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mosaic

Patterned surface on floors, vaults, walls, etc., consisting of regular squares (tesserae) of glass, stone, pottery, marble, etc., embedded in a cement or plaster matrix. Anthony ...

mosaic

mosaic   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Construction, Surveying and Civil Engineering (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020

... A decorative wall or floor covering using small coloured cubes ( tesserae ) stuck onto the...

mosaic

mosaic   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Ecology (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

... A general term for a virus disease of plants in which the symptoms include the appearance of angular areas of yellow colour on the leaves, forming a mosaic...

mosaic

mosaic   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Plant Sciences (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019
Subject:
Science and technology, Life Sciences
Length:
30 words

... A general term for a virus disease of plants in which the symptoms include the appearance of angular areas of yellow colour on the leaves, forming a mosaic...

mosaic

mosaic   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Biology (8 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019
Subject:
Science and technology, Life Sciences
Length:
58 words

...mosaic 1. An organism made up of cells that have different genotypes but have developed from the same zygote. See also chimaera ; gynandromorph . 2. A viral disease in plants that causes yellow patches to develop on the leaves, giving these a variegated appearance ( see variegation ). An example is tobacco mosaic, caused by tobacco mosaic virus...

mosaic

mosaic ([De])   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Archaeology (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2021
Subject:
Archaeology
Length:
119 words

... [De] A wall or floor decoration made up of many cubes of clay, stone, or glass blocks ( tesserae ) of different colours. Mosaics may be either geometric , composed of linear patterns or motifs, or figured , with representations of deities, mythological characters, animals, and recognizable objects. Mosaics became extremely popular in the Graeco‐Roman world. The earliest dated mosaic from Britain comes from the legionary fortress bath‐house at Exeter, dated to ad 55–60 , closely followed by those in the Fishbourne Roman palace. The great age of ...

mosaic

mosaic   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Environment and Conservation (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017

... 1. An interlocking group of habitats that cover a particular area. 2. A disease in plants, where patches of yellow develop on the...

Mosaic

Mosaic   Quick reference

A Dictionary of the Internet (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019

... One of the first browsers . It is important because it was the first browser with a common interface that was available for several platforms...

MOSAIC

MOSAIC   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Marketing (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Social sciences, Business and Management
Length:
18 words

... A UK based geodemographic segmentation system, or people classification system developed by Experian. See also acorn...

mosaic

mosaic   Reference library

Oxford Dictionary of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
Science and technology, Life Sciences
Length:
52 words

... 1 a design or pattern on a surface, made up of numerous separate pieces of more or less the same area but differing in some characteristic, e.g. colour, shape, texture. 2 an alternative name for chimera (used especially of animals). 3 a protein comprising a number of different modules . —mosaicism ...

mosaic

mosaic   Reference library

Patrick Goode

The Oxford Companion to Architecture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
53 words

... A surface decoration using small pieces of glass, marble, or stone, most effectively integrated into architecture when used on the curved surfaces of vaults or domes, particularly in Byzantine architecture. In Hagia Sophia, Istanbul, and St Mark’s, Venice, there are early mosaics representing the original form of the building. Patrick...

mosaic

mosaic   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Renaissance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early Modern History (1500 to 1700)
Length:
186 words

... Ghirlandaio designed a mosaic Annunciation ( c. 1490 ) for the north door of the cathedral. In the early sixteenth century Agostino Chigi commissioned the Venetian mosaicist Luigi da Pace to make a mosaic of God the Father (from a cartoon by Raphael ) for the Chigi Chapel in the Church of Santa Maria del Popolo in Rome. Mosaic was also used for the decoration of interiors and furniture. Florentine mosaic is the English term for the type of decorative mosaic panels known in Italian as commeso di pietre...

mosaic

mosaic n.   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Psychology (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

... n. An organism composed of two or more genetically distinct tissue types or created by combining genes from two or more different species. Also called a chimera . [From Latin mosaicus a mosaic, from Greek mouseios of the Muses, from mousa a Muse + -ikos of, relating to, or...

mosaic

mosaic n.   Reference library

The Oxford Essential Dictionary of the U.S. Military

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2002

... n. an assembly of overlapping photographs that have been matched to form a continuous photographic representation of a portion of the surface of the...

mosaic

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The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Art Terms (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
79 words

... The technique of making pictures or patterns from small pieces of coloured stone or glass set into cement or plaster. It was invented by the Romans and first used for pavements. In the Early Christian and Byzantine periods it was adapted for wall and ceiling decoration: outstanding surviving examples include the 6th-century mosaics of San Vitale, Ravenna. Mosaic has also been used for the decoration of the facades of medieval churches and in modern...

Mosaic

Mosaic   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Decorative Arts

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
3,562 words
Illustration(s):
1

...floor mosaic (11th century to early 12th) is found at St Marco. During the 12th century Abbot Suger of Saint-Denis had his abbey church decorated with a lunette mosaic above the left-hand entrance and a mosaic pavement in the ambulatory. The interest in mosaic persisted in both the East and the West into the 14th century, after which this art form was largely superseded by the much quicker, less expensive technique of wall painting. In Istanbul, the Deësis mosaic in the south gallery of Hagia Sophia ( c. 1260–1300 ) is a masterpiece of fine mosaic: minute...

mosaic

mosaic   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Architecture (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2021
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
43 words

... Patterned surface on floors, vaults , walls, etc., consisting of regular squares ( tesserae ) of glass, stone, pottery, marble, etc., embedded in a cement or plaster matrix. Anthony ( 1968 ) ; Pi ( 1986 ) ; J.T ( 1996 )...

mosaic

mosaic   Quick reference

World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
77 words

... Technique of surface decoration using small pieces of coloured material set tightly together in an adhesive to form patterns or pictures. The technique was employed for floor and wall decorations in ancient Mesopotamia and Greece. Roman mosaics commonly featured a central design or a portrait, surrounded by a decorative geometric border. The art developed rapidly in early Christian times especially during the 4th-6th centuries and continues to be used for floors, church interiors, and wall...

mosaic

mosaic   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Genetics (8 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Science and technology, Life Sciences
Length:
76 words

... a tissue or an organism composed of two or more cell populations, each with a different genotype ( q.v .), and often showing a patchy pattern of phenotypic characteristics. In a germ line mosaic , genetically different cell populations occur in the germ line ( q.v. ), rather than the soma ( q.v .). Compare with chimera . See Appendix C , 1962, Beutler et al .; FLP/FRT recombination , fragile X–associated mental retardation , gynandromorph , Klinefelter syndrome , Lyonization , tortoiseshell cat , twin spots...

Mosaic

Mosaic   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Materials and Techniques in Art

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
4,674 words
Illustration(s):
4

...between the tessellarii , who laid mosaic pavements, and the museiarii , the makers of wall and vault mosaics. The latter term was universally adopted to include both types of artisans in the post-Antique period. Mosaics in the dome of Hagia Sophia, Istanbul, AD 532–62; photo credit: Erich Lessing/Art Resource, NY; see Mosaic Mosaic with acanthus leaves (detail), from Leptis Magna, Roman, 2nd century AD (Tripoli, Al-Saray Al-Hamra Museum); photo © Gilles Mermet/Art Resource, NY; see Mosaic An understanding of how mosaics were produced in antiquity is based...

Mosaic

Mosaic   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Medieval Art and Architecture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Art & Architecture, History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
5,149 words
Illustration(s):
1

...the tessellarii , who laid mosaic pavements, and the museiarii , the makers of wall and vault mosaics. The latter term was universally adopted to include both types of artisans in the post-Antique period. An understanding of how mosaics were produced in antiquity is based almost entirely on the surviving physical evidence (apart from the Edict on Prices and some passages in Vitruvius’ On Architecture ) and on the epigraphic evidence from various mosaic projects. It is generally believed that the ancient floor mosaics were produced in situ , as...

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