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pink tide

Also referred to as ‘left‐of‐centre’, ‘left‐leaning’, and ‘radical social democratic’ governments in Latin America. The term first came into public discourse following the victory of Hugo ...

pink tide

pink tide   Quick reference

Geraldine Lievesley

A Concise Oxford Dictionary of Politics and International Relations (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics
Length:
224 words

... tide Also referred to as ‘left‐of‐centre’, ‘left‐leaning’, and ‘radical social democratic’ governments in Latin America. The term first came into public discourse following the victory of Hugo Chávez in the Venezuelan presidential elections of 1998 . Subsequently, the election of governments in Chile, Brazil, Argentina, Uruguay, Bolivia, Nicaragua, Ecuador, and Guatemala consolidated the pink tide. In terms of their regional and diplomatic policies, pink tide governments attempted to be more assertive in their response to US policy imperatives and that...

pink tide

pink tide  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Also referred to as ‘left‐of‐centre’, ‘left‐leaning’, and ‘radical social democratic’ governments in Latin America. The term first came into public discourse following the victory of Hugo Chávez in ...
Stevenson, Robert Louis

Stevenson, Robert Louis (1850–94)   Reference library

Oxford Reader’s Companion To Conrad

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Literature, Literary studies (19th century)
Length:
398 words

...come up from the sea … we are faintly conscious of some old familiar acquaintances. Is it out of The Wrecker that these people have strayed; or is it, perhaps. The Ebb-Tide that has been brought to our recollection?’ ( CCH , 122). For responses to this and other questions about the Conrad-Stevenson relationship, see Batchelor ( 1988 : 29–31), Cedric Watts, ‘The Ebb-Tide and Victory, Conradiana , 28 ( 1996 ), 133–7, and Hugh Epstein, ‘ Victory’s Marionettes: Conrad’s Revisitation of Stevenson’, in Carabine et al (eds.) 1998 :...

Urban Popular Movements in Latin America

Urban Popular Movements in Latin America   Reference library

Paul Dosh

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Latin American Politics

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2021
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics
Length:
7,818 words

...them to mobilize around heightened demands with the election of Pink Tide candidates and parties ( Chavez & Goldfrank, 2004 ; Tovar Samanez, 1982a , pp. 24–26). Urban Popular Movements Buoy the Turbulent Pink Tide With the democratic elections of leftist presidents in countries such as Venezuela ( 1998 ), Brazil ( 2002 ), Argentina ( 2003 ), Bolivia ( 2005 ), and Ecuador ( 2006 ), urban popular movements encountered uncharted territory—albeit terrain they had helped create. This “Pink Tide” ushered in sustained and meaningful support for Latin America’s...

‘Because of the Dollars’

‘Because of the Dollars’   Reference library

Allan H. Simmons

Oxford Reader’s Companion To Conrad

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Literature, Literary studies (19th century)
Length:
609 words

...of the Dollars’ was anticipated in a letter of Conrad’s to his agent J. B. Pinker in early December 1913 when he announced that ‘next week I shall begin another story’ ( CL , v. 311). Written during a break in the composition of Victory , it was finished in early January 1914 . In the course of trying to secure serialization for the tale, Pinker approached Pall Mall Magazine , whose editor recommended that the title be changed to ‘Davidson of Saigon’. In response, Conrad suggested simply ‘The Dollars’ and, as an alternative, ‘The Spoiled...

Mancini, Henry

Mancini, Henry (16 April 1924)   Reference library

Martin Marks

The Grove Dictionary of American Music (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Music, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
1,852 words

...White Dawn, 1974; The Great Waldo Pepper, 1975; The Return of the Pink Panther, 1975; Alex and the Gypsy, 1976; The Pink Panther Strikes Again, 1976 [incl. Come to Me; lyrics, D. Black]; Silver Streak, 1976; W.C. Fields and Me, 1976; House Calls, 1978; Revenge of the Pink Panther, 1978; Who is Killing the Great Chefs of Europe?, 1978; “10,” 1979 [incl. It's Easy to Say; lyrics, C.B. Sager]; A Change of Seasons, 1980; Little Miss Marker, 1980; Mommie Dearest, 1981; S.O.B., 1981; Trail of the Pink Panther, 1982; Victor Victoria, 1982 [lyrics, L. Bricusse; rev....

Left Governments and Social Movements in Latin America

Left Governments and Social Movements in Latin America   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Latin American Politics

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2021
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics
Length:
13,440 words
Illustration(s):
2

...region, better known as the “pink tide.” While relying on elements of neoliberalism to various degrees, the pink tide attempted to also incorporate policies of social inclusion, equity, and citizenship engagement. While achieving notable success at the level of socioeconomic indicators, the pink tide tended to actively marginalize the democratic demands of social movements, relying on a mixture of tactics such as co-optation, piecemeal reforms, and “divide and conquer.” The result has been the progressive erosion of the pink tide in the region, coupled with...

Halley, Edmond

Halley, Edmond (1656–1742)   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Maritime History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007
Subject:
History, Military History
Length:
903 words

...phenomena. As Halley pointed out, this did not result in solving the problem of finding longitude at sea, but was of theoretical importance. Halley spent another season at sea ( 1701 ), investigating the tides in the English Channel in the same vessel he had used for his Atlantic voyages. Again, the result was a chart, indicating the direction of the tides, with a formula for estimating their height according to the position of the moon. After a diplomatic appointment for recommending improvements of port fortifications in the Mediterranean ( 1702–1703 ),...

publishers

publishers   Reference library

Oxford Reader’s Companion To Conrad

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Literature, Literary studies (19th century)
Length:
804 words

...The pattern of Conrad’s relationships with publisher changed in two major ways during his career. By engaging J. B. Pinker as his literary agent in 1900 , Conrad was largely released from the burden of personally marketing his fiction. But this great advantage also brought with it a set of new economic pressures, since he also lost that network of supportive relationships and financial sponsorship provided by individual publishers. With Pinker as his middle-man, he became but one writer among many in a competitive and increasingly industrialized Edwardian ...

Characterization, Strategies, and Objectives of the Latin American Right

Characterization, Strategies, and Objectives of the Latin American Right   Reference library

Barry Cannon

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Latin American Politics

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2021
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics
Length:
11,038 words

...in a variety of state sectors, including education ( Grugel & Fontana, 2019 , p. 17). Friedman and Tabbush ( 2018 ) pointed to advances in LGBTI issues under some pink tide governments, with some (mostly Southern Cone countries) legalizing same-sex marriage and allowing trans people to claim their own gender identity. Overall, they pointed out that the emergence of the pink tide opened up space for feminist and queer groups to articulate and press their demands. While application of such rights has been patchy within and between left-led countries,...

The Americas in the Trans-Pacific Partnership

The Americas in the Trans-Pacific Partnership   Reference library

Rubrick Biegon

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Latin American Politics

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2021
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics
Length:
7,923 words

...with its ideological tensions, provided the conditions for the rise the region’s “new left,” which further undercut the consensual aspects of the prevailing economic model. This Pink Tide contained a diverse collection of leftist and center-left groups and actors united in their opposition to the strictures of Washington’s policy framework. The governments elected in the Pink Tide set out progressive agendas on social and economic policy, with a focus on alleviating poverty, reducing inequality, developing national economies, and charting independence in...

Victory; An Island Tale

Victory; An Island Tale   Reference library

Oxford Reader’s Companion To Conrad

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Literature, Literary studies (19th century)
Length:
2,437 words

...80), but the pace increased through the summer as he submitted instalments of what he called ‘the D novel’ to his agent J. B. Pinker in batches of 3,000 words typed by his wife Jessie , By October he estimated that he had written ‘about 28 thou[sand]’ ( CL , v. 110), and by june 1913 he had reached 70,000 words or some 350 typescript pages ( CL , v, 242). The subtitle of ‘An Island Story’ was added in October ( CL , v. 288). Pinker arranged for American serialization in Munsey’s Magazine (New York) with delivery promised for the end of April, so that...

Rococo

Rococo   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Western Art

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
1,436 words

... Zimmermann , the painters and sculptors of the Asam family, as well as the sculptor Kändler , who provided models for the Dresden porcelain factory, contributed to a distinctive central European Rococo style that continued to flourish in the late 18th century, long after the tide of taste in France and elsewhere had turned towards the solemnity of Neoclassicism, beginning in the 1760s. Rococo first came under sustained attack in the country that had invented it. In the age of the Enlightenment, a style that had no intellectual underpinning was vulnerable...

Alaska

Alaska   Reference library

Ann Chandonnet

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Food and Drink in America (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

...tide pools for shellfish, octopus, and seaweed; they speared seals from kayaks and downed birds with arrows. Athabascans dined on moose, caribou, bear, beaver, muskrat, geese, ducks, and fish. Tlingit, Haida, and Tsimshian consumed steelhead, salmon, herring, halibut, and venison. Menus were seasonal, depending on the migration of caribou, the nesting of birds, and the spawning of fish. Greens and edible roots supplemented meals. Depending on the habitat, natives enjoyed greens like rosewort, beach asparagus, goosetongue ( Plantago maritima ), pink plume...

Conrad, Joseph

Conrad, Joseph   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Twentieth-Century Literature in English

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005

...operation of the soul before he was delivered of his masterpieces’. Whilst the years of his greatest novels also saw the publication of collections of short stories, A Set of Six ( 1908 ), ' Twixt Land and Sea (which included ‘ The Secret Sharer ’, 1912 ), and Within the Tides ( 1915 ), it was Chance ( 1913 ) which brought Conrad popular recognition and a bestseller for the first time in his career, thanks particularly to his American readership. Victory ( 1915 ), growing popularity, and plans for a collected edition end his major phase. The...

Romance

Romance   Reference library

Oxford Reader’s Companion To Conrad

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Literature, Literary studies (19th century)
Length:
2,711 words

...as embodied chiefly in the hero, while deploring the cowardice of the Lugarenos , the corruption of the Spanish. and the fanatical passions of Irishmen like O’Brien. The novel shows the English and Spanish struggling to maintain control of their colonies against a rising tide of nationalism and demands for secession and independence. As in Nostromo , which Conrad began writing immediately after Romance , national interests can take strangely European forms: O’Brien rules Cuba for the Spanish and makes war on the English with American-built schooners,...

Social Movements (Latin America)

Social Movements (Latin America)   Reference library

Marc BECKER

Berkshire Encyclopedia of Sustainability

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Science and technology, Social sciences
Length:
3,241 words

...parties could not mobilize massive demonstrations the way social movements can, social movements could not implement positive policy changes as governments can. “Pink Tide” Governments and Extractive Industries In 1998 Hugo Chávez won election as president of Venezuela, introducing a decade during which almost all of the South American countries subsequently elected “pink tide” governments with leftist tendencies. Chávez realized success through his appeals to the interests of marginalized sectors of society as he built what he called a...

Collaborations

Collaborations   Reference library

Oxford Reader’s Companion To Conrad

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Literature, Literary studies (19th century)
Length:
1,724 words

...died) in the hope of winning a girl’s heart. The scenes were to include a ranch at the foot of the Rocky Mountains’ (ibid. 115). This scenario seems, however, to have lingered in Conrad’s memory, since he later used certain of its features in ‘The Planter of Malata’ ( Within the Tides ). A further proposal by S. S. Pawling in May 1904 that Conrad and R. B. Cunninghame Graam might collaborate on a joint articale was initially ‘fascinating’ ( CL , iii.140), but turned out to be impracticable. Three later desultory attempts at collaboration similarly came to...

Flint, William Russel (Sir)

Flint, William Russel (Sir) (1880)   Reference library

Benezit Dictionary of British Graphic Artists and Illustrators

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
1,617 words
Illustration(s):
2

... 12 March 1993 : Low Tide at St Malo (oil on canvas, 30 × 40¼ ins/76 × 102 cm) GBP 20,700; Homage to Demeter in Provence (oil on canvas, 36¼ × 62¼ ins/92 × 158 cm) GBP 35,600 Edinburgh, 13 May 1993 : Phyllis Alone (watercolour, 19¼ × 26¼ ins/48.9 × 66.6 cm) GBP 14,300 New York, 26 May 1993 : Abigail, the New Model ( 1964 , watercolour/card, 11½ × 15½ ins/29.2 × 39.4 cm) USD 34,500 New York, 19 Jan 1995 : A Female Olympian (watercolour/paper/card, 20 × 14 ins/50.8 × 35.6 cm) USD 6,900 Edinburgh, 23 May 1996 : The Pink Villa ( 1948 ,...

Foot‐binding

Foot‐binding   Reference library

C. Fred Blake

The Oxford Encyclopedia Women in World History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
History
Length:
1,577 words
Illustration(s):
1

...of filial piety, a main tenet of which segregated and confined women to their domestic roles as wives and mothers. This coalescence of historical forces was embodied in the increasingly common practice of foot‐binding. As a mark of distinction, foot‐binding achieved the high tide of its common appeal during the Ming ( 1368–1644 ) and Qing ( 1644–1912 ) dynasties. According to one estimate, half the women under Ming‐Qing rule had bound feet. More than a mere custom, foot‐binding became ensconced in the everyday life; it prompted a certain ambitiousness...

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