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phonetics

A branch of linguistics concerned with the study of the characteristics, production, and perception of speech sounds. See also auditory phonetics; speech perception; speech ...

phonetics

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World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
64 words

... Study of the sounds of speech, divided into three main branches: articulatory phonetics (how the speech organs produce sounds); acoustic phonetics (the physical nature of sounds, mainly using instrumental techniques); and auditory phonetics (how sounds are received by the ear and processed). Linguists have devised notation systems to allow the full range of possible human speech sounds to be represented. See also ...

phonetics

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A Dictionary of Media and Communication (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020
Subject:
Media studies
Length:
35 words

... A branch of linguistics concerned with the study of the characteristics, production , and perception of speech sounds . See also auditory phonetics ; speech perception ; speech recognition ; speech perception ; compare phonology . ...

phonetics

phonetics   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Linguistics (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Linguistics
Length:
94 words

... The study of the nature, production, and perception of sounds of speech, in abstraction from the phonology of any specific language. Variously divided into acoustic phonetics, articulatory phonetics, etc. according to the specific aspects investigated. The relation of phonetics to phonology is problematic. In one view the physical and other mechanisms can and should be studied without reference to their conceivable exploitation in speech. This can lead to the conclusion that phonetics is not part of linguistics. In another view, phonetic distinctions...

phonetics

phonetics  

Dictionary of the Social Sciences

Reference type:
Subject Reference

... The study of human (linguistic) sound patterns independent of their context in a specific language, generally by mapping and measuring linguistic sounds according to objective criteria. Phonetics is thus distinct from phonemics —the study of the relationship of sound to meaning within a given linguistic...

phonetics

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The Oxford Dictionary of Literary Terms (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

... [ fŏ- net -iks ] The science devoted to the physical analysis of the sounds of human speech, including their production, transmission, and perception. A pure science connected to acoustics and anatomy, phonetics is concerned with the accurate description of speech sounds as sounds, rather than with the way languages divide sounds up into meaningful units (this being the domain of phonology ). A person practising the science of phonetics is a phonetician...

phonetics

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A Dictionary of Psychology (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

... n . The study of speech sounds, including their production, their use in language, their perception by listeners, and their transcription. [From Greek phonetikos of or relating to speech, from phone a voice or sound + -itikos resembling or marked...

phonetics

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The Oxford Dictionary of Philosophy (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Philosophy
Length:
68 words

... The study of the characteristics of human sounds, especially those used in speech. Although phonetics is probably the least interesting branch of linguistics to a philosopher, the discovery that individual significant sounds are not physically definable, but exist in context and in contrast with others, was a major impetus to structuralism in many areas. The phoneme is the minimal unit in the sound system of a...

Phonetics

Phonetics   Quick reference

The Oxford Companion to the English Language (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

...Phonetics . The science or study of the sounds of speech . There are three kinds: (1) Articulatory phonetics , the oldest branch of the subject, which investigates the ways in which sounds are made. Here, the phonetician is trained to recognize, produce, and analyse speech sounds. During the 20c, phonetics has developed as a laboratory subject, in which instruments are used to study the production of speech in the vocal tract: for example, by monitoring the positions and movement of organs, or breath flow and air pressure. Electropalatography uses an...

Phonetics

Phonetics   Reference library

International Encyclopedia of Linguistics (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Linguistics
Length:
6,530 words
Illustration(s):
2

...in minor ways. See also Acoustic Phonetics ; Articulatory Phonetics ; Coarticulation and Timing ; History of Linguistics , article on Ancient India ; International Phonetic Association ; Intonation ; Phonological Features ; Phonology, Overview ; Speaker Recognition ; Speech Perception ; Speech Synthesis ; Syllables ; Tone ; and Voice Quality . Bibliography Catford, John C. 1977. Fundamental problems in phonetics . Bloomington: Indiana University Press. Ladefoged, Peter . 2001a. A course in phonetics . Orlando, Fla.: Harcourt College....

phonetics

phonetics   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Mind (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Science and technology, Psychology, Philosophy
Length:
536 words

... . Phonetics, the science of speech sounds, is traditionally divided into two branches: acoustic , concerned with the structure of the acoustic signal itself, and articulatory , concerned with the way these sounds are produced. The most important initial impetus was to develop a standard means for the accurate and convenient transcription of the sounds of various languages and dialects. Proper transcription was regarded as an essential tool for field linguists and missionaries dealing with new languages, and for recording dialectal variations of known...

articulatory phonetics

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The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Linguistics (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Linguistics
Length:
15 words

...phonetics The study of the production of speech sounds. Distinguished from acoustic phonetics...

auditory phonetics

auditory phonetics   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Media and Communication (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020
Subject:
Media studies
Length:
12 words

...phonetics The study of the perception of speech sounds. ...

acoustic phonetics

acoustic phonetics   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Linguistics (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Linguistics
Length:
18 words

...phonetics The study of the physical properties of the sounds produced in speech. Distinguished from articulatory phonetics...

phonetics, forensic

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A Dictionary of Forensic Science

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Science and technology, Law
Length:
170 words

..., forensic The study of the sound components of speech, usually with the intent of identifying the speaker or to learn things about the speaker. In general, the type of evidence of interest in forensic phonetics is called a ‘disputed utterance’ or ‘questioned utterance’ in the same way ‘disputed documents’ are the subject of questioned document analysis. For example, the speech of a native of the southern United States is usually quite different from that of someone from Edinburgh, Manchester, New Jersey (in the USA), or Toronto, even though all are...

Acoustic Phonetics

Acoustic Phonetics   Reference library

International Encyclopedia of Linguistics (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Linguistics
Length:
3,337 words
Illustration(s):
6

...phonetics. Acoustic phonetics is a relative newcomer to the discipline of phonetics. Developments in the 19th century in the field of acoustics laid its theoretical foundations; but it was given its real impetus in the 20th century, by techniques for recording sound and analyzing it electronically. The availability of computers for digital processing of signals gave it further momentum. Acoustic phonetics has become arguably the most successful branch of phonetics. Its primary data are easy to obtain (unlike, e.g., data on muscle activity in speech...

Articulatory Phonetics

Articulatory Phonetics   Reference library

International Encyclopedia of Linguistics (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Linguistics
Length:
2,107 words
Illustration(s):
1

...Alphabet ; Intonation ; Phonetics , article on Phonetic Transcription ; Phonological Features ; Phonology ; Segments ; and Tone . Bibliography Hardcastle, W. J. 1976. Physiology of speech production: An introduction for speech scientists . London: Academic Press. Hardcastle, W. J. , and N. Hewlett , eds. 1989. Coarticulation: Theory, data and techniques . Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Kent, Raymond D. 1997. The speech sciences . San Diego, Calif.: Singular. Ladefoged, Peter . 2001. A course in phonetics . 4th ed. Orlando, Fla.:...

Phonetics and Phonology

Phonetics and Phonology   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of Byzantium

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
343 words

... and Phonology . The former studies the sounds of a language as produced by the speaker (articulatory phonetics) and as perceived by the hearer (auditory phonetics); the latter deals with the structured relations of the sounds as used to convey meaning, that is, with their significant distinctions and oppositions. Evidence for the phonetics of Greek in antiquity and the Middle Ages is limited and not easy to interpret. Changes in the phonology of the language, however, which began in Hellenistic times and continued into the Byz. period, can sometimes be...

phonetics

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Pocket Oxford Italian Dictionary: English-Italian (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Bilingual Dictionary
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Bilingual dictionaries
Length:
5 words
phonetics

phonetics n   Reference library

Pocket Oxford Irish Dictionary: English-Irish

Reference type:
Bilingual Dictionary
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Bilingual dictionaries
Length:
4 words
phonetics

phonetics n   Quick reference

Pocket Oxford Spanish Dictionary: English-Spanish (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Bilingual Dictionary
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Bilingual dictionaries
Length:
8 words

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