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p20

1. p20-ARC One of the subunits of ARP2/3. 2. p20-CGGBP (CGG-binding protein1) A protein that binds to the unmethylated form of the trinucleotide repeat ...

Ipatovo

Ipatovo (Stavropol’ Territory/Russia)   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Place Names (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019

...Ipatovo , Stavropol’ Territory/Russia ( Chemrek, Vinodelnoye ) Renamed in 1935 after P. M. Ipatov, a hero of the Civil War ( 1918–20 ), who died...

Stanwell

Stanwell   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of Family Names in Britain and Ireland

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Names studies
Length:
83 words

...1257 in Patent Rolls ; John Stanewell of Stanes, 1371 in Patent Rolls (Oxon); Richard Stanwell , 1376 in Patent Rolls ; Hugh Stanwell’ , 1395 in Feet of Fines (Lincs); Thomas Stanwelle , 1411 in Feet of Fines (Hants). References: Place-Names of Middx , p. 20; Place-Names of Northants , p. 141. Stanwell, 1881 frequency. © Archer...

Lamotte

Lamotte   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of Family Names in Britain and Ireland

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Names studies
Length:
69 words

...• Current frequencies: GB 38, Ireland 0 • GB frequency 1881: 20 • Main GB location 1881: Middx and Sussex; Durham Huguenot : locative name , variant of Delamotte with loss of the preposition. Early bearers: Francis La Motte , a refugee from Ypres, settled in Colchester in about 1562 as a manufacturer ( Smiles , p. 416, DNB ); David La Mott , 1626 in IGI (London). Lamotte, 1881 frequency. © Archer...

Altringham

Altringham   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of Family Names in Britain and Ireland

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Names studies
Length:
79 words

...• Current frequencies: GB 68, Ireland 0 • GB frequency 1881: 20 • Main GB location 1881: Durham and Cumb English : locative name probably from Altrincham (Cheshire), but evidence is missing to link the medieval early bearer with the 18th-century name. Early bearers: […de] Altryncheham , 1326 in Close Rolls (Cheshire); William Altringham , 1774 in IGI (Rotherham, WR Yorks); Elizabeth Altringham , 1786 in IGI (Maryport, Cumb). References: Place-Names of Cheshire 2, p. 7. Altringham, 1881 frequency. © Archer...

Ruston

Ruston   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of Family Names in Britain and Ireland

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Names studies
Length:
157 words

...1507 in PROB 11 (Clare, Suffolk); Herry Ruston , 1540 in IGI (North Elmham, Norfolk); Johan Ruston , 1544 in IGI (Atherington, Devon); John Ruston , 1635 in PROB 11 (Northolme, Lincs). References: Place-Names of Devon 2, p. 401; Place-Names of ER Yorks , pp. 93–4; Place-Names of NR Yorks , p. 100; Watts, Dictionary , p. 514. 2 English : see Rushton . Ruston, 1881 frequency. © Archer...

Ashdown

Ashdown   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of Family Names in Britain and Ireland

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Names studies
Length:
203 words

..., 1566 in IGI (Westerham, Kent); Isaac Ashdowne , 1597 in Cranbrook Wills (Cranbrook, Kent); Thomas Ashdown , 1740, James Ashden , 1799 in IGI (Ewhurst, Sussex). References: Hey, Family Names , pp. 146–7, 193, 202; Place-Names of Sussex , p. 2; Mills, Dictionary , p. 20; Watts, Dictionary , p. 20. 2 English : locative name perhaps occasionally from Ashdown in Lenham (Kent), which is Esheden' in 1240, Assheden in 1346. Early bearers: Rob's de Asshedene , Alex' de Esden' , 1254 in Assize Rolls (Kent); Turstanus de Esdenne , 13th cent...

Appleton

Appleton   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of Family Names in Britain and Ireland

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Names studies
Length:
305 words

...Berks). References: Place-Names of WR Yorks 4, pp. 219–20; Lancs Place-Names , p. 106; Place-Names of Cheshire 2, p. 96; Place-Names of NR Yorks , pp. 46, 59–60, 174, 241–2; Place-Names of Cumb , p. 272; Kent Place-Names , pp. 521, 585; Place-Names of Berks , pp. 401–2; Feet of Fines ( Apelton , 1218–19 in Norfolk); Place-Names of Essex , p. 180; Place-Names of Worcs , p. 146; Ekwall, DEPN , p. 11; Vocabulary of English Place-Names , at æppel-tūn ; East Anglian Bynames , p. 24. Appleton, 1881 frequency. © Archer...

Swarbrick

Swarbrick   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of Family Names in Britain and Ireland

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Names studies
Length:
103 words

...Variants: Swarsbrick , Swarbreck , Swarbrook • Current frequencies: GB 1732, Ireland 20 • GB frequency 1881: 1168 • Main GB location 1881: Lancs English : locative name from Swarbrick Hall in Preese (Lancs), recorded as Swartebrecke in 1286. Early bearers: Edo de Swarbreke , 1379 in Poll Tax (Weeton with Preese, Lancs); Ricardo de Swartbouk , 1379 in Poll Tax (Formby, Lancs); Annes Swarbreck , 1554, Annes Swarbrick , 1558 in IGI (Kirkham, Lancs); Christopher Swartbreck , 1598 in IGI (Cockerham, Lancs); Samuelis Swarthprick...

Langer

Langer   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of Family Names in Britain and Ireland

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Names studies
Length:
109 words

...: see Longer . 3 English : locative name from Langar (Notts). Early bearers: […de] Langare , about 1190 in Place-Names of Notts (Notts); Richard de Langar , 1219–20 in Pipe Rolls (Notts); Henry de Langhar , 1337, Robert de Langar , 1347 in York Freemen’s Register (York); Robert de Langar of London, girdler, 1368 in Feet of Fines (Lincs). References: Place-Names of Notts , p. 227. Langer, 1881 frequency. © Archer...

Langstroth

Langstroth   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of Family Names in Britain and Ireland

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Names studies
Length:
114 words

...Variants: Langstrath • Current frequencies: GB 15, Ireland 0 • GB frequency 1881: 20 • Main GB location 1881: WR Yorks and Lancs English : locative name from Langstrothdale in Buckden (WR Yorks). Early bearers: Adam Langstra , 1381 in Poll Tax (Leconfield, ER Yorks); Ricardus Langstroye , 1381 in Poll Tax (Beverley, ER Yorks); Xpopher Langstroth , 1560, Anthony Longstrothe , 1568 in IGI (Horton in Ribblesdale, WR Yorks); Gawine Langstrath , 1568 in IGI (Crosthwaite, Cumb); Mathew Langstroth , 1639 in IGI (Burnsall in Craven,...

Mulgrave

Mulgrave   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of Family Names in Britain and Ireland

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Names studies
Length:
102 words

...GB 21, Ireland 15 • GB frequency 1881: 20 • Main GB location 1881: Lancs; Northumb • Main Irish location 1847–64: Down 1 English : locative name from Mulgrave in Lythe (NR Yorks). Early bearers: Adam Mulgreue , 1362 in Assize Rolls (Yorks); Julian Molegreue , 1381 in Feet of Fines (NR Yorks); Thomas Molgryff , 1403 in Yorks Wills (Yorks); Henricus Mulgrave , 1662 in IGI (Wakefield, WR Yorks); Isabel Mulgrave , 1699 in IGI (Newcastle upon Tyne, Northumb). References: Place-Names of NR Yorks , p. 137. 2 Irish : adopted for Ó...

Brumfitt

Brumfitt   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of Family Names in Britain and Ireland

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Names studies
Length:
103 words

...surname derives from the place-name Brunthwaite in Silsden (WR Yorks), which is recorded as Bronthweyt in 1389, Brumfitt in 1666. However, Redmonds notes that there is no evidence to support such an origin. References: Place-Names of WR Yorks 6, pp. 19–20; Redmonds, Surnames and Genealogy , p. 149. Brumfitt, 1881 frequency. © Archer...

Brunet

Brunet   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of Family Names in Britain and Ireland

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Names studies
Length:
119 words

...Variants: Brownett • Current frequencies: GB 88, Ireland 1 • GB frequency 1881: 20 • Main GB location 1881: Middx; also Jersey Norman, Huguenot : relationship name, nickname from Brunet , Brunot , diminutives of the Old French name and nickname Brun , from brun ‘brown’. Further information: A Huguenot family named Brunet , from La Rochelle, fled to England after the Revocation of the Edict of Nantes ( Smiles , p. 370). Early bearers: Richard Brunote , 1310 in London Letter Books D; Richard Brounnhote , Brounote , 1327 in Subsidy...

Culcheth

Culcheth   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of Family Names in Britain and Ireland

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Names studies
Length:
115 words

...• Current frequencies: GB 20, Ireland 0 • GB frequency 1881: 16 • Main GB location 1881: Warwicks and Leics English : locative name from Culcheth (Lancs). Further information see Culshaw for possible confusion. Early bearers Roger de Culchit , 1218–19 in Pipe Rolls (Lancs); Gilbert de Culchef , Gilbert de Culchit , 1246, Richard de Kulchith , Richard de Kulchet , 1284 in Assize Rolls (Lancs); Willelmo de Culcheth' , 1379 in Poll Tax (Ashton in Makerfield, Lancs); Thomas de Kilcheth' , 1381 in Poll Tax (Abram, Lancs); William...

Boumphrey

Boumphrey   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of Family Names in Britain and Ireland

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Names studies
Length:
109 words

...Variants: Bomphrey • Current frequencies: GB 37, Ireland 0 • GB frequency 1881: 20 • Main GB location 1881: Cheshire and Lancs Welsh : relationship name generally and incorrectly said to be from the patronymic ab Humphrey ‘son of Humphrey ’, with fused patronymic marker (a)p , which is normally voiced before a vowel and voiceless before a consonant; so strictly this name is for ‘son of Umphrey’, i.e. the name rendered in Welsh as Wmffre , Wmffra . See also Pumfrey . Early bearers: Roger Bomfrey , 1633 in Bardsley ; John Bumfrey...

Ingmire

Ingmire   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of Family Names in Britain and Ireland

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Names studies
Length:
98 words

...0 • GB frequency 1881: 20 • Main GB location 1881: Kent and London English : locative name from Inglemire in Kingston upon Hull (ER Yorks), also sometimes known as Igglemire. Further information: This name is rare in Britain but is thriving in the USA. Early bearers: John Ingmire , 1648 in IGI (New Malton, NR Yorks); William Ingmire , 1704 in IGI (Market Weighton, ER Yorks); William Ingmire , 1731 in IGI (Holborn, Middx); Frederic Ingmire , 1799 in IGI (Margate, Kent). References: Place-Names of ER Yorks , p. 213. Ingmire, 1881...

Massingale

Massingale   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of Family Names in Britain and Ireland

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Names studies
Length:
100 words

...• Current frequencies: GB 20, Ireland 0 • GB frequency 1881: 21 • Main GB location 1881: Notts English : locative name from Masongill in Thornton in Lonsdale (WR Yorks), which is recorded as Maisingill in 1467. Early bearers: Simon de Maisinggile , about 1200 in Place-Names of WR Yorks (WR Yorks); Robert Massingale , 1548 in IGI (Wrangle, Lincs); Robertt Masseygyll , 1588 in IGI (Lincoln, Lincs); Charles Massingall , 1590 in IGI (Fiskerton, Lincs); Francis Massinghell , 1599 in IGI (Markby, Lincs); Emily Massingale , 1879 in...

Patchcott

Patchcott   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of Family Names in Britain and Ireland

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Names studies
Length:
96 words

...• Current frequencies: GB 20, Ireland 0 • GB frequency 1881: 8 • Main GB location 1881: Devon English : locative name from Patchacott in Beaworthy (Devon), which is recorded as Pacchecote al. Pashecote in 1389. The place-name derives from an Old English personal name * Pæcca + Old English cot ‘cottage, shelter’. Early bearers: John de Pachecote , 1316 in Patent Rolls ; Richardus Pachacotte , 1573 in IGI (Buckland Monachorum, Devon); William Patchcott , 1642 in Protestation Returns (Devon); Willia. Patchcott , 1676 in IGI (Treneglos...

Hawick

Hawick   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of Family Names in Britain and Ireland

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Names studies
Length:
133 words

...name from Hawick (Roxburghs) or, less likely, Hawick in Kirkharle (Northumb). Early bearers: Scotland: William Hawick , 1234 in Brechin Register (Guthrie, Angus); John de Hawewyk , 1380 in Rotuli Scotiae 2, p. 20; Robert de Hawyk , 1425 in Exchequer Rolls of Scotland 4 (Edinburgh, Midlothian); Andrew Hawick , 1578 in Dysart Records , p. 39 (Shetland); James Hawik , 1645, Hawick , 1659 in IGI (Jedburgh, Roxburghs); Ann Hawick , 1719, Robert Hawick , 1757 in IGI (Delting, Shetland). England: Adam de Awic , 12th century in Durham Priory...

Neatby

Neatby   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of Family Names in Britain and Ireland

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Names studies
Length:
158 words

...Tax (Aintree, Lancs); Anthony Natebie , 1576, Elizabeth Natebye , 1604 in IGI (Gainsborough, Lincs); Richardus Natebye , 1594 in IGI (Darlington, Durham); John Neatby , 1627, John Nateby , 1636 in IGI (Leeds, WR Yorks). References: Lancs Place-Names , p. 164; Place-Names of Westm 2, p. 20. Neatby, 1881 frequency. © Archer...

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