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Overview

new town

A planned urban community that is developed in a rural area, and is designed to be largely self‐sufficient with its own housing, education, commerce, and recreation.

new town

new town   Quick reference

World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
35 words

... town Satellite town in the UK designed to re-house residents from a nearby large city and to create local employment. The construction of some 37 new towns began in 1946 and continued until 1975...

new town

new town   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Human Geography

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Social sciences, Human Geography
Length:
53 words

... town A planned urban settlement, often in a new location distant from existing settlements. New town designs are often informed by utopian ideals and intended to meet social needs, for example, by constructing well-serviced neighbourhood communities. But they have also served to manage metropolitan decentralization, for example, in Cairo and...

new town

new town   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Geography (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

... town A newly created town, planned to relieve overcrowding and congestion in a major conurbation. In the UK, new town housing was arranged in neighbourhood units of around 5 000 people with their own facilities such as shops, schools, and medical centres, and housing densities were low—about five houses per hectare. All British new towns were planned to give a balance of social groups. See S. Ward (2002) on planning the 20th-century city; D. Frantz and C. Collins (1999) on Celebration, a master-planned city near Disney World; and Popke (2000) Growth &...

new town

new town   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Environment and Conservation (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017

... town A planned urban community that is developed in a rural area , and is designed to be largely self‐sufficient with its own housing, education, commerce, and...

New Girl in Town

New Girl in Town   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the American Musical

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Performing arts, Music
Length:
272 words

... Girl in Town (46th Street 1957 ). An entertaining vehicle for the Broadway dancing star Gwen Verdon , the show also had a substantial plot, characters, and score. George Abbott adapted Eugene O'Neill 's drama Anna Christie ( 1921 ) into a musical play about the ex-prostitute Anna (Verdon) who falls for the sailor Mat (George Wallace) and keeps his love even after he finds out about her past. Cameron Prud'hoome was her crusty father and Thelma Ritter stole all her scenes as the caustic Marthy. Bob Merrill wrote the commendable songs, including...

New town

New town   Reference library

Brewer's Dictionary of Modern Phrase & Fable (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011

... town . A town established as a new settlement with the aim of relocating populations away from large cities. The first new towns in Britain were inspired by the Garden city concept formulated at the end of the 19th century. They were proposed in the New Towns Act of 1946 , and 12 were designated in England and Wales over the next four years, with a further two in Scotland. Each had its own development corporation financed by the government. Further new towns were set up in the 1960s. Many new towns are based on existing towns or villages. The general tally...

new town

new town noun   Reference library

The Canadian Oxford Dictionary (2 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
19 words
new town

new town noun   Quick reference

New Oxford American Dictionary (3 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
35 words
new town

new town noun   Quick reference

Oxford Dictionary of English (3 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
35 words
New Girl In Town

New Girl In Town   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Popular Music (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Music
Length:
356 words

... Girl In Town Bob Merrill , previously known for writing novelty songs such as ‘Sparrow In The Tree Top’, ‘Feet Up (Pat Him On the Po-Po)’, ‘If I Knew You Were Comin’ I’d’ve Baked A Cake’ and ‘(How Much Is That) Doggie In The Window?’, some of which became hits for Guy Mitchell , made his Broadway debut with this show, which opened at the 46th Street Theatre in New York on 14 May 1957. George Abbott ’s book, which was based on Eugene O’Neill’s 1921 play, Anna Christie , was set in New York at the turn of the century and told of a prostitute, Anna ( Gwen...

new town

new town  

A planned urban community that is developed in a rural area, and is designed to be largely self‐sufficient with its own housing, education, commerce, and recreation.
New Towns

New Towns   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Architecture and Landscape Architecture (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
105 words

... Towns After the 1939–45 war some of Ebenezer Howard ’s ideas were adopted by the new UK Socialist Government ( 1945–51 ), and various new towns were built, in theory to take the pressure off large existing cities. London acquired eight (Stevenage, Herts., was the first), and there were others in England, Scotland, Wales, and Northern Ireland. They were not an unqualified success, aesthetically or socially. See also garden city ; satellite town . Clapson ( 1998 ) ; Cowling ( 1997 ) ; P.Hall & C.Ward ( 1998 ) ; Hardy ( 1991 ) ; Parsons & D.Schuyler...

medieval new towns

medieval new towns   Quick reference

The Oxford Companion to Local and Family History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
995 words

...burials at the old parish centre). Local studies of such towns formed an important section of M. W. Beresford and J. K. St Joseph , Medieval England: An Aerial Survey ( 1958 , 2nd edn, 1979 ), and the whole subject was examined at length in M. W. Beresford, New Towns of the Middle Ages: Town Plantation in England, Wales and Gascony ( 1967 ), which made comparisons with French bastides in an area still ruled by the kings of England in the 13th and 14th centuries. Studies of medieval new towns are also featured in the county volumes of the Hodder and...

New Girl In Town

New Girl In Town  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Music
Bob Merrill, previously known for writing novelty songs such as ‘Sparrow In The Tree Top’, ‘Feet Up (Pat Him On the Po-Po)’, ‘If I Knew You Were Comin’ I’d’ve Baked ...
medieval new towns

medieval new towns  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
W. G. Hoskins, ‘The Origin and Rise of Market Harborough’ (1949; repr. in Hoskins, Provincial England, 1964), was a pioneering study of how a new town was deliberately planned on a virgin site, in ...
Towns

Towns   Quick reference

David M. Palliser

The Oxford Companion to Local and Family History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
5,140 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...a considerable growth in the size of many towns. Many, though not all, market towns flourished as the economy became more commercialized, and new towns of a specialist kind were growing, including dockyard towns , industrial towns like Manchester and Birmingham, and even the first of what may be fairly called leisure towns (e.g. Tunbridge Wells and Bath). Old‐established towns acquired new functions or new industries: thus, Norwich prospered so well from the ‘ New Draperies ’ as to become the largest English town after London, while Bristol became a major...

45 The History of the Book in New Zealand

45 The History of the Book in New Zealand   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
3,017 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...from a good range of books and, in the larger towns, from an assortment of *subscription libraries . George Chapman’s lending library in Auckland held more than 4,000 titles in 1863 . Traue has shown, through comparisons with Australia and Britain, that ‘within 40 years of settlement New Zealand had more public lending libraries per head of population than any other country in the world’ (Traue, ‘Fiction, Public Libraries’, 86). As with all such comparative statistics, the per capita qualification is crucial; New Zealand’s high figures result, in part, from a...

Industrialization

Industrialization   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Literature
Length:
5,380 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...rooms and a theatre were built in 1762 , a new market in 1786 , and a number of new, large chapels established by the early nineteenth century. It would be a profound error to suggest that older, even legally unincorporated, communities were completely swamped by the growth of population. Indeed, several showed some vigour in responding to new needs: the booming silk town of Macclesfield saw the building of an impressive *Sunday school institution serving over 2,000 pupils by 1812 , the opening of a town dispensary in 1814 , a private Act of...

Industrial History

Industrial History   Quick reference

David Hey

The Oxford Companion to Local and Family History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
4,499 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...occurred at a slow rather than a revolutionary pace. Even in the 1820s the domestic production of woollen cloth totalled far more than the combined output from mills. In the new mill towns, workers’ houses were packed along the valley bottoms and up the hillsides near the works. But villages and hamlets grew as well as the towns, with houses clustered in folds or built along new streets, their upper ranges of mullioned windows casting light on the looms. The traditional dual occupation of the weaver–farmer flourished well into the Victorian period, and ...

Consumerism

Consumerism   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Literature
Length:
3,809 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...Efficient oil-lamps dispelled the age-old stygian gloom; gas lighting arrived with the new century, soon to be followed by railway travel and the electric telegraph. Outside the home, urban space was being spruced up. In many towns, straight, well-demarcated streets replaced the labyrinthine old warrens of alleys and yards. House numbering, pavements, and kerbs appeared, making sauntering agreeable and encouraging window-shopping—a new delight. The much-admired new-style retail shop was, with its gorgeous and well-lit display behind huge glass windows, a...

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