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orientation

n. (in psychology) awareness of oneself in time, space, and place. Orientation may be disturbed in such conditions as organic brain disease, toxic drug states, mental illness, ...

orientation

orientation   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Environment and Conservation (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017

... Alignment, or relative...

orientation

orientation   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Construction, Surveying and Civil Engineering (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020

... The position or direction of...

orientation

orientation ((in psychology))   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Nursing (8 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2021
Subject:
Medicine and health
Length:
37 words

... [or-i-en- tay -shŏn] n. ( in psychology ) awareness of oneself in time, space, and place. Orientation may be disturbed in such conditions as organic brain disease, toxic drug states, mental illness, and concussion. See also reality orientation...

orientation

orientation   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Ecology (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

... A change of position by an animal or plant in response to an external...

orientation

orientation   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Zoology (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020
Subject:
Science and technology, Life Sciences
Length:
14 words

... A change of position by an animal in response to an external stimulus....

orientation

orientation n.((in psychology))   Quick reference

Concise Medical Dictionary (10 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020
Subject:
Medicine and health, Clinical Medicine
Length:
30 words

... n. (in psychology) awareness of oneself in time, space, and place. Orientation may be disturbed in such conditions as organic brain disease, toxic drug states, mental illness, and...

orientation

orientation ([De])   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Archaeology (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2021
Subject:
Archaeology
Length:
40 words

... [De] The direction of an object from a given position. Sometimes used in place of ‘alignment’, but this is careless usage. All objects and structures will have an orientation whether or not anything is aligned on them. Compare...

orientation

orientation   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Sports Science & Medicine (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007

... The ability of a person to be aware of his or her position with respect to both time, place, and circumstantial...

orientation

orientation   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Mathematics (6 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2021

...orientation A continuous choice of the sense of handedness in a space. A line may be assigned one of two directions . A simple , closed plane curve may be positively oriented or assigned an outward-pointing normal . Left- and right-handed systems are two different orientations of 3-dimensional space. Two bases of ℝ n give the same orientation if the change of basis matrix has positive determinant . Some spaces, such as the Möbius band and Klein bottle , are non-orientable and so have no orientation. See also Stokes’ Theorem...

orientation

orientation   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Architecture (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2021
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
62 words

... Planning, siting, and arrangement of a building with reference to any special point of the compass, especially in relation to the rising and setting of the sun. It was significant in church architecture, where altars were usually sited to the east. Churches arranged with the chancel not to the east are nevertheless described as though orientated correctly (liturgical orientation...

orientation

orientation   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Religion
Length:
63 words

... . The construction of a church so that its longer axis runs east to west. In the early basilicas of Rome the altar was at the west end; elsewhere more usually at the east. Though orientation is derived historically from a pagan habit of praying towards the sunrise, Christians have seen in its adoption symbolic reference to Christ as the Rising...

orientation

orientation   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Media and Communication (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020
Subject:
Media studies
Length:
242 words

... model which is the focus for a particular function (e.g. the code-oriented metalingual function in Jakobson’s model ). 7. In cross-cultural comparisons, for group-orientation see collectivistic cultures ; for individual-orientation, see individualistic cultures . 8. For value-orientation, see values . 9. ( sexual orientation ) See sexual orientation . ...

orientation

orientation   Reference library

David Stancliffe

The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
367 words

... The construction of a church so that its longer axis runs E. and W. The earliest (4th cent.) basilicas in Rome had a façade to the E. and an apse for the altar at the W., so that the principal celebrant at the eucharist, standing behind the altar, faced E. The high altar of Byzantine churches, on the other hand, was placed in an E. apse, a practice followed later esp. in England, Germany, and Spain. Elsewhere custom has been more variable. Though orientation is derived historically from a pagan habit of praying towards the sunrise, orientation for...

Orientation

Orientation   Reference library

Brewer's Dictionary of Phrase & Fable (19 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

... (Latin oriens , ‘east’) The placing of the east window of a church due east, so that the rising sun, representing Christ, the Sun of Righteousness, may shine on the altar. Originally, churches were built with their axes pointing to the rising sun on the saint’s day, so that a church dedicated to St John was not parallel to one dedicated to St Peter. In the building of modern churches, however, the saint’s day is not normally taken into account. It has recently been suggested that because many churches were built on pagan sites, the eastern ...

orientation

orientation   Reference library

Nicholas Purcell

The Oxford Classical Dictionary (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
269 words

... The patterning of the human environment according to generally accepted calibrations of ambient space took a number of forms in ancient Mediterranean cultures, and particularly in religious contexts, such as the laying out of sanctuaries according to the cardinal points (that is to solar phenomena: there is little evidence of lunar or stellar orientations), or to face parts of ritually or mythically important landscapes (note the orientation of sanctuaries in Latium towards the Albanus mons ). A connection between the sunrise quarter and the right...

orientation

orientation   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of Christian Art and Architecture (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Religion
Length:
125 words

... The alignment of a church on an E–W axis, with the altar at the east end and the entrance at the west. In pagan temples this practice was often followed in order to pray to the rising sun, and it was claimed that Christ, the Sol Invictus , might equally be invoked. This was possible in some early Roman basilicas, since the altar was at the west end, but the celebrant faced the congregation and, therefore, eastwards. Other basilicas had the altar at the east. The most famous of all, St Peter 's, had a west altar, due to the special circumstances of...

orientation

orientation   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Animal Behaviour (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Science and technology, Life Sciences
Length:
961 words
Illustration(s):
2

... Fig. 1. Frames of reference in the orientation of body parts and of ‘non-body’ objects (the vertical bar indicates the direction of gravity). Fig. 2. The orientation of an animal in space. The flight path F of the animal is affected by the direction of the wind W, giving a resultant track R. The angles β O and β OW are the drift angle and the track angle, respectively. The positioning of the body or parts of the body in relation to the environment. To describe animal orientation accurately, a frame of reference is required. In the case of ...

psychological orientation

psychological orientation   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Sports Science & Medicine (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007

...orientation The mental attitude that a person has towards the value of his or her work and workmates. The psychological orientation includes interaction orientation , self-orientation task orientation...

n orientation

n orientation   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Genetics (8 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Science and technology, Life Sciences
Length:
45 words

... orientation one of two possible orientations for inserting a target DNA fragment into a vector; in the n orientation, the genetic map of both target and vector have the same orientation; in the u orientation, the target and the vector are in different orientations...

behavioural orientation

behavioural orientation   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Sports Science & Medicine (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007

...orientation An approach to sport psychology that views the environment (especially reinforcement) as the primary determinant of behaviour as coming from the environment. Compare psychophysiological orientation , cognitive-behavioural orientation...

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