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Overview

pharmaceutical industry

A large industry responsible for development and manufacture of drugs, medications, pesticides, etc., for human and veterinary use. The pharmaceutical industry conducts and sponsors ...

Pharmaceutical Industry.

Pharmaceutical Industry.   Reference library

John P. Swann

The Oxford Companion to United States History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
484 words

...Pharmaceutical Industry. The American pharmaceutical industry, like its older counterpart in Europe, grew out of the ancient practice of pharmacy, as commercial production gradually superseded the traditional compounding of medications by individuals. The need for medicine chests during the Revolutionary War necessitated some large-scale pharmaceutical compounding in the 1770s, but significant manufacturing activity did not appear until about the 1820s, in Philadelphia . This growth accelerated after the Civil War with the emergence of many pharmaceutical...

Pharmaceutical Industry

Pharmaceutical Industry   Reference library

John P. Swann

The Oxford Encyclopedia of American Business, Labor, and Economic History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

... Industry The American pharmaceutical industry, like its older counterpart in Europe, grew out of the ancient practice of pharmacy, as commercial production gradually superseded the traditional compounding of medications by individuals. The need for medicine chests during the Revolutionary War necessitated some large-scale pharmaceutical compounding in the 1770s, but significant manufacturing activity did not appear until about the 1820s, in Philadelphia. This growth accelerated after the Civil War with the emergence of many pharmaceutical firms...

Pharmaceutical Industry

Pharmaceutical Industry   Reference library

Chris LASZLO, Peter WHITEHOUSE, Daniel GEORGE, and Charlotte A. Smith

Berkshire Encyclopedia of Sustainability

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Science and technology, Social sciences
Length:
5,910 words

... Pharmaceutical Industry The pharmaceutical industry is important to any discussion of health and sustainability, yet so far it has failed to address many issues of relevance. It constitutes a large economic sector, a global customer base facing unequal market access, and a significant ecological footprint. A sustainable pharmaceutical industry could be one that helps create a healthy world, but conversely, an unsustainable one can generate enormous harm. The analysis below suggests that the pharmaceutical industry is currently on an unsustainable...

pharmaceutical industry

pharmaceutical industry   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Public Health (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

...pharmaceutical industry A large industry responsible for development and manufacture of drugs, medications, pesticides, etc., for human and veterinary use. The pharmaceutical industry conducts and sponsors research on pharmacology and therapeutics, seeking new remedies and improved modifications of existing drugs for human and animal diseases. This industry has accomplished much that is good but may be slow to develop drugs to prevent and treat prevalent diseases of low-income countries (malaria, schistosomiasis, tuberculosis) and to make available at low...

Pharmaceutical Industry

Pharmaceutical Industry   Reference library

The New Oxford Companion to Economics in India (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012

... Industry The pharmaceutical industry is one of the success stories of independent India. It has developed at a phenomenal rate since the 1970s. India has become self-reliant in drugs and has emerged as a major player in the global pharmaceutical industry. It is a source of low-cost quality drugs to the entire world including developed countries such as the USA. The lessons that can be drawn from the Indian experience are relevant for the development of the pharmaceutical industry in other developing countries. They also have implications for the...

pharmaceutical industry

pharmaceutical industry   Reference library

Miles Weatherall

The Oxford Companion to Medicine (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Medicine and health
Length:
2,165 words

... industry The pharmaceutical industry manufactures substances used for medical treatment — especially medicines, but also vaccines, artificial foods, disinfectants, and other ancillary materials. Its products are sold to governments for health services and through wholesale distributors to pharmacies and other shops. In developed countries, medicines are subject to extensive controls. Many can be obtained only on prescription by doctors, while the sale of others is restricted to registered pharmacies. These restrictions have a major influence on the...

pharmaceutical industry

pharmaceutical industry  

A large industry responsible for development and manufacture of drugs, medications, pesticides, etc., for human and veterinary use. The pharmaceutical industry conducts and sponsors research on ...
Pharmaceutical policy

Pharmaceutical policy  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Pharmaceutical policy comprises the interplay of regulation for the purposes of safety and efficacy, health and social policy (access and equity), and support for industry (economic) development. ...
Health Industry

Health Industry  

Reference type:
Overview Page
This entry contains five subentries, a historical overview, and discussions of technological change, the pharmaceutical industry, medical practitioners, and hospitals.Health was transformed in the ...
EFSPI

EFSPI  

The European Federation of Statisticians in the Pharmaceutical Industry. It comprises over 2000 pharmaceutical statisticians from eleven member groups across Europe, including over 1000 members from ...
FT-SE Actuaries 350 Industry Baskets

FT-SE Actuaries 350 Industry Baskets  

Reference type:
Overview Page
(Equities; UK).The industrial sectors within the FT-SE Actuaries 350 Index. These are; building and construction; pharmaceuticals; water; banks, and retail.
Iasi

Iasi  

Reference type:
Overview Page
City in ne Romania, 16km (10mi) from the frontier with Moldova. It was the capital of Moldavia from 1562–1861. It is an important commercial and administrative centre. Industries: textiles, ...
PSI

PSI  

Abbreviation for Statisticians in the Pharmaceutical Industry, an organization founded in the United Kingdom in 1977. It has over 1 000 members.http://www.psiweb.org/ Organization home page.
research misconduct

research misconduct  

Reference type:
Overview Page
On 26 March 1974 Dr William Summerlin, an immunologist at the Sloan-Kettering Institute, New York, used a black felt-tip pen to darken a transplanted skin patch in two white mice. ...
Carroll Thompson

Carroll Thompson  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Music
B. 1960, Letchworth, Hertfordshire, England. Thompson’s voice was nurtured while singing in school and church choirs, but she studied for a career in the pharmaceuticals industry. In the mid-70s she ...
Weaponry, Nonnuclear.

Weaponry, Nonnuclear.  

The history of English conquest in America began with five native bowmen ambushing a scouting party of prospective Jamestown settlers, armed with matchlock muskets. Wounding two settlers before the ...
high Technology

high Technology  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Archaeology
Any industry concerned with advanced technology, such as biotechnology, computers and microprocessors, fibre optics, aerospace, electronics-telecommunication, and pharmaceuticals (Fischer et al. ...
colloid mills

colloid mills  

Machines used to grind aggregates into very fine particles or to apply very high shearing forces within a fluid to produce colloid suspensions or emulsions in which the particle sizes are less than 1 ...
glycerin

glycerin  

(glis-er-in)a clear viscous liquid obtained by hydrolysis of fats and mixed oils and produced as a by-product in the manufacture of soap. It is used as an emollient in many skin preparations, as a ...
John Meredith

John Meredith  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1920– ),born and educated at Holbrook, NSW, worked in the pharmaceutical industry before becoming a full-time writer in 1978. At 14 he bought a copy of A. B. Paterson's Old ...

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