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Nicostratus

Middle Comedy poet (see comedy (Greek), Middle), regarded by Apollodorus (6) as a son of Aristophanes (1). Some of the 21 titles known may be of comedies by Nicostratus (2) ...

Nicostratus

Nicostratus (1)   Reference library

Kenneth James Dover

The Oxford Classical Dictionary (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
69 words

... (1) Middle Comedy poet ( see comedy (greek), middle ), regarded by Apollodorus ( 6 ) as a son of Aristophanes (1) . Some of the 21 titles known may be of comedies by Nicostratus (2); they are intriguing, e.g. Hesiod , Parakolumbosa , Pseudo-stigmatias or ‘Pretended Mortgagee’, but the 40-odd citations give very little away. PCG 7. 74 ff. ( CAF 2. 219 ff.). Kenneth James...

Nicostratus

Nicostratus (2)   Reference library

William Geoffrey Arnott

The Oxford Classical Dictionary (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
130 words

... (2) , New comedy poet, mentioned in the Lenaean victors' list after Menander (1) , Philemon (2) , Apollodorus (3) , Diphilus , and Philippides ( IG 2 2 . 2325. 165 = 5 C 1 col. 4. 14 H. J. Mette), probably winner of the second prize at the Dionysia of 311 bc ( IG 2 2 . 2323. 43 = 3 B 2 col. 1. 18 H. J. Mette). On a Delian inscription ( see delos ) of 280 bc ( IG 11. 107 = 2 D 1c, 24 f. H. J. Mette) he is named with two other comic poets, Philemon and Ameinias. Fragments PCG 7. 74–92. Interpretation Meineke , FCG 1. 346...

Nicostratus

Nicostratus  

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Overview Page
Middle Comedy poet (see comedy (Greek), Middle), regarded by Apollodorus (6) as a son of Aristophanes (1). Some of the 21 titles known may be of comedies by Nicostratus (2) ...
Nicostratus

Nicostratus  

Reference type:
Overview Page
New comedy poet, mentioned in the Lenaean victors' list after Menander (1), Philemon (2), Apollodorus (3), Diphilus, and Philippides (Inscriptiones Graecae 22. 2325. 165=5 C 1 col. 4. 14 H. ...
Four Crowned Martyrs

Four Crowned Martyrs  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
(early 4th century).Two groups of early martyrs venerated at Rome on 8 November are called the Crowned Martyrs: one of five Persian stonemasons, the other of four Roman soldiers. H. Delehaye opts ...
Coronati, Quattro Santi

Coronati, Quattro Santi   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of Christian Art and Architecture (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Religion
Length:
251 words

...is clearly an incompetent fiction. The first tells of four Roman soldiers martyred by the Emperor Diocletian in 306 for refusing to sacrifice to Aesculapius; the second, more probable, one is of five stone-cutters in Sirmium (in modern Hungary), named Simpronian, Claudius, Nicostratus, Castorius, and Simplicius, who seems to have been forgotten. They refused to make an image of Aesculapius at the command of Diocletian and were martyred accordingly, also in 306. The legend gives details of the imperial quarries at Sirmium which lend verisimilitude to this...

Four Crowned Martyrs

Four Crowned Martyrs   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Saints (5 rev. ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Religion
Length:
460 words

...stonemasons, the other of four Roman soldiers. H. Delehaye opts firmly for the sole authenticity of the Persians whose relics were translated to Rome, where a fine basilica on the Celian Hill is dedicated to them. Their names, according to their Legend, were Claudius , Nicostratus , Simpronian , and Castorius , while the fifth who suffered with them seems for some reason to have been dropped out of popular accounts, Simplicius , became a Christian because he thought that the others' skill in carving was due to their religion. Their Acts describe the...

law and procedure, Athenian

law and procedure, Athenian   Reference library

Douglas Maurice MacDowell

The Oxford Companion to Classical Civilization (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
2,957 words
Illustration(s):
1

...which he alleged was due to the state and was being withheld. If he won the case, he was rewarded with a share of the property recovered. Several surviving speeches were written for this type of case, e.g. Lysias On the Property of Aristophanes and [ Demosthenes ] Against Nicostratus . (g) Eisangelia of the most serious type was initiated by a denunciation to the boulē or the ekklēsia , which might either decide to try the case itself or refer it to a jury. (h) Probolē . The prosecutor made a denunciation to the ekklēsia . The ekklēsia voted on...

law and procedure, Athenian

law and procedure, Athenian   Reference library

Douglas Maurice MacDowell

The Oxford Classical Dictionary (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
2,937 words

...he alleged was due to the state and was being withheld. If he won the case, he was rewarded with a share of the property recovered. Several surviving speeches were written for this type of case, e.g. Lysias On the Property of Aristophanes and [ Demosthenes (2) ] Against Nicostratus . (g) Eisangelia of the most serious type was initiated by a denunciation to the boulē or the ekklēsia , which might either decide to try the case itself or refer it to a jury. (h) Probolē . The prosecutor made a denunciation to the ekklēsia . The ekklēsia voted on...

Aristophanes

Aristophanes (c.450–c.388bce)   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Ancient Greece and Rome

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
6,676 words
Illustration(s):
1

...to Aristophanes in the Symposium about the origins of sexual attraction in the breaking into two parts of primordial human beings must be assigned to Plato alone. Aristophanes had three sons, named Philippus (after his grandfather), Araros, and either Philetaerus or Nicostratus. In a fashion typical of Athenian theatrical families of all sorts, all three became comic poets in their own right. Inscriptional evidence suggests that Aristophanes served at some point as a member of the city's boulē (council) ( Inscriptiones Graecae , vol. 2 [2nd ed.], p....

Aristotle

Aristotle (384–322bce)   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Ancient Greece and Rome

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
15,637 words

... is not clear, but the aim of his discussion apparently was mainly polemical, highlighting inconsistencies and technical problems in the text. In this respect it is comparable with the polemical writings on the categories of the two second-century Platonists, Lucius and Nicostratus, who raised a number of difficulties on different points of the doctrine of categories (cf. Simplicius 1.20–21), some purely eristic, but some also drawing attention to genuine philosophical problems and stimulating responses from the Peripatetics (e.g. the question whether...

Fable

Fable   Reference library

D. L. Rubin and A. L. Sells

The Princeton Encyclopedia of Poetry and Poetics (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Literature, Literary studies - poetry and poets
Length:
1,170 words

...racy epithets and picturesque expressions while enlarging the formula of the genre in the direction of satire and the bucolic ; his Muthiamboi Aisopeioi , originally in ten books, is in choliambics ( see choliambus ), the meter of the lampoon. A famous collection by Nicostratus, also of the 2nd c., is now lost. Avianus ( 4th c. ce ) paraphrased and expanded Babrian models, which he enriched with Virgilian and Ovidian phraseology for mock-heroic effect. Romulus , a 10th-c. prose trans. of Phaedrus and Babrius, was later versified and enjoyed...

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