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non-liturgical Jewish poetry

Secular Hebrew poetry in the MA was primarily a product of Judaeo-Arabic culture.1. Emergence (10th century)2. Golden age (10th–13th centuries)3. Spain, Provence, and Italy ...

non-liturgical Jewish poetry

non-liturgical Jewish poetry   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Middle Ages

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
1,030 words

...-liturgical Jewish poetry Secular Hebrew poetry in the MA was primarily a product of Judaeo-Arabic culture. 1. Emergence (10th century) 2. Golden age (10th–13th centuries) 3. Spain, Provence, and Italy 1. Emergence (10th century) It emerged in 10th-century Iraq, *Palestine , and *Egypt , where Jewish community leaders composed *panegyric poems and epistles in rhymed Hebrew prose, using verse forms and diction similar to those of traditional *Jewish liturgical poetry . *Saadia Gaon , a pioneer of Judaeo-Arabic culture, also used Hebrew verse as the...

non-liturgical Jewish poetry

non-liturgical Jewish poetry  

Secular Hebrew poetry in the MA was primarily a product of Judaeo-Arabic culture.1. Emergence (10th century)2. Golden age (10th–13th centuries)3. Spain, Provence, and Italy1. Emergence (10th ...
23 The History of the Book in the Low Countries

23 The History of the Book in the Low Countries   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
6,998 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
3

...Their contents ranged from religious texts—above all the Bible, but also sermons and treatises of an often moral and pious nature—to practical and educational works, books on history and travel, and a wide variety of literary genres: farcical and anecdotal texts, non-fictional prose, poetry, *song books, *plays , emblematic works, etc. In addition, newspapers, *broadsides , pamphlets, *chapbooks , *almanacs and more ephemeral printing, much of which has not survived, were consumed in vast quantities ( see 14 ). Most of these publications were...

38 The History of the Book in the Muslim World

38 The History of the Book in the Muslim World   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
13,110 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
4

...Muslims to the sacred text, and the uses to which they put it. Its function ceased to be primarily ritual and liturgical, and it came to be regarded as a direct source—not necessarily mediated by scholarly interpretation and authority—of guidance and wisdom in human affairs. This idea was reinforced by the abolition, in that same year ( 1924 ), of the Islamic caliphate, which had previously been, at least in theory, a religiously ordained but non-scriptural source of authority. The new accessibility and role of the Qur’ān consequently led some believers to...

Dunash ibn Labrat

Dunash ibn Labrat (920–90)   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Middle Ages

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
84 words

...ibn Labrat ( 920–90 ) Jewish linguist and poet ; student of *Saadia ben Joseph Gaon . He later lived in *Córdoba where he argued against the linguist *Menahem ben Suruk . He composed secular Hebrew poetry, introducing quantitative metre that followed Arabic models. See also jews in the iberian peninsula ; languages: hebrew ; linguistics, medieval ; non-liturgical jewish poetry . Elisabeth Hollender A. Saénz-Badillos , Tešubot de Dunaš Ben Labrat (1980). C. del Valle Rodríguez , El diván poetico de Dunash ben Labrat : La introducción de la...

Jewish liturgical poetry

Jewish liturgical poetry   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Middle Ages

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
943 words

...liturgical poetry was also written in Provence (11th century on), England (13th century on), Egypt ( Sahlan ben Abraham , 11th century), and other countries of North Africa (14th century on). In later times, poems unconnected to liturgical prayer were also collected in separate books for personal devotion. In the 13th century the creative strength of this poetry diminished, although it continued being used in many communities. See also exegesis, jewish liturgical ; festival cycle customs, jewish ; music, jewish liturgical and folk ; non-liturgical...

Judah Halevi

Judah Halevi (1075–1141)   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Middle Ages

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
361 words

...of Judaism is particularistic, emphasizing the inherent superiority of the Jewish people, its religious tradition, and the Land of Israel. The end of the work reflects Halevi ’s resolve to abandon Spain for the Holy Land; details of his journey via *Egypt are preserved in documents from the Cairo *Geniza . See also jewish liturgical poetry ; jews, medieval ; jews in the iberian peninsula ; mysticism, jewish ; non-liturgical jewish poetry ; palestine ; philosophy, jewish. Adena V. Tanenbaum R. Brann , The Compunctious Poet (1991). S. D. Goitein...

languages: Hebrew

languages: Hebrew   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Middle Ages

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
741 words
Illustration(s):
1

...text led Jewish intellectuals to use Hebrew in literary ways. This revitalization was owed to the atmosphere at the *caliphate of *Córdoba and social changes in the Jewish community. Jewish *courtiers educated in Arabic, speaking it in everyday life, decided to use Hebrew in their writings. The language of the *Bible was, for them, a sign of identity and a valid instrument for expressing their culture. An important innovation was a *non-liturgical Hebrew poetry that was inspired by the techniques, topics, and motifs of Arabic poets. Jewish poets took...

Jews, medieval

Jews, medieval   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Middle Ages

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
3,157 words
Illustration(s):
4

...jewish ; folklore and mythology: jewish ; homiletics, jewish ; jewish art and material culture ; jewish clothing and distinctive dress ; jewish liturgical poetry ; jewish philosophical translations ; jewish quarters ; jews in the iberian peninsula ; kaddish, mourners ; life cycle, jewish rites of ; literacy, jewish ; messianism and apocalypticism, jewish ; midwives, jewish ; music, jewish liturgical and folk ; mysticism, jewish ; non-liturgical jewish poetry ; physicians, jewish ; polemics, jewish (with muslims) ; poverty, jewish care...

Jewish Literature

Jewish Literature   Reference library

Yosefa Raz

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Bible and the Arts

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Religion, Art & Architecture
Length:
7,679 words

...Scepter), published in Casablanca in 1938 , contains an imaginary journey to Hell and Heaven modeled after Dante. Arab Jewish literature written between the eighteenth and twentieth centuries, especially the poetry, is also continuous with earlier forms and themes. The piyyut , a liturgical poem dense with biblical and postbiblical allusions (from the Talmud to early mystical texts) is one of the most stable forms of Jewish poetry, from its roots in Byzantine Palestine to its flowering in Al-Andalus and its subsequent popularity throughout North Africa...

Words of the Luminaries

Words of the Luminaries   Reference library

Encyclopedia of the Dead Sea Scrolls

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008

...liturgy for each day of the week. A similar liturgical phenomenon is reflected in 4Q503's daily prayers for each evening and morning of the month. If, as has been suggested, both liturgies are non-Qumranic in origin, they would provide invaluable evidence for fixed, daily prayer among various groups during the Second Temple period and not only among the Qumran sectarians who withdrew from the Jerusalem Temple. This evidence has far-reaching implications for understanding the nature of the institutionalization of Jewish prayer following the destruction of the...

LUZZATTO, MOSHE ḤAYYIM

LUZZATTO, MOSHE ḤAYYIM   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Jewish Religion (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Religion
Length:
638 words

...by the acronym Ramḥal; head of a messianic secret society and author of ethical works, allegorical plays, and liturgical poetry. Luzzatto is recognized as one of the leading kabbalists of the eighteenth century. He wrote the most influential Jewish ethical work of modern times, Mesillat Yesharim , and is considered by many as one of the founders of modern Hebrew literature. Luzzatto was born and raised in Padua. Besides acquiring a traditional Jewish education, he was in close touch with Italian culture. One of his early works is a treatise on rhetoric, ...

Jewish art and material culture

Jewish art and material culture   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Middle Ages

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
1,217 words

... scenes are rich sources for Jewish life in Germany. See also altar, altar decoration, and utensils ; art and architecture, synagogue ; charms, incantations, and amulets ; gems and jewellery ; gold and silver ; jewish liturgical poetry ; jews in the iberian peninsula ; jews, medieval ; metalwork ; betrothal rings, jewish . Vivian B. Mann I. G. Bango Torviso , ed., Memoria de Sefarad (2000). Historisches Museum der Pfalz Speyer , The Jews of Europe in the Middle Ages (2004). V. B. Mann , ‘ New Examples of Jewish Ceremonial Art from Medieval...

Synagogue Inscriptions

Synagogue Inscriptions   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Archaeology in the Near East

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Archaeology, History
Length:
3,191 words
Illustration(s):
2

...Jews of Late Ancient Rome: An Archaeological and Historical Study on the Interaction of Jews and Non-Jews in the Roman-Diaspora . Leiden, 1995. Questions Brooton's argument for the existence of women synagogue leaders in the Late Antique diaspora. Yahalom, Joseph . “ Synagogue Inscriptions in Palestine: A Stylistic Classification. ” Immanuel 10 (1980): 47–57. Compares synagogue inscriptions to contemporaneous Jewish literature, in particular, liturgical poetry ( piyyut ). Steven...

Judaism

Judaism   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Women in World History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
History
Length:
2,243 words
Illustration(s):
1

...and access to rabbinic and cantorial study and ordination for women in all non‐Orthodox Jewish denominations, transformations in liturgical language, growing recognition of the rights of gay and lesbian Jews to religious leadership and recognized partnerships, enhanced educational opportunities for women in all forms of Judaism, and newly emerging leadership and ritual roles for women in some Orthodox settings. Feminism also brought significant alterations to all sectors of Jewish communal life in lost volunteer hours as many women took up full‐time...

Poetry

Poetry   Reference library

Encyclopedia of the Dead Sea Scrolls

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008

...poetry, though the clearest fragment displays only seven full lines of text. On the periphery of the category of poetic compositions are the finds containing prayers or songs possibly associated with a liturgical celebration of some kind: (Liturgical Prayers [1Q34]; Festival Prayers a–c [4Q507–9]; Words of the Luminaries a–c [4Q504–6]; Songs of the Sabbath Sacrifice a [4Q400]; 11Q17; blessings: curse [4Q280], Berakhot a [4Q286], Berakhot b [4Q287]; Barkhi Nafshi a [4Q434], Barkhi Nafshi b [4Q436]). Poetic Features. The study of biblical Hebrew poetry...

Theologians

Theologians   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Women's Writing in the United States

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Literature
Length:
1,216 words

...and interpretations in its doctrinal and liturgical elements. Gyn/Ecology ( 1978 ) explored the religiously justified antifemale practices of all Western and non-Western societies. In subsequent books, she examines the use/abuse of language and the negative use of words (e.g., witch, hag), in relation to women—words that once had positive meanings. Daly has moved to a post-Christian separatist stance. Rosemary Radford Ruether , a Catholic laywoman, has critiqued historical images of women in the Christian and Jewish traditions in Religion and Sexism (...

Holocaust Writing

Holocaust Writing   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Women's Writing in the United States

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Literature
Length:
1,626 words

...politically, in Piercy's and Adrienne Rich 's advocacy of Zionism; culturally, through Schaeffer's and Ozick's protagonists (in Anya's fierce attachment to preservation of the Jewish people and in Hester Lilt's preservation of the Judaic literary legacy in The Cannibal Galaxy ); and religiously, in survivors' efforts to perpetuate and transmit the Judaic liturgical legacy in Ozick's Trust ( 1966 ) and “Bloodshed.” Direct expressions of post-Holocaust consciousness are embodied in immigrant-survivor protagonists and their children, who probe moral...

liturgy

liturgy   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Middle Ages

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
4,116 words

...languages in which they were expressed. See also ambrosian rite ; byzantine rite ; chrysostom, liturgy of st john ; cluny, music and liturgy of ; colours, liturgical ; coptic church, liturgical practices of ; euchologion ; exegesis, jewish liturgical ; gestures, christian liturgical ; gestures, jewish liturgical ; glagolitic liturgy ; jewish liturgical poetry ; lectionary ; liturgical books, greek / latin ; liturgy of jerusalem ; liturgy of st james ; liturgy of st mark ; mass ; missale gallicanum vetus ; missale gothicum ; missals,...

Cairo Genizah

Cairo Genizah   Reference library

Encyclopedia of the Dead Sea Scrolls

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008

...and how a number of systems of grammar were developed. The variety of Jewish liturgical rites, especially those of Babylonia and Palestine, contrast significantly with later standards, and thousands of unknown poems, sacred and secular, many by newly discovered poets, have been restored to Jewish lyrical history. A new era of Semitic linguistic study has been ushered in through the close examination of the Judeo-Arabic dialect. Also uncovered have been rare examples of Jewish artistic, musical, scientific, and medical self-expression. These scholarly...

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