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negative dialectic

A new form of dialectical thinking developed by Theodor Adorno in Negative Dialektik (1966), translated as Negative Dialectics (1973), which many regard as his magnum opus. Written with ...

negative dialectic

negative dialectic   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Sports Studies

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Social sciences, Society and culture
Length:
385 words

...insistence on negativity was to resist repeating in thought the structures of domination and reification that existed in society, so that instead of reproducing reality, consciousness could be critical’ ( The Origin of Negative Dialectics: Theodor W. Adorno, Walter Benjamin, and the Frankfurt Institute , 1977 ). Adorno's negative dialectics provide an impressive intellectual apparatus for the critique of mass sports, or sport serving the interests of those in power, but it remains hard to see just how this ‘relentless negativity’ could have much if any...

negative dialectic

negative dialectic  

Reference type:
Overview Page
A new form of dialectical thinking developed by Theodor Adorno in Negative Dialektik (1966), translated as Negative Dialectics (1973), which many regard as his magnum opus. Written with the explicit ...
negative dialectics

negative dialectics   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Critical Theory (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

... dialectics A new form of dialectical thinking developed by Theodor Adorno in Negative Dialektik ( 1966 ), translated as Negative Dialectics ( 1973 ), which many regard as his magnum opus. Written with the explicit aim of radicalizing western philosophy as a whole by generating a mode of what he termed non-identity thinking, Negative Dialectics offers a bold programme for an immanent and self-reflexive critique of philosophy rather than a specific concept. This programme can be understood as the attempt to resolve, though not once and for all,...

Islam and Humanism

Islam and Humanism   Reference library

Mamadiou Dia

Liberal Islam: A Sourcebook

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
6,144 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...a positive humanism, a new religion, all the more formidable in that it responds concretely to the aspirations of man today. Its critique of traditional religions has more than a negative aspect: it has a purifying and methodological role that is not foreign to the progress of the observed doctrines, where one is sensitive to its influence. As Jean Lacroix notes, “The negative dialectic is an essential element of the knowledge of God.” But what makes atheism a force to contend with at this time is that it is no longer a critique, but constructive. It is no...

On the Future of Women and Politics in the Arab World

On the Future of Women and Politics in the Arab World   Reference library

Heba Raouf Ezzat

Islam in Transition: Muslim Perspectives (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
5,961 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...policy making and decision taking. 6 The state is no more the sole locus of power, and the theories of the state that used to explore the relation between the state and the society are shifting dramatically to an approach of analysis that explores the fusion of power and the dialectic relation between state and society that is transforming the state to match the expectations of people not to impose change from above. The state is becoming an agent among others with the rising role of the civil society and the private sector. Policy networks and communication...

The Psychological Role of Islam in Economic Development

The Psychological Role of Islam in Economic Development   Reference library

Muhammad Baqir Al-Sadr

Islam in Transition: Muslim Perspectives (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
5,229 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...towards heaven before earth could lead to a negative attitude to earth, its resources and goods—asceticism, moderation and laziness—if earth is separated from heaven. If, however, earth is clothed in the framework of heaven and action with nature is given the quality of duty and worship, then this otherworldly view is transformed for the Muslim man into active energy and impulsive force to participate to the greatest degree possible in raising the economic level. Instead of the coldness towards earth which the negative Muslim feels today, or the psychological...

Irish Local and Family History

Irish Local and Family History   Quick reference

Kevin Whelan

The Oxford Companion to Local and Family History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
4,945 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...most useful to local historians includes microfilm of Catholic parish registers ; estate papers and maps; parliamentary papers ; prints and drawings; tour books; and three principal photographic collections: the Lawrence (40 000 negatives, 1880–1914 ), Eason (4 000 negatives, 1900–40 ), and Valentine collections (3 000 negatives, 1903–60 ). The National Archives has detailed records of education, and the Great Irish Famine of the 1840s, the 1901 and 1911 manuscript censuses, Tithe Applotment Books ( 1820s–1830 ), Church of Ireland parish registers,...

A Criticism of Religious Thought

A Criticism of Religious Thought   Reference library

Sadiq Al-‘azm

Islam in Transition: Muslim Perspectives (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
3,598 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...and what is associated with it, and not physics and chemistry, for example. The intellect which Islam encourages man to use seeks knowledge of God by meditating on what he has created as did Hayy ibn Yaqzān in the story of Ibn Tufayl. The aim is not the formation of the dialectical theory of matter or the theory of Durkheim on religious customs and worship, or a theory of a convex universe. Islam is not at fault for that. At that time religious sciences were regarded as the most lofty and weighty, the extreme limit sought by anyone seeking science. In this...

History

History   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Literature
Length:
5,067 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...new development. It is a view that was systematized in the writings of the *Scottish Enlightenment , which were being circulated more widely than ever by proselytizing efforts such as those of Barbauld's friend Dugald *Stewart . Crucial to this new methodology is a dialectical sense of periodization in which particular ‘societies’ or ‘nations’, newly theorized as such by just these writers, are recognized as existing in ‘states’ that belong at once to two different and to some extent competing orders of temporality [ see *exploration, 37 ]. On the...

Land

Land   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Literature
Length:
4,951 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...William *Blake , as a poet of London, and with links to communitarian traditions and artisanal conceptions of human labour, was able to pierce through the increasingly mystified version of nature. He poetically recovered the natural world not as a vista to be surveyed, but as a dialectic between human labour and earth, in which a distinction between society and nature has no meaning: ‘Where Man is Not, Nature is Barren’. When Blake does represent nature, he always introduces the practices of labour: even when his poetic language is at its most mythic and...

The Early Church

The Early Church   Reference library

Henning Graf Reventlow

The Oxford Illustrated History of the Bible

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
5,415 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
6

...material and the spiritual world. He seems to have regarded himself as a follower and pupil of Paul's: for his separate church, he selected a ‘purified’ canon of early Christian scriptures, in which the ten letters of Paul regarded as genuine received a central position. Paul's dialectic between law and gospel, to be restored from alleged falsifications, was the starting-point of his thought. But actually he separated the gospel from the law. In order to gain a scriptural basis, he introduced a special Marcionite gospel: a shortened Luke without chapters 1–3 ....

Rethinking Islam Today

Rethinking Islam Today   Reference library

Mohamed Arkoun

Liberal Islam: A Sourcebook

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
12,624 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...Book had an influence on all cultural activities and political institutions to some extent. It generated a civilization of written culture opposed to, or differentiated from, the oral civilization. The key to the Societies of the Book is thus the intensive dialectic developed everywhere between two strongly competitive forces: On the one hand, there is the state using the phenomenon of the Book in its two dimensions—the transcendent, divine, ontological message and the written literature and culture derived from it. This comprises the...

1 Corinthians

1 Corinthians   Reference library

John Barclay and John Barclay

The Oxford Bible Commentary

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
31,224 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...food in 8:1–13 and 10:23–11:1 appears inconsistent with his hard-line attitude to idolatry in 10:1–22 ; some have even suspected the combination of two or more letters at this point. There is indeed a certain dialectic in Paul's position regarding such food, which might mask inconsistency: he himself calls attention to this dialectic in 10:19–20 . But the distinctions he draws between the different contexts in which sacrificial food is eaten, and the different intents such eating represents, make it possible for him to give such a nuanced response....

Acts

Acts   Reference library

Loveday Alexander and Loveday Alexander

The Oxford Bible Commentary

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
42,037 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...the patterns of preaching and apologetic which have characterized his mission across Galatia, Macedonia, and Achaea. He joins the synagogue ( v. 8 ) in order to campaign publicly for the messianist interpretation of the Scriptures in which he believes: this is a campaign of dialectical argument and persuasion ( v. 8 ) which lasts for three months and wins some success. But he fails to carry the whole community with him, and as opposition grows he decides to move out, taking with him the ‘disciples’ ( v. 9 , i.e. those who have accepted his teachings) to set...

Deuteronomy

Deuteronomy   Reference library

Christoph Bultmann and Christoph Bultmann

The Oxford Bible Commentary

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
28,352 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...hymnic form may have been a constituent motif in the cult of the Jerusalem temple even in the monarchic period ( cf. Ps 24:1 ). Deut 7:6 , too, refers to ‘all the peoples that are on the face of the earth’. All these reflections (cf. also 32:8–9 ) should be understood in a dialectical relation to Gen 12:3 or Isa 49:6 which speak of the blessing that comes to all humankind through Israel. Instructions for a Ceremony West of the Jordan ( 27:1–26 ) In vv. 1, 9, 11 , as well as in 29:1–2 (MT 28:69; 29:1 ), the narrator interrupts Moses' speech, which comes...

constellation

constellation  

Walter Benjamin famously proposed in the ‘Epistemo-Critical Prologue’ to Ursprung des deutschen Trauerspiels (1928), translated as The Origin of German Tragic Drama (1977), that ideas are to objects ...
Candrakírti

Candrakírti  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
(c.7th c. ce)A major Madhyamaka philosopher and key proponent of the reductio ad absurdum (prasaṇga) method of argumentation. This method aims to reduce to absurdity the position of the opponent ...
Theodor Adorno

Theodor Adorno  

1903–1969)German philosopher and sociologist, a leading member of the Frankfurt school.Born in Frankfurt, the son of a Jewish wine merchant, he took his mother's maiden name, Adorno, during World War ...
Adorno, Theodor Wiesengrund

Adorno, Theodor Wiesengrund (1903–69)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Philosophy (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Philosophy
Length:
123 words

...to higher authority and bullying towards inferiors. Adorno’s celebration of paradox and ambiguity, as well as his pessimistic take on the Enlightenment , have been influential in post-modernist literary and cultural criticism. Other works include The Dialectic of Enlightenment ( 1941 ) and Negative Dialectics ( 1966...

dialectics

dialectics   Reference library

Dictionary of the Social Sciences

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2002
Subject:
Social sciences
Length:
490 words

... and structuralism . In the context of the setbacks and disappointments dealt Marxist historical dialectics during the twentieth century, the term has come to be associated mostly with theories of social critique—especially those that seek an antagonistic or exterior position from which to analyze the totalizing ideological system of late capitalism. A prominent example of this shift in emphasis is Theodor Adorno 's concept of negative dialectics...

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