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pilgrimage

Subject: Religion

A journey made to some sacred place, as an act of religious devotion. Pilgrimage of Grace the name given to a series of popular risings in northern England in 1536 and 1537 ...

pilgrimage

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World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
94 words

... Religiously motivated journey to a shrine or other holy place in order to gain spiritual help or guidance, or for the purpose of thanksgiving. Pilgrimages are common to many religions, particularly in the East. A Muslim should make the pilgrimage to Mecca , where devotions last two weeks, at least once in his life. This pilgrimage is known as the Hajj . Since the 2nd century ad Christians have made pilgrimages to Palestine, to the tomb of the Apostles Peter and Paul in Rome, and to that of James in Santiago de Compostela, nw ...

pilgrimage

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Philip Lockley

Dictionary Plus Religion

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Religion
Length:
125 words

... A devotional journey, usually to a location considered holy, such as a shrine. The purpose may be to gain spiritual help or healing, or it may be an act of ascetic discipline, penance, or thanksgiving. Pilgrimages are especially common, in eastern religions, and are also prominent in traditions of Orthodox, Catholic, and Celtic Christianity. For Muslims, undertaking the hajj pilgrimage to Mecca at least once in a lifetime is a key religious duty―one of the five pillars of Islam . Important pilgrimage sites for Christians include Palestine, Rome, and...

pilgrimage

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A Dictionary of Buddhism

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Religion
Length:
240 words

... . Undertaking religious pilgrimage is a seen as a meritorious practice since it focuses the mind on places associated with the Buddha , saintly people, or holy objects. Those undertaking a pilgrimage are believed to accumulate good karma as a result. Pilgrimages are undertaken for many reasons, including to gain merit ( puṇya ), to ask for a boon, or as the result of a vow. The Buddha himself provides authority for the practice of pilgrimage in the Mahāparinibbāna Sutta of the Pāli Canon where he recommends as suitable sites to visit the places...

pilgrimage

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The Concise Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Religion
Length:
223 words

... . A pilgrimage is generally a journey to a holy place undertaken from motives of devotion in order to obtain supernatural help or as an act of penance or thanksgiving. However, the Greek and Latin words for a pilgrim meant a ‘resident alien’, and pilgrimage could be seen, not as a journey to a particular place, but as voluntary exile from one's native land. Such an understanding culminated among Irish monks in the 6th and following centuries in the ascetic ideal of perpetual pilgrimage for the love of God; it inspired St Columba and St Columbanus ....

pilgrimage

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A Dictionary of Cultural Anthropology

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018
Subject:
Social sciences, Anthropology
Length:
107 words

...pilgrimage A type of ritual in which a journey is made to a destination of spiritual importance. Victor Turner (1973) provided the first substantial theoretical framework, drawing on the concept of rites of passage and communitas to explore how pilgrimages are structured as a transformative experiential break from everyday life. Recent ethnographic studies have challenged Turner’s approach as oversimplifying, showing that pilgrimages can exhibit a variety of structures and justifications depending on the historical and social context. Journeys also...

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A Dictionary of the Bible (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Religion
Length:
113 words

... A journey to a shrine or place of religious importance. The practice has its roots in the OT, when * Abraham visited Mount Moriah (Gen. 22). In the course of time journeys to the Temple became a part of Jewish life (hence Luke 2: 41 ff.). In the 4th cent. ce a Spanish abbess, Etheria, made a pilgrimage to Jerusalem and other holy places and her account in Latin described the kind of * worship she found there, as well as enabling various sites to be identified. The NT sometimes regards human life as a pilgrimage; Christian believers are temporary...

pilgrimage

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The Oxford Dictionary of the Renaissance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early Modern History (1500 to 1700)
Length:
439 words

...1468 ; Giuliano Sangallo built the dome in 1500 and Bramante added the side chapels in 1511 . Abuses arising out of the pilgrimage industry were censured by Erasmus and by the reformers. In Protestant countries pilgrimages were discouraged and pilgrimage centres destroyed, but the popular piety of the Counter-Reformation ensured that pilgrimages survived in Catholic countries. In the sixteenth century important new pilgrimage resorts arose in Gorizia (Slovene Gorica, German Görz), north of Trieste, and in Montserrat (in...

Pilgrimage

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Sigridur GUDMARSDOTTIR

Berkshire Encyclopedia of Sustainability

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Science and technology, Social sciences
Length:
864 words

...too idealized and remote. Simon Coleman and John Eade , looking at the “on the road” aspect of a journey, have emphasized the movement involved in pilgrimage processes in various religious traditions, which they portray as “kinetic rituals” ( Coleman and Eade 2004 ). Turner and Turner ( 1978 , 7) have noted a relationship between pilgrimage and mysticism. “If mysticism is an interior pilgrimage, pilgrimage is an exteriorized mysticism.” Such links presuppose cosmologies where the divine is not considered to be distant to nature but immanent and present...

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The Oxford Companion to Chaucer

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005

...pilgrimage throughout Christendom were Jerusalem, with its many places associated with the life of Christ, and Rome with its shrines to the memory of the early martyrs and of those associated with the establishment of the Church; the Wife of Bath had visited both and had also undertaken another common pilgrimage, that to the shrine of St James at Compostella (I.462ff.). There were numerous shrines in England to which pilgrimages were made, the most renowned certainly being that of Thomas à Becket at Canterbury. Though the purpose of pilgrimage was supposedly...

pilgrimage

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The Oxford Dictionary of the Middle Ages

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
766 words
Illustration(s):
1

...Veneration in the Middle Ages (2001). R. Ousterhout , ed., The Blessings of Pilgrimage (1990). J. Richard , Les Récits de voyages et de pèlerinages (1981). J. Sumption , Pilgrimage: An Image of Medieval Religion (1975; repr. 2003 as The Age of Pilgrimage ). V. and E. Turner, Image and Pilgrimage in Christian Culture (1978). G. Vikan , ‘Pilgrimage’, ODB , vol. 3, 1676–7. D. Webb , Pilgrims and Pilgrimage in the Medieval West (1999). ——  Medieval European Pilgrimage (2002). J. Wilkinson , Jerusalem Pilgrims ...

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The Oxford Companion to Irish History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
178 words

...the Pilgrim Saints ) and religious imagination (the voyage stories or Immrama ). The other notion of pilgrimage (trip, short stay at the holy place, and return) can be seen in references to journeys to Rome and Jerusalem, as well as to more local sites (trips to holy wells , and the devotions/traditions attached, being the simplest form of pilgrimage). Of these, the two most famous invoke the Patrick legend: Croagh Patrick and Lough Derg . Pilgrimages of more recent origin (e.g. Knock ) are connected with the cult of the Virgin Mary. Thomas...

Pilgrimage

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The Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Religions

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Religion
Length:
1,068 words

...Country . Life becomes metaphorically a pilgrimage. Interior pilgrimage is stressed by Sikhs. Exterior pilgrimage is a journey to some place which is either itself associated with the resources or goals of a religion, or which is the location of objects which may assist the pilgrim—e.g. relics . The reasons for pilgrimage are extremely varied. They may, for example, be for healing, holiness, cleansing, penance, education, gratitude, in response to a vow, to recapitulate an event which occurred at the pilgrimage centre (as, for example, to see for oneself...

Pilgrimage

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Stephen Wagley and Ian Reader

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Modern World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
History, Contemporary History (post 1945)
Length:
2,929 words
Illustration(s):
1

...of those who make pilgrimages—and this is a distinctive feature, certainly, in Japanese pilgrimage— take part in numerous pilgrimages during their lives. Although many Western-based studies of pilgrimage have assumed that pilgrimage represents a disjuncture from normative life patterns, and that it is thus a temporary or once-off disengagement form the world, studies of pilgrimages in Japan and elsewhere in East Asia indicate that such assumptions may be problematic. In Shikoku, for example, the majority of pilgrims repeat the pilgrimage at least once, and...

Pilgrimage

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The Oxford Encyclopedia of Mesoamerican Cultures

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
1,804 words

...of the Christian pilgrimage tradition in Europe. Christian, William A. Local Religion in Sixteenth-Century Spain . Princeton, 1989. Excellent portrait of religious practices, including pilgrimage and devotion at shrines, in Spain during the first century of Spanish colonization in Mesoamerica. Crumrine, N. Ross , and E. Alan Morinis . Pilgrimage in Latin America . Westport, Conn., 1991. Good anthropological survey of Latin American pilgrimage in general, with several ethnographic studies of contemporary Mesoamerican pilgrimages. Kubler, George A. ...

pilgrimage

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A Dictionary of English Folklore

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003

... . Medieval England had many pilgrimage centres, including those of Thomas à Becket at Canterbury, the Virgin Mary at Walsingham (Norfolk), the Holy Rood at Bromholm (Norfolk), the Holy Blood at Hailes Abbey (Gloucestershire), and Glastonbury . People went on pilgrimage as a penance for sin, or to fulfil a vow, or seeking a cure for sickness. The usual procedure was to spend several days praying near the saint's tomb or the altar where the holy relic was kept, and if possible to touch it; at Canterbury, pilgrims drank water which allegedly...

Pilgrimage

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The Oxford Companion to World Mythology

...the ultimate lost object or comes face to face with ultimate reality. The return from the hajj or any pilgrimage, like the return of the hero, involves the transference of energy from the sacred place or object to the individual and/or community. We can call that transference healing, enlightenment, renewal—even recreation, which is, of course, re-creation. Another kind of pilgrimage is the interior pilgrimage of the mystic . In an interior pilgrimage, the individual, through particular disciplines—meditation, yoga, or contemplative prayer, for...

Pilgrimage

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Corinne G. Dempsey

The Oxford Encyclopedia Women in World History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
History
Length:
3,118 words
Illustration(s):
2

... . Throughout history and across traditions, pilgrimage has been an essential component of religious practice. Although women and men alike embark on pilgrimage trips, certain gendered patterns emerge when the practice is divided between large‐scale international pilgrimage and smaller‐scale local pilgrimage. Major international pilgrimage destinations such as the hajj to Mecca, the Wailing (or Western) Wall in Jerusalem, and the Christian Holy Land are often associated with male pilgrims and forms of religion. Local pilgrimage, on the other hand, can...

Pilgrimage

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The Islamic World: Past and Present

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
608 words
Illustration(s):
1

...Pilgrimage Pilgrimage—a journey to a holy site—is an important part of many religious traditions. Though Judaism and Christianity encourage voluntary pilgrimage, Islam requires it. Every able-bodied Muslim who has the financial ability to travel must go to Mecca at least once in his or her lifetime to participate in the hajj . This is the annual pilgrimage during the second week of Dhu al-Hijjah, the final month of the Islamic lunar calendar. Though Muslims also visit other shrines, no other pilgrimage can take the place of the hajj . Hajj. The hajj honors...

Pilgrimage

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Brewer's Dictionary of Phrase & Fable (19 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

... A journey to a sacred place undertaken as an act of religious devotion, either as an act of veneration or penance, or to ask for the fulfilment of some prayer. In the middle ages the chief venues in the West were Walsingham and Canterbury (England), Fourvière, Le Puy and St denys (France), Rome, Loreto and Assisi (Italy), compostela , Guadalupe and montserrat (Spain), Mariazell (Austria), Cologne and Trier (Germany) and Einsiedeln (Switzerland). The pre-eminent pilgrimage was, of course, to the holy land . lourdes became a noted place of...

pilgrimage

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Georgia Frank, Oliver Nicholson, Nancy Khalek, and Matthew Canepa

The Oxford Dictionary of Late Antiquity

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

...D. Frankfurter , ed., Pilgrimage and Holy Space in Late Antique Egypt (1998). E. D. Hunt , Holy Land Pilgrimage in the Later Roman Empire ( ad 312–460) (1982). P. Maraval , Lieux saints et pélérinages. R. A. Markus , ‘How on Earth Could Places Become Holy? Origins of the Christian Idea of Holy Places’ , JECS 2 (1994), 257–71. R. Ousterhout , ed., The Blessings of Pilgrimage (1990). A.-M. Talbot , ‘Pilgrimage to Healing Shrines: The Evidence of Miracle Accounts’, DOP 56 (2002), 153–73. G. Vikan , Early Byzantine Pilgrimage Art ( 2 2010). R. L....

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