to experts and technical...

populism

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A Dictionary of Human Geography

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Social sciences, Human Geography
Length:
76 words

... A political discourse suggesting that the interests of the mass of the people are opposed to the interests of an elite. Populist ideas and rhetoric have been mobilized by both left- and right-wing political movements, most recently in the Occupy Movement, among whose slogans is the claim that the interests of 99 per cent of people are contrary to the super-rich one per cent. Simplistic references to place and country can feature in populist...

Populism

Populism   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Australian History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
786 words

... connotes invocation of mass feeling in support of presumed general rights and benefit. Characteristically, the latter is postulated in over-optimistic terms, while conspiratorial malice is attributed to interests and elites allegedly thwarting its fulfilment. In Australia populism has appeared in staccato phases, that style being appropriate to its nature. Being hostile to liberal academicism, populism bears a pejorative taint in most liberal and academic analysis. Withal, it is a sibling of democracy , and has served democratic purposes. Its origins...

Populism

Populism   Reference library

Ximena Sosa-Buchholz and Michael L. Conniff

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Modern World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
History, Contemporary History (post 1945)
Length:
2,838 words

... [ This entry includes two subentries, an overview and a discussion of populism in Latin America .] Overview Populism is a contested concept that in common political usage has acquired a negative connotation, mainly associated with economic or political unreliability. The term was born in the 1890s in reference to the People's Party in the United States, but most scholars identify populism with the political phenomenon in Latin America between the 1930s and 1960s, which has been called classic populism. Although many thought that populism was dead in the...

Populism

Populism   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Italian Literature

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Literature
Length:
186 words

... , as a literary movement, originated in Russian literature of the late 19th c., notably with Herzen and Tolstoy. It generally suggests the representation of the peasantry or the poor as a positive ideal. In Italy, the influence of Manzoni has meant that the ‘umili’ have figured prominently in literature. But the term ‘populismo’ has most often been used pejoratively by Marxist writers and critics to describe paternalistic bourgeois representations of the poor as vessels of the authentic, universal values of the earth and of the nation, destined...

populism

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A Dictionary of Sociology (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Social sciences, Sociology
Length:
204 words

... A term that entered the vocabulary of American politics with the formation in 1892 of the Populist Party. Most of the party's supporters were small farmers in the South and especially the West of the country. The principal plank in the party's platform was the idea that their supporters’ grievances against the banks (who always seemed far too keen to foreclose on their mortgages) and the railroad companies (who were able to charge exorbitant haulage rates because of their monopoly positions) would be best resolved if the state nationalized the land and...

populism

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A Concise Oxford Dictionary of Politics and International Relations (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics
Length:
252 words

... 1. A movement in the United States that gave expression to the grievances and disillusionment of (largely Western) farmers, who felt themselves oppressed by debt and let down by dishonoured promises of cheap land and cheap railroad rates. The movement began in the 1870s, peaked with the Populist Party’s running of a candidate for President and electing four Senators in 1892 , took a leading role in the Democratic Party in 1896 , and gradually merged into the more broadly based Progressive movement . 2. A democratic and collectivist movement in...

Populism

Populism   Reference library

The New Oxford Companion to Literature in French

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Literature
Length:
118 words

... . A literary movement which sprang from debates on literature and the working class in France following World War I and whose principles were elaborated in greatest detail by André Thérive and Léon Lemonnier , particularly in ‘Un manifeste littéraire: le roman populiste’, which appeared in L'Œuvre on 27 August 1929 . Derived from Naturalism , the ‘roman populiste’ was to take as its subject‐matter the lives of ordinary people and to reflect them as accurately as possible, without the construction of a political message. In this, the partisans of...

Populism

Populism   Reference library

Peter Worsley

The Oxford Companion to Comparative Politics

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics
Length:
1,094 words

...with populism have often shifted to a more class-based radicalism or, more commonly, to an ethnicity-based opposition. Yet the populist ideal of a society run in the interests of the common people retains its appeal to a wide range of people. [ See also Authoritarianism ; Class and Politics ; Corporatism ; Ideology ; Lenin, Vladimir Ilich ; Perón, Juan Domingo ; Perón, María Eva Duarte de ; Reagan, Ronald ; and Thatcher, Margaret .] Canovan, Margaret . Populism . (London, 1981). Ionescu, Ghita , and Ernest Gellner , eds. Populism: Its...

Populism

Populism   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Politics of the World (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics
Length:
1,078 words

...the state. Those disillusioned with populism have often shifted to a more class-based radicalism or, more commonly, to an ethnic-based opposition. Yet the populist ideal of a society run in the interests of the common people retains its appeal to a wide range of people. (See also Authoritarianism ; Class and Politics ; New Social Movements ; One-Party System ; Perón, Juan Domingo .) Ghita Ionescu and Ernest Gellner , eds., Populism: Its Meanings and National Characteristics (London, 1969). Margaret Canovan , Populism (London, 1981). Peter...

cultural populism

cultural populism   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Media and Communication (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020
Subject:
Media studies
Length:
92 words

...populism In media sociology, a pejorative term for approaches to cultural studies (the primary target being Fiske) in which an active audience was seen as using the media for their own purposes and in which the pleasurable consumption of popular culture was presented as having resistive and subversive political potential, which critics such as McGuigan, regard as wholly illusory and ideologically naïve idealism . It is criticized for overplaying human agency and underplaying social, political, and economic structural factors. Compare ...

Latin American Populism

Latin American Populism   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Human Rights

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration, Social sciences
Length:
9,178 words

...market-oriented industrialization strategy, it relied heavily on state intervention, a stand akin to populism. Characteristics of Populism The first academicians studying the phenomenon did not initially use the term “populism,” but referred to “national-popular movements.” Their theories were developed through an analysis of class relations and contradictions within the region. During the 1960s, the Argentine sociologist Torcuato S. Di Tella presented “populism” as a type of political party. In an article published in 1965 , he proposed one of the first...

Populism in Foreign Policy

Populism in Foreign Policy   Reference library

Angelos Chryssogelos

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Foreign Policy Analysis

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics
Length:
7,808 words

...The view of populism as a thin-centered ideology predominates in comparative analyses of populism and has informed most work on the role of populism in foreign policy. While these works have created important advances in the study of populism in foreign policy analysis (FPA), it is also worth analyzing populist foreign policy taking into account the independent effect of populism on the policy preferences of populist parties. Thus FPA scholars can also look into critical and discursive works as a way to enrich their understanding of populism, as well as...

Populism in Brazil, 1930–1964

Populism in Brazil, 1930–1964   Reference library

Angela de Castro Gomes

Oxford Encyclopedia of Brazilian History and Culture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
History
Length:
8,821 words

...differentiated that in cases of “late populism” what is observed is almost a complete inversion of what until then had been established as the fundamental characteristics of “classic populisms.” In short, there are so many populisms that another proposal to work with the category means adopting the perspective of the enunciator of the discourse about who is populist. This is because a large part of the literature has shown that this category is rarely used as a self-definition. 1 The discourse that states what populism is and who are the populists is almost...

populism

populism noun   Quick reference

New Oxford American Dictionary (3 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
87 words
populism

populism noun   Quick reference

Oxford Dictionary of English (3 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
91 words
Populism and Euroskepticism in the European Union

Populism and Euroskepticism in the European Union   Reference library

Matthijs Rooduijn and Stijn van Kessel

The Oxford Encyclopedia of European Union Politics

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2021
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics
Length:
9,882 words
Illustration(s):
1

...Do we always see populism and Euroskepticism in tandem? The final section concludes and identifies areas for further research. Definitions of Populism and Euroskepticism In 2019 , the academic literature on populism celebrates its 50th anniversary. In 1969 , a conference at the London School of Economics resulted in a volume edited by Ionescu and Gellner ( 1969 ), in which scholars from various academic backgrounds addressed the topic. One of the main conclusions was that it proved impossible to come up with a definition of populism on which everyone...

populism

populism  

Reference type:
Overview Page
In the United States, populism was a late nineteenth-century agrarian social movement that organized farmers, ran candidates for president (1892, 1896), and fought for a number of political and ...

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