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peacekeeping

N. the active maintenance of a truce between nations or communities, especially by an international military force: the 2,300-strong U.N. peacekeeping force. peacekeeper n. ...

peacekeeping

peacekeeping n.   Reference library

The Oxford Essential Dictionary of the U.S. Military

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2002

... n. the active maintenance of a truce between nations or communities, especially by an international military force: the 2,300-strong U.N. peacekeeping force. peacekeeper ...

peacekeeping

peacekeeping   Reference library

Encyclopaedic Dictionary of International Law (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Law, International Law
Length:
319 words

...peacekeeping operations are mandated by a recommendation, and not any binding decision, and the forces provided for the operation are volunteered by Member States. Past and extant peacekeeping operations appear in this Encyclopaedic Dictionary under their acronym; and see < www.un.org/Depts/dpko/dpko >. See Higgins , United Nations Peacekeeping 1946–67 , Vol. I, The Middle East ( 1969 ); Vol. II, Asia ( 1970 ); Vol. III, Africa ( 1980 ); Wiseman , Peacekeeping: Appraisals and Proposals ( 1984 ); Durch , The Evolution of U.N. Peacekeeping:...

peacekeeping

peacekeeping   Reference library

The New Oxford Companion to Law

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Law
Length:
302 words

... Peacekeeping is the term used to describe a particular kind of military operation conducted under the auspices of the United Nations (‘ UN ’). Peacekeeping, however, does not appear in the UN Charter as one of the grounds upon which recourse to force may be authorized, nor is peacekeeping included as one of the functions of the UN. Peacekeeping operations were created through the practices of the UN and its members. While the UN had installed observer missions involving military personnel in Palestine in 1948 and in India and Pakistan in 1949 ,...

peacekeeping

peacekeeping   Quick reference

A Concise Oxford Dictionary of Politics and International Relations (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics
Length:
174 words

... Intervention by a third party to separate and pacify participants in a conflict. The United Nations has performed peacekeeping operations since 1948 , when it sent military observers to Kashmir , to oversee the ceasefire between India and Pakistan, and the Middle East, in the aftermath of the Arab–Israeli conflict. Fifty years later the UN peacekeepers still had a presence in these regions. The number of UN peacekeeping operations has increased rapidly since the end of the Cold War , with involvement in Somalia, Rwanda , the Balkans , and...

peacekeeping

peacekeeping   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Canadian History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
686 words

... . The use of an impartial force of specialized personnel to ease tension and maintain stability between states or within a state; a major activity of the post- 1945 Canadian military, one that became a potent symbol of national identity. Although peacekeeping predated the Second World War, the term became synonymous with the efforts of the United Nations to manage conflict, and in 1988 the un 's peacekeepers were awarded the Nobel Peace Prize. Canada, one of the founders of un peacekeeping, took great pride in its record of participation in...

Peacekeeping

Peacekeeping   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to American Military History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004

...Peacekeeping at the Crossroads: National Support—Experience and Prospects , 1973. David W. Wainhouse , International Peace Observation: A History and Forecast , 1986. Paul F. Diehl , International Peacekeeping , 1993. William J. Durch , ed., The Evolution of UN Peacekeeping: Case Studies and Comparative Analysis , 1993. David R. Segal and Mady W. Segal , Peacekeepers and Their Wives: American Participation in the Multinational Force and Observers , 1993. Barbara Benton , Soldiers for Peace: Fifty Years of United Nations Peacekeeping , 1996....

Peacekeeping

Peacekeeping   Reference library

The Oxford International Encyclopedia of Peace

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Social sciences
Length:
14,845 words

... International Peacekeeping 3 (1996): 140. Robert A. Rubinstein International Peacekeeping Peacekeeping missions are widely seen as an appropriate international response to conflict and major humanitarian or human rights abuses. This entry will clarify the general structure of peacekeeping missions and some of the theory behind their deployment, will clarify the major international actors behind peacekeeping, and will discuss in general terms their ability to help create peace. Types of Peacekeeping Missions The character of peacekeeping missions varies...

peacekeeping

peacekeeping   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Military History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004

... Peacekeeping is a term mainly used to describe actions sponsored by the UN . Peacekeeping operations are authorized by the Security Council, endowed by the UN Charter with primary responsibility for maintaining international peace and security. The Congo intervention was the only occasion where the UN tried to act as an independent power in its own right. A traditional peacekeeping operation is established when parties to a conflict, typically two states, agree to the interposition of UN troops to uphold a ceasefire. Limited numbers of lightly...

peacekeeping

peacekeeping ((for India))   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Politics and International Relations in India

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics
Length:
79 words

... (for India) Activities carried out to engender conditions of peace in countries or regions affected by conflict, including implementing and monitoring ceasefires, peace processes, and peace treaties. India has carried out such activities in South Asia, including successfully in Nepal in 1950 , Sri Lanka in 1971 , and the Maldives in 1988 , but experienced absolute failure in another intervention—the Indian Peacekeeping Mission to Sri Lanka. Internationally, India regularly participates in United Nations Peacekeeping Operations . See also ...

peacekeeping mission

peacekeeping mission   Reference library

The Oxford Essential Dictionary of the U.S. Military

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2002

... mission the deployment of military forces, usually under U.N. or other international control, to prevent or deter further military action by the military or paramilitary forces of two opposing nations or...

Civilian Peacekeeping

Civilian Peacekeeping   Reference library

The Oxford International Encyclopedia of Peace

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Social sciences
Length:
2,191 words

...Peacekeeping . In the literature of peace research, the concept of “peacekeeping” describes one of three complementary strategies for tackling violent conflict. Peacekeeping is aimed at reducing the overt violence of the parties involved, while peacemaking is aimed at bringing the parties together to reach an agreement, and peacebuilding is the attempt to tackle the root causes of the conflict. Over the years these terms have come into common usage but with a variety of meanings attached to them. Because of its association with the large-scale peacekeeping...

Culture of Peacekeeping

Culture of Peacekeeping   Reference library

The Oxford International Encyclopedia of Peace

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Social sciences
Length:
1,105 words

...Peacekeeping is an instrument of international action: the broadest level at which culture matters here is how the international community conceives of and uses peacekeeping. Models of UN peacekeeping have changed over the sixty years of its existence. Current work suggests, for instance, that peacekeeping missions are currently being used to enforce a Western vision of governance, including particular understandings of “free and fair elections,” the promotion of market economies, and the reinforcement of political asymmetries around the world. Peacekeeping is...

Peacekeeping, Australia And

Peacekeeping, Australia And   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Australian Military History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009

..., Australia And Australia has been a consistent supporter of multinational peacekeeping, most often under the auspices of the United Nations ( UN ). There have been Australian peacekeepers in the field continuously since 1947 , and for the last quarter of the twentieth century peacekeeping was by far the most significant form of Australian military engagement overseas. Australians have served in many roles in over 50 multinational peacekeeping operations, in nearly 30 theatres of conflict. A complete list of Australian peacekeeping missions is...

United Nations Peacekeeping

United Nations Peacekeeping   Quick reference

Catherine Soanes

Dictionary Plus Society and Culture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Society and culture
Length:
78 words

...United Nations Peacekeeping Peacekeeping is a central function of the UN. Member states voluntarily provide military, police, and civilian personnel to be deployed as directed by the Department of Peacekeeping Operations. UN forces act as impartial third parties and seek to maintain peace in armed conflicts around the world. The first UN peacekeeping action dates to 1948 , when unarmed military observers were sent to Israel to monitor a ceasefire between that state and its Arab neighbours. Catherine...

Indian Peacekeeping Force

Indian Peacekeeping Force   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Politics and International Relations in India

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics
Length:
69 words

...Peacekeeping Force ( IPKF ) A military contingent sent to Sri Lanka from 1987 to 1990 that aimed to end the island’s civil war at that time. Initially intended purely as a peacekeeping force, Indian troops became quickly embroiled in the civil war, which led to 1,200 troop losses and several thousand casualties, and is frequently referred to as India’s ‘Vietnam’. See also Gandhi, Rajiv ; Indira Doctrine...

Department of Peacekeeping Operations

Department of Peacekeeping Operations   Reference library

Encyclopaedic Dictionary of International Law (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Law, International Law
Length:
163 words

...of Peacekeeping Operations Established under Secretary-General Boutros-Ghali's Agenda for Peace of 17 June 1992 ( U.N. Doc. A/47/277–S/24111 ), the U.N. Department of Peacekeeping Operations ( DPKO ) provides strategic direction, management, and guidance to U.N. peacekeeping operations around the world. The Department was significantly reorganized in 2007 to give effect to recommendations from the Secretary-General, based, in part on the recommendations contained in the Brahimi Report on U.N. Peace Operations of 17 August 2000 : U.N....

Peacemaking, Peacekeeping, and Peacebuilding

Peacemaking, Peacekeeping, and Peacebuilding   Reference library

Luc Reychler

The International Studies Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics, Warfare and Defence
Length:
12,661 words

...and third-generation peacekeeping, humanitarian intervention, complex peace operations, wider peacekeeping, peace enforcement, peace support operations, peace maintenance, etc. This is not primarily the result of intellectual laziness on the part of researchers or practitioners. Virtually any one has a personal sense of what peace operations are, but they are usually perceived as activities with extremely flexible boundaries ( MacQueen 2006 ). The research of peace operations focuses on several dimensions: (1) the peacekeeping and support tasks, (2) the...

United Nations Peacekeeping Operations

United Nations Peacekeeping Operations ((for India))   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Politics and International Relations in India

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics
Length:
166 words

...Nations Peacekeeping Operations (for India) Actions carried out by a major global institution to help generate conditions for lasting peace in countries that have experienced conflict. They are conducted under the auspices of the Department of Peacekeeping Operations in order to fulfil a central mandate of the United Nations Charter that demands that its members act collectively to maintain international peace and stability. India has been involved in such operations since their inception, including in Korea, Vietnam, Belgian Congo, and Suez, and its...

United Nations Peacekeeping Operations

United Nations Peacekeeping Operations (in relation to China)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Politics and International Relations in China

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics
Length:
109 words

...United Nations Peacekeeping Operations ( in relation to China ) Actions carried out by the major global institution to help generate conditions for lasting peace in countries that have experienced conflict. They are conducted under the auspices of the UN’s Department of Peacekeeping Operations in order to fulfil a central mandate of the UN charter that demands that its members collectively act to maintain international peace and stability. China has been involved in such operations since 1981 , contributing more personnel than any other Permanent 5 ...

United Nations peace-keeping force

United Nations peace-keeping force   Quick reference

World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
71 words

...Nations peace-keeping force Military personnel and their equipment placed at the United Nations ' disposal by member states. The function of the force is to keep the peace between warring factions anywhere in the world, as requested by the United Nations Security Council . The first UN peace-keeping forces deployed in the Sinai Peninsula and Beirut in June 1948 . The greatest deployment of UN peace-keeping forces was in Bosnia during the...

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