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notorious facts

Subject: Law

Facts that are so well known, obvious and indisputable that every ordinary person may be reasonably presumed to know them. Courts can take judicial notice of such facts: Holland v ...

notorious facts

notorious facts   Reference library

Australian Law Dictionary (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018
Subject:
Law
Length:
160 words

...notorious facts Facts that are so well known, obvious and indisputable that every ordinary person may be reasonably presumed to know them. Courts can take judicial notice of such facts: Holland v Jones ( 1917 ) 23 CLR 149. Notoriety is specific to a locality: what is well known to a court in one place may not be well known in another. Judicial notice allows a court to dispense with formal proof of facts of general public knowledge. A judge may acquire knowledge of a notorious fact in any way that he or she sees fit, but parties must be given the...

notorious facts

notorious facts  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
Facts that are so well known, obvious and indisputable that every ordinary person may be reasonably presumed to know them. Courts can take judicial notice of such facts: Holland v ...
Minorities in a Democracy

Minorities in a Democracy   Reference library

Humayun Kabir

Liberal Islam: A Sourcebook

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
7,430 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...preserve the community as a whole. Diversity of response and distribution of power are therefore sources of strength, not causes of weakness. The history of India is itself a shining example of this fact. More monolithic societies have disappeared, but the more, shall I say, democratic form of Indian society lives. In spite of the fact that there was no political democracy here, the distribution of power in a number of centers, the existence of different types of communities within what one may call a loose federal social...

Sonnets

Sonnets   Reference library

Michael Dobson

The Oxford Companion to Shakespeare (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Literature, Shakespeare studies and criticism, Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
2,480 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...he made verbal changes to make some refer to a woman rather than a man. The question hanging over the belated 1609 quarto of Shakespeare’s Sonnets has always been whether it too, like Benson’s opportunistic reprint, was unauthorized, a question hardly simplified by its notoriously baffling dedication to ‘Mr W.H’ .: to.the.only.begetter.of. these.ensuing.sonnets. mr.w.h. all.happiness. and.that.eternity. promised. by. our.ever-living.poet. wisheth. the.well-wishing. adventurer.in. setting. forth. t. t. ‘T.T’. is presumably the printer Thomas Thorpe ,...

The Poverty of Fanaticism

The Poverty of Fanaticism   Reference library

T. J. Winter and Abdal Hakim Murad

Islam in Transition: Muslim Perspectives (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
5,714 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...Taymiyya as a key link in the silsila , the chain of transmission of Qādirī teachings. Ibn ‘Abd al-Wahhāb, however, went far beyond this. Raised in the wastelands of Najd in Central Arabia, he had inadequate access to mainstream Muslim scholarship. In fact, when his da‘wa appeared and became notorious, the scholars and muftīs (judges) of the day applied to it the famous ḥadīth of Najd: Ibn ‘Umar reported the Prophet (upon whom be blessings and peace) as saying: “Oh God, bless us in our Syria: O God, bless us in our Yemen.” Those present said: “And...

Women

Women   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Literature
Length:
5,844 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...socially, and aesthetically. In the attack on Edmund *Burke which makes up so much of her work A Vindication of the Rights of Men ( 1790 ), she singled out for particular comment the sexual attitudes behind some of Burke's ‘empty rhetorical flourishes’. To Burke's notorious description in Reflections on the Revolution in France ( 1790 ) of the women who met the French royal family on their return to Paris as ‘the furies of hell, in the abused shape of the vilest of women’, she acidly responded: ‘Probably you mean women who gained a livelihood by...

4 The History of the Book in Byzantium

4 The History of the Book in Byzantium   Reference library

N. G. Wilson

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
2,221 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
1

...survive today. Probably the copies he consulted were already unique, and if they were not texts of orthodox theological content, there was always a risk that they might be discarded by a reader anxious to make a palimpsest copy of some work of seemingly greater relevance (a notorious example is the palimpsest in which liturgical texts have been written over unique treatises by Archimedes, fragments of the Athenian orator Hyperides, and a hitherto unknown commentary on an ancient philosophical text). Copies of rare works that had not suffered such a fate or...

Islam and the Challenge of the Modern World

Islam and the Challenge of the Modern World   Reference library

Shabbir Akhtar

Liberal Islam: A Sourcebook

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
6,182 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...natural eroticism. It is, ironically, the Islamic wish for an authentically erotic, a properly sensual, culture that has led to its endorsement of severely scrupulous, almost puritanical, attitudes towards the abuse of the sexual instinct. Traditional Islam's notorious “extreme” ( hudud ) ordinances for sexual offenses cannot be properly understood without a compelling sense of the scripture's own high estimate of the sexual office. The veil is no doubt an apt symbol for the sexual culture the Qur'an sanctions and encourages men...

Ecclesiastes

Ecclesiastes   Reference library

Stuart Weeks and Stuart Weeks

The Oxford Bible Commentary

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
7,053 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...is probably the work of Aquila or his followers. The Greek title reflects an early attempt to translate ‘Qoheleth’: the original meaning of this name or title is uncertain, although it may be connected with ideas of ‘summoning’ or ‘gathering’. B. Content. Qoheleth's ideas are notoriously confusing and contradictory, but some continuity is visible across the book. Qoheleth views the world as changeless, with humans unable to comprehend its workings or to make any lasting impact upon it; within their society, moreover, injustice is rampant and the future...

Prints

Prints   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Literature
Length:
4,058 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...impressions before the lettering was finished, no doubt with the collusion of the painter who had provided the design. These ‘proofs before letters’ became much sought after, but by definition could only cater to a very limited market, despite the fact that the production of such ‘rarities’ became notoriously open to abuse. In the nineteenth century the practice was even formalized into the publishing of ‘proof editions’. Mezzotint continued to provide the most persuasive rendering of oil painting, but by the end of the eighteenth century several other...

Exploration

Exploration   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Literature
Length:
4,825 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...so much stressed that what the voyages were not seemed to overshadow any positive idea of what, in fact, they were . Mungo Park was similarly unable to convince local authorities that he was travelling merely for curiosity's sake and not for trade. Given his declared hopes that the journey would open ‘new channels of commerce’, however, it is not clear that the confusion was entirely in the minds of the Africans. The project of curious enquiry was in fact always understood to be implicated in commercial speculation. Both were regarded as the pursuit of a...

Mark

Mark   Reference library

C. M. Tuckett and C. M. Tuckett

The Oxford Bible Commentary

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
44,701 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...is shown in part by the way in which Mark inserts the exorcism story into two notes about Jesus' ‘teaching’ with ‘authority’ ( vv. 22, 27 ). The fact that the story itself is not about Jesus' teaching at all suggests that these framing references are secondary; moreover the fact that, so far in Mark's story, Jesus has given virtually no explicit teaching suggests that Mark is at this stage more interested in the fact that Jesus' teaching is authoritative than he is in the contents of that teaching. (The contents will come later, e.g. in ch. 4 .) One other...

The Merchant of Venice

The Merchant of Venice   Reference library

Michael Dobson, Will Sharpe, and Anthony Davies

The Oxford Companion to Shakespeare (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Literature, Shakespeare studies and criticism, Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
3,171 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
1

... 1932 ), saw a movement towards more balanced productions, using fuller texts. The period’s troubled history, however, emphatically kept the spotlight on Shylock, whether played as an unsympathetic caricature (as in Max Reinhardt ’s Cubist production of 1921 , and in several notorious revivals in Germany during the Nazi period) or as a wronged victim (as he was by George C. Scott in New York in 1962 , and by Laurence Olivier in Jonathan Miller ’s production of 1970 ). Although the play continues to divide Jewish audiences and actors (it has been much...

Feminist Scholarship

Feminist Scholarship   Reference library

Yvonne Sherwood

The Oxford Illustrated History of the Bible

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
6,603 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
12

...19 is meant to act as a rallying cry for the tribes of Israel to go to war). As well as treating the lives of real women, the feminist critique has looked at the ways in which, to use Karen King's apposite phrase, biblical authors ‘use women to think with’. One of the most notorious uses of woman-as-metaphor is the harlot-nation in the prophets: a metaphor applied to Israel, Judah, Samaria, and Nineveh, graphically detailed in Ezekiel 16 and 23, Hosea 1–3, Jeremiah 22: 20–3, and Nahum 3: 5–6 , and critiqued by a whole host of feminist commentators...

22 The History of the Book in France

22 The History of the Book in France   Reference library

Vincent Giroud

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
10,215 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
1

...German, and, later, American counterparts. ( *Strasbourg , the only possible exception, is largely indebted in this respect to its having been under German rule between 1871 and 1918 .) Until 1810 , the surveillance of publications was left to the police, headed by the notorious Fouché, an arrangement that induced a *self-censorship even more effective than outright repression. Nor was there any hesitation to resort to repression when necessary: in 1810 , Fouché’s successor, Savary, was directed to seize and destroy the entire edition of Mme de...

Arabic and Muslim Family Names

Arabic and Muslim Family Names   Reference library

David Justice

Dictionary of American Family Names (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Names studies
Length:
6,700 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...in English: Beowulf by now is, linguistically, a closed book.) One explanation for this surprising fact is the very transparency of the root‑and‑pattern system. Words tend to get mangled when their structure is not understood; but in Arabic, words wear their morphology and semantics on their sleeves. This is true in particular of Arabic names, a great many of which survive unchanged since early medieval times. Arabic Names Names and Faiths A fact not widely appreciated is that the majority of Arabic‑speaking immigrants to the US, prior to the 1960s,...

Acts

Acts   Reference library

Loveday Alexander and Loveday Alexander

The Oxford Bible Commentary

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
42,037 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...); but now the open heaven ( v. 56 ) also contains the figure of Jesus himself. Jesus' position ‘at the right hand of God’ ( v. 55 ) denotes the highest place of honour: the vision fully confirms Stephen's claim that the rejected saviour is in fact God's ‘Righteous One’. Many different explanations of the fact that the Son of Man is ‘standing’ have been suggested ( cf. Fitzmyer 1998 : 392–3 and Johnson 1992 : 139 ). Despite the differing circumstances, there are a number of literary parallels with Luke's description of the death of Jesus. Stephen commits...

14 Printed Ephemera

14 Printed Ephemera   Reference library

Michael Harris

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
7,085 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
1

...ephemerality: their distribution matched the output of handbills in scale and informality, and their survival was just as uncertain. They formed part of the retail process that ran through the street. The presence of this paid-for material and of its *hawkers as part of the notorious hyperactivity of the London streets took on a respectable visual dimension through the publication of a series of images representing a cross-section of street traders. From the 1690s , the most frequently reprinted images were those produced by Marcellus Laroon the elder....

Central Government, Courts, and Taxation

Central Government, Courts, and Taxation   Quick reference

R. W. Hoyle

The Oxford Companion to Local and Family History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
7,753 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...of legal office was related to the volume of business passing through the court. There was, therefore, an obvious incentive to meet the needs of both litigants and office holders through the evolution of procedure, and instances can be offered of this being done. The most notorious was the Bill of Middlesex, devised to expedite the business of King's Bench (and described below). In terms of extending new remedies to litigants, one of the most familiar (though hotly debated by modern historians) was the extension of common law remedies to the copyholder,...

1 Corinthians

1 Corinthians   Reference library

John Barclay and John Barclay

The Oxford Bible Commentary

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
31,224 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...strategies which may not cohere perfectly with one another (cf. his response to ‘speaking in tongues’ in chs. 12–14 ). The issue of ‘sacrificial food’ arises from the fact that food consumption was frequently associated with the deities, whether by prayer, libation, or sacrifice, and that the slaughter of animals often took place in the context of temple worship. Jews, who were notoriously averse to ‘alien’ religious practices, abstained from food and wine which had become tainted by association with gods other than their own. The early Christian movement...

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