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pediment

[Co] A triangular‐shaped recess located above the entablature on the gable ends of classical temples and similar buildings. The recess is often filled with sculpture. See also ...

pediment

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The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Art Terms (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
59 words

... In classical architecture a pediment is a low-pitched gable crowning a portico or facade, often containing sculpture in its tympanum . Most pediments take the form of a depressed isosceles triangle, though segmental pediments were introduced during the Roman empire. A broken pediment has an incomplete bottom cornice and no apex or top. See fronton...

pediment

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Anthony Quiney

The Oxford Companion to Architecture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
72 words

... A formalized classical gable. A broken pediment is one whose crowning cornice is omitted at the apex; an open pediment is one the centre of whose base is omitted; a segmental pediment is one whose crowning cornice forms a segment of a circle; and a swan-neck pediment is one whose crowning cornice is not only broken but also in the form of two ogee curves terminating in volutes. Anthony...

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A Dictionary of Geography (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

... A low, concave element at the foot of a hillslope (also called a concave , or waning , slope). See Strudley and Murray (2007) Geomorph. 88, 3–4 on the numerical simulation of pediment...

pediment

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A Dictionary of Environment and Conservation (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017

... A gently sloping surface, usually covered with gravel , that has been created by erosion in front of a mountain range in an arid region...

pediment

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World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
44 words

... Low-pitched gable formed by the sloping eaves of a pitched roof and a horizontal cornice. The classic triangular pediment appeared in Greek temples such as the Parthenon . Later architects developed more extravagant forms, featuring curved, broken and inverted styles over doors and...

pediment

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The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Archaeology (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2021
Subject:
Archaeology
Length:
30 words

... [Co] A triangular‐shaped recess located above the entablature on the gable ends of classical temples and similar buildings. The recess is often filled with sculpture. See also tympanum...

Pediment

Pediment   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Decorative Arts

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
64 words

... . In architecture, a triangular area over the portico of a building formed from a gable by the addition of a horizontal cornice at a level with the eaves; the apex or base of a pediment may be interrupted, or ‘broken’, in the middle. The pediment is a common motif in furniture, and is often found on the tops of cabinets, bookcases and long-case...

pediment

pediment   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of Christian Art and Architecture (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Religion
Length:
89 words

... A gable-like element over a temple front or a window. It may be triangular or segmental, and in Roman classical, Renaissance, and later buildings, pedimented windows were often used in alternation, care being taken to keep to an uneven number so that the central window is flanked by alternating triangular or segmental ones. A broken pediment is one of either form that is split in the centre into two sections, the gap often being filled by a bust, or a decorative feature such as a coat of...

pediment

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The Oxford Dictionary of Architecture (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2021
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
260 words
Illustration(s):
1

...features such as doorways , niches , windows, etc., and in such cases are termed fronton. The triangular pediment is the most usual, but the segmental pediment was evolved in Antique Roman architecture in ad C1, and found on buildings connected with the worship of Isis, a goddess associated with the crescent-moon. For pediment-arch see arch . Types of pediment include : broken : with gap in the middle of the lower horizontal cornice and with raking cornices stopping before they can meet, so having no apex; broken-apex : with raking sides too...

pediment

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A Dictionary of Ecology (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

... ( concave slope , waning slope ) A surface of low relief, partly covered by a skin of rock debris, which is concave-upward and slopes at a low angle (normally less than 5°) from the base of a mountain zone or scarp . Classically it is developed and has been investigated in the arid and semi-arid regions of the western USA. Pediments may coalesce to form a pediplain...

Pediment

Pediment   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Classical Art and Architecture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Classical studies
Length:
3,116 words
Illustration(s):
2

... bc . Pediment 1. Ancient Greek pedimental sculpture, Dying Warrior , Parian marble, h. 640 mm, from the east pediment of the Temple of Aphaia at Aigina, Late Archaic period, c. 490– c. 480 bc (Munich, Glyptothek) Vanni / Art Resource, NY Pediment 2. Ancient Greek pedimental sculpture, Hestia, Dione (or Themis) and Aphrodite , marble, h. 1.3 m (tallest fig.), from the east pediment of the Parthenon, Athens, High Classical period, c. 437– c. 432 bc (London, British Museum) Scala / Art Resource, NY The few extant 4th-century bc pedimental...

pediment

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A Dictionary of Geology and Earth Sciences (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020

... ( concave slope , waning slope ) Surface of low relief, partly covered by a skin of rock debris, that is concave-upward and slopes at a low angle (normally less than 5°) from the base of a mountain zone or scarp . Classically it is developed and has been investigated in the arid and semi-arid regions of the western...

broken pediment

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The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Art Terms (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
43 words

...pediment In architecture, a pediment which is broken, that is the centre part of the base is omitted. It was introduced in the Mannerist style and thereafter widely adopted. It was also used on furniture, especially Chippendale -style...

pediment

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The Concise Oxford Dictionary of English Etymology

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Language reference, History of English
Length:
47 words

... A triangular gable-like part crowning a façade XVII; B base, foundation XVIII. Earlier pedament , pedement , refash. of periment (XVI), prob. deformation of PYRAMID . Sense B is due to direct assoc. with L. pēs , ped- -FOOT and -MENT , and the present form simulates derivation from these...

pediment

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Oxford Dictionary of English (3 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
124 words
pediment

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New Oxford American Dictionary (3 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
136 words
pediment

pediment noun   Reference library

The New Zealand Oxford Dictionary

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
67 words
pediment

pediment noun   Reference library

Australian Oxford Dictionary (2 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
67 words
pediment

pediment noun   Reference library

The Canadian Oxford Dictionary (2 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
81 words
pediment

pediment  

A low, concave element at the foot of a hillslope (also called a concave, or waning, slope. See Strudley and Murray (2007) Geomorph. 88, 3–4 on the numerical simulation of pediment development.

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