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Overview

opinion leader

An individual who helps to shape or set public opinion by virtue of prominence in public life, whether in a religious setting, politics, business or commerce, the mass media, the ...

opinion leader

opinion leader   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Marketing (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Social sciences, Business and Management
Length:
25 words

... leader A person or company that can influence or sway public sentiment on an issue. Opinion leaders are often the targets of marketing...

opinion leader

opinion leader   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Public Health (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

...opinion leader An individual who helps to shape or set public opinion by virtue of prominence in public life, whether in a religious setting, politics, business or commerce, the mass media, the performing arts, or elsewhere. Opinion leaders may influence society and current affairs and events for good or ill, according to the nature of the message they seek to convey or the behavior they demonstrate for others to imitate. The words and actions of opinion leaders sometimes significantly affect public health, for instance when media stars exhibit high-risk...

opinion leader

opinion leader n.   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Psychology (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

... leader n . An individual belonging to a small minority in any community who tend to respond to messages in the mass media and to have a disproportionate effect on public opinion and behaviour through face-to-face communication with many friends, relatives, and acquaintances and by setting behavioural examples. See two-step flow...

opinion leader

opinion leader  

An individual who helps to shape or set public opinion by virtue of prominence in public life, whether in a religious setting, politics, business or commerce, the mass media, the performing arts, or ...
opinion leaders

opinion leaders   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Media and Communication (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020
Subject:
Media studies
Length:
96 words

... leaders 1. A small number of individuals who exercise a significant influence on other people’s ideas through face-to-face interaction . In two-step flow theory, they are informal mediators of mass-media messages to the general public. See also diffusion ; J-curve ; social network theory . 2. In marketing , key individuals who are able to influence the behaviour and decisions of others, such as through reviews and recommendations . They are the hubs in social networks such as consumer networks. See also influence ; influencer...

opinion leaders

opinion leaders   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Social Media

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Media studies
Length:
54 words

...opinion leaders In marketing, key individuals who are able to influence the behaviour and decisions of others, such as through reviews and recommendations . They are the hubs in social networks such as consumer networks . See also influence ; influence analytics ; influencer ; Klout score ; leader ; PeerIndex ; thought leader ; two-step flow ; viral marketing...

Recruiting Opinion Leaders for the United Kingdom ASSIST Programme

Recruiting Opinion Leaders for the United Kingdom ASSIST Programme   Reference library

Jo Holliday, Suzanne Audrey, Rona Campbell, and Laurence Moore

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Health and Risk Message Design and Processing

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018
Subject:
Social sciences
Length:
9,148 words
Illustration(s):
2

...than others, it is unlikely that credible opinion leaders from within one sector of the population will be credible opinion leaders for others ( Katz, 1957 ). The influence of any one opinion leader may, therefore, be seen locally rather than across the network, limiting their ability to effect behavioral change among the whole community and supporting the idea that opinion leaders should be identified from across all sectors of the target community ( Katz, 1957 ; Valente, 2010 ). Identifying Opinion Leaders for Behavior Change A critical objective of...

A Criticism of Religious Thought

A Criticism of Religious Thought   Reference library

Sadiq Al-‘azm

Islam in Transition: Muslim Perspectives (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
3,598 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...integrity?” . . . There is a widely accepted opinion claiming that the struggle between science and religion is only apparent and that the difference between scientific knowledge of religious creeds is merely superficial. The propagandists of this opinion also claim that the spirit of Islam, for example, cannot conflict with science and that apparent conflicts are between science and the extraneous silt of the ages which has buried the true spirit. I would like to expand a bit to clarify this opinion, criticize it and explain the opposite viewpoint, to...

Adaptation of Islamic Jurisprudence to Modern Social Needs

Adaptation of Islamic Jurisprudence to Modern Social Needs   Reference library

Subhī Mahmasānī

Islam in Transition: Muslim Perspectives (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
2,780 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...school and its leaders and attacked other schools and leaders with flagrant bitterness. There were days when strife became intense between the Shī‘ītes and the Sunnites as well as among the different schools and sects within these two groups. Such a strife was one of the causes leading to disunity and backwardness among Muslims. The Sources of Law and Modern Legal Reform To cure this evil, struggle must be waged against sectarian partisanship, Efforts must be made to reconcile all hearts and unite the various schools. This, in my opinion, can be achieved...

The Forgotten Duty

The Forgotten Duty   Reference library

Salam Al-Farag Muhammad Abdel

Islam in Transition: Muslim Perspectives (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
3,958 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...this there is no difference of opinion. (§70) Third: The basis of the existence of Imperialism in the Lands of Islam are (precisely) these Rulers. To begin by putting an end to imperialism is not a laudatory and not a useful act. It is only a waste of time. We must concentrate on our own Islamic situation: we have to establish the Rule of God's Religion in our own country first, and to make the Word of God supreme. . . . There is no doubt that the first battlefield for jihād is the extermination of these infidel leaders and to replace them by a complete...

The Problem of ‘Ulama’

The Problem of ‘Ulama’   Reference library

Alhaji Adeleke Dirisu Ajijola

Liberal Islam: A Sourcebook

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
3,651 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...Muslims of Nigeria that Muslim leaders, particularly the Arabists occupying high official positions, have themselves lost the true spirit of Islam. They do not have the ability to interpret the principles and laws of Islam in the light of the changing conditions. . . . On the contrary, they are obsessed with the past and addicted to uncritical acceptance and blind imitation of antique Muslim juristic works as a final authority on Islam. . . . I am not advocating for the total rejection of juristic opinion, but I am opposed to following...

Religion and Liberty

Religion and Liberty   Reference library

Mehdi Bazargan

Liberal Islam: A Sourcebook

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
8,567 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...opponents. Nevertheless, they never mistreated or abused them in any way. The leader of the faithful [‘Ali] during his rule waived the oath of allegiance and those who refused it continued to enjoy full civil rights and privileges. He did not banish the “hypocritical” groups, even though he was aware of their conspiracies and enmity. All his battles were defensive. He never initiated a battle. Nor did he ever tire of admonishing his enemies. The extent of freedom of opinion and criticism in the early days of Islam was such that when the second caliph,...

The Minority Report

The Minority Report   Reference library

Islam in Transition: Muslim Perspectives (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
1,806 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...specialists are consulted. This prerogative of the specialist is not based on any racial or tribal ground but is rooted in reason. When people did not take any notice of the nontechnical ijtihād and opinions of these anglicized, West-ridden Sahibs, they started propaganda against the ‘ ulamā ’ that they have created priesthood in Islam, so that their own opinion may have the right to encroach upon their domain. They should know that the ‘ ulamā ’ have not got a special privilege of interpreting and quoting the Holy Qur'ān and the Sunna on the basis of any...

Patriotism, Nationalism, and Group Spirit in Islam

Patriotism, Nationalism, and Group Spirit in Islam   Reference library

Rashīd Ridā

Islam in Transition: Muslim Perspectives (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
1,354 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...‘Abduh's faithful disciple and guardian of his ideas. In 1898, Ridā founded the periodical al-Manār , which was the most important voice of Islamic reform in the Arab world. The following selection is a fatwā (legal opinion) given by Ridā in response to an inquiry from an Indonesian Muslim. In this fatwa (authoritative religious opinion by a qualified jurist), which appeared originally in 1933, Rida cites a sound tradition (one of the authentic hadiths) of the Prophet in which he rejected “group spirit,” where “group” originally meant relatives who are...

Political Theory of Islam

Political Theory of Islam   Reference library

Mawdūdī Abū-L-‘Alā’

Islam in Transition: Muslim Perspectives (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
4,340 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...injunction is to be found in the Sharī‘a are settled by the consensus of opinion among the Muslims. Every Muslim who is capable and qualified to give a sound opinion on matters of Islamic law, is entitled to interpret the law of God when such interpretation becomes necessary. In this sense the Islamic polity is a democracy. But, as has been explained above, it is a theocracy in the sense that where an explicit command of God or His Prophet aleady exists, no Muslim leader or legislature, or any religious scholar can form an independent judgement, not...

Extremism

Extremism   Reference library

Yusuf Al-Qaradawi

Liberal Islam: A Sourcebook

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
6,314 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...which make a person obstinately devoted to his own opinions and prejudices, as well as rigidity, which deprives him of clarity of vision regarding the interests of other human beings, the purposes of religious law, or the circumstances of the age. Such a person does not allow any opportunity for dialogue with others so that he may compare his opinion with theirs, and chooses to follow what appears to him most sound. We equally condemn this person's attempt to suppress and discard the opinions of others, just as we condemn the similar attitude of his...

The Modernist Majority Report

The Modernist Majority Report   Reference library

Islam in Transition: Muslim Perspectives (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
1,627 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...on Marriage and Family Laws, consisting of six lay members and one representative of the ulama , was established. A majority report calling for reforms in marriage, divorce and inheritance was issued in 1956. However, Mawlana Ihstishām-ul-Haq wrote a vigorous dissenting opinion. The majority and minority reports provided the basis for a debate between modernists and traditionists. Finally, in 1961, Pakistan enacted The Muslim Family Laws Ordinance . We shall state briefly the reasons for the formation of this Commission. It is an indisputable article...

Jihad

Jihad   Reference library

Islam in Transition: Muslim Perspectives (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
1,776 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

... Jihad A fatwa is a formal legal opinion or interpretation given by a jurisconsult ( mufti ) in response to a request from a judge ( qadi ) or an individual. Some modern Muslim governments have obtained fatwas to legitimate their reforms. This authoritative opinion in Islamic law issued by Shaykh ‘Atiyyah Saqr on September 11, 2006, notes that there are many kinds of jihad , which he defines as an effort for God’s sake to achieve a desirable thing or to avert an undesirable one. It stresses that fighting to elevate God’s word was accomplished by...

The Indonesian Revolution

The Indonesian Revolution   Reference library

Muhammad Natsir

Liberal Islam: A Sourcebook

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
5,838 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...people. Raised by the leaders and men at the forefront of the Revolution, it touched a chord in the hearts of the multitude by means of a spiritual call which has often reverberated in the ears of that multitude. The Call “ Allah-u-akbar ” (God Is Great) We heard the call and the cry on the radio to marshal the hidden energy. Millions of our people, men and women, old and young still recall the appeal of Bung Tomo [Sutomo, revolutionary leader, 1920–1983] through...

On the Future of Women and Politics in the Arab World

On the Future of Women and Politics in the Arab World   Reference library

Heba Raouf Ezzat

Islam in Transition: Muslim Perspectives (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
5,961 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...developing for quite a while. Here we stress that dominant religious opinions play a crucial role in dis-encouraging women from participating in politics, seeing it in a nutshell as a business for men only. The focus has been—at best—on neutralizing religion in the discourse on women's political participation. Sometimes formal religious opinions have been issued to support a more serious participation of women in the public sphere and in politics, only to face counter religious opinions from groups that oppose that participation. The cases of Kuwait and...

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