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new racism or modern racism

Are terms sometimes used to describe racist attitudes that take a more subtle form. Rather than hurling racist insults, new racists will deny there are problems of inequality and oppose ...

new racism or modern racism

new racism or modern racism  

Are terms sometimes used to describe racist attitudes that take a more subtle form. Rather than hurling racist insults, new racists will deny there are problems of inequality and oppose moves aimed ...
The Indonesian Revolution

The Indonesian Revolution   Reference library

Muhammad Natsir

Liberal Islam: A Sourcebook

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
5,838 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...fascism or totalitarianism (or the rest) will not be able to grow in this our nation. It could quite easily grow. Fascism and the like constitute a mode of thought independent of whether skin color be white or black or ripe sawo , etc. We must be careful that fascism and the like do not grow in this democratic nation of ours which holds to the sovereignty of Almighty God. This is the responsibility of every Muslim. Racism Is a Monstrous Disease Racism is...

Islam and the Malay Civilizational Identity: Tension and Harmony Between Ethnicity and Religiosity

Islam and the Malay Civilizational Identity: Tension and Harmony Between Ethnicity and Religiosity   Reference library

Bakar Osman

Islam in Transition: Muslim Perspectives (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
3,678 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...and appreciations of religiosity may change such as those brought about by new interpret-ations of the religion. In response to the various forces and phenomena that seem to challenge its civilizational identity, an ethnic-religious based culture may take various measures aimed at preserving and strengthening that identity. It is also possible that identity itself is thoroughly examined even to the point of unintentionally creating a civilizational crisis. In the modern period, we can see some of these factors at work such as the large-scale entry of...

Compatibility: Neither Required nor an Issue

Compatibility: Neither Required nor an Issue   Reference library

Ullah Jan Abid

Islam in Transition: Muslim Perspectives (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
5,474 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...on democratization in the Muslim world but in their actions support repressive dictatorships for fear that authentically Muslim governments will themselves be antidemocratic. The perception that Islamic states threaten democracy are baseless and border on racism. Jan urges his audience to establish a “modern Islamic republic,” which will be characterized by an effective separation of the four branches of government (the legislature, the executive, the courts, and the media), ensuring the conformity of laws with the shari‘ah , and representing the interests and...

Democracy or Shuracracy

Democracy or Shuracracy   Reference library

Murad Hofmann

Islam in Transition: Muslim Perspectives (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
5,074 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...the two great inspirational figures and renewers of Islam in the early modern age. In his breathless work Milestones , Sayyid Qutb wrote, “We ought not . . . start looking for similarities with Islam and the current systems or in current religions or current ideas. We reject these systems in the East as well as in the West. We reject them all.” 20 This was thoroughly consist-ent with his premise that all existing States, the so-called Muslim States included, were still—or again—tarrying in the pre-Islamic world of unbelief ( jahiliyya ). 21 That...

Philippians

Philippians   Reference library

Robert Murray, SJ and Robert Murray, SJ

The Oxford Bible Commentary

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
13,932 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...and prayer for them, with a few new touches. v. 5 , ‘Let your gentleness ( epieikēs ) be known to everyone’: most versions have something similar. But the basic sense of epieikēs is ‘seemly’, decent or equitable; the phrase could be a last word on good citizenship, much as in 1 Pet 3:16 . ‘The Lord is near’: in joy or suffering, or if the latter leads to death, all the nearer. v. 6 , ‘Do not worry about anything’: as Paul has demonstrated regarding liberty or captivity, life or death (and is about to add, plenty or hardship). The basis is a perfect...

racism

racism  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
The inability or refusal to recognize the rights, needs, dignity, or value of people of particular races or geographical origins. More widely, the devaluation of various traits of character or ...
Guerrilla Girls

Guerrilla Girls  

Reference type:
Overview Page
A group of women artists founded in New York in 1984 to combat what they considered sexism and racism in the art world. Jonathan Fineberg writes that ‘After the Museum of Modern Art held its vast ...
Francis Newton Souza

Francis Newton Souza  

Reference type:
Overview Page
(1924–2002)Indian painter, born in Goa. After being expelled from the Jamshetjee Jeejebhoy School of Art, Bombay, in 1943, he joined the Communist Party of India and painted for a short while in a ...
Adrian Piper

Adrian Piper  

Reference type:
Overview Page
(1948– )American artist, theorist, and philosopher. She was born in New York and studied art at the School of Visual Arts, New York, and then philosophy at Harvard University under John Rawls ...
Augusta Savage

Augusta Savage  

Reference type:
Overview Page
(1892–1962).Sculptor. Largely because much of her work was lost or destroyed, she is more remembered today for her community activism during the Harlem Renaissance than for her art. During a ...
Jones v. Alfred H. Mayer Co.

Jones v. Alfred H. Mayer Co.  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
392 U.S. 409 (1968), argued 1–2 Apr. 1968, decided 17 June 1968 by vote of 7 to 2; Stewart for the Court, Harlan and White in dissent. This case established Congress's power under the Thirteenth ...
Albert Murray

Albert Murray  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(b. 1916), essayist, novelist, and cultural critic.Albert Murray's contribution to African American literature has established the value and importance of the blues idiom as the basis for approaching ...
Henry Ossawa Tanner

Henry Ossawa Tanner  

Reference type:
Overview Page
(1859–1937).Painter and printmaker. The preeminent African-American artist of his day, Tanner specialized in visionary biblical subjects. He also painted genre scenes, portraits, landscapes, and ...
segregation

segregation  

A policy predicated upon the physical separation of racial groups and practised in the USA, particularly in the southern states, from the late nineteenth century until the 1970s. Opposition to ...
multiculturalism

multiculturalism  

As a descriptive term, multiculturalism refers to the coexistence of people with many cultural identities in a common state, society, or community. As a prescriptive term, it is associated with ...
capital punishment

capital punishment  

Was formerly of central importance in all European criminal justice systems. Although the history of capital punishment in Scotland has been little studied, it is clear that hanging was the standard ...
anti-Semitism

anti-Semitism  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
Hostility towards and discrimination against Jewish people (although there are other Semitic peoples, notably the Arabs, anti‐Semitism is only used to refer to prejudice against Jewish people). In ...
Racism

Racism   Reference library

Tanuka Loha

The Oxford Companion to Black British History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
2,142 words

...concepts of race and racism. Scholars agree that colonialism and imperialism led to the reification of ‘race’ as a principal organizing feature of modern societies, but there is less consensus on how race or racism is to be theoretically conceptualized. John Solomos and Les Back have acknowledged that efforts to theorize race and racism necessarily involve a difficult walk across shifting and constantly contested terrain. Scholars have pointed to the transhistorical and unfixed nature of racial meanings, and thus the multiplicity of forms in which ideas...

Racial Discrimination

Racial Discrimination   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Human Rights

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration, Social sciences
Length:
6,239 words

...the end of the first chapter of modern racism. However, an equally devastating chapter of modern racism motivated by Western racial tyranny unfolded during the early twentieth century as the more technologically and militarily advanced European powers embarked on new forms of racial conquest, imperialism, and worldwide colonization of Africa, Asia, and the Pacific. No viable lands or people were spared the horrors of this Western colonial expansion as Europeans battled over lands and people to exploit with the new and improved tools of industry,...

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