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open texture

Subject: Philosophy

The term, due to Waismann, for the fact that however tightly we think we define an expression, there always remains a set of (possibly remote) possibilities under which there would be no ...

open texture

open texture   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Philosophy (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Philosophy
Length:
144 words

... texture The term, due to Waismann , for the fact that however tightly we think we define an expression, there always remains a set of (perhaps remote) possibilities under which there would be no right answer to the question of whether it applies. This is its porosity, or open texture. It is not the same as vagueness , since in actual situations the application of the term may be quite definite. For example, the term ‘mother’ is not vague, but its open texture is revealed if through technological advance differences open up between the mother that produces...

open texture

open texture   Reference library

Leslie F. Stevenson

The Oxford Companion to Philosophy (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Philosophy
Length:
136 words

... texture . This term has been used for an apparently unavoidable feature of empirical concepts , namely that there is always the possibility of some unforeseen kind of case in which it is not clear whether, or how, the concept should be applied. Wittgenstein's discussion of rules strongly supports this. Open texture is not vagueness , but more like the possibility of vagueness; not all concepts are actually vague. For example, until the advent of test-tube fertilization, biological motherhood was a precise concept, but now ‘mother’ is ambiguous between...

open texture

open texture noun   Quick reference

Oxford Dictionary of English (3 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
48 words
open texture

open texture  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
The term, due to Waismann, for the fact that however tightly we think we define an expression, there always remains a set of (possibly remote) possibilities under which there would be no right answer ...
Landscape History: The Countryside

Landscape History: The Countryside   Quick reference

H. S. A. Fox

The Oxford Companion to Local and Family History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
6,175 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...in the planning process. They should be able to assist by providing more than a guidebook catalogue of when the individual items were inserted through offering an opinion about the overall texture of the region's landscape (relating the different features to one another by examining their function in the past) and the period, or usually periods, from which that texture largely dates. This first contribution quite clearly gives the work of landscape historians a direct and tangible ‘relevance’ which is denied to some other branches of history. The second...

Prints

Prints   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Literature
Length:
4,058 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...of equivalence to a painting, but could never pass for a facsimile. In the hands of the best practitioners, like William *Sharp , engravings could produce remarkable effects of tone: they retained a strong aura of probity and ancient craft, but they never claimed to capture the texture of the original. Painters, when making prints themselves, almost always preferred the less laborious and infinitely more spontaneous medium of etching, which required them not to wrestle with a burin but simply to scratch with a needle-pointed tool through a wax coating applied...

19 The Electronic Book

19 The Electronic Book   Reference library

Eileen Gardiner and Ronald G. Musto

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
5,021 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
1

...languages, editorial skills, and historical precedent aside, some of the more significant disadvantages of the e-book remain aesthetic. Most have been the result of current reading devices. The surface that substitutes for paper has not enhanced the reading experience. Both the texture and lighting of most screens had been mediocre. In addition, the space of the reading display was often small, and it was usually horizontal, whereas the print book and its cultural habitus have customarily favoured a vertical format. Presentation and reading remain highly...

The Song of Solomon

The Song of Solomon   Reference library

Athalya Brenner

The Oxford Bible Commentary

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
4,750 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...4:1 ) invokes a synesthetic response of sight, sound, and emotive content—as does the more explicit elaboration of this metaphor in 5:12 , ‘His eyes are like doves’. Or the praise, ‘your breasts are like young twin gazelles’ ( 4:5; 7:4 ), that signifies colour, movement, size, texture, shape, perhaps smell—all of these, or at least several. Translations of the Song that attempt to convey this sensuous imagery, together with the rhythm and spirit of its poetry, are no simple tasks. Two such recent translations, by Falk ( 1982 ) and by Bloch and Bloch ( 1995...

On the Future of Women and Politics in the Arab World

On the Future of Women and Politics in the Arab World   Reference library

Heba Raouf Ezzat

Islam in Transition: Muslim Perspectives (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
5,961 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...is obviously rooted in a modernist and feminist approach that sees this role as undermining women's public participation, fostering a patriarchal culture. It implies that women aspire to greater presence in the public space, not more efficiency in managing the problems, the texture and roles of the private family sphere. The concern is that traditional dominant gender paradigm gives centrality of the family over the individual, an old modernist critic of organic societies, while we ironically find the dilemma of the post modern individu-alist condition grasping...

Design

Design   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Literature
Length:
6,178 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...constantly on the lookout for fresh ideas and motifs which could be copied or adapted to customers' wishes or to fit the requirements of production. The ‘elegant simplicity’ of objects decorated in the neoclassical style, rejecting complex illusion and elaborate contrasts of texture in favour of a uniform surface and mechanical precision of form, suited industrial needs. Relatively standardized models could be produced rapidly, while variations were created by mixing components of different designs. The mechanical imitation of antique effects, using a range...

Sensibility

Sensibility   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Literature
Length:
7,039 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

... ( 1799 ), written to refute Wollstonecraft 's Rights of Woman , represented the century's final orthodoxy on sensibility, even as the subversive potentials in sensibility entered *Romanticism . More declared that men had not only ‘a superior strength of body’ but ‘a firmer texture of mind…a higher reach and wider range of powers’. By contrast, women had a certain tact which often enables them to feel what is just more instantaneously than they can define it. They have an intuitive penetration into character, bestowed on them by Providence, like the...

Enlightenment

Enlightenment   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Literature
Length:
7,794 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...and so made a watering-place for the enlightened traveller. The Welsh Enlightenment was in part a mobile phenomenon, with London providing a centre for new societies and ideas, but, as historian Gwyn Williams has noted, ‘the modernization of Wales generated a loose-textured but potent organic intelligentsia’. The French Revolution placed exceptional strains upon this intelligentsia when gentry support waned under the attractions and fears generated by *loyalism and repression. But though Enlightenment was fractured here, as elsewhere, it did not...

Acts

Acts   Reference library

Loveday Alexander and Loveday Alexander

The Oxford Bible Commentary

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
42,037 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...plot, framework of travel, and explicit religious ideology. Luke shows some inclination to novelistic narrative techniques in the elaboration of his more dramatic scenes (cf. e.g. acts 12:6–11 ), and the novel throws valuable light on Luke's narrative structure and textures. But there are also many differences, not least the lack of a love-interest, the lack of emotion ( pathos ), and the political realism of Luke's narrative: the heroes and heroines of the novels tend to move in a fantasy landscape which is only superficially parallel to Luke's...

Introduction to the Pauline Corpus

Introduction to the Pauline Corpus   Reference library

Terence L. Donaldson

The Oxford Bible Commentary

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
25,035 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...character. To do this, we must look not only at the letters themselves, but also at the letter-writing conventions that were present in the Graeco-Roman world. Fortunately, we are the beneficiaries of a century of careful comparative study, with the result that the shape and texture of Paul's letters are being brought ever more clearly into focus. 2. It is customary in discussions of the literary features of Paul's letters to begin with Adolf Deissmann and his work on the papyri that were coming to light in the latter part of the nineteenth century (...

Judges

Judges   Reference library

Susan Niditch and Susan Niditch

The Oxford Bible Commentary

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
18,739 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...and includes a few vignettes that may have been described at greater length in the non-preserved tradition. Notice the range of terms used in the first half of the chapter that describe going to war and conquering. The author varies the traditional language producing a certain texture in these verses, but, in describing defeats and inability to conquer, monotonously and repeatedly employs the same phrase, ‘did not drive out’, creating an aura of dejected resignation. Scholars frequently point to the south to north geographic orientation of the chapter. For a...

Essay with Commentary on Post-Biblical Jewish Literature

Essay with Commentary on Post-Biblical Jewish Literature   Reference library

Philip S. Alexander

The Oxford Bible Commentary

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
48,106 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...must pay for the damage caused. Rabbi Simeon says: These measurements were stipulated so that if, (having observed them,) damage ensues, he will not be liable to pay. (3) No one may open a bakery or a dyer's workshop beneath his neighbour's food-store, nor (may he open) a cowshed. In fact, they allowed all these under a wine-store, apart from the cowshed. If someone wants to open a shop within a courtyard, his neighbour may stop him on the grounds that he would not be able to sleep because of the noise of the customers. However, if he is making articles to...

Friedrich Waismann

Friedrich Waismann  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
(1896–1959)Austrian member of the Vienna Circle. Waismann is principally remembered for a defence of conventionalism in logic and mathematics, and for introducing the notion of ‘porosity’ or open ...
Joseph Pickett

Joseph Pickett  

Reference type:
Overview Page
(1848–1918).Painter. Self-taught, he is known for naive but charming landscapes and scenes from the American Revolution. He was born in New Hope, Pennsylvania, which remained his home all his life, ...
French bread

French bread  

Traditionally made with soft-wheat flour, it has an open texture and crisp crust. It is generally baked as a baguette, a long thin loaf. It does not keep well, and usually needs to be eaten on the ...
brown coal

brown coal  

Brown to brownish-black fossil fuel of low rank, intermediate between peat and lignite. It is soft, with a dull lustre and earthy texture, and contains the remains of plants; has a high moisture ...

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