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Overview

mutiny

N. pl. -ies an open rebellion against the proper authorities, especially by soldiers or sailors against their officers: a mutiny by those manning the weapons could trigger a global war | ...

mutiny

mutiny n.   Reference library

The Oxford Essential Dictionary of the U.S. Military

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2002

... n. pl. -ies an open rebellion against the proper authorities, especially by soldiers or sailors against their officers: a mutiny by those manning the weapons could trigger a global war | mutiny at sea. v. -ies , -ied refuse to obey the orders of a person in...

Mutiny

Mutiny   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to American Military History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004

...there were many small unit mutinies in which the essential issue centered on the why rather than the how of service. The process of most American mutinies has followed the pattern of mutinies in general: they tend to be passive refusals to participate rather than acts of violence; of short duration, usually measured in hours rather than days; and spontaneous rather than premeditated. In spite of the gravity of the offense, the penalties for mutiny in the American military have been minimal. Reluctance even to use the term mutiny has resulted in troops being...

mutiny

mutiny   Quick reference

The Oxford Companion to Ships and the Sea (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
534 words

...the mutiny. One of the best known of all naval mutinies was that on board HMS Bounty in 1789 ; another was the mutiny aboard the Russian battleship Potemkin in 1905 ; and a third was the mutiny in the German High Seas Fleet in 1918 , which led directly to the defeat of Germany in the First World War ( 1914–18 ). Another 20th-century naval mutiny occurred in the British Home Fleet at Invergordon in 1931 when the pay of naval seamen was reduced as a result of a crisis in Britain's economy. A proportion of crew members of several warships mutinied by...

Mutiny

Mutiny   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Maritime History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007
Subject:
History, Military History
Length:
3,495 words

...mutiny—the men had real grievances—turned into a seizure-of-power and secession mutiny. Two hardly known mutinies, with all the characteristics of work stoppages, are the 1809 mutiny on the British frigate Nereide off Madagascar and the 1750 mutiny on the Dutch East Indiaman Hartekamp at the roadstead on the Dutch island of Texel. The captain of Nereide had revealed himself as an extremely cruel man, and several crew members prepared a work stoppage. The captain immediately instructed his marines to arrest the leaders, which ended the mutiny. The...

mutiny

mutiny   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Law (9 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018
Subject:
Law
Length:
63 words

...mutiny n. An offence under the Armed Forces Act 2006 committed by any member of HM forces who combines with one or more other members (whether or not civilians are also involved) to overthrow or resist lawful authority in those forces or any forces cooperating with them. If a civilian is involved, his conduct will be a matter for the ordinary criminal law....

mutiny

mutiny   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Law Enforcement (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Law
Length:
173 words

... 1. An offence against service law committed by any member of HM forces who combines with one or more other members (whether or not civilians are also involved) to overthrow or resist lawful authority in those forces or any forces cooperating with them. If a civilian is involved, his conduct will be a matter for the ordinary criminal law. The offence is also committed if the aim of the combination is to disobey lawful authority in a manner subversive of discipline, or for the purpose of avoiding any duty connected with operations against the enemy, or...

mutiny

mutiny   Reference library

Australian Law Dictionary (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018
Subject:
Law
Length:
8 words

...mutiny rebellion against authority in the armed forces....

Nore mutiny

Nore mutiny (May 1797)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of World History (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History
Length:
98 words

...mutiny ( May 1797 ) A mutiny by sailors of the British navy stationed at the Nore anchorage in the Thames estuary. Encouraged by the earlier Spithead mutiny , they demanded improvements in their conditions, the removal of unpopular officers, a greater share in prize money, and, under the influence of their ringleader, Richard Parker, certain radical political changes. This time the Admiralty would make no concessions and eventually the mutineers surrendered. About 19 men, including Parker, were hanged. Alarm at the mutiny probably contributed to the...

Invergordon mutiny

Invergordon mutiny   Reference library

Richard A. Smith

The Oxford Companion to British History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
59 words

...mutiny . Severe pay cuts imposed by the National Government in 1931 led sailors of the British Atlantic fleet at the naval port of Cromarty Firth, Scotland, to refuse to go on duty. The cuts were revised slightly, but this led to financial difficulties for the government. The mutiny ringleaders were discharged from the navy. Richard A....

Invergordon mutiny

Invergordon mutiny   Quick reference

A Dictionary of British History (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
46 words

...mutiny Severe pay cuts imposed by the National Government in 1931 led sailors of the British Atlantic fleet at the naval port of Cromarty Firth, Scotland, to refuse to go on duty. The cuts were revised slightly. The mutiny ringleaders were discharged from the...

Mutiny Act

Mutiny Act   Quick reference

A Dictionary of British History (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
57 words

... Act Before the Glorious Revolution , James II had collected a large army on Hounslow Heath to intimidate London. The Bill of Rights in 1689 declared that a standing army in peacetime was illegal without parliamentary consent and the procedure was adopted of passing an annual Mutiny Act which authorized the imposition of military...

Invergordon mutiny

Invergordon mutiny (1931)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of World History (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History
Length:
86 words

...mutiny ( 1931 ) A mutiny by sailors of the British Atlantic Fleet at the naval port on Cromarty Firth, Scotland. Severe pay cuts imposed by the National government led the ratings to refuse to go on duty. The cuts were slightly revised but foreign holders of sterling were alarmed; an Act suspending the gold standard was rushed through Parliament, but the value of the pound fell by more than a quarter. The mutiny ended and the ratings’ ringleaders were discharged from the...

Spithead mutiny

Spithead mutiny   Quick reference

A Dictionary of World History (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History
Length:
75 words

...mutiny A mutiny by sailors of the British navy based at Spithead, on the southern coast of Britain. In April 1797 the fleet refused to put to sea, calling for better pay and conditions, including the provision of edible food, improved medical services, and opportunities for shore leave. The Admiralty, acknowledging the justice of the sailors’ grievances and fearing that the mutiny would spread further agreed to their demands and issued a royal...

Mutiny Act

Mutiny Act   Reference library

J. A. Cannon

The Oxford Companion to British History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
130 words

... Act . Before the Glorious Revolution , James II had collected a large army on Hounslow Heath to intimidate London. The Bill of Rights in 1689 declared that a standing army in peacetime was illegal without parliamentary consent and the procedure was adopted of passing an annual Mutiny Act which authorized the imposition of military discipline. The navy had been under statutory authority since 1661 and was less politically delicate since the fleet could hardly be used to threaten public liberties. In 1784 the Fox–North coalition toyed with the...

Invergordon mutiny

Invergordon mutiny (1931)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Contemporary World History (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019
Subject:
History, Contemporary History (post 1945)
Length:
149 words

...Invergordon mutiny ( 1931 ) A mutiny of ratings (non‐commissioned sailors) in the Royal Navy's Atlantic Fleet on Cromarty Firth, Scotland, led by Able Seaman Len Wincott , on 15 September 1931 . It resulted from the National Government 's proposal for cuts in naval pay, in response to Britain's financial crisis: 7 per cent for admirals, 3.7 per cent for lieutenant‐commanders, 13.6 per cent for unmarried able seamen. The cuts had been announced over the radio, before the sailors had been notified officially. When the cuts were slightly revised (with a...

Kronstadt Mutiny

Kronstadt Mutiny (1921)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of World History (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History
Length:
73 words

...Mutiny ( 1921 ) Mutiny against the Bolshevik government of Russia. The Kronstadt naval garrison had enthusiastically supported the Bolsheviks in 1917 , but in March 1921 the sailors rose against what they regarded as a Communist dictatorship, demanding political freedom and economic liberalism. The rising was brutally suppressed by Lenin, but the incident did cause a partial reassessment of economic planning along more progressive lines, with Lenin’s New Economic Policy of 1922...

Curragh mutiny

Curragh mutiny   Quick reference

A Dictionary of British History (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
53 words

...mutiny In March 1914 , 57 officers of the 3rd Cavalry Brigade, stationed at Curragh near Dublin, informed the commander‐in‐chief that they would accept dismissal rather than help to impose the Irish Home Rule Bill on Ulster. They succeeded in obtaining a written assurance that they would not be expected to do...

Indian Mutiny

Indian Mutiny (1857–58)   Quick reference

World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
123 words

...Mutiny ( 1857–58 ) Large-scale uprising against British rule. It is known in India as the first war of independence. It began (May 10, 1857 ) at Meerut as a mutiny among 35,000 Indian troops (sepoys) in the Bengal army. The immediate cause was the introduction of rifle cartridges allegedly greased with the fat of cows and pigs. A more general cause was resentment at Westernization. The mutineers captured Delhi and, with the support of local maharajahs and civilians in Uttar Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh, the British garrison at Lucknow was besieged. On 14...

Mutiny Act

Mutiny Act (1689)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of World History (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History
Length:
106 words

... Act ( 1689 ) English legislation concerning the enforcement of military discipline, primarily over mutineers and deserters. The Declaration of Rights ( 1689 ) had declared illegal a standing army without parliamentary consent. To strengthen parliamentary control of the army, the 1689 Mutiny Act was enforced for one year only, theoretically giving Parliament the right of an annual review. In fact there were years ( 1689–1701 ) when it was not in force and both army and navy long retained their close connection with the sovereign. Only when the crown...

Bounty mutiny

Bounty mutiny (1789)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of World History (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History
Length:
121 words

...mutiny ( 1789 ) A British mutiny that occurred near the Tongan Islands on HMS Bounty , under the command of Captain Bligh . Some of the crew, resenting Bligh’s harsh authority, rebelled under the leadership of Fletcher Christian. Bligh and 18 others were cast off in a small, open boat with no chart. Thanks to Bligh’s navigational skill and resourcefulness, they covered a distance of 5822 km (3618 miles), arriving in Timor about six weeks later. Some of the mutineers surrendered and others were captured and court martialled in England. Fletcher...

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