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palaeography

Is the study of the history of writing upon papyrus (see papyrology), wax, parchment, and paper, while epigraphy deals with inscriptions carved in hard materials; from it we learn how to ...

Paleography

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Encyclopedia of the Dead Sea Scrolls

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008

...W. F. “ A Biblical Fragment from the Maccabaean Age: The Nash Papyrus. ” Journal of Biblical Literature 56 (1937), 145–176. Avigad, N. “ The Palaeography of the Dead Sea Scrolls and Related Documents. ” Scripta Hierosolymitana 4 (1957), 56–87. Avigad, N. “ Aramaic Inscriptions in the Tomb of Jason. ” Israel Exploration Journal 17 (1967), 101–110. Birnbaum, Solomon . The Qumrân (Dead Sea) Scrolls and Palaeography . New Haven, 1952. Birnbaum, Solomon . The Hebrew Scripts. Part I: The Text . Leiden, 1971; Part II: The Plates . London, 1954–1957. Bonani,...

Paleography

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The Oxford Encyclopedia of Ancient Greece and Rome

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
1,468 words

...A highly calligraphic version of cursive known as italic was adopted by the Venetian printer Aldus Manutius for his Aldine Press. [ See also Alphabet and Writing ; Books ; Libraries ; Papyrology ; and Reading and Readers .] Bibliography Bischoff, Bernhard . Latin Palaeography: Antiquity and the Middle Ages . Translated by Dáibhí ó Cróinín and David Ganz . Cambridge, U.K.: Cambridge University Press, 1990. De Hamel, Christopher . Scribes and Illuminators . Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1992. Reynolds, L. D. , and N. G. Wilson . Scribes...

palaeography

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The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Linguistics (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Linguistics
Length:
10 words

... The study of ancient documents and forms of...

palaeography

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The Oxford Dictionary of Literary Terms (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

... [ pal-i- og -răfi ] The study and deciphering of old...

palaeography

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A Dictionary of English Manuscript Terminology 1450–2000

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Literature, History
Length:
68 words

... Deriving from the Greek palaiograph (‘ancient writing’), the term ‘palaeography’, or ‘paleography’, denotes the study of handwriting and of the history of scripts. It involves such practices as the analysis and description of old manuscripts, the deciphering of texts, the dating and identification of hands and scripts, and recognition of the place of origin of a manuscript and of the scribal practices and conventions represented in...

palaeography

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A Dictionary of the Bible (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Religion
Length:
41 words

... From Greek words ‘old’ and ‘writing’; it is the rigorous discipline of deciphering ancient handwriting on * codices and papyri. The styles of writing determine the dates of MSS. So palaeography is an essential stage in textual * criticism of the...

Palaeography

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The Grove Encyclopedia of Materials and Techniques in Art

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
226 words

... . Term applied to the study of ancient handwriting but more widely to the study of the manuscript book as a whole, overlapping to some extent with Codicology . It embraces the investigation of the technical processes by which a manuscript was produced and of the historical circumstances in which it appeared. As such, palaeography is a fundamental tool for those interested in the transmission and preservation of texts, Classical or medieval, Latin, Greek or vernacular. The contribution of palaeography to understanding the conditions in which a text...

Palaeography

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Encyclopedia of the Middle Ages

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
1,534 words

...which made him the initiator and master of the modern palaeographical school. In Germany, L. Traube , professor at Munich, in his many monographs collected into volumes ( Vorlesungen und Abhandlungen , 1909–1920 ), made palaeography an independent discipline; he was followed by P. Lehmann . In England the Paleographical Society was founded in 1873 , and the palaeographical school was made illustrious particularly by the labours of W. M. Lindsay . In the United States, E. A. Lowe made a fundamental study of the script of southern Italy ,...

palaeography

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The Oxford Companion to Western Art

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
188 words

...of Verona ( 1675–1755 ). During the 19th century the term ‘palaeography’ assumed its current meaning and ‘diplomatic’ became restricted to the study of documents, their scripts and formulas. Codicology emerged at this time as the study of the physical structure of books. Twentieth-century approaches to palaeography included the philologically based methods of Ludwig Traube of Munich and the technical and aesthetic perceptions of E. A. Lowe . Michelle P. Brown Boyle, L. , Medieval Latin Palaeography: A Bibliographical Introduction ...

palaeography

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The Oxford Dictionary of the Middle Ages

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
518 words

... In a broad sense, ‘old writing’ in all languages at all times. Latin palaeography deals with the history of *writing in Latin from its origins to modernity, including all languages using the Latin alphabet. Medieval handwriting originated directly from the handwriting of Latin antiquity. It adopted from Roman times the distinction between writing in a book hand and writing in cursive or ‘running’ hand. The Roman book hand is a calligraphic writing style which was written in three main forms: capitalis ( quadrata or monumentalis and rustica...

palaeography

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The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
1,124 words

...has long been the standard textbook, Bernhard Bischoff ’s Latin Palaeography , first published in German in 1979 . Mabillon and his successors considered the history of script to be a subsidiary element of the science of *diplomatic (the study of historical documents). It is only in the 20 th century that palaeography gained a significant autonomous position, with university posts dedicated to its study. Ludwig Traube , the Munich professor regarded as the father of modern palaeography , insisted on the distinction between this discipline and...

palaeography

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The Oxford Companion to Local and Family History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
393 words

...of which are now archaic, add to the frustrations involved in deciphering a word, but also to the sense of achievement when the task is completed successfully. http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/palaeography Reading old documents. http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/latin/beginners Introduction to Latin. http://www.scottishhandwriting.com Scottish palaeography. http://pagespro-orange.fr/euroleader/wedderburn/glossary.htm Glossary of old Scottish words and...

Palaeography

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Ernst Gamillscheg and Ihor Ševčenko

The Oxford Dictionary of Byzantium

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
954 words

... (lit. “ancient writing”), like codicology , is an autonomous field of study, as well as an auxiliary discipline of philology and history. It studies the development of the Greek script in Byz. MSS and documents (see Diplomatics ) in its cultural context. It takes its name from the pioneering monograph of B. de Montfaucon , Palaeographia graeca (Paris 1708 ; rp. 1970 ). Gardthausen ( infra ) divided palaeography into Buchwesen and Schriftwesen ; the recent tendency is to replace the term Buchwesen by codicology, with the emphasis on...

palaeography

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The Oxford Dictionary of the Classical World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
156 words

... is the study of the history of writing upon papyrus ( see papyrology ), wax, parchment, and paper, while epigraphy deals with inscriptions carved in hard materials; from it we learn how to read old scripts and to observe their development, which may provide us with criteria for establishing the date and place of origin of a piece of writing. It is also concerned with the layout of the written page and the form of the book. In both Greek and Latin the written letters change under the influence of three forces: the first, the desire to form the...

palaeography

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Alison Bullock

The Oxford Companion to Music

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Music
Length:
264 words

...palaeography . The study of ancient (Gk.: palaios ) and medieval handwriting. It is useful in music, as in other disciplines, for the study of manuscripts containing music and other material, in tracing all the elements of manuscript production—for example date, provenance, and scribal activity. In music palaeography it is necessary to be familiar with styles not only of script but also of notations. As with handwriting, medieval notation varies considerably by period and by region; furthermore, individual music scribes, even from within the same scriptorium...

palaeography

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The Oxford Dictionary of Local and Family History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
175 words

... . The handwriting of documents from the 18th century onwards does not present too many difficulties in terms of unfamiliar forms and styles, though, as today, individual writers vary in their clarity. The script used in the 16th and 17th centuries was radically different, however, even if it was in English rather than Latin. Several manuals provide guidance on how to read medieval Court Hand, the Secretary Hand of the Elizabethans, and the Italic Hand, which was introduced in the 16th century from Italy and which became general after the ...

palaeography

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Albinia C. de la Mare and Nigel Guy Wilson

The Oxford Classical Dictionary (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
6,136 words

...proceedings of the conferences on Greek palaeography held from 1974 onwards: (1) La Paléographie grecque et byzantine (Colloques internationaux du CNRS 559) (1977); (2) D. Harlfinger and G. Prato (eds.), Paleografia e codicologia greca (1991); (3) G. Cavallo, G. De Gregorio, and M. Maniaci (eds.), Scritture, libri e testi nelle aree provinciali di Bisanzio (1991); (4) G. Prato (ed.), I manoscritti greci tra riflessione e dibattito (2000). Latin palaeography General: L. E. Boyle , Medieval Latin Palaeography: A Bibliographical Introduction (1984);...

palaeo'graphy

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The Oxford Companion to Classical Literature (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Literature, Classical studies
Length:
61 words

... The study of manuscripts or their equivalent (e.g. papyri and wax tablets) in respect of their handwriting, including the study of variations in the latter which help to establish date and place of writing. It is also concerned with the layout of the writing on the page and with the form of the book. See also books, Greek and Roman...

Scandinavian palaeography

Scandinavian palaeography   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Middle Ages

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
404 words

...palaeography In Scandinavia, the art of writing followed closely in the wake of Christianity, and the palaeographic background of Scandinavian writing is found in western European writing of the 11th and early 12th centuries: the Caroline minuscule and the AS *Insular script . The script of the oldest source, the gospel harmony Dalbyboken from around 1050 , is Carolingian minuscule, which characterizes Danish book script for two centuries. Gradually, it became more compressed, and the letters became taller and more slender; eventually, it...

Hebrew Palaeography Project

Hebrew Palaeography Project   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
78 words

...Palaeography Project Founded in 1965 by Malachi Beit-Arié and Colette Sirat to collect quantitative data on *dated medieval Hebrew MSS . Its primary products are three volumes of Manuscrits médiévaux en caractères hébraïques portant des indications de date jusq’à 1540 , five volumes of Monumenta Palaeographica Medii Aevi: Series Hebraica , and a number of important palaeographical atlases. At the heart of the Project is its SFAR-DATA database with *codicological data from some 5,500 MSS. Emile G. L....

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