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Overview

narrative ethics

An approach to ethical problems and practice that involves listening to and interpreting people’s stories rather than applying principles or rules to particular situations. This ...

narrative ethics

narrative ethics   Quick reference

Concise Medical Dictionary (10 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020
Subject:
Medicine and health, Clinical Medicine
Length:
69 words

... ethics an approach to ethical problems and practice that involves listening to and interpreting people’s stories rather than applying principles or rules to particular situations. This context-specific empathetic approach to patient and professional life stories is often contrasted with the universalizing rationalist approach of Kantian ethics . Narrative ethics has an obvious relevance to the doctor–patient relationship and mirrors the clinical context in which moral choices are...

narrative ethics

narrative ethics   Quick reference

A Dictionary of the Bible (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Religion
Length:
68 words

... ethics Some modern scholars urge readers of the * Bible to treat it not as a compendium of doctrine but as a story which by sheer familiarity enables us to shape our own lives. For example, in * liberation theology , the narratives of the * Exodus are held up as a model for oppressed Christians in Latin America with which to confront the authorities and to claim their human...

narrative ethics

narrative ethics  

Reference type:
Overview Page
An approach to ethical problems and practice that involves listening to and interpreting people’s stories rather than applying principles or rules to particular situations. This context-specific ...
A Lover’s Complaint

A Lover’s Complaint   Reference library

Michael Dobson

The Oxford Companion to Shakespeare (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Literature, Shakespeare studies and criticism, Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
1,103 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...of A Lover’s Complaint has taken up this suggestion. Although the poem’s authorship continues to be debated, it is now usually regarded as a deliberate coda to the Sonnets, and critics have looked for ways in which it takes up their thematic concerns, particularly with the ethics of dissimulation (the seducer of A Lover’s Complaint is, among other things, a consummate actor) and the use and abuse of praise. Michael Dobson Recent major editions Recent major editions John Kerrigan (New Penguin, 1986); Katharine Duncan-Jones (Arden 3rd series, 1998);...

Introduction to the Pentateuch

Introduction to the Pentateuch   Reference library

G. I. Davies

The Oxford Bible Commentary

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
32,329 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...first major comprehensive Pentateuchal narrative was composed either late in pre-exilic times or in the Babylonian exile (7th or 6th cent. bce ), rather than in the early monarchy. Some prefer to speak of a ‘late Yahwist’ (Schmid, Van Seters), some of a Deuteronomistic narrative (Johnstone, Blum), but they are largely talking about the same thing and using the same arguments. 2. The Priestly Work never existed as a separate source, but involved the insertion into the older narrative of the specifically Priestly narratives and laws, so as to produce a work very...

Epilogue

Epilogue   Reference library

John Rogerson

The Oxford Illustrated History of the Bible

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
6,761 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...was a later addition, or was the datum that the book of Ruth had been written to explain. What was never explained to us was that the book had a narrative arch, from the hopelessness of Naomi in a foreign land and with no male dependants at 1: 5, to the concluding verse of the story (prior to the genealogy) at 4: 17 with the exclamation ‘a son has been born to Naomi’; nor was it pointed out that the narrative developed via the contrasts between Naomi and Ruth on the one hand and Boaz and the nearer kinsman, who refused to marry Ruth, on the other. These,...

Introduction to the Old Testament

Introduction to the Old Testament   Reference library

John Barton

The Oxford Bible Commentary

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
7,263 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...material, much wider than the contents of the NT, embracing every aspect of the social and political life of ancient Israel and post-exilic Judaism. The variety can be suggested by looking briefly at some of the genres of literature to be found there. 2. Narrative. More than half the OT consists of narrative, that is, the consecutive description of events set in the past. It is hard to distinguish between what we might call history, legend, saga, myth, folktale, or fiction. There are passages in the books of Kings which seem to be excerpts from official...

James

James   Reference library

Rainer Riesner and Rainer Riesner

The Oxford Bible Commentary

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
10,287 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...1 Peter, and the Didache . The use of an elementary narrative mashal from ( 1:23–4; 2:2, 15–17 ), not attested in the earlier wisdom literature but in the Jesus tradition, is a rather ancient feature. 2. In the opening paragraph on temptation ( 1:2–18 ), James already introduces most of the other main subjects of his letter. That the ‘word ( logos ) of truth’ ( 1:18 ) must be obeyed is the theme of 1:19–27 . The practical ‘testing of faith’ ( pistis , 1:3 ) is treated at length in 2:1–26 . The ethics of speech ( 1:19–21, 26–7 ) is a very important...

Esther

Esther   Reference library

Carol Meyers and Carol Meyers

The Oxford Bible Commentary

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
7,114 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...He earned divine disapproval for the latter act, with God regretting the choice of Saul as king. The echo in Esther of the 1 Sam 15 narrative clearly stops at the plunder issue. Mordecai and the Jews will refrain from taking booty and, unlike Saul, maintain their favoured status (with God?). The issue of restraint in the taking of plunder, therefore, is not so much an indication of noble character as it is a narrative intent to complete the Saul/Agag parallel with an improvement over the 1 Samuel episode. Yet the vindictiveness of the Jews again seems...

Jeremiah

Jeremiah   Reference library

Kathleen M. O'Connor and Kathleen M. O'Connor

The Oxford Bible Commentary

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
48,981 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...Ethics (Chicago: University of Chicago Press). Fretheim, T. E. (1984), The Suffering of God (Philadelphia: Fortress). Gerstenberger, E. (1963), ‘Jeremiah's Complaints: Observations on Jer 15:20–21 ,’ JBL 82: 393–408. Goldman, Y. (1992), Prophétie et royauté au retour de l'exil: Les origines littéraires de la forme massoretique du livre de Jérémie, OBO 118 (Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht). Gunneweg, A. H. J. (1970), ‘Konfession oder Interpretation im Jeremiabuch’, ZTK 67: 395–416. Habel, N. (1965), ‘The Form and Significance of Call Narratives’, ...

Judges

Judges   Reference library

Susan Niditch and Susan Niditch

The Oxford Bible Commentary

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
18,739 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...of olden times, romantic and appealing in some senses, but chaotic and better left in the past. Nevertheless, the subversive and anti-establishment qualities of Judges shine through and together with the lively traditional style of the narratives help to explain the continuing appeal of tales of the judges. E. Ethics and the Book of Judges. As with virtually every biblical book, Judges confronts the modern reader with much that seems offensive or repugnant: the bloodthirsty violence of heroes such as Ehud; the sacrifice of a daughter to God by Jepththah;...

Judith

Judith   Reference library

Amy-Jill Levine and Amy-Jill Levine

The Oxford Bible Commentary

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
10,021 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...Judith Amy-Jill Levine Introduction By combining theological convictions and narrative motifs familiar from the HB with Hellenistic literature's increasing attention to character development, pathos, and personal piety, the book of Judith epitomizes Second Temple Judaism's attempt to define itself in the light of Greek culture. Along with other Jewish narratives in the OT Apocrypha such as Bel and the Dragon, Susanna, and Tobit, the book of Judith provides instruction on Jewish identity even as it inspires and entertains. A. Genre. 1. Whether labelled novella,...

General Introduction

General Introduction   Reference library

John Barton and John Muddiman

The Oxford Bible Commentary

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
4,980 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...to a reading of the texts as finished wholes, at worst a distraction from a proper appreciation of them as great literature just as they stand. The narrative books in particular (the Pentateuch and ‘historical’ books of the Old Testament, the gospels and Acts in the New) have come to be interpreted by means of a ‘narrative criticism’, akin to much close reading of modern novels and other narrative texts, which is alert to complex literary structure and to such elements as plot, characterization, and closure. It is argued that at the very least readers...

Kinship and Kingship: The Early Monarchy

Kinship and Kingship: The Early Monarchy   Reference library

Carol Meyers

Oxford History of the Biblical World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
20,793 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
3

...monarchy with a brilliant royal court and a glorious temple in Jerusalem. Opposition to these developments recorded in the biblical narratives was read as conservative resistance to change. More recently, the traditional assessment of 1 and 2 Samuel and 1 Kings 1–11 as reliable sources for understanding monarchic history has been turned on its head. Literary studies have cast new light on the narratives about the first three kings, and also on those about Samuel, the charismatic figure whom the texts present as kingmaker in relation to...

The Winter’s Tale

The Winter’s Tale   Reference library

Michael Dobson, Will Sharpe, and Anthony Davies

The Oxford Companion to Shakespeare (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Literature, Shakespeare studies and criticism, Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
3,428 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...their difference in rank. The Old Shepherd brings the occasion’s guests, among them the Clown, the countrywomen Mopsa and Dorcas, and the disguised Polixenes and Camillo: Perdita distributes flowers among them, disagreeing courteously with Polixenes as she does so about the ethics of artificially cross-breeding cultivated flowers. The young people dance, and a servant brings news of the approach of a pedlar, who is admitted. The Clown does not recognize Autolycus as the thief who robbed him earlier, and after Autolycus advertises his wares with the song...

The Apocrypha

The Apocrypha   Reference library

Philip Davies

The Oxford Illustrated History of the Bible

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
4,611 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
2

...with Daniel is also uncertain. The same is true of the story (or stories) of Bel and the Dragon, which probably featured another hero who has later been identified as Daniel. The first of these additions comprises two liturgical pieces as well as a narrative framework. A brief opening narrative link, in which the heroes walk about in the fire, precedes the Prayer of Azariah (= Abed-nego), one of the youths. Like Daniel 9 , this is a prayer of confession for the sins of Israel, expressing loyalty and asking for deliverance. It is followed by an...

Job

Job   Reference library

James L. Crenshaw and James L. Crenshaw

The Oxford Bible Commentary

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
28,334 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...since lust and adultery are treated later ( vv. 9–12 ). The offence, lust (whatever its object, whether a foreign goddess or an ordinary virgin), marks this code of ethics as special, going as it does beyond the actual act to the prior intent as in Jesus' later formulation of the issue. The second and third oaths concern ethics generally—deceit and greed—while the fourth returns to sexual ethics (adultery). The oath in v. 7 refers to hands, feet, heart, and eyes, indicating that Job's total being is devoid of fault ( Habel 1985 : 433 ). The first stated...

1 & 2 Kings

1 & 2 Kings   Reference library

Walter Dietrich, Walter Dietrich, and Walter Dietrich

The Oxford Bible Commentary

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
40,434 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...in 1 Kings 4:7–20 ), it also included elaborate and colourful narrative (e.g. Solomon's dream revelation and wise verdict in 1 Kings 3 ). It should perhaps be placed in the eighth century (Wälchli 1996), although older material was also used. The report of Solomon's accession to power ( 1 Kings 1–2 ) seems to have been taken from another source which was already used in Samuel: a longer narrative of the transition of power from Saul to David and then from David to Solomon. This narrative is outstanding literature, but paints a much less glowing picture of...

1 Thessalonians

1 Thessalonians   Reference library

Philip F. Esler and Philip F. Esler

The Oxford Bible Commentary

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
15,718 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

..., 4:7 , and porneia , 4:3 ), the label for the filthy world of idolatry and immorality which they have left behind (see 1 thess 4:3 ). Living a Life Pleasing to God ( 4:1–12 ) Lührmann ( 1990 : 245) refers to this material, reflecting Paul's initial preaching, as ‘ethics’. But ‘ethics’ as a differentiated province of human activity with a heavily individualistic tendency is quite a modern concept, having acquired its current status since the time of Kant (1724–1804). In the ancient world there was discussion of appropriate ways to behave, but set within...

Introduction to the New Testament

Introduction to the New Testament   Reference library

Leslie Houlden

The Oxford Bible Commentary

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
17,403 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...History (London: Duckworth). ——  (1990), Strenuous Commands: The Ethics of Jesus (London: SCM). Hengel, M. (1974), Judaism and Hellenism (London: SCM). ——  (1981), The Charismatic Leader and his Followers (Edinburgh: T. & T. Clark). Holmberg, B. (1978), Paul and Power: The Structure of Authority in the Primitive Church as Reflected in the Pauline Epistles (Lund: Gleerup). ——  (1990), Sociology and the New Testament: An Appraisal (Minneapolis: Fortress). Houlden, J. L. (1973), Ethics and the New Testament (Edinburgh: T. & T. Clark). ——  (1986), ...

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