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Overview

physiological

1 of, pertaining to, or used in physiology.

2 normal (def. 4); not pathological (def. 2) or pharmacological (def. 2).

—physiologically adv.

physiology

physiology   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Genetics (8 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Science and technology, Life Sciences
Length:
10 words

... the study of the dynamic processes of living...

physiology

physiology   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Environment and Conservation (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017

... The study of functions and processes in living...

physiology

physiology n.   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Nursing (8 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2021
Subject:
Medicine and health
Length:
22 words

... [fiz-i- ol -ŏji] n. the science of the functioning of living organisms and of their component parts. —physiological adj. —physiologist ...

physiology

physiology n.   Quick reference

Concise Medical Dictionary (10 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020
Subject:
Medicine and health, Clinical Medicine
Length:
19 words

... n. the science of the functioning of living organisms and of their component parts. — physiological adj. — physiologist ...

physiology

physiology   Reference library

Oxford Dictionary of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
Science and technology, Life Sciences
Length:
21 words

... the science dealing with the functioning of cells, tissues, organs, and organisms, and with the chemical and physical phenomena...

physiology

physiology   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Sports Science & Medicine (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007

... In humans, the study of the functioning of normal, healthy people and their body structures. Compare pathology...

physiology

physiology   Quick reference

World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
17 words

... Branch of biology concerned with the functions of living organisms, as opposed to their structure...

physiology

physiology   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Public Health (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

...physiology The science concerned with the way the body and its organs and tissues function and with processes that maintain the equilibrium of bodily systems. Many of the advances of medical science from early in the 19th century onward had their roots in physiology or the closely related science of biochemistry, led by the French pioneer Claude Bernard ( 1813–1878 ), Ernest Starling ( 1866–1927 ) in England, and others. There are many specialized fields, dealing for instance with the physiology of body systems, cellular physiology, etc. ...

physiology

physiology   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Dentistry (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020
Subject:
Medicine and health, Dentistry
Length:
17 words

...physiology n. The study of the mechanical, physical, and biochemical functions of living organisms and their...

physiology

physiology   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Biology (8 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019
Subject:
Science and technology, Life Sciences
Length:
21 words

...physiology The branch of biology concerned with the vital functions of plants and animals, such as nutrition, respiration, reproduction, and...

physiology

physiology n.   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Psychology (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

... n . The study of the functioning of organisms ; also the working of a particular organism or one of its organs or parts (as in the physiology of the human ear ). [From Greek physio- of or relating to nature or natural processes, from physis nature, from phyein to cause to grow + logos word, discourse, or...

Physiology

Physiology   Reference library

M. S. Laas

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the History of American Science, Medicine, and Technology

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

... Physiology is the experimental study of the function of biological processes within living organisms. Until the 1870s, physiology in the United States was primarily a popular discourse related to personal hygiene and health reform. The first American Physiological Society was founded in 1837 by the health reformers William Alcott and Sylvester Graham as a diet reform and self-help organization for men and women in New England. In the first part of the nineteenth century, ladies’ physiological institutes were created to teach women how to maintain...

physiology

physiology   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Body

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Science and technology, Life Sciences
Length:
1,437 words

...to our current understanding of the word ‘physiology’ because of its emphasis on experiment, data analysis, and hypothesis testing. Harvey's work also exemplifies the natural symbiois between physiology (‘function’) and anatomy (‘structure’), a science from which physiology was to emerge as a separate discipline in the second half of the nineteenth century. Harvey's book also connects physiology to medicine . Understanding of every disease follows from combining knowledge of the relevant normal physiology to the way in which it is perturbed in the...

physiology

physiology   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the History of Modern Science

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Subject:
Science and technology, History of Science
Length:
2,538 words

...in which physiology became established, both intellectually and institutionally, as the first thoroughly experimental life science. In Germany physiology was in the early nineteenth century combined with anatomy in the same university chair. At the Anatomical Museum of the University of Berlin, Johannes Peter Müller represented and actively pursued research in both physiology and comparative anatomy. His Handbook of Human Physiology , first published in 1833 and in successive editions until 1844 , mastered the field more fully than any physiology text...

physiology

physiology   Reference library

Tilly Tansey

The Oxford Companion to Medicine (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Medicine and health
Length:
2,802 words

...The nervous system The British physiologist, Charles Sherrington exemplifies the transition of physiology from a medical interest at the end of the 19th century to a well-defined, scientific specialty by the middle of the 20th century. Sherrington qualified in medicine in 1885 after studying with Michael Foster in Cambridge, and became the first specialist lecturer in physiology at St Thomas's Hospital, London. In 1895 he moved to the chair of physiology in Liverpool and in 1913 to Oxford. During the First World War he combined academic work with...

sport physiology

sport physiology   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Sports Science & Medicine (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007

...physiology The application of exercise physiology to the special demands of sport. Concepts derived from exercise physiology are used to optimize the training of athletes and enhance their...

exercise physiology

exercise physiology   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Sports Science & Medicine (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007

...physiology A branch of physiology concerned with how the body adapts physiologically to the acute (short-term) stress of exercise or physical activity, and the chronic (long-term) stress of physical training. Exercise physiologists, for example, study how our bodies obtain energy from the food we eat and use the energy to initiate and sustain muscle activity. A sound knowledge of exercise physiology enables coaches and athletes to optimize the amount and type of training...

vine physiology

vine physiology   Reference library

Richard Smart

The Oxford Companion to Wine (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

...physiology , the science of the function of the vine , including the growth and development of the vine shoot and root systems, its fruiting, and the major physiological processes such as photosynthesis , translocation , and transpiration . Physiology is also concerned with controls on plant growth and development, including both environmental and internal control by hormones . Both vine nutrition and degree of water stress are affected by the vineyard soil, and temperature and sunlight are the most important climate influences. The vine’s...

exercise physiology

exercise physiology   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Sports Studies

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Social sciences, Society and culture
Length:
267 words

...physiology The study of the function of the human body during exercise; also sometimes known as sports physiology or work physiology. Physiology is concerned with the structures of the body (such as muscles, bone, heart, and lungs), the metabolism of the body (such as the biochemistry of energy supply), and the coordination of processes (through the nervous system and hormones). Exercise physiology places a particular emphasis on responses to acute situations (single bouts of exercise, such as running a race or playing a football match) and to chronic...

physiology — history

physiology — history   Reference library

Tilly Tansey

The Oxford Companion to Medicine (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Medicine and health
Length:
2,750 words

...in ‘practical physiology’, which included chemical, mechanical, and functional experiments. Ten years later Sanderson became the first professor of physiology in Oxford and Schäfer became professor at University College, later to move to Edinburgh. Thus the three most influential positions in British physiology were filled by Sharpey's . Physiology, at the end of the 19th century, was organized into three main topics: histology; chemical physiology (concerned with the chemical analysis of body fluids and constituents); and practical physiology — which most...

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