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Overview

popular sovereignty

A political condition in which the people are soverreign, that is, the people exercise the definitive decision-making power.

popular sovereignty

popular sovereignty   Reference library

The Oxford Essential Dictionary of the U.S. Military

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2002

... sovereignty a political condition in which the people are soverreign, that is, the people exercise the definitive decision-making...

popular sovereignty

popular sovereignty   Reference library

The Oxford Guide to the United States Government

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2002
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics
Length:
234 words

... sovereignty Popular sovereignty is government based on the consent of the people. Government, established by free choice of the people, is expected to serve the people, who have sovereignty, or supreme power. Popular sovereignty is the basis of constitutional government in the United States. The U.S. Constitution clearly establishes government in the name of the people. The preamble says: “We the people of the United States… do ordain and establish this Constitution for the United States of America.” Popular sovereignty was exercised according to Article...

Popular Sovereignty

Popular Sovereignty   Reference library

Mark A. Weitz

The Oxford Encyclopedia of American Political and Legal History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics, Law, History of Law
Length:
611 words

... Sovereignty Popular sovereignty holds that the power to govern ultimately resides with the people. In the late 1840 s the doctrine became an alternative in the political effort to resolve the slavery debate in the United States . As America expanded westward it created new territories, and those territories in turn sought to become states. Each application for statehood threatened to divide the Union, and as the crisis grew, placing the spread of slavery in the hands of territorial residents emerged as a possible solution. In the early nineteenth...

popular sovereignty

popular sovereignty  

Reference type:
Overview Page
A political condition in which the people are soverreign, that is, the people exercise the definitive decision-making power.
Law

Law   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Literature
Length:
5,210 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...such radical implications by both insisting on formal parliamentary supremacy and precisely delimiting the extent of ‘the absolute rights of man’ under the law of nature. Though he rejected the idea of residual popular sovereignty contained in the contractual theory of government, it was difficult to prevent this dangerous notion from gaining popular currency. The potential contradictions between the common law tradition and the real business of eighteenth-century parliamentary government were presented in their most concrete and fundamental form by the...

Popular Culture

Popular Culture   Quick reference

Charles Phythian-Adams

The Oxford Companion to Local and Family History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
6,654 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...of popular culture, or more than either rural or urban contexts, or in many cases more even than one century at a time. Folklore tends to receive the least attention. To find a way around this confusion involves treating popular culture as a continuously evolving whole, as a complex of elements that are constantly and variously interwoven. In that sense it might be defined as an interconnected pattern of widely observed ways of believing, communicating, and doing that is informally transmitted from generation to generation within a society . Popular culture...

Revolution

Revolution   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Literature
Length:
5,734 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...having to gain from parliamentary reform. This intensification arises in part from the process of élite and popular mobilization for domestic defence and the associated spread of popular propaganda suffused with nationalist and loyalist rhetoric. But in using these means to draw men and women into an identification with their nation, the government had to extend to them an unprecedented degree of trust and participation. The explosion of popular print culture in the 1790s, the mass mobilization of the armed forces, the militia, and the volunteers, and the...

43a The History of the Book in Southeast Asia (1): The Islands

43a The History of the Book in Southeast Asia (1): The Islands   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
2,543 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
1

...Brunei (independence: 1984 ) are countries with Muslim majorities, whereas the populations of East Timor (officially Timor-Leste; independence: 2002 ) and the Philippines (with the exception of the Islamic South; independence from Spain declared in 1898 , but only achieving sovereignty from the US in 1946 ) are predominantly Roman Catholic. The city-state of Singapore (independence: 1965 ), previously a British colony and part of Malaysia, is often referred to as a ‘Chinese enclave’ by its neighbours. Until the 20 th century, the overwhelming majority of...

Utopianism

Utopianism   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Literature
Length:
4,929 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...), The Commonwealth of Reason ( 1795 ). This takes ‘corruption’ to be ‘the most dreadful evil that can possibly affect either public or private life’, and offers a plan of social and constitutional reforms, including ensuring popular sovereignty, political rotation, freedom of religion, speech, and writing, the creation of a popular militia, and the provision of a minimum wage. Godwin's ideas were diffused in utopian form in a work by the liberal intellectual Thomas Northmore ( 1766–1851 ). Northmore 's Memoirs of Planetes, or A Sketch of the Laws and...

23 The History of the Book in the Low Countries

23 The History of the Book in the Low Countries   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
6,998 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
3

...and family-owned. They stuck to their traditional ways and shied away from innovation. Moreover, the rigid segmentation ( Verzuiling ) of society along the lines of religious and political groupings dominated publishing and bookselling. Firmly believing in the principle of ‘sovereignty within one’s own community’, Catholic and Protestant publishers supplied their co-religionists with their own children’s literature, schoolbooks, magazines, and newspapers. Even in smaller Dutch towns, it was quite normal up to the 1960s to find one bookshop for Catholics and...

Empire

Empire   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Literature
Length:
4,298 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...New South Wales ( 1843 ) and the Cape ( 1853 ), while Canada—the traditional pace-setter in imperial constitutional affairs—gained a form of de facto responsible government from 1848 . Such moves down the path to an empire in which the traditional conception of the ultimate sovereignty of the British parliament became more and more attenuated was, of course, chiefly evident in areas where British or, at least, European settlers had settled in large numbers. By contrast, in places such as India, where the Europeans were vastly outnumbered by the indigenous...

Enlightenment

Enlightenment   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Literature
Length:
7,794 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

... 1792 , carried in the form of extracts a virtual synopsis of late-eighteenth-century British and European enlightened thought. The foundations for enlightened radicalism in Ulster had, however, been laid nearly a century earlier, when Lockean ideas of social contract and popular sovereignty were related to the Irish situation by thinkers such as William Molyneux ( 1656–98 ) and Robert , Lord Molesworth ( 1656–1725 ), who also contrasted libertarian Whig principles based on the *Glorious Revolution with those of ecclesiastical and political tyranny....

State Sovereignty

State Sovereignty  

Reference type:
Overview Page
State sovereignty is an attribute possessed by independent, self-governing, autonomous political communities. In contrast to popular sovereignty, in which power is viewed as resting in the people ...
Aaland Islands

Aaland Islands  

Some 6,500 islands in the Gulf of Bothnia, between Finland and Sweden. They were part of Sweden until 1809, when, together with Finland, they were annexed by Russia. After the collapse of the Russian ...
Parti Québécois

Parti Québécois  

(PQ) (Canada)A political party founded by Lévesque in 1968 which united various separatist movements to form a coherent strategy for gaining the independence of the largely French‐speaking province ...
State Law: State Constitutions

State Law: State Constitutions  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Before 1920, the American states had a vital and constantly evolving constitutional tradition. Its origin lay in the republican ideology of the American Revolution and its doctrine of popular ...
Ninian Martin Stephen

Ninian Martin Stephen  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
(born 15 June 1923; Justice 1972–82)was the only child of Barbara, née Cruickshank, and Frederick Stephen. His father, a Scots poultry farmer, died when Stephen was only a few ...
Aḥmad Kasravi

Aḥmad Kasravi  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
(d. 1946)Historian and political thinker. Founder of Azadigan (Freedom) Society. Argued that Iran's backwardness was due to divisions along sectarian lines, rather than foreign intervention or ...
demagogue

demagogue  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Like democracy, the idea of a demagogue has its roots in the ambiguous Greek word demos meaning ‘the people’, but in the sense of either ‘the population’ or ‘the mob’. Thus a demagogue was, even in ...
Mary Rowlandson

Mary Rowlandson  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(c.1635–c.1678),daughter of John White, an early settler and wealthy proprietor of Lancaster, Mass., in 1656 married Joseph Rowlandson, a Congregational minister. During King Philip's War, when the ...

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