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Overview

observation

A central principle and method in scientific enquiry. Rigorous observation is fundamental to systematic experimental work in laboratory sciences. In the sociocultural study of sport, ...

observation

observation   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Sports Science & Medicine (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007

... The deliberate act of an observer who studies events using his or her sensory processes. Observation is usually the first step taken in a scientific...

observation

observation   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Marketing (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Social sciences, Business and Management
Length:
36 words

... The collection of information by watching consumers’ behaviours or actions. It is the oldest market research technique of all, and still among the best. Many great new product developments have started with personal observation...

observation

observation   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Statistics (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014

... A result of an experiment or trial in which a variable, either numerical or categorical , is...

observation

observation   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Sports Studies

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Social sciences, Society and culture
Length:
181 words

...of the group? Carefully employed, observation is also valuable for the generation of accounts of events. The observational ‘I saw it, I was there’ criterion is a central one identified by John Carey as defining top reportage ( The Faber Book of Reportage , 1987 ). In a time of increasing control of knowledge and information by a professional public relations industry, observation is a threatened quality of the sport media professional. See also covert observation ; hawthorne effect ; participant observation...

observation

observation n.   Reference library

The Oxford Essential Dictionary of the U.S. Military

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2002

... n. 1 the action or process of observing something or someone carefully or in order to gain information: she was brought into the hospital for observation | detailed observations were carried out. 2 the taking of the altitude of the sun or another celestial body for navigational...

observation

observation   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Weather (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008

... The record of the measurement or assessment of a particular meteorological variable obtained at a specific time. A weather report consists of the complete set of observations for a particular...

observation

observation   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Mathematics (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014

... A particular value taken by a random variable . Normally, n observations of the random variable X are denoted by x 1 , x 2 ,…, x n...

observation

observation   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Human Geography

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Social sciences, Human Geography
Length:
167 words

... 1. The general act of observing the self or the world. 2. The systematic act of observing the characteristics or behaviour of any phenomena of interest to an analyst. Observation in the second sense is a signature feature of all academic research, exemplified in the mid-19th century by Charles Darwin . In science , observation is fundamental because it permits the analyst to test a hypothesis through a mix of empirical verification and falsification . Observation is part of human geographers’ modus operandi , not least because geography is...

observation

observation   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Philosophy (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Philosophy
Length:
151 words

... The procedure whereby the senses of touch, sight, smell, sound, or taste generate information about the objects touched, seen, etc. A fundamental concept of epistemology , observation has nevertheless proved hard to understand. Observations are more than the mere causal impact of external physical stimuli, since such stimuli only give rise to observations in a properly prepared and receptive mind. Nor are they well thought of in terms of atomistic ‘impressions’ ( see Gestalt psychology , myth of the given , sense data ). Observation seems to...

Observation

Observation   Reference library

Robert G. Morrison

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, Science, and Technology in Islam

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Religion, Science and technology
Length:
2,279 words

... The term for “observation” in scientific texts from Islamic societies that corresponds best with the English is raṣd (or raṣad ), originally from Arabic. That is the term for “observation” in astronomy texts; taxonomies of the sciences acknowledged observation ( ʿilm al-arṣād ) as a subfield of astronomy. The gifted astronomer Ibn al-Shāṭir (d. 1375 ) wrote a text entitled Taʿlīq al-arṣād (The Critique of Observations) indicating that not only was observation an actors’ category, it was a category that needed to be engaged critically. The...

observation

observation   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Social Work and Social Care (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

... 1. An essential task in social work, for example when observing a child’s development , or a contact between a parent and a child, or the circumstances in which an adult is living. 2. An assessment tool that is utilized on qualifying and post-qualifying social work programmes. It involves a student’s or newly qualified social worker’s practice with a service user being observed, their performance being evaluated, and feedback being given to them....

observation

observation   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Occupational Science and Occupational Therapy

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017

...observation A method of assessment which involves the occupational therapist watching the client participate in an occupation or a number of occupations. While observing, the therapist documents the client’s performance and begins making interpretations about the client’s difficulties. Observations may be informal with few if any guidelines, and so the therapist must rely on their own professional judgement. Formal observation methods will have guidance on what occupations the client is to perform, what aspects of their performance must be noted, or...

observation

observation ((research/experiments))   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Business Research Methods

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Social sciences, Business and Management
Length:
48 words

... (research/experiments) 1. The recording or measurement of the behaviours, including responses to stimuli, of entities, human and non-human, in controlled or uncontrolled environments. 2. The measurement of variables in conditions of change over time. 3. The measurement of variables at a point in...

participant observation

participant observation n.   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Psychology (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

...observation n . A research methodology in which the investigator participates in the activities of a group while recording the behaviour of the other group members. See also ethnomethodology , naturalistic observation , observational study...

naturalistic observation

naturalistic observation n.   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Psychology (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

...observation n . A research method involving the passive observation of behaviour in naturally occurring situations, rather than any active intervention from the researcher such as occurs in an experiment . See also observational study...

observation panel

observation panel   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Construction, Surveying and Civil Engineering (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020

... panel A glass panel incorporated within a door that enables a view to be...

Earth observation

Earth observation   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Space Exploration (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

...Earth observation ( EO ) The observation of the Earth's surface and atmosphere by Earth-observation satellites such as the European Remote-Sensing Satellite and NASA's Landsat . Remote-sensing instruments are employed to provide detailed geological and meteorological data used for weather forecasting and environmental research and by such industries as agriculture and...

observation well

observation well   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Geology and Earth Sciences (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020

... well A well that is used to observe changes in groundwater levels over a period, or more specifically during a pumping test. Pumping does not normally take place from observation wells which are often relatively small in...

participant observation

participant observation   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Sports Science & Medicine (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007

...observation A method of research in which the researcher becomes a participant in the activity being...

‘participant observation’

‘participant observation’   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Linguistics (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Linguistics
Length:
25 words

...observation’ Research technique, originally in anthropology, in which an investigator becomes or seeks to become an established member of the group of people...

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