Update
The Oxford Biblical Studies Online and Oxford Islamic Studies Online have retired. Content you previously purchased on Oxford Biblical Studies Online or Oxford Islamic Studies Online has now moved to Oxford Reference, Oxford Handbooks Online, Oxford Scholarship Online, or What Everyone Needs to Know®. For information on how to continue to view articles visit the subscriber services page.
Dismiss

View:

Overview

particularism

n. a school of moral thought proposing that attention to the specifics and details of a situation is required to determine the preferred course of action. Such an approach is ...

particularism

particularism   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Social Research Methods

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Social sciences, Sociology
Length:
25 words

...particularism The view that every society is a collective representation of its unique historical past. Associated particularly with American cultural anthropology in the twentieth century....

particularism

particularism n.   Quick reference

Concise Medical Dictionary (10 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020
Subject:
Medicine and health, Clinical Medicine
Length:
46 words

... n. a school of moral thought proposing that attention to the specifics and details of a situation is required to determine the preferred course of action. Such an approach is contrary to theories that depend on universal norms or principles, such as Kantian ethics...

Particularism

Particularism   Reference library

The Continuum Encyclopedia of British Philosophy

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Philosophy
Length:
557 words

...in particular cases, thus restoring a particularist insight. John McDowell 's ‘Virtue and Reason’ ( 1979 ) brought Aristotle's particularism to a contemporary audience. McDowell opposes the view that ‘the primary topic of ethics is the topic of right conduct, and the nature and justification of principles of behaviour’ (p. 331). In the influential section 4 of that paper McDowell uses arguments from Wittgenstein to make a case against the thesis that ethics can be ‘codified’. Jonathan Dancy ( 1993 , 2004 ) has developed a defence of particularism based...

historical particularism

historical particularism   Reference library

Dictionary of the Social Sciences

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2002
Subject:
Social sciences
Length:
124 words

...particularism The central component of Franz Boas 's attack on nineteenth-century evolutionism and the comparative method ( see evolution and evolutionism ). Historical particularism is rooted in the notion that each culture is unique and intelligible only on its own terms and, consequently, is not readily assimilable to the cross-cultural generalizations and broad evolutionary schemata that were popular in the late nineteenth century. Boas advocated a holistic and descriptive approach to the study of culture , in the process challenging the...

moral particularism

moral particularism   Reference library

Jonathan Dancy

The Oxford Companion to Philosophy (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Philosophy
Length:
170 words

...particularism . The particularist holds that the possibility of moral thought and judgement in no way depends on an adequate supply of moral principles or general rules. Moral judgement is primarily concerned with the particular case. Experience can help us discover moral generalities, such as that it is normally or standardly wrong to lie. Such generalities are as important in morality as elsewhere. But they can serve only as rules of thumb; the moral aspects of a particular situation are not constructed out of relations between its non-moral features and...

militant particularism

militant particularism   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Human Geography

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Social sciences, Human Geography
Length:
100 words

...particularism The practice of pursuing general goals by way of oppositional actions, such as strikes, undertaken at separate locations. The term was coined by British Marxist Raymond Williams and appropriated by David Harvey in his book Justice, Nature and the Geography of Difference . Like Williams, Harvey argued that any general project of emancipation must necessarily be realized with reference to specific groups of people struggling against particular injustices in specific places with their own history and character. This sets up a potential...

moral particularism

moral particularism   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Philosophy (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Philosophy
Length:
120 words

...particularism The view owing its ancestry to Aristotle , and defended by the contemporary British philosopher Jonathan Dancy , that in deciding the rights and wrongs of action general principles are of little value: the devil lies in the details. It thus stands opposed to ethics relying on highly general and abstract principles, particularly those associated with the Kantian categorical imperative . The view may go so far as to say that taken on its own, no consideration points in any particular way, but taken to this extreme the view seems to threaten...

historical particularism

historical particularism   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Cultural Anthropology

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018
Subject:
Social sciences, Anthropology
Length:
112 words

...historical particularism A term coined by Marvin Harris to describe Franz Boas ’s approach to anthropology as the empirical study of cultural development within each society. Against prevailing cultural evolutionist models asserting that all human societies develop the same ways, through common stages and along one path, Boas asserted that different societies could reach similar levels of cultural development through distinct and particular pathways. Boas attributed such variation in cultural development to cultural diffusion ( see diffusionism ), ...

particularism

particularism noun   Reference library

The New Zealand Oxford Dictionary

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
53 words
particularism

particularism noun   Reference library

Australian Oxford Dictionary (2 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
53 words
particularism

particularism noun   Quick reference

Oxford Dictionary of English (3 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
179 words
particularism

particularism noun   Reference library

The Canadian Oxford Dictionary (2 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
46 words
particularism

particularism noun   Quick reference

New Oxford American Dictionary (3 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
149 words
particularism

particularism  

Reference type:
Overview Page
n. a school of moral thought proposing that attention to the specifics and details of a situation is required to determine the preferred course of action. Such an approach is contrary to theories ...
particular

particular   Reference library

Garner’s Modern English Usage (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016

... (= of, relating to, or involving a single person or thing) is pronounced /pәr- tik -yә-lәr/ —not /pә- tik -lәr/ . The adverb particularly has five distinct syllables: /pәr- tik -yә-lәr-lee/ —though in dialect it can be shortened to three ( /pә- tik -lee/ ). For more on the adverb, see the next...

historical particularism

historical particularism  

Reference type:
Overview Page
The central component of Franz Boas's attack on nineteenth-century evolutionism and the comparative method (see evolution and evolutionism). Historical particularism is rooted in the notion that each ...
moral particularism

moral particularism  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
The view owing its ancestry to Aristotle, and defended by the contemporary British philosopher Jonathan Dancy, that in deciding the rights and wrongs of action general principles are of little value: ...
egocentric particular

egocentric particular   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Philosophy (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Philosophy
Length:
17 words

...particular Term for a token-reflexive , or what is more commonly called an indexical ,...

Particular Baptists

Particular Baptists   Reference library

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Religions

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Religion
Length:
40 words

... Baptists . Those Baptists committed to the Calvinistic doctrine of ‘particular’ redemption for the elect only. The term distinguishes them from the other main group of English Baptists with 17th-cent. origins, the General Baptists , who adhered to an Arminian ...

particular integral

particular integral   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Electronics and Electrical Engineering (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

... integral Any solution to a differential equation , usually found by trial and error based on the form of the side containing the derivatives. The full solution to the equation is then obtained as the sum of the particular integral and the complementary function . ...

View: