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peace establishment

The authorized size, composition, and organization of a nation's armed forces in peacetime.

radicalism

radicalism   Reference library

Oxford Reader's Companion to Trollope

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Literature, Literary studies (19th century)
Length:
258 words

...of state intervention. Among its varieties were philosophic radicalism, inspired by Jeremy Bentham and more statist than others, the Manchester School of Peace and Free Trade zealots led by Richard Cobden and John Bright —epitomized by Mr Turnbull in Phineas Finn (XVIII)—and, from the 1860s, the academic radicals,‘insiders’ such as Thomas *Hughes who wished to open the establishment to outsiders. Distinct from these, and viewing them with mixed suspicion and respect, were working-class radicals like the bootmaker Ontario Moggs in Ralph the...

‘History of the Young Men, The’

‘History of the Young Men, The’   Reference library

Victor Neufeldt

The Oxford Companion to the Brontes

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Literature, Literary studies (19th century)
Length:
362 words

...‘History of the Young Men, The’ . In a hand-sewn booklet of eighteen pages (dated 7 May 1831 ; MS in BL), Captain John Bud (Branwell Brontë), in six chapters, details the establishment of the Glass Town Federation ( see glass town and angrian saga ) in the Ashantee territory of West Africa, and includes a map of the Federation. In the introduction Branwell describes how a set of toy soldiers became the Twelves who set sail for Africa . Among the crew were Arthur Wellesley (spelt Wellesly by Branwell; see wellington, duke of ); Sir W. E. Parry , ...

Church of England

Church of England   Reference library

Oxford Reader's Companion to Trollope

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Literature, Literary studies (19th century)
Length:
993 words

...he points out in Clergymen of the Church of England . It opened the door to men such as Mr Thumble in The Last Chronicle of Barset , who is only too eager to take advantage of Mr Crawley 's predicament and usurp his parish at Hogglestock. While supporting the political establishment of the Church, Trollope exploits it for comic effect. In Barchester Towers , the high churchman Dr Grantly , who is dependent on the exercise of Tory patronage to enable him to follow his father as bishop, finds instead that the coincidence of his father's death with the...

women and women's issues

women and women's issues   Reference library

Ella Westland

Oxford Reader's Companion to Dickens

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Literature, Literary studies (19th century)
Length:
2,271 words

...calmly efficient, was charged with the vital function of holding together the middle-class home, that essential foundation of the Victorian social structure. In promoting the image of the ‘Home Goddess’ ( OMF 2.13), Dickens was therefore playing an influential role in the establishment of a new set of values which underpinned the growing power of the middle classes. Many readers have been critical of Dickens's perfect heroines and disappointingly conservative attitudes. However, these negative views do not give enough weight to Dickens's public involvement...

sermons and tracts by Revd Patrick Brontë

sermons and tracts by Revd Patrick Brontë   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Brontes

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Literature, Literary studies (19th century)
Length:
1,071 words

...kingdom. A Tract for the Times was Mr Brontë's response to the so-called ‘Papal Aggression’ which alarmed English Protestants after the Pope's appointment of Nicholas Wiseman as cardinal-archbishop of Westminster in August 1850 . He declared that ‘the whole fabric of our establishment’ was shaken to its centre, and warned Catholics and other Dissenters that if through their actions, the Church of England was overthrown, people would look not to religion but to the Goddess of Reason, as they had during the French Revolution. Brontëana ....

woman question, the

woman question, the   Reference library

Oxford Reader's Companion to George Eliot

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Literature, Literary studies (19th century)
Length:
3,290 words

...Repentance’, the third of the Scenes , narrated its heroine's endurance of her husband's relentless beatings, thus recording from its own removed perspective precisely the kind of scandalous incident that was making for public outcry. And as feminists worked toward the establishment of a woman's college, George Eliot in The Mill on the Floss was exposing the agony of Maggie Tulliver , whose intelligence had been so badly neglected. Although the novels continually engage with the struggles of women, George Eliot was wary of more direct forms of...

education

education   Reference library

Oxford Reader's Companion to Hardy

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Literature, Literary studies (19th century)
Length:
3,504 words

... Mrs Julia Augusta *Martin ; it is recalled in his poem ‘He Revisits His First School’ and in his autobiography ( LW 21). There, by his own account, he ‘excelled’ in arithmetic and geography. In September 1850 he was moved on his mother's initiative from this Anglican establishment to the British School in Dorchester, which was run on Nonconformist lines. Jemima Hardy 's motivation, however, was not doctrinal but related to the reputation of the master, Isaac *Last (though a difference of opinion between mother and patroness was evidently also...

Glass Town and Angrian saga

Glass Town and Angrian saga   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Brontes

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Literature, Literary studies (19th century)
Length:
3,202 words

...of Glass Town locations in his ‘History of the Young Men’ ( 1830 ), but he and his sisters followed the author's advice on the most favourable site for a new colony: one that ‘would command the trade, the improvement, and the civilization of all North Central Africa’. The establishment of Glass Town and Angria, then, can be seen as an imaginary exercise in colonization. Although ostensibly African, the geographical features of the four kingdoms of the Glass Town (or Verdopolitan) Federation are modelled on parts of the British Isles: Parry's Land and ...

Doctor Thorne

Doctor Thorne   Reference library

Oxford Reader's Companion to Trollope

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Literature, Literary studies (19th century)
Length:
2,923 words

...independent- minded and deferential, she has traits in common with both her uncles: her ‘spirit of democracy’ maintains that a person be respected for ‘absolute, intrinsic, acknowledged, individual merit’, while her ‘spirit of aristocracy’ upholds the claims of the establishment (VI). Henry James , in his famous ‘partial portrait’ of the author, lists Mary first among Trollope 's ‘affectionate’ gallery of heroines ( Partial Portraits ( 1888 ), 128). Her standing up to Lady Arabella (XXIX) is worthy of Elizabeth Bennet 's defiance of Lady...

‘Crime of Partition, The’

‘Crime of Partition, The’   Reference library

Oxford Reader’s Companion To Conrad

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Literature, Literary studies (19th century)
Length:
454 words

...the Polish delegation at the Versailles Peace Conference in 1919 . The wide fears that Conrad had expressed on Armistice Day—’Great and very blind forces are set free catastrophically all over the world’ ( LL , ii. 211) —assume a more specific form in the essay’s concern with the question of future Polish autonomy within the context of Europe’s post-war reconstruction. ‘The Crime of Partition’ was written at a time when the fate of the newly constituted Poland was still critically uncertain, since the Versailles Peace Conference had not yet taken place and...

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